Peter Hain in Marikana
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Peter Hain visits Marikana massacre victim's village

In August 2012 police in South Africa shot dead 34 miners as they protested outside a mine in Marikana.

Almost 50 years after leaving South Africa as a teenager, Peter Hain MP has returned to assess how his country, a symbol of hope after the end of apartheid, has grappled with the tragedy.

He visits the village of Msikithi in the Eastern Cape, which was home to Mafolisi Mabiya, one of the victims.

The Marikana mine is over 1,000 km away from the village, but migrant labour is essential for the profitable running of South Africa's mines, just as it was in the days of apartheid.

The village is exceptionally remote, accessible only on foot during the rainy season. The villagers eke a meagre existence as subsistence farmers, and many young men leave to find work in the mines and big cities, sending money home to their families in the village.

Watch Peter Hain MP's film South Africa: The Massacre that Changed a Nation on BBC Two at 21:00 BST on Wednesday 24 April and afterwards on the BBC iPlayer.

  • 19 Apr 2013