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Ramadan: Muslims celebrate Eid around the world

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  • Eid al-Fitr

A look at the festival of Eid al-Fitr, as Muslims around the world mark the end of the holy fasting month of Ramadan.

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image captionA woman in the Philippines attends prayers in a public park to celebrate Eid al-Fitr in Manila

Eid al-Fitr is "the feast of the breaking of the fast" that begins when the moon rises on the final day of Ramadan.

About 1.6 billion Muslims across the world marked the festival this year.

image copyrightAFP
image captionMuslims pray at the Mevlana mosque in Rotterdam, Netherlands

Ramadan lasts between 29 and 30 days, with the exact dates varying from one year to the next, based on the lunar calendar.

The timing of Eid can vary from country to country and community to community, with some following the moonrise in Mecca, and others using local sightings.

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image captionEid al-Fitr celebrations at Baiturrahman Grand Mosque in Banda Aceh, Indonesia
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image captionAn embrace at the Shah-e Do Shamshira mosque in Kabul, Afghanistan
image copyrightEPA
image captionThis Eid has been even more poignant in Afghanistan as the Taliban announced a ceasefire for the celebration
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image captionSomali Muslims at the Jamacadaha stadium in Mogadishu
image copyrightReuters
image captionPrayers at the Sir Ali Muslim Club Ground in Nairobi, Kenya
image copyrightReuters
image captionPeople arrive for prayers in Small Heath Park in Birmingham, UK
image copyrightEPA
image captionAl Ameen Mosque in Beirut, Lebanon
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image captionA boy checks himself in a mirror as he buys prayer caps in Jammu, in Indian-administered Kashmir

Eid is marked with a special set of prayers on the first morning of the festival, followed by the first daylight meal in a month, usually shared with friends and family. Many return to their family homes to celebrate.

A vast array of sweet dishes and treats are prepared and consumed.

image copyrightAFP
image captionIraqis prepare pastries for the festival at a shop in the capital, Baghdad
image copyrightAFP
image captionBangladeshis cram onto a train as they travel back home to be with their families for the celebration
image copyrightEPA
image captionAt a market in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, a woman prepares ketupat, a type of rice dumpling packaged in palm leaves

A second Eid festival - Eid al-Adha, which means "feast of the sacrifice" - is celebrated just over two months after Eid al-Fitr, at the same time as many Muslims perform the Hajj pilgrimage.

image copyrightEPA
image captionA man in Peshawar, Pakistan, shops for new clothes for the celebrations

"Eid Mubarak" is a greeting used during the festival - Eid means "celebration" and Mubarak "blessed".

image copyrightReuters
image captionA vendor sells sweets as Palestinians shop in a market in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip

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