Prose fiction

There are different types of fiction texts, the main types are:

Fiction texts have a creative element to them and tend to use literary devices. Prose fiction from the 19th century tends to have longer, more complex sentences, and often has more description than modern fiction texts do.

Within each type of fiction, there are different genres. For example, there are different genres of prose fiction. In the 19th century the following prose genres were popular:

Arthur Conan Doyle is well known for developing the crime fiction genre. His character Sherlock Holmes appeared in several short stories and novels, including the The Sign of Four in 1890.

Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein (1818) is an example of gothic fiction. This novel is based in a series of gloomy settings and has a supernatural theme and an atmosphere of terror and horror.

Here are some other celebrated fiction writers from the 19th century:

  • Jane Austen (1775 – 1817) - Pride and Prejudice, Emma and Sense and Sensibility
  • Charles Dickens (1812-1870) - Bleak House, Oliver Twist and David Copperfield
  • Charlotte Bronte (1816 -1855) - Jane Eyre and Villette
  • George Eliot (1819-1880) - Middlemarch and The Mill on the Floss
  • Thomas Hardy (1840 – 1928) - Tess of the d'Urbervilles and Far from the Madding Crowd
Mark Lester playing Oliver Twist holds up an empty bowl in the 1968 film adaptation of the Charles Dickens' novel
Mark Lester plays Oliver Twist in the 1968 film adaptation of the Charles Dickens's novel