The World Bank has identified Asia as the most hazardous continent in the world. Countries which are particularly prone to hazards are Japan, Indonesia, China, Bangladesh, Philippines and India.
There are several plate boundaries which cross Asia.
Japan is situated near a destructive plate margin, where the Pacific Plate is being pushed under the Philippine Plate.
Earthquakes are common in Japan. Japan has invested money into research and resources to help prepare for earthquakes. The preparation includes:
It is able to invest in earthquake preparation because it is a wealthy country.
A tsunami is most likely to happen:
The death toll from this earthquake is thought to be up to 30,000 people. It was the tsunami which caused the most deaths. Other problems were caused by this disaster included:
Asia also suffers from a variety of climatic hazards. These include: