Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt has said 13 of Kate Lampard's recommendations will be accepted. All trusts are being asked to review their current practices within three months against the recommendations and provide details of their plans and progress.
- Late DJ and TV presenter Jimmy Savile abused 63 people at Stoke Mandeville Hospital, a report finds on 26 February
- Nine informal complaints of sexual behaviour not taken seriously - one formal complaint should have been reported to police
- Savile's abuse at Stoke Mandeville was an "open secret" as early as 1973 and he was regarded as a "sex pest"
- A separate report finds "elements of the Savile story" could happen again
A separate report by former barrister and NHS executive Kate Lampard into how Savile could have abused victims at 41 NHS hospitals, offered findings including:
- Elements of the Savile story could happen again, and there will always be people who try to gain undue influence within institutions such as hospitals
- Society has a "weakness for celebrities" and hospitals must be aware of the risks
- There is a "need for us to examine safeguarding arrangements in NHS hospitals, the raising of complaints and matters of concern, and how managers and staff respond to complaints"
A quick recap of the latest reports into abuse by Jimmy Savile before we bring this live page coverage to a close.
The Stoke Mandeville report found Savile was an "opportunistic predator" who, from 1968 to 1992, abused 63 people connected to the hospital who ranged in age from eight to 40. It said Savile's reputation as a "sex pest" was an "open secret" among junior staff and some middle managers. Several victims made informal complaints to staff but none was "taken seriously or escalated to senior management". One formal complaint was made in 1977 by the father of a victim and should have been reported to police. Senior management at the hospital were probably never told about Savile's inappropriate behaviour or about the sexual assault claims.
Mr Burnham also called for the government to put into law Labour proposals to make staff in certain professions have a mandatory duty to report abuse to the police.
"None of today's reports suggest that anyone within government knew that Savile was a predatory sex abuser. But they are clear that in 'putting aside the policy and frameworks that existed, they helped create a situation where he could abuse," the BBC's Home editor writes.Copyright: Getty Images
BBC Home editor Mark Easton writes in his blog: How could this be allowed to happen?
"The answers are many and various, today's investigation into his activities at Stoke Mandeville concludes, before adding that 'one of the most compelling is quite simply that the basic building blocks of legislation, policy and procedure designed to maintain both public safety and probity were bypassed'."
Shadow health secretary Andy Burnham told the Commons: "What changes today with the Stoke Mandeville report is that it is now no longer possible to say that while the abuse was widespread that it was not known to people in senior positions.
"Knowing what we now know we simply cannot just leave this here. Victims must have accountability and that must be our shared goal across this House," he said.
All trusts will be asked to review their current practices within three months against the recommendations and provide details of their plans and progress, Mr Hunt said.
A bit more on those 13 recommendations from Kate Lampard's report that Mr Hunt said the government would accept. They include trusts developing policies on visits by celebrities, internet and social media access and a review of voluntary service arrangements and safeguarding resources.
"The department, along with its arms-length bodies, will examine the possible development of a forum for NHS voluntary service managers, raising awareness of safeguarding referrals among NHS employers and to what extent NHS trust staff and volunteers should undergo refresher training and safeguarding," he added.
Mr Hunt was responding to shadow health secretary Andy Burnham, who spoke in the Commons of the need to help the victims. "Can you say more about whether the value left in Savile's estate is anywhere near enough to provide adequate compensation to the very many victims of his abuse?
"And can you say whether you have made any judgment yet on whether there is a need for public funding to help compensate his victims?", Mr Burnham had asked.
£4m will be made available for compensation claims by Jimmy Savile's victims, Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt has announced, saying the money from Savile's estate and the serial sex abuser's charities will be made available for claims from his victims.
If that money is exhausted claims could be funded from the public purse, he added.
Savile's abuse was thought to have begun in the mid-1940s, when he was in his late teens or early 20s, and lasted until 2009, two years before his death. As the latest round of reports into his sexual behaviour at NHS hospitals are published, the BBC looks at the background to the abuse scandal surrounding him.
The subject of these investigations, Jimmy Savile, died in 2011 a year before he was exposed as a paedophile. Here's a profile of the former DJ and TV presenter.Copyright: BBC
A bit more from Mr Burnham in the Commons earlier: "It literally beggars belief, that abuse on this scale known to so many people was allowed to go on for so long. But as the analysis of what happened becomes more complete, and the full picture emerges, the question that will be growing in the minds of people hearing this news today is this - where is the accountability?"
On Stoke Mandeville, Mr Hunt said there were no suggestions ministers or officials knew about Savile's activities but accepted governance processes were not followed.
He said ministers made the expedient decision to use Savile not just to raise funds to redevelop Stoke Mandeville's national spinal injuries centre but to oversee the building and running of the centre even though he had "no relevant experience".
Making a statement in the Commons earlier, Mr Hunt also said three new investigations were under way at Humber NHS Trust, Mersey Care NHS Trust and Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust. "Any further allegations received will of course be investigated as serious incidents," he added.
tweets: Jeremy Hunt leaves door open on mandatory reporting of suspicions by NHS/school staff - consultation on it - supported by Labour
This is a "dark chapter" of the history of the NHS and our country, the shadow health secretary says.
Mr Burnham says he wants to know that every possible step is being taken to make sure that volunteers or fundraisers in hospitals are properly vetted.
tweets: Andy Burnham calls for more formal inquiry into role of Dept of Health,ministers,hospital chiefs in giving Savile power at Stoke Mandeville
Labour's Andy Burnham says one of the report's findings, that many elements of the Savile story could be repeated today, is "chilling".
Mr Burnham asks Mr Hunt to clarify what counselling and support is being offered victims.
Shadow health secretary Andy Burnham says there is a need for a more formal inquiry process and victims must have accountability.
tweets: Jeremy Hunt accepts most of Kate Lampard recommendations but not her call for all hospital volunteers to have enhanced/barred list checks
A Downing Street spokeswoman says: "The prime minister's view is that it is horrific that these abuses were allowed to go on for so long and that we absolutely must look at what lessons can be learnt from today."
The spokeswoman announced that a consultation on possible mandatory reporting of child abuse will now be extended to cover vulnerable adults, and will go ahead as soon as possible.
Mr Hunt says it is clear from the reports that there should have been a "much stronger incentive" on staff and managers to pass information on to investigate, and that it was "clearly unacceptable".
Mr Hunt says to Savile's victims: "It our society's shame that you were ignored for so long, but it is a tribute to your bravery that we can take action today."
Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt: "Whilst no system can ever be totally secure from a manipulative and deceitful predator like Savile we learned last year that there were clear failings in the security, culture and processes of many NHS organisations, allowing terrible abuse to continue unchecked over many years.
"What happened was horrific, caused immeasurable and often permanent damage, and betrayed vulnerable people who trusted us to keep them safe. We let them down."
He cities hospital's policies on celebrities and important people as among them.
Mr Hunt says the government is accepting 13 recommendations from Kate Lampard's report.
We have a "collective responsibility" to make sure things are followed up and investigated properly, the health secretary says.
He says the "right questions, the hard questions" were not asked because people were either "too dazzled or intimidated" by Savile's celebrity status.
"Never again must the power of celebrity blind us," he says.
Jeremy Hunt says investigations have been "deeply harrowing" for victims and investigators, and thanked Kate Lampard for her report.
There were suggestions of "inappropriate behaviour" by Jimmy Savile towards staff at what was Bensham Hospital but no specific allegations, the hospital's trust said.
It was discovered that Savile visited Bensham Hospital (now part of Queen Elizabeth Gateshead) on one occasion as part of a charity presentation in March 1990.
The trust said he was accompanied by senior hospital staff at all times and none of the witnesses recall seeing anything they considered inappropriate.
Staff raised the issue of Jimmy Savile being tactile, including kissing and licking their hands but attributed his behaviour to his "known eccentricity", the report said.
Mr Hunt reiterates his apology on behalf of the government. "What happened was horrific and betrayed vulnerable people who trusted us to keep us safe. "We let them down." he says.
Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt is speaking in the House of Commons.
A separate report by former barrister and NHS executive Kate Lampard reviewed how Savile could have abused victims at 41 NHS hospitals. It said:
- Elements of the Savile story could happen again, and there would always be people who tried to gain undue influence within institutions such as hospitals
- Society has a "weakness for celebrities" and hospitals must be aware of the risks
- There is a "need for us to examine safeguarding arrangements in NHS hospitals, the raising of complaints and matters of concern, and how managers and staff respond to complaints".
There was no evidence to connect Jimmy Savile with St Martin's Hospital in Canterbury, Kent, in 1969 or at any other time, a report by Kent and Medway NHS and Social Care Partnership Trust concluded.
A former patient had said they were abused by Jimmy Savile at the hospital when they were about 21, in 1969.
The report said it was unlikely the person was treated at St Martin's Hospital in 1969 or that Savile visited the hospital.
Here's a recap of the main findings from the Stoke Mandeville report:
- Jimmy Savile was an "opportunistic predator" who abused 63 people, from 1968 to 1992 and were aged eight to 40, connected to Stoke Mandeville Hospital
- Savile's reputation as a "sex pest" was an "open secret" among junior staff and some middle managers
- Ten of Savile's victims did complain to staff but none of the nine informal complaints were "taken seriously or escalated to senior management". One formal complaint about a very serious assault on an 11-year-old patient was made in 1977 by the victim's father and should have been reported to police. It was later dropped
- Senior management at the hospital were probably never told about Savile's inappropriate behaviour or about the sexual assault claims.
An allegation that a former patient at a hospital in Halifax was abused as a 14-year-old by Savile was investigated by Calderdale and Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust.
The trust said it found no evidence to connect Savile with what was formerly the Halifax Royal Infirmary in the 1970s or at any other time.
The report said: "We conclude that whilst it is possible that Mr A [the victim] was abused, as alleged, whilst an inpatient at the Royal Infirmary at Halifax in 1976, on balance of probabilities any abuse suffered by Mr A was unlikely to have been at the hands of Savile."
Confused by the number of different reports? Read our .
- The main focus is on Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Buckinghamshire, where he is believed to have assaulted more than 60 people - the youngest of them aged eight
- A report by former barrister and NHS executive Kate Lampard, which looked at how Savile could have abused victims at NHS hospitals across the country, has set out recommendations to ensure it cannot happen again
- Reports into Savile's activities in relation to other hospitals and hospice premises have been published by the relevant hospital trusts
- The Department for Education has also published a string of reports by local authorities into allegations of abuse by Savile at a number of children's homes and schools.
The Newcastle Upon Tyne NHS Foundation Trust investigated an allegation involving Jimmy Savile that was made by a former patient at the Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle who received treatment as a child in August 1998.
A report by the trust said Northumbria Police had attempted to contact the person involved to interview them but had been unable to do so.
As a result the report said there was no evidence to substantiate the allegation.
The Department for Education has also published a string of reports by local authorities into allegations of abuse at a number of children's homes and schools.
In a written statement, Children's minister Edward Timpson said that although the investigations were complete they had been unable to substantiate any of the allegations.
"None of the investigations have been able to reach firm conclusions about whether the alleged abuse took place or not.
"Although many of them say the informant was credible, the lack of corroborating evidence has prevented them from reaching a definitive conclusion," he said.
This photograph from 1982 shows then-Health and Social Security Secretary Norman Fowler presenting a cheque for £500,000 - the government's contribution to a fund-raising appeal headed by Savile.Copyright: Mike Stephens
An investigation into Jimmy Savile's connections with Rochdale children's hospital, Scott House, in Greater Manchester, was set up after it was alleged he had visited the hospital to take children out in his car.
A report by Calderstones NHS Foundation Trust found there was no evidence of a visit by Jimmy Savile to the site the trust now owns.
No allegations of abuse have been made.
One victim, aged 18 at the time, recalled that the DJ climbed into her room through a window to molest her as she was heavily sedated and recovering from burns to her hands in 1973. He also spoke to her about her private life, suggesting he had read her medical records, the report said.
The report also said Savile groped the paraplegic woman after taking her for dinner to thank her for fundraising towards the hospital's National Spinal Injuries Centre in August 1973, forcing himself on her in the back of his car while his driver sat in the front.
Thirty-seven of Savile's victims at Stoke Mandeville, who included hospital patients, visitors and staff, were interviewed for the 348-page report. They included children as young as eight and adults, including a pregnant mother in her 20s in hospital with her sick son and a 19-year-old paralysed woman in a wheelchair.
Earlier, Hattie Llewelyn-Davies, chairwoman of Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust which runs Stoke Mandeville Hospital, made an apology to Savile's victims:
"On behalf on the NHS organisations that existed at the time and those that exist today, I want to say sorry to all of Jimmy Savile's victims. I know how difficult it must have been for you to come forward and tell your stories after such a long time."
Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg says details of Jimmy Savile's abuse in a series of reports out on Thursday morning "makes you want to retch" and he promised lessons will be learned.
The government will act on "all the recommendations that we can," he says. "We never, ever want to see this sort of vile, vile behaviour by Jimmy Savile and others (again)."
So how was this allowed to happen? Dr Johnstone goes on:
"In 1969, Savile came to Stoke Mandeville hospital as a voluntary porter. He was appointed with no checks, monitoring or supervision. He was given accommodation on the hospital site and had 24-hour, seven day a week access to all parts of the hospital building complex. From an early stage his disruptive behaviour and constant sexual innuendo caused annoyance and distress to the junior staff within the hospital. However, his behaviour was explained away as being part of his eccentric celebrity persona. Savile was feted by senior managers as an important asset to the organisation where he was quickly established as an integral part of hospital life."
A bit more from Dr Androulla Johnstone, the Stoke Mandeville Hospital report's lead investigator, on how Savile became so manipulative:
"Savile was appointed by ministers in the new Thatcher government and the Department of Health and Social Security as lead fundraiser and commissioning and project manager for the rebuilding of the National Spinal Injuries Centre, via an independent charitable fund. The then-Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, sponsored Savile in this role and £500,000 of Department of Health and Social Security funding was made available to the charitable trust. This placed him in a position of authority and power."
BBC health correspondent Nick Triggle looks at why the risks are real in today's NHS and asks:
At Crawley Hospital in West Sussex there were no concerns of abuse or assault involving Jimmy Savile but concern that he had visited the site.
Sussex Community Trust said it found no documentary evidence of a visit or an association between Jimmy Savile and Crawley Hospital.
However, it said anecdotal evidence indicated that he may have visited singer Adam Faith at Crawley in 1973, when the singer was being treated following a serious car crash.
Victims' lawyer Liz Dux says: "There was clearly something seriously amiss at this hospital where three other doctors have been convicted of serious sex offences in the last four decades.
"Savile's victims deserved more accountability from a hospital where they went to be looked after than they have received today ."
The Stoke Mandeville report also documents how people reported Savile's abuse:Copyright: BBC
Jimmy Savile attended Rampton Hospital and was also involved in two day trips with hospital patients and staff to Scarborough.
A report by the hospital said there were four disclosures of "sexually inappropriate behaviour" by Jimmy Savile in separate incidents, but the people involved said they did not want to pursue the matters further.
The hospital said one was a young child but none were patients.
There was "no evidence of such inappropriate conduct with patients", the report concluded.
Lawyer Liz Dux, who represents 44 of the Stoke Mandeville victims says it "beggars belief" that the report found no evidence of senior staff being aware of the abuse.
Most of Savile's Stoke Mandeville victims were patients, the report found:Copyright: BBC
Health correspondent, BBC News
tweets: Lampard says evidence on mandatory reporting "divided and inconclusive"
The breakdown of Jimmy Savile's victims at Stoke Mandeville shows the vast majority were adults:Copyright: BBC
Her report says: "We believe that there should be DBS (disclosure and barring service) checks on NHS hospital staff and volunteers every three years."
Health correspondent, BBC News
tweets: Lampard: regulations need to be changed to ensure all volunteers and staff at NHS hosps have barring list checks
It says: "While it might be tempting to dismiss the Savile case as wholly exceptional, a unique result of the perfect storm of circumstances, the evidence we have gathered indicates that there are many elements of the Savile story that could be repeated in future.
"There is always a risk of the abuse, including sexual abuse, of people in hospitals.
"There will always be people who seek to gain undue influence and power within public institutions including in hospitals."
Here's the report by former barrister and NHS executive Kate Lampard.
