Inama ya gisirikare iri ku butegetsi muri Sudani yaba iri gukoreshwa n'amahanga?

Abanya-Sudani bishimiye amasezerano aheruka kwemezwa yo gusangira ubutegetsi Uwufise ububasha kw’isanamu Getty Images
Image caption Abanya-Sudani bishimiye amasezerano aheruka kwemezwa yo gusangira ubutegetsi

Abakuru b'abatavuga rumwe n'ubutegetsi muri Sudani bavuga ko abategetsi ba gisirikare bari gukoreshwa n'ibihugu by'amahanga bishishikajwe n'umutungo kamere w'iki gihugu ndetse n'agace giherereyemo.

Hari amasezerano aherutse kwemeranywa hagati y'inama ya gisirikare iyoboye Sudani by'inzibacyuho n'abigaragambya - ariko haracyari urujijo kuri ejo hazaza h'iki gihugu.

None, ni ibihe bihugu bikorana na Sudani kandi ni izihe nyungu byizeye kubona?

Ni nde ugura umutungo kamere wa Sudani?

Imibare yo mu mwaka ushize wa 2018 itangazwa na Banki nkuru ya Sudani igaragaza ko Leta Zunze Ubumwe z'Abarabu ari cyo gihugu cya mbere kigura byinshi mu byo Sudani yohereza mu mahanga.

Zigura nyinshi muri zahabu iri mu byinjiriza amafaranga menshi Sudani.

Ubushinwa ni bwo buza ku mwanya wa kabiri, bukaba bugura byinshi mu bikomoka kuri peteroli bivuye muri Sudani.

Ibikomoka kuri peteroli byigeze kuba ari byo bigize ahanini cyane kurushaho ubukungu bwa Sudani, ariko kuva Sudani y'Epfo yavuka mu mwaka wa 2011 ivuye kuri Sudani, yajyanye na byinshi mu birombe bicukurwamo ibikomoka kuri peteroli.

Aho Sudani yashoye ibidandazwa mu 2018

(Mu mamiriyoni y'amadora ya Amerika)

Bitangwa na: Ibanki Nkuru ya Sudani

Kuri ubu, ibikomoka kuri peteroli bigize gusa 1% by'ubukungu bwa Sudani, ugereranyije nuko mu mwaka wa 2011 byari ku kigero kigera hafi kuri 20%.

Ikindi gihugu gikurikiraho kigura ibicuruzwa biva muri Sudani, ni Arabie Saoudite igura ahanini ibikomoka ku matungo.

Mu gihe habayeho kugabanuka ku bikomoka kuri peteroli Sudani yohereza mu mahanga, Sudani yashatse kongerera imbaraga urwego rw'ubuhinzi - ibi bikaba byaratumye yatisha (ikodesha) ubutaka bumwe ku bihugu by'amahanga.

Sudani yashyize umukono ku masezerano yo kwatisha ubutaka bufite ubuso bwa 'are' zibarirwa muri za miliyoni ku bihugu bya Arabie Saoudite, Bahrain, Turukiya n'Ubushinwa.

Ndetse Sudani iri no mu nzira yo kugirana amasezerano yo kwatisha ubundi butaka ku bindi bihugu birimo Jordan, Misiri na Leta Zunze Ubumwe z'Abarabu.

Ibihugu bihanganye byo mu karere biri guhatanira kubona za kontaro

Igice cya Sudani gikora ku nyanja itukura, ni igice cy'ingenzi gikoreshwa nk'inzira y'ibicuruzwa, cyegereye intambara ikomeje muri Yemeni, kandi ibihugu bitandukanye biri gushaka kukigiramo ijambo.

Bwinshi mu bucuruzi bwo muri Sudani kuri ubu bunyura ku cyambu cya Sudani.

Ariko kontaro ifite agaciro ka miliyari ebyiri na miliyoni 400 z'amadolari y'Amerika yo kubaka no gukoresha icyo cyambu, yahawe kompanyi yo muri Philippines, ubu yahagaritswe n'inama ya gisirikare iri ku butegetsi, nyuma y'imyigaragambyo y'abakozi mu ntangiriro y'uyu mwaka.

Uwufise ububasha kw’isanamu Getty Images
Image caption Agace ka Suakin, kari ku nyanja itukura

Ndetse n'indi kontaro nini kurushaho yaremejwe mu rwego rwo kubaka ahandi hantu hegeranye n'icyambu, mu mujyi wa Suakin, mu majyepfo y'iki cyambu cya Sudani.

Mu kwezi kwa gatatu k'umwaka ushize, Turukiya na Qatar byashyize umukono ku masezerano ya miliyari enye z'amadolari y'Amerika yo gufasha Sudani mu gutunganya icyo cyambu.

Ibi bibonwa icyarimwe nk'ikintu gikomeye mu mibanire y'ibihugu ndetse no muri politiki - kuko bishobora gufasha Turukiya gushyira ikigo cya gisirikare muri aka karere k'inyanja itukura.

Ariko Turukiya na Qatar ni ibihugu byombi bidacana uwaka muri politiki ku bijyanye n'ibihugu bikomeye bikomeje gushyigikira Sudani, ibihugu bya Arabie Saoudite na Leta Zunze Ubumwe z'Abarabu.

Kandi iyi Arabie Saoudite na Leta Zunze Ubumwe z'Abarabu, byombi byahaye inama ya gisirikare muri Sudani inkunga igera hafi kuri miliyari eshatu z'amadolari kuva yagera ku butegetsi mu kwezi kwa kane, bikomeje kotsa igitutu iyi nama ngo iburizemo ayo masezerano.

Annette Weber, ukora mu kigo cy'Ubudage gikora ubushakashatsi ku bubanyi n'amahanga no ku mutekano, agira ati: "Birikugaragara ko Leta Zunze Ubumwe z'Abarabu ziri kugira ijambo rikomeje mu nama ya gisirikare iri ku butegetsi muri Sudani".

Sudani kandi ishorwamo imari itubutse n'Ubushinwa mu bikorwa-remezo, bigamije kubaka inzira icamo ubucuruzi bw'Ubushinwa mu bice bitandukanye by'isi.

Uwufise ububasha kw’isanamu Getty Images
Image caption Abasirikare ba Sudani muri Yemen

Abasirikare ba Sudani mu ntambara yo muri Yemen

Ibikorwa byo mu rwego rw'ubukungu na politiki bya Arabie Saoudite na Leta Zunze Ubumwe z'Abarabu bikomeje kwiyongera muri Sudani, ntaho bigaragara cyane nko mu bufasha bwa gisirikare Sudani ikomeje gutanga mu ntambara yo muri Yemen.

Abasirikare ba Sudani bakomeje kurwanira muri Yemen bashyigikira urugaga ruyobowe na Arabie Saoudite ruhanganye n'inyeshyamba z'aba Houthi ziterwa inkunga na Irani.

Dr Weber agira ati: "Sudani ifite abasirikare 16,000 barinze umupaka Arabie Saoudite ihana na Yemen". Ni amakuru acyesha umutegetsi wo ku rwego rwo hejuru muri leta.

Aba basirikare bahabwa amategeko na Jenerali Mohammed "Hemeti" Hamadan, umwe mu bategetsi bakomeye mu nama ya gisirikare ya Sudani.

Uku kohereza abasirikare muri Yemen, kwatangiye mu mwaka wa 2015, bibonwa nk'impinduka ikomeye mu buryo Sudani ibana n'amahanga arimo Arabie Saoudite ndetse n'ibindi bihugu by'inshuti, yirengagiza Irani yari isanzwe ari inshuti yayo ya hafi.

Ibindi bisa n’ibi