On 12 January 2010, a 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti. The earthquake occurred on a destructive plate margin between the Caribbean and North American plates. The focus was only 12.87 km deep and the epicentre was just 25.75 km from the capital, Port-au-Prince.
220,000 people were killed.
300,000 people were injured.
The main port was badly damaged.
Eight hospitals collapsed.
100,000 houses were destroyed and 200,000 were damaged.
1.3 million people became homeless.
2 million people were left without food and water.
Frequent power cuts occurred.
Crime increased - looting became a problem and sexual violence escalated.
People moved into temporary shelters.
By November 2010 there were outbreaks of cholera.
Crucial aid was slow to arrive due to the damaged port.
USA sent rescue teams and 10,000 troops.
Bottled water and purification tablets were provided.
235,000 people were moved to less-damaged cities away from Port-au-Prince.
The UK government donated £20 million.
Haiti was dependent on overseas aid.
New homes were built to a higher standard although the response was slow. One year after the earthquake, over one million people were still living in temporary shelters.
The port needed rebuilding which required a large amount of investment.