Marikana deaths spark soul searching in South Africa
South African government officials have joined members of the mining community in Marikana to pay tribute to those killed during a crackdown by security forces over industrial action.
The dispute which has claimed the lives of 44 began as a demand for wage increases, but it has become something of a turf war symptomatic of a country still deeply ill at ease with itself and the quest for workers' rights, 18 years after the end of apartheid.
Robin Deneslow's report from Marikana was broadcast on BBC Two's Newsnight on Thursday 23 August 2012.
Viewers may find some of the images in this report disturbing.
24 Aug 2012