Ofsted warns schools against 'disadvantage one-upmanship'
Ofsted chief Amanda Spielman has warned that underperforming schools can get caught in a culture of "disadvantage one-upmanship", where schools focus too much on their pupils' deprivation.
She likened it to a Monty Python comedy sketch where people compete with claims to have had the toughest childhood.
Ms Spielman was presenting her annual report, which highlighted a small core of persistently underachieving schools.
But she said disadvantage was not an excuse for low achievement.
The Ofsted chief suggested schools seemed sometimes to be competing over how many pupils were on free school meals or how many did not speak English as a first language.
"I think people become absorbed by this narrative," said Ms Spielman at the launch of the annual report from England's education watchdog.
"They've got big and daunting challenges, but we want to encourage people to look past them. We want them to focus on what can be done."
She likened it to the Four Yorkshiremen comedy sketch performed by Monty Python, where characters make increasingly exaggerated claims about hardship when they were growing up.
The report highlighted schools from this year's round of inspections which had repeatedly failed to improve, with around 80 primary and 50 secondary schools below the level of "good" in inspections since 2005.
There are also about about 500 primary and 200 secondary schools which have been rated as requiring improvement on their previous two inspections.
These struggling schools were most likely to be in disadvantaged areas with a high proportion of poor white pupils, to have a high turnover of staff, and heads and teachers facing "burnout".
But Ms Spielman said that there were thousands of other schools facing similar challenges which were performing much better.
The annual report shows that overall 90% of all primary schools and 79% of secondary schools are rated good or outstanding.
Although outstanding schools are no longer routinely inspected - and almost one in 10 have not been inspected in the past 10 years.
But the Ofsted chief said against a positive backdrop it would still be wrong to "turn a blind eye" to weaknesses.
She warned of an ongoing problem with unregistered religious schools which were operating illegally and which could be teaching extremist views and seeking to "isolate young people from the mainstream".
Ofsted has warned for several years of children being taught in squalid conditions with inadequate lessons.
Ms Spielman called for stronger rights for inspectors to intervene and seize evidence, such as books or documentation.
She warned of such schools promoting sexist or homophobic views.
Ms Spielman's report also raised particular concerns about education standards in young offenders institutions, which she said could be "extremely poor".
"Without access to a proper, decent learning and training we are passing de facto life sentences on young offenders," she said.
Responding to concerns about schools which seemed to have "intractable" difficulties in improving, heads' leader Geoff Barton said Ofsted could be part of the problem.
When schools were "stigmatised" by bad Ofsted reports, recruiting staff and pupils became more difficult and schools could be "trapped in cycles of underperformance", said Mr Barton, leader of the ASCL head teachers' union.
He said the problem was exacerbated by a "teacher recruitment and retention crisis" and the "underfunding of schools".
Paul Whiteman, leader of the National Association of Head Teachers, said the high performance of so many schools was "all the more remarkable against the backdrop of austerity and all the added pressures that brings".
Angela Rayner, Labour's shadow education secretary, said: "The fact that under the Tories schools have consistently struggled to improve, have struggled to recruit staff and had high levels of turnover should come as a wake-up call."
A Department for Education spokeswoman said: "We are targeting the areas that need the most support through our opportunity areas.
"And by investing £280m over the next two years to target resources at the schools most in need to improve school performance and deliver more good school places."
Schools that have received Ofsted ratings below 'good' in inspections since 2005
|Schools consistently 'less than good'||Local area|
|Cavendish Close Junior School||Derby|
|Ironville and Codnor Park Primary School||Derbyshire|
|Somerlea Park Junior School||Derbyshire|
|Langley Mill Junior School||Derbyshire|
|Pinxton Kirkstead Junior School||Derbyshire|
|Linton Primary School||Derbyshire|
|Howitt Primary Community School||Derbyshire|
|Tupton Hall School||Derbyshire|
|Whittington Green School||Derbyshire|
