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UK signs post-Brexit free trade deal with South Korea

Hanjin Incheon Container Terminal in Seoul Image copyright Getty Images

The UK and South Korea have signed an outline free trade agreement (FTA) that seeks to maintain existing trade arrangements post-Brexit.

International Trade Secretary Liam Fox signed the deal with his South Korean counterpart Yoo Myung-hee in Seoul.

The preliminary agreement marks the first post-Brexit trade deal the UK has secured in Asia.

The agreement is roughly in line with the terms of the existing Korea-EU FTA.

"In so far as a (UK-S Korea) deal has been struck that's a landmark moment," Mouhammed Choukeir, chief investment officer at private bank Kleinwort Hambros told BBC 5 live's Wake Up to Money.

"Where it's not a big deal is that actually the biggest trading bloc still needs to be negotiated - the EU and US."

The deal would cover South Korean exports including cars and auto parts. South Korea exports mostly cars and ships to Britain, while it imports crude oil, cars and whisky.

The agreement is designed to provide stability under a no-deal Brexit, with the UK due to leave the EU on 31 October, with or without a deal.


Analysis:

By Andrew Walker, BBC World Service economics correspondent

Tariff-free trade with South Korea is certainly worth preserving. British goods exports to Seoul climbed sharply after the EU's deal with South Korea was implemented in 2011. Last year the UK sold about £6bn worth of goods there.

UK goods imports from South Korea were more than £4bn. Among those countries with which the UK has improved access by virtue of an EU trade deal, South Korea is one of the bigger ones.

There is an agreement with Switzerland, which is the biggest of this group in terms of UK exports. But there is not with Japan or Canada which are similar scale to South Korea. And of course all these countries are far smaller markets for the UK than the EU 27.


Mr Fox said: "The value of trade between the UK and Korea has more than doubled since the EU-Korea agreement was applied in 2011.

"Providing continuity in our trading relationship will allow businesses in the UK and Korea to keep trading without any additional barriers, which will help us further increase trade in the years ahead,"

"As we face growing global economic headwinds, our strong trading relationship will be crucial in driving economic growth and supporting jobs throughout the UK and Korea."

'Trade row'

Both countries aim to ratify the deal by the end of October, and implement it in November.

"The deal is significant as it eased uncertainties sparked by Brexit, amid the already challenging environment for exports on the escalating trade row between Washington and Beijing," Ms Yoo said.

South Korea - Asia's fourth largest economy - is a global leader in electronics, steel and auto industry.

The country's exports to the UK hit $6.36bn (£5.0bn) last year.

The UK is South Korea's second largest trading partner among EU members, and the Asian nation's 18th largest trading partner.

Negotiating deals

The UK is pushing to strike agreements with its trading partners as the Brexit deadline looms.

As a member of the EU, the UK is part of 40 trade deals which the EU has with other countries.

If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, it would fall out of these deals immediately, disrupting about 11% of UK total trade.

A priority for the government has been to get these countries to roll over their trade deals with the UK.

So far the UK has agreed "continuity" deals with 12 countries and regions, including Israel, Norway and Iceland, Switzerland and Chile.

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