Communal prayer

Communal prayer means to pray with others. This can take place during church services, or it could be a structured meeting of Christians who have arranged to pray together. This type of prayer can help Christians connect with each other as well as God and help to strengthen the Christian community.

Set prayers

Set prayers are prayers that are well-known, such as the Lord’s Prayer, which most Christians will know by heart. These prayers often have significant meaning and importance for Christians and are helpful for communal prayer and collective worship. The Lord’s Prayer is recited in most Christian services and is a prayer which Jesus used to help teach his followers to pray.

The Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6: 5-13) is the most important Christian prayer. Apart from the last sentence, it consists of the words Jesus gave directly to his followers.

Public worship helps Christians to achieve a deeper understanding of the Bible, the life of Jesus and Christian teachings. It also enables those who receive Holy Communion to welcome Jesus into their hearts.


Match the definitions below, to describe the different types of prayer.

Type of prayer

  • Private prayer
  • Set prayer
  • Informal prayer
  • Extemporaneous prayer
  • Communal prayer


  • Praying to God using more simple, everyday language
  • Praying with others
  • Spontaneous prayer
  • Praying alone
  • Well-known prayers, such as the Lord's Prayer
  • Private prayer – praying alone
  • Set prayer –- well-known prayers, such as the Lord's Prayer
  • Informal prayer – praying to God using more simple, everyday language
  • Extemporaneous prayer – spontaneous prayer
  • Communal prayer – praying with others