Characteristics and climate

Tundra areas include Northern parts of Canada, Russia and Alaska.

Monthly rainfall and temperature bar chart in the tundra regionsWorld Meteorological Organisation, 2013

The temperatures stay below 0°C most of the year. The ground remains frozen, apart from a few centimetres of thaw in the summer. The precipitation is gentle, mainly falling as snow. The winds can be very strong.

Summers may have many hours of continuous daylight. Winters are long, dark periods.

The climatic conditions mean that the landscape is quite bare, with little vegetation.

Arctic tundra in the Yukon Territory, Canada
Arctic tundra in the Yukon Territory, Canada