Our weather is affected by a number of factors: latitude, relief, aspect and distance from the sea.
- Latitude - places closer to the equator are usually warmer, and places nearer to the North Pole and South Pole are colder.
- Relief - places located on flat low-lying land are warmer and places higher up, ie mountains, are colder and wetter.
- Aspect - places which are south-facing are warmer and places which are north-facing are colder.
- Distance from the sea - places nearer to the sea are mild and wet, and places further from the sea are drier, but temperatures are more extreme.