Earthquakes are caused by the release of built-up pressure at plate margins. They can destroy buildings and infrastructure, with devastating and deadly effects.
What is an earthquake?
The sudden and brief period of intense ground shaking
Where magma is erupted from the earth
The movement of earth's plates creating new land
At which plate margins do you find earthquakes?
Conservative and destructive
Constructive and destructive
All three plate margins
What is the point in the Earth's crust where the earthquake originates known as?
What is the point on the Earth's surface directly above where the earthquake originates?
What piece of equipment measures earthquakes?
What is an example of a primary effect?
Aid from other countries
Deaths and injury
What is an example of a short-term response?
Water and powerlines are disrupted
New homes are built to cope with earthquakes
What is earthquake prediction?
Constructing buildings so they are safe
Attempts to forecast an earthquake
Organising activities so people know what to do in an earthquake
How can buildings be adapted to cope with earthquakes?
Rubber shock absorbers fitted to absorb earth tremors
Using glass as the main material for the building
Building all buildings close together
How do people prepare for earthquakes?
They can watch the TV to see the earthquake forecast
They can't do anything; people just hope they don’t happen
Have drills and educate people on what to do in the event of an earthquake