Ubuzima bwa Mandela mu mafoto

Ubuzima mu mafoto bw'uwabaye perezida wa mbere w'umwirabura wa Afrika yepfo mu matora ya demokarasi, Nelson Mandela.

Mandela muri 1956
Insiguro y'isanamu,

Nelson Mandela, wabaye perezida wa mbere w'umwirabura nyuma y'intambara yamaze igihe kirekire irwanya ubutegetsi bwa bagashakabuhake b'abazungu.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Akomoka mu muryango w'ibwami wo mu burasirazuba bwa Cape.Yimukuye i Johannesburg aho yigiye umwuga wo kuburanira abantu mu nkiko.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Akiri umusore, Mandela yakinnye umukino wo gutera amakofe.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Muri 1956, Mandela yarezwe icyaha cyo kugambanira igihugu akorera ANC.Muri urwo rubanza, nibwo yahuye na Winnie Madikizera.Ubwo yari amaze gutandukana na Evelyn Mase.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Nelson na Winnie basezeranye muri 1958 ariko ntabwo bigeze bishimira urugo bashinze.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Muri 1964 yakatiwe gufungwa burundu kubera kugambanira igihugu.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Amahanga yahagurukiye kurwanya invangura moko.N'ubwo ari ntabyemezo bikomeye byafashwe mu rwego rw'ubukungu, ariko hari abantu bakomeye n'abasanzwe ku isi hose bahagurukiye kurwanya iyo politiki y'ivangura.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Ishusho ya Mandela yakoreshejwe ku isi hose.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Mu mwaka wa 1980, nibwo Mandela yafunguwe, ubwo yari amaze imyaka irenga 20 ari muri gereza.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Amaze gufungurwa, Mandela yasuye ibihugu byinshi abwo yari arimo kwitegura guhagaranira umwana wa perezida.Aha yari kuri ambasade y'Afurika y'epfo i Londres.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Habaye imishyikirano ikomeye mbere y'uko Perezida FW de Klerk yemera amatora. Abo bagabo 2 bahawe umudari w'amahoro ku isi.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Amatora ya mbere ya demokarasi muri Afurika y'epfo yabaye kuri 27/4/1997. Abirabura bari ku morongo miremire bari mu matora ku nshuro ya mbere.ANC yahundagajweho amajwi.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Mandela yabaye perezida inshuro imwe gusa.Muri 1999 yabaye umwe mu batagetsi bake b'Afurika bavuye k'ubutegetsi ku bushake. Yasimbuwe na Thabo Mbeki.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Uretse kuba umutegetsi wubashywe ku isi, Mandela yambaraga amashati y'umwihariko.Aha arabaza abanyamakuru icyo batekereza ku ishati yambaye.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Yari afite ikindi abandi bayobozi badafite, kwicisha bugufi no guseka. Aha ari kumwe n'igikomangoma Charles n'abaririmbyi bwa Spice Girls.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Amaze gutandukana na Winnie, Mandela yarongoye Graca Machel ubwo yizihizaga imyaka 80 y'amavuko. Graca Machel yari umupfukazi wa perezida Samora Machel.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Amaze kuva k'ubutegetsi muri 1999, Mandela yabaye amabasaderi w'afurika y'epfo mu kurwanya Sida.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Muri 2004, afite imyaka 85, Mandela yafashe ikiruhuko cy'imirimo yose.Yahisemo kugumana n'umuryango we.

Insiguro y'isanamu,

Mandela ari mu birori by'irushanwa ry'umupira w'amaguru ku isi.Yari afite imbaraga nkeya kandi yari akiri mu kiriyo cy'umwuzukuruza we.