Invasion of Czechoslovakia

Line of German troops marching into Czechoslovakia
German troops march into Czechoslovakia

On 15 March 1939, German troops marched into Czechoslovakia. They took over Bohemia, and established a protectorate over Slovakia.

Hitler's invasion of Czechoslovakia was the end of appeasement for several reasons:

  • it proved that Hitler had been lying at Munich
  • it showed that Hitler was not just interested in a 'Greater Germany' (the Czechs were not Germans)
  • on 17th March, Chamberlain gave a speech saying that he could not trust Hitler not to invade other countries
  • on 31st March, Chamberlain guaranteed to defend Poland if Germany invaded