La fórmula secreta para momificar de los antiguos egipcios
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Aprende inglés: La fórmula secreta para momificar de los antiguos egipcios

En esta nueva serie, los periodistas de la BBC te ayudan a practicar inglés con una noticia de la semana. Mira el video y aprende nuevo vocabulario.

Título:

The secret recipe for ancient mummification

Aprende palabras relacionadas con:

Stopping deterioration

Vocabulario:

preserved - kept in a good state; not damaged or destroyed

embalming - using chemicals to keep a dead body in good condition

antibacterial - reducing or killing bacteria

prevent something from decaying - take action to keep something in good condition

intact - complete and not damaged or lacking parts

Responde a esto:

Which three ingredients are mentioned as part of the embalming recipe?

Transcripción:

Fabric fragments of ancient history. These six-thousand-year-old pieces of linen contain the chemical secret of mummification. The Egyptian Mummy - the body preserved as a vessel for the eternal soul - is an icon of this ancient civilisation.

It's been resurrected in many a Hollywood film. But far from Egypt's great tombs, here in a storage facility for Bolton Museum in Northern England, the ancient Egyptians' embalming recipe has finally come to light, contained in textiles in the collection.

Dr Stephen Buckley, University of York

With things like these textiles that don't look much to look at at all… but you do the chemistry, and suddenly they become hugely significant to our human past, and really gets to the heart of what they were about at this time through the science, which you simply can't tell by looking. So really the science brings this material to life.

The recipe they revealed, an embalming liquid containing plant extracts, was probably mixed in a base of sesame oil.

You can actually still find some of those key ingredients from that embalming recipe today. So this is one of them - gum arabic, which is a plant-based confectioner's gum that's on sale in Egypt. And this - this is a really key ingredient - this is pine resin, antibacterial to prevent the body from decaying.

The same mixture of substances was found on this intact Mummy from 3500BC showing that the process is much older than previously thought.

Pierrette Squires, Bolton Museum

Pushing the timeline of mummification back by 1500 years, it shows to us that it wasn't just at the point where mummification we know was very popular: it was happening much earlier.

So, who knows what secrets scientists will unearth next in the storeroom of a local museum?

¿Lo entendiste?

Which three ingredients are mentioned as part of the embalming recipe?

Gum arabic, pine resin and a base of sesame oil are the three ingredients mentioned.

¿Sabías que...?

While excavating ancient Egyptian pyramids, archaeologists have discovered 3,000-year-old honey in the tombs. It is still perfectly edible!

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