Strike dates: Who is striking and what pay do they want?

  • Published
People hold placards on a picket line outside Great Ormond Street Children's Hospital in LondonImage source, DANIEL LEAL

Hundreds of thousands of workers have been taking part in strikes over pay.

However, some agreements have been reached, including a pay settlement for more than a million NHS staff in England.

Who is allowed to strike?

Industrial action by workers doing many different jobs has been organised by trade unions. Certain rules - like giving enough notice - must be met.

Police and prison officers are not currently allowed to strike.

The government is trying to introduce a law that will require some trade union members to work during a strike, to provide a minimum level of service.

Rail workers

  • RMT members working for 14 train companies will strike on 13 May
  • The union is also balloting members for a mandate for further action
  • Train drivers in the Aslef union will walk out on 12 and 31 May, and 3 June, the day of the FA Cup final
  • A separate dispute involving RMT members and Network Rail was resolved after union members accepted a revised pay deal
  • The unions are in dispute with the government and rail companies about pay, job cuts and changes to terms and conditions
  • Rail industry bosses say changes need to be agreed to afford pay increases and to modernise the railway


Ambulance workers

  • Ambulance workers are included in the pay deal for NHS staff in England announced on 2 May
  • Unite - one of three unions threatening to continue action - has a mandate for further strikes in some ambulance services

Junior doctors

  • Junior doctors in England staged strikes between 13 and 15 March and between 11 and 15 April
  • The British Medical Association said junior doctor roles have seen pay cut by 26% since 2008 once inflation is taken into account. They want a 35% pay rise to reverse that
  • The government has said a 35% pay increase is "unreasonable in the current economic context"


  • Members of the National Education Union in England went on strike on 27 April and 2 May
  • The National Association of Head Teachers is to ballot its staff on whether to go on strike over pay, funding, workload and wellbeing
  • The government offered teachers a £1,000 one-off payment for this academic year and a 4.3% rise for most staff for next
  • The unions want above-inflation increases, plus extra money to ensure any pay rises do not come from schools' existing budgets
  • In Northern Ireland, five teaching unions went on strike on 26 April

Passport Office staff

  • More than 1,000 Passport Office staff belonging to the PCS union are on strike across the UK for five weeks from 3 April to 5 May
  • The union is asking for a 10% pay rise, improved redundancy terms better pensions and assurances of job security
  • They say the government has offered a pay rise averaging 4.5% to 5% for 2023
  • The strike involves one in four Passport Office workers and the PCS says it could have a "significant impact" on the delivery of passports

Civil servants

  • Around 133,000 civil servants belonging to the Public and Commercial Services (PCS) union walked out on 28 April
  • PCS is calling for a 10% pay rise, better pensions, job security and no cuts to redundancy terms
  • The Prospect union, which has more than 32,000 civil service members, has paused planned strike action after the government offered to engage in "meaningful talks" over pay.

University staff

  • Members of the University and College Union (UCU) have been striking at 150 universities across the UK
  • In April, the union renewed its mandate for industrial action for another six months
  • The dispute is about pay, casual contracts, pensions and workloads

Watch Make Sense of Strikes on iPlayer and find out more about why people are striking and whether industrial action works.

Have any disputes been resolved?

Some workers have settled disputes:

Does the public support strike action?

Public support for strike action varies widely between different industries, a poll carried out by YouGov in January suggested.

For example, the poll found nearly two in three people (65%) supported the nurses' strike - with ambulance workers backed by a similar number. However, only about one in three people (36%) backed university staff strikes.