German playwright, Bertolt Brecht's ideas are very influential. He wanted to make the audience think, and used a range of devices to remind them that they were watching theatre and not real life.
In which century did Brecht work?
The 20th century
The 19th century
The 18th century
What nationality was Brecht?
How did Brecht become a stateless citizen?
He asked to become a Russian citizen but was refused
He fled from Germany in the 1930s and the Nazis removed his citizenship
He supported the Nazis in the Second World War
What was the name of the theatre company Brecht created?
The Berliner Ensemble
The Doyly Carte
The Kabuki Theatre
What do you understand by the term Gestus in Brechtian theatre?
It was the term that Brecht adopted for a character's movement or gesture
It is the physical capturing of a particular moment that makes the audience appreciate the context of that stance or reaction
It is the idea of repelling an audience by what is shown on stage
What is meant by breaking the fourth wall?
The destroying of any illusion that you are watching real life and making the audience think objectively
The structural reshaping of the performance area in a theatre
Giving the audience the feeling that they're actually in the same room as the actors
What is montage in Brechtian theatre?
A series of self-contained scenes that work effectively through juxtaposition with each other
A montage is made up of several small pictures, now popular because of the ease with which it can be produced on computer
The use of shadows for storytelling
What is the difference between Epic theatre and what Brecht called Dramatic theatre?
Epic theatre deals with myths and legends while Dramatic theatre is about sad endings
Epic theatre leaves the audience with questions and challenges while Dramatic theatre has a plot that reaches a conclusion
Epic theatre is large scale and Dramatic theatre is emotional
What is the idea of verfremdungseffekt?
Brecht wants the audience to think objectively about what they see so he employs techniques to distance the audience in this way
Brecht wants the audience to be alienated from what they see
Brecht wants the audience to empathise and engage with what they see
What does the term multi-roling mean?
When an actor plays more than one character onstage
When several actors play the same role
When a female and male actor play the same role