Tsunamis are often triggered by earthquakes. In 2009 a tsunami in the Indian Ocean caused mass devastation impacting socially, economically and environmentally on many countries.
What does the word tsunami mean?
What is usually the cause of a tsunami?
Where have two devastating tsunamis recently occurred?
The Caribbean and the Indian Ocean
The Indian Ocean and Japan
The Caribbean and Japan
What type of plate margin was involved with the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004?
What happens as a tsunami approaches the shore?
The wave height increases and the wave length shortens
The wave height decreases and the wave length shortens
The wave height increases and the wave length gets longer
Which of the following made the impacts of the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 worse in some areas?
No tsunami warning system
Removal of mangrove forests
Both the lack of a tsunami warning system and the removal of mangrove forests
What was a social impact of the Indian Ocean tsunami?
1,500 villages destroyed in northern Sumatra
8 million litres of oil escaped from oil plants in Indonesia
What was an economic impact of the Indian Ocean tsunami?
Mangrove forests along the coast were destroyed
1.7 million homeless
Fishing industry devastated
What was an environmental impact of the Indian Ocean tsunami?
Coral reefs and coastal wetlands were damaged
230 000 deaths
Loss of earnings from tourism
What was a secondary response to the Indian Ocean tsunami?
Search and rescue
Emergency food and water