While the independent report into Jimmy Savile's abuse in hospitals focuses on Stoke Mandeville Hospital, other NHS trusts have released reports on his connection with them, including Springfield University Hospital in south-west London.
Seven allegations of sexual assault were made against Jimmy Savile's brother, Johhny Savile, who worked as a recreation officer at Springfield in the late 1970s up to 1980. He was dismissed from employment in 1980 as a result of an allegation made by one of his victims.
There was no evidence or record of his brother Jimmy Savile ever visiting Springfield Hospital.
She says everybody needs to rearrange volunteer arrangements processes.
Ms Lampard says when she challenged organisations about why they didn't have policies for dealing with celebrities and important people visiting, she says the invariable answer was "we don't get visits from celebrities" - and what strikes her is that those are exactly the type of hospitals that might mismanage those visits.
Kate Lampard says much of the story of Savile and his associations with NHS hospitals is unusual to the point of being scarcely credible. "It concerns a famous, flamboyantly eccentric, narcissistic and manipulative television personality using his celebrity profile and his much-publicised volunteering and fundraising roles to gain access, influence and power in certain hospitals." But she says features of the story have everyday implications and relevance for the NHS today.
She says safeguarding in hospitals rests above all on training and retraining staff on how to create a safe environment, and challenging inappropriate behaviour.
Kate Lampard says the investigations suggest most hospitals do not have adequate, explicit or robust policy for dealing with celebrities. One of the report's recommendations is for all NHS hospitals to have a robust policy for agreeing to and managing visits from celebrities and important people.
She says there are common themes and issues that have emerged from the separate NHS investigations into Savile, which are relevant for the wider NHS today:
The freedom Savile had to roam around NHS hospitals, the lack of supervision of him as a volunteer, the failure of NHS hospitals to identify and manage the risks Savile presented and to keep patients, visitors and staff safe from his abuses, the fact that serious concerns about Savile were not raised or if they were they were not taken seriously, the inappropriate control Savile had over charitable funds and the influence that control gave him and finally the part that politicians and senior civil servants played in promoting Savile.
Kate Lampard says everyone has the right to feel safe in hospital.
That report "indicates the need for us to examine safeguarding arrangements in NHS hospitals, the raising of complaints and matters of concern, and how managers and staff respond to complaints".
Former barrister and NHS executive Kate Lampard, who was appointed by Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt to oversee an investigation into how Savile could have abused victims at about 40 NHS hospitals across the country, is now speaking at the press conference.
Dr Johnstone says those who complained about Savile were failed. "The one formal complaint was dropped by the complainant's father due to her serious ill health. The individuals to whom these incidents were reported failed in their duty to protect," she says.
Dr Androulla Johnstone says when Savile was appointed by Margaret Thatcher's government to oversee fundraising and the rebuilding of the new National Spinal Injuries Centre at Stoke Mandeville hospital, he was given too much power. She said the management structure at the centre was inadequate at the time:
"Adherence to policy frameworks was poor, leadership was weak, and supervision and monitoring processes in relation to Savile were absent. In 1980, when Savile was appointed by senior politicians and department officials, regulatory checks and balances were not put into place. Statutory functions were placed in the hands of a celebrity fundraiser, and this meant that department and NHS officials lost control of the Spinal Injuries Centre project. This was remiss."
tweets: Stoke Mandeville report author Androulla Johnstone says Govt in 1980 were remiss in giving top level endorsement of Savile
The Stoke Mandeville report also found that "over the past four decades Stoke Mandeville has employed three doctors who have subsequently been convicted of sex crimes against patients".
Dr Johnstone says most of the victims didn't really say what happened to them when they reported abuse in the 1970s. They'd say something like "I don't like Savile", she says.
Dr Johnstone says it is clear Savile "had endorsement from the very highest levels of society".
Health correspondent, BBC News
tweets: Compensation for #Savile victims being handled by DH
Health correspondent, BBC News
tweets: Stoke Mandeville investigator says senior managers failed in their duty to protect patients - abuse happened on their watch
A bit more on those 63 victims that Savile sexually abused between 1968 and 1992. Almost half of the victims - who were patients, staff, visitors, volunteers and charity fundraisers - were under 16, and 10 were under the age of 12, Dr Johnstone says.