|The Ripley Academy||Derbyshire|
|The Grove Primary School||Leicestershire|
|St Paul's Community Primary and Nursery School, Spalding||Lincolnshire|
|The Gainsborough Academy||Lincolnshire|
|Alfred Street Junior School, Rushden||Northamptonshire|
|Exeter - A Learning Community Academy||Northamptonshire|
|St Mary's CofE Primary Academy, Burton Latimer||Northamptonshire|
|Olympic Primary School||Northamptonshire|
|Kettering Science Academy||Northamptonshire|
|Weston Favell Academy||Northamptonshire|
|Lodge Park Academy||Northamptonshire|
|Kingswood Secondary Academy||Northamptonshire|
|Hillocks Primary and Nursery School||Nottinghamshire|
|Coleridge Community College||Cambridgeshire|
|Potter Street Academy||Essex|
|Southminster Church of England (Controlled) Primary School||Essex|
|Bedmond Village Primary and Nursery School||Hertfordshire|
|The Cavendish School||Hertfordshire|
|Diss Church Junior School||Norfolk|
|Cliff Park Junior School||Norfolk|
|The Norman Church of England Primary School, Northwold||Norfolk|
|King's Lynn Academy||Norfolk|
|Gusford Community Primary School||Suffolk|
|The Brittons Academy Trust||Havering|
|Bower Park Academy||Havering|
|Prendergast Ladywell School||Lewisham|
|The Royal Docks Community School||Newham|
|St Hild's Church of England Voluntary Aided School||Hartlepool|
|The Blyth Academy||Northumberland|
|Boldon School||South Tyneside|
|Norton Primary Academy||Stockton-on-Tees|
|St Antony's RC Primary School||Blackburn with Darwen|
|University of Chester CE Academy||Cheshire West and Chester|
|Newman Catholic School||Cumbria|
|Kirkby High School||Knowsley|
|St Joseph's Catholic Primary School, Lancaster||Lancashire|
|Heysham High School Sports College||Lancashire|
|Corpus Christi Catholic High School||Lancashire|
|Moston Fields Primary School||Manchester|
|The Sutton Academy||St Helens|
|New Charter Academy||Tameside|
|University Academy Warrington||Warrington|
|Lowton Church of England High School||Wigan|
|The Aylesbury Vale Academy||Buckinghamshire|
|Peel Common Junior School||Hampshire|
|Fernhill Primary School||Hampshire|
|Newtown Church of England Voluntary Controlled Primary School||Hampshire|
|All Saints Church of England Primary School, Freshwater||Isle of Wight|
|Tree Tops Primary Academy||Kent|
|Milton Court Primary Academy||Kent|
|St Gregory's Catholic Primary School, Margate||Kent|
|Oasis Academy Isle of Sheppey||Kent|
|High Weald Academy||Kent|
|Featherby Junior School||Medway|
|Kingfisher Community Primary School||Medway|
|The Robert Napier School||Medway|
|Battle Primary Academy||Reading|
|St Matthew's CofE Primary School||Surrey|
|Henbury Court Primary Academy||Bristol|
|The Kingfisher School||Bristol|
|Bream Church of England Primary School||Gloucestershire|
|Picklenash Junior School||Gloucestershire|
|All Saints Church of England Academy||Plymouth|
|Manor Court Community Primary School||Somerset|
|The Taunton Academy||Somerset|
|Oasis Academy Longmeadow||Wiltshire|
|St Mary and St John Junior and Infant School||Birmingham|
|Chilwell Croft Academy||Birmingham|
|Oasis Academy Blakenhale Junior||Birmingham|
|Four Dwellings Primary Academy||Birmingham|
|Hawkesley Church Primary Academy||Birmingham|
|Yarnfield Primary School||Birmingham|
|Albert Bradbeer Primary Academy||Birmingham|
|Wallbrook Primary School||Dudley|
|Broadlands Primary School||Herefordshire|
|St Martin's Primary School||Herefordshire|
|Cheswardine Primary and Nursery School||Shropshire|
|Bird's Bush Primary School||Staffordshire|
|Staffordshire University Academy||Staffordshire|
|Willenhall E-ACT Academy||Walsall|
|Kingsway Community Primary School||Warwickshire|
|St Alban's Church of England Primary School||Wolverhampton|
|Ss Peter and Paul Catholic Primary Academy & Nursery||Wolverhampton|
|South Wolverhampton and Bilston Academy||Wolverhampton|
|The Dearne Advanced Learning Centre||Barnsley|
|Knowleswood Primary School||Bradford|
|Merlin Top Primary Academy||Bradford|
|Dixons Allerton Academy||Bradford|
|St Joseph's RC Primary School, Todmorden||Calderdale|
|Mount Pellon Primary Academy||Calderdale|
|Sowerby Bridge High School||Calderdale|
|Stirling Primary School||Doncaster|
|Pheasant Bank Academy||Doncaster|
|Balby Carr Community Academy||Doncaster|
|Winifred Holtby Academy||Kingston upon Hull|
|Healey Junior Infant and Nursery School||Kirklees|
|Pudsey Tyersal Primary School||Leeds|
|Cottingley Primary Academy||Leeds|
|South Leeds Academy||Leeds|
|Leeds East Academy||Leeds|
|The Co-operative Academy of Leeds||Leeds|
|West Melton Junior and Infant School||Rotherham|
|Sheffield Springs Academy||Sheffield|
|South Elmsall Carlton Junior and Infant School||Wakefield|
|Castleford Park Junior Academy||Wakefield|
|St Helen's CE Primary School||Wakefield|
|New Earswick Primary School||York|