Reforms to address squalor

New Towns Act 1946

The successes of this were:

  • twelve new towns were planned in order to reduce overcrowding

The limitations of this were:

  • the 1951 census revealed that there was approximately the same level of homelessness as in 1931
  • high demand for housing still existed

The video below details the poor housing in Scotland between 1880-1939.

Housing Act 1949

The successes of this were:

  • councils could buy houses in disrepair and make improvements
  • householders could apply for assistance to make improvements

The limitations of this were:

  • poor housing and homelessness were still serious problems at the end of the Labour administration in 1951 - there were 750,000 fewer houses than were required