Around one-third of his attacks were against patients, just over 90% of the victims were female. The sexual abuse ranged from inappropriate touching to rape.
Dr Johnstone says: "All NHS services should be alert to predatory sexual offenders like Savile who can be placed in a position of trust and authority."
Dr Johnstone says: "The individuals to whom these incidents were reported failed in their duty to protect. Consequentially, no intelligence about Savile's behaviour was gathered over the years and no action was taken. Whilst witnesses told us it was an open secret within the hospital that Savile was a lecher and general nuisance, none stated that they knew about his sexual abuse activities."
Dr Androulla Johnstone, who wrote the Stoke Mandeville report, says Savile was an "opportunistic predator who on occasion could also show a high degree of premeditation" when planning attacks.
Hattie Llewelyn-Davies, chair of Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, says Stoke Mandeville Hospital is a "very different place today".
tweets: Stoke Mandeville report says NHS trust confronted Savile in 1991 and reduced his influence
tweets: Department & NHS officials 'lost control' says Savile investigator. 'Savile was able to access a new cohort of victims."
tweets: "Margaret Thatcher sponsored Savile in his role as fundraiser" says Stoke Mandeville lead investigator.
"It would appear that once again, in keeping with the other known instances of Savile's poor behaviour and sexual activities on the hospital site, the complaint was not escalated beyond the middle management level," it says.
On that formal complaint at Stoke Mandeville. The report says it was the "only formal, contemporaneous complaint" about Savile's sexual abuse brought to the attention of the investigation.
"It would appear that the hospital staff directly involved with this incident failed in their duty to protect the vulnerable children in their care. Restricting Savile's movements on a ward for the duration of a single patient's stay cannot be seen as an appropriate response. Had this case been managed in a robust manner Savile should have been suspended from the hospital at this stage and police notified," the report says.
"There was virtually unrestricted access to clinical areas at Stoke Mandeville Hospital during the 1970s and 1980s; this applied not only to staff access and freedom of movement, but also to patients," the report says.
Jimmy Savile was given a bedroom in a building used to accommodate young medical students at Stoke Mandeville Hospital.
tweets: Savile report: Govt ministers "should not undermine the processes of good governance & local management."
: Savile report: "Ministers and/or senior civil servants either overrode or failed to observe accepted governance processes."
tweets: "Savile's involvement with Broadmoor & St Mandeville hospitals supported & facilitated by govt ministers" says Lampard report.
A bit more on that formal complaint about Savile's abuse at Stoke Mandeville Hospital. It was made in 1977 by a victim's father and should have been reported to police, the report says.
tweets: Savile inquiry does NOT recommend mandatory reporting of abuse suspicions. 'We do not think it is appropriate."
tweets: Report for govt on Savile recommends all hospital volunteers be subject to barring checks.
Jimmy Savile's behaviour and sexual abuse at 41 NHS hospitals across the country, a children's home and a hospice "indicates the need for us to examine safeguarding arrangements in NHS hospitals, the raising of complaints and matters of concern and how managers and staff respond to complaints", a separate independent report finds.
Nine informal complaints were made about the sexual behaviour of paedophile Jimmy Savile at Stoke Mandeville Hospital but none "were either taken seriously or escalated to senior management", the report says. There was one formal complaint.
The independent investigation found Savile abused 63 people, aged 8 to 40, connected to the hospital from 1968-92.
Jimmy Savile's reputation as a "sex pest" at Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Buckinghamshire was a an "open secret" amongst junior staff and some middle managers but "complaints were probably filtered out" before they reached the attention of senior administrators, the report finds.
Investigations into the former BBC DJ's role at Rampton Hospital in Nottinghamshire, Springfield Hospital in London, and Crawley Hospital in West Sussex will also report.
Savile, who died aged 84 in October 2011, was a major fundraiser and regular visitor to Stoke Mandeville for more than 20 years. He had a flat and office on the hospital site.Copyright: Getty Images
An independent investigation into Jimmy Savile's behaviour at Stoke Mandeville Hospital is due to be published at 09:30 GMT. It's expected to say staff were told of 10 complaints at the time, the BBC understands. We'll bring you all the latest news and reaction as it comes in.