Lab-grown oesophagus implanted in mice

  • 16 October 2018
  • From the section Health
Lab-engineered oesophagus Image copyright GOSH/ICH/CRICK
Image caption The lab-engineered oesophagus was capable of wave-like muscle contractions

Scientists in London have grown a bio-engineered oesophagus which was successfully implanted into mice.

The work, published in Nature Communications, was led by scientists at UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health (ICH), Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) and the Francis Crick Institute.

The team hopes the research could eventually lead to clinical trials of lab-grown food pipes for children born with part of their oesophagus damaged or missing.

The oesophagus is a complex, multi-layered organ, made up of multiple tissue types, which acts as a pipe carrying food and liquid from the mouth to the stomach.

The team used a rat oesophagus, which was stripped of its cells, leaving behind a collagen scaffold.

Read full article Lab-grown oesophagus implanted in mice

'More cures, fewer side-effects' with pioneering radiotherapy machine

  • 24 September 2018
  • From the section Health
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Media captionBarry Dolling is prepared for treatment in the MR Linac by therapeutic radiographers

The first patient in the UK has been treated with a pioneering new radiotherapy machine.

The MR Linac simultaneously scans tumours inside the body while delivering X-ray radiation beams.

Read full article 'More cures, fewer side-effects' with pioneering radiotherapy machine

New Versius robot surgery system coming to NHS

  • 3 September 2018
  • From the section Health
Versius robot Image copyright CMR Surgical
Image caption The Versius robot is designed and built in Cambridge

A British company has unveiled a new robotic surgery system, which is expected to operate on patients for the first time next year.

The Versius robot, designed and built in Cambridge, is a rival to the American da Vinci system, which is used in more than 70 hospitals in the UK.

Read full article New Versius robot surgery system coming to NHS

Artificial intelligence 'did not miss a single urgent case'

  • 13 August 2018
  • From the section Health
Eye patient Elaine Manna
Image caption Elaine Manna had her sight saved at Moorfields Eye hospital in London

Artificial intelligence can diagnose eye disease as accurately as some leading experts, research suggests.

A study by Moorfields Eye Hospital in London and the Google company DeepMind found that a machine could learn to read complex eye scans and detect more than 50 eye conditions.

Read full article Artificial intelligence 'did not miss a single urgent case'

DNA 'barcode' delivering personalised breast cancer care

  • 27 June 2018
  • From the section Health
Genetic screening for cancer Image copyright Getty Images

Scientists in Cambridge say advances in genetics are set to transform the treatment of breast cancer, making it more personalised to each patient.

All women there diagnosed with breast cancer have their entire genetic code mapped.

Read full article DNA 'barcode' delivering personalised breast cancer care

First UK womb transplant 'by end of 2018'

  • 5 June 2018
  • From the section Health
Pregnant woman Image copyright PA

The surgeon planning to do the first womb transplant in the UK says he hopes to carry out the first operations "before the end of 2018".

Mr Richard Smith, clinical lead at the charity Womb Transplant UK, also said that they plan to use living donors.

Read full article First UK womb transplant 'by end of 2018'

Exploring dementia through art and science

  • 17 May 2018
  • From the section Health
Music for Life
Image caption Music for Life visit care homes and play to and with residents with advanced dementia

It is like watching an awakening. Baton in hand, an elderly resident of a care home in north London is "conducting" a trio of professional musicians, a broad smile on his face.

Like the other residents in the room, he has advanced dementia.

Read full article Exploring dementia through art and science

Guernsey to vote on assisted dying

  • 14 May 2018
  • From the section Health
Image caption Could Guernsey become the first place in the British Isles to introduce assisted dying?

Guernsey's parliament is to debate whether to introduce assisted dying. The island's chief minister, Gavin St Pier, is proposing a bill that would allow terminally ill people to end their lives with the help of a doctor.

It would be the only place in the British Isles to legalise assisted dying.

Read full article Guernsey to vote on assisted dying

Noel Conway right to die case back at Appeal Court

  • 30 April 2018
  • From the section Health
Carol and Noel Image copyright Fergus Walsh/BBC
Image caption Carol and Noel Conway at home in Shropshire

A terminally ill man who is challenging the law on assisted suicide has asked judges to acknowledge his "basic right to die" and to envisage themselves in his position.

Noel Conway, 68, was speaking before his case is heard at the Court of Appeal. He has motor neurone disease (MND), an incurable, progressive, muscle-wasting condition.

Read full article Noel Conway right to die case back at Appeal Court

'Wake-up call' over liver disease risks due to weight

  • 13 April 2018
  • From the section Health
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Media captionFrances Carroll before and after her weight loss

One in eight middle-aged adults in the UK could have a potentially serious form of liver disease - because they are overweight.

Scans of nearly 3,000 individuals from the UK Biobank research project showed that 12% had inflamed, fatty livers.

Read full article 'Wake-up call' over liver disease risks due to weight