Business

Markets recover after disappointing US jobs figures

US factory workers Image copyright Getty Images

The US economy added just 142,000 jobs in September, lowering the chance of an interest rate rise this year.

The figure was far lower than the 205,000 increase forecast by economists.

The number of jobs created in July and August were revised down by a combined 59,000.

Wall Street opened sharply lower, with the Dow Jones and S&P 500 indexes both down about 1.3%.

However, both indexes later recovered to be up about 0.5% and 0.6% respectively.

The poor figures also resulted in a rollercoaster ride for the FTSE 100, which ended the day up 0.9% at 6,129.9 points despite also turning negative in afternoon trading.

The Labor Department numbers reinforced fears that the China-led global economic slowdown is hitting America's recovery, adding to doubt about whether the Federal Reserve will raise rates before 2016.

The number of new jobs for August was cut by 37,000 to 136,000 - in sharp contrast to the upward revision expected by economists.

The July total was also reduced, by 22,000 to 245,000.

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Analysis: Michelle Fleury, New York business correspondent

There's no sugar coating it, this was an ugly report.

After months of solid growth, the US labour market took a break over the summer.

The number of Americans in the labour force dropped to a 38-year low. The labour force participation rate - those in work or seeking employment - plunged to 62.4% in September.

Just as bad for those with jobs, wages were flat and they worked fewer hours.

The slowdown is seen by many as evidence that economic difficulties abroad are beginning to wash up on US shores.

With the jobs report now pointing to slower US growth, stocks tumbled. Investors are nervous. This doesn't bode well for results season, which kicks off next week in America.

And the weak report will no doubt complicate the task of US Federal Reserve officials, deciding when to raise interest rates for the first time in a decade.

Many economists believe a rate hike is less likely this year.


Weak report

Tom Porcelli, chief US economist at RBC Capital Markets, described Friday's non-farm payrolls report as "absolutely weak".

"So if you have a weak report here in combination with some of the other weakness that we are seeing across the globe, the odds [of a rate rise] get dinged for December," he said.

"Every aspect of the September jobs report was disappointing," said Michelle Girard, an economist at RBS Securities. She also believed that the Fed "will be forced to stay on hold over the remainder of the year".

The number of new jobs created in the US has averaged 198,000 a month for 2014 - below last year's average of 260,000.

However, the unemployment rate held steady at 5.1%.

The jobless rate, which is derived from a separate survey of households, was unchanged only because 350,000 workers stopped looking for work last month and were no longer counted as part of the labour force.

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The proportion of Americans who either have a job or are looking for one fell to a 38-year low, partly reflecting retirements of older workers from the baby boomer generation.

Wage woe

Average hourly wages fell by 1 cent to $25.09 during the month and were only 2.2% higher than the same month in 2014.

The data also knocked the dollar lower, with the pound rising 0.6% to $1.5238 after the numbers were released. Yields on government bonds also fell.

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