In the opening chapter, Sherlock Holmes and Dr Watson are looking at a walking stick left behind by a visitor. Note how the writer informs us about the personalities of the two men by giving hints rather than fully explaining – a useful approach for the writer of short stories.
Mr Sherlock Holmes, who was usually very late in the mornings, save upon those not infrequent occasions when he stayed up all night, was seated at the breakfast table. I stood upon the hearthrug and picked up the walking stick which our visitor had left behind him the night before. Just under the head was a broad silver band, nearly an inch across. “To James Mortimer, MRCS, from his friends of the CCH” was engraved upon it, with the date “1884”.
“Well, Watson, what do you make of it?”
Holmes was sitting with his back to me, and I had given him no sign of my occupation.
“How did you know what I was doing? I believe you have eyes in the back of your head.”
“I have, at least, a well-polished, silver-plated coffee-pot in front of me,” said he. “But, tell me, Watson, what do you make of our visitor’s stick? Since we have been so unfortunate as to miss him and have no notion of his errand, this accidental souvenir becomes of importance. Let me hear you reconstruct the man by an examination of it.”
“I think,” said I, following so far as I could the methods of my companion, “that Dr Mortimer is a successful elderly medical man, well-esteemed, since those who know him give him this mark of their appreciation.”
“Good!” said Holmes. “Excellent!”