Adaptation of birdcage plant, puffball and star fungi

How can air be used to disperse seeds and spores?

Adaptation of plant life to extreme cold temperatures

How is plant life adapted to survive in freezing Arctic temperatures?

Adaptations of animals and plants

An introduction to the adaptations of some marine and terrestrial animals and plants.

Animal adaptations to a hot climate

What adaptations and behavioural strategies can animals use to survive the desert heat?

Biodiversity and the human implications

Why is conserving biodiversity important for human existence?

Energy in food chains

Terms involved in ecosystems and how all energy in food chains comes from the Sun.

Food chains and food webs

Simple food webs, food chains, population changes and their effects on food webs.

Habitats and ecosystems

An introduction to habitats and ecosystems, using a seashore and woodland as examples.

How commercial growers improve crop yield

How farmers manipulate growing conditions to improve quality and yield in crops.

Natural selection and survival of the fittest

What did Darwin mean by the terms 'natural selection' and 'survival of the fittest'?