Many dance forms are recognisable by their tempo, metre and characteristic rhythms. These rhythms also have an impact on the dance steps for each form.
Salsa is lively dance music with many different styles. It originated in Cuba and has African and Spanish influences. It is very popular in Cuba, Puerto Rico and New York.
The clave rhythm is a syncopated rhythm grouped in 3 + 2 or 2 + 3:
Tango is a sensuous paired dance that originated in the 1880s in the slums and bars of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The tango can be identified by its rhythmic characteristics. It has:
Here are the two main rhythms found in a tango:
Habanera is a variation on the tango that comes from Cuba. It is based on a dotted rhythm, which also appears in some other tango influenced dances. The most well-known habanera is from George Bizet’s Carmen.
Merengue was originally the national dance of the Dominican Republic and has African and Spanish influences. Its rhythmic characteristics include:
Bossa nova means ‘new trend’. It is a fusion of samba and jazz. Its rhythmic characteristics include:
Here is a typical bossa nova rhythm:
The rumba is a slow dance in 4/4 time. This rhythm is the foundation of the rumba and can be heard in accompaniments and melodies:
A well-known example of the rumba is the Jamaican Farewell.
The clave rhythm can be found in which style?