Flower structure

Parts of a flower

The flower is the reproductive organ of many plants.

The component parts of plant that allow reproduction: petal, anther, stamen, filament, stigma, ovary, ovule, nectary and sepal.

The table describes the main parts of a flower and their functions:

StructureFunction
SepalsProtect the unopened flower
PetalsMay be brightly coloured to attract insects
StamensThe male parts of the flower (each consists of an anther held up on a filament)
AnthersProduce male sex cells (pollen grains)
StigmaThe top of the female part of the flower which collects pollen grains
OvaryProduces the female sex cells (contained in the ovules)
NectaryProduce a sugary solution called nectar, which attracts insects