The main parts of an animal cell are the nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm and mitochondria.
Plant cells contain the same features as animal cells. They also have some additional ones:
Summary of features found in cells and their functions.
|Cell membrane||Controls the movement of substances into and out of the cell||Plant and animal cells|
|Cytoplasm||Jelly-like substance, where chemical reactions happen||Plant and animal cells|
|Nucleus||Carries genetic information and controls what happens inside the cell||Plant and animal cells|
|Mitochondria||Where respiration takes place, releasing energy for the cell||Plant and animal cells|
|Large central vacuole||Contains a liquid called cell sap, which keeps the cell firm||Plant cells only|
|Cell wall||Made of a tough substance called cellulose, which supports the cell||Plant cells only|
|Chloroplasts||Contain the green pigment chlorophyll, which absorbs light energy. This is where photosynthesis occurs.||Plant cells only|