The world is now a very small, interconnected place, as a result of globalisation. This term is used in human geography and refers to physical and human processes that extend across the world.

A globe surrounded by arrows

Globalisation is not a new term. People have travelled, traded and shared ideas for thousands of years and there are many global linkages, ie people in one country are connected in many ways with people in other countries.

In recent years the impact of globalisation has become very clear. It can be seen in the following ways:

  • communication between people in different parts of the world can be instant
  • improved transport and communication links have increased trade, the sharing of ideas and the spread of cultures

Factors that encourage globalisation

Factors that encourage globalisation include transport and ICT developments.

Transport developments:

  • Container ships make transporting bulky goods quick and easy.
  • Air transport means people and goods move quickly from one place to another. In recent years the cost of air travel has reduced.

ICT developments:

  • The internet allows people and businesses to communicate instantly.
  • Satellite communications allow a global view and communications links even in very remote areas. They enable TV and telephone communications.
  • Mobile phones enable people to communicate and to access the internet wherever they are.
  • Social networking brings people from all around the world in contact with one another.