The brain controls complex behaviour. It is made of billions of interconnected neurons and has different regions that carry out different functions.
The brain contains the following main areas:
The functions of these areas are:
|Cerebral cortex||Split into two hemispheres and is highly folded. It controls intelligence, personality, conscious thought and high-level functions such as language and verbal memory.|
|Cerebellum||Controls balance, conscious movement and muscular activity.|
|Medulla or brain stem||Controls unconscious activities such as heart rate and breathing rate.|