Factors affecting food security

In 2008 the prices of many foods increased. Wheat and rice were two key examples and increased by 130% and 75% respectively. This caused riots in over thirty countries. Similar riots are still occurring. In 2016 over 400 people were arrested in Venezuela after rioting and looting over food shortages.

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) records the mean prices of five key products: cereals, vegetable oils, dairy, meat and sugar. They compare this with different factors and produce an annual report called 'The state of food insecurity in the world'. The graphs below come from the 2015 report.

Figures from an annual report called ‘The state of food insecurity in the world’.
Question

Describe any trends you can in this data over time. Use numbers in your answer. [4 marks]

The highest percentage of undernourished people in both 1990 to 1992 and 2014 to 2016 was in sub-Saharan Africa (1 mark). In 1990 to 1992 it was 33% and in 2014 to 2016 it was 23% (1 mark). The greatest reduction in percentage undernourished between these dates is in South-Eastern Asia which was 31% and now is 10% (1 mark). All areas showed a reduction except Western Africa where the percentage of undernourished increased from 6% to 8% (1 mark).

A country is in crisis if a significant part of the population is vulnerable to death or disease.

They compare this with different factors and produce an annual report called ‘The state of food insecurity in the world’. The graphs below come from the 2015 report.
Question

What is the relationship between countries in crisis and all developing countries? Use numbers in your answer.

In both 2005 to 2007 and 2010 to 2012 the prevalence of undernourished people was much higher in countries in crisis than other developing countries. It is about 39% rather around 15%. Undernourishment is therefore over twice as likely in countries in crisis. An alternative answer: In developing countries and in China and India, undernourishment has reduced from 2005 to 2010 by an average of 1.5% whereas in countries in crisis it has increased by 0.5%