Chamberlain made the Munich Agreement with Hitler to prevent war, but, in the year after September 1938, there were six factors pressurising him to abandon his policy of appeasement.
|Things happening in Europe||Things happening in Britain|
|November 1938: Kristallnacht - attacks on the Jews in Germany.||Churchill's speeches: attacked appeasement as "a defeat without a war".|
|March 1939: Czechoslovakia - Hitler invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia.||October 1938: Oxford by-election - Chamberlain's Conservatives won, but the anti-appeasement candidate got lots of votes.|
|May 1939: Pact of Steel - an alliance was formed between Germany and Italy to help each other in times of war.||Lack of trust - Britain was building up its armed forces throughout 1938 and 1939.|