The story of the Sudetenland

Timeline showing the key events of the Sudetenland

12-13 September 1938

  • Hitler encourages Konrad Henlein, leader of the Sudeten Nazis, to rebel, and demands a union with Germany.
  • When the Czech government declares martial law, Hitler threatens war.

15 September 1938

  • Chamberlain goes to see Hitler at Berchtesgaden.
  • Without consulting Czechoslovakia, he promises to give Hitler all the areas where more than 50 per cent of the population is German. Then he persuades France to agree.

22-23 September 1938

  • Chamberlain goes to Bad Godesberg to tell Hitler about the decision, but Hitler now demands ALL the Sudetenland. Chamberlain refuses - it looks like war.
  • Chamberlain calls the crisis 'a quarrel in a faraway country, between people of whom we know nothing'.

30 September 1938

  • At Munich, France and Britain agree to give Hitler the Sudetenland.
  • Chamberlain waves 'a piece of paper' with Hitler's statement that he does not want to go to war. German troops march into the Sudetenland and are welcomed as heroes.