The House of Lords has concluded its business for the day. Peers return slightly later tomorrow - at 15.00 GMT - when the days main business will be a debate on devolution following the Scotland referendum.
- The Commons began at 11.30 GMT with questions to the Foreign Office team
- Questions were followed by a ten minute rule bill from Stroud MP Neil Carmichael about the appointment of school governors
- MPs defeated an opposition motion of no confidence in Welfare Minister Lord Freud after his comments on pay for disabled workers
- The afternoon's business also included a debate on coalfield communities
- The adjournment debate was introduced by Marcus Jones, on the A5 trunk road between the M42 and the M69
- In the Lords, the day began with two new introductions: Baroness Evans of Bowes Park and Lord Cashman
- After questions, peers will completed report stage scrutiny of the Serious Crime Bill
- Peers concluded proceedings with a short debate on the National Plan for Music Education
Baroness Jones of Whitchurch, Labour's education spokesperson in the Lords, is leading the closing speech on behalf of Labour.
The government has been inconsistent in its approach to music education, she tells peers, which has meant the "reality of the delivery of the National Plan [for Music Education] remains a source of frustration and disappointment to many."
Opening the debate crossbench peer Lord Aberdare said he is worried the National Plan for Music Education may not be "on track" due to serious questions over financing, access to instruments and the sharing of best practice.
Lord Aberdare urged the government to "be even more energetic" in supporting the plan which he said needs to be "driven forward" to help "cement and enthrone the UK's leading world position in music and creativity."
"It would be sad indeed if the plan were allowed to fall short of its vision because of a lack of energy and commitment " he added.Copyright: BBC
Music education hubs were set up in 2012 as part of a national plan for music education.
They are made up of music trust staff, voluntary groups and private firms working in a local area, to create joined up music education provision for children and young people, both in and out of school.
The aim is that every child in England has the opportunity to sing and learn a musical instrument, and to perform as part of an ensemble or choir. a Network of Music Education hubs are planned to be set up across England.
In the first year, the Department for Education (DfE) says, the hubs gave nearly half a million children the opportunity to learn an instrument for the first time and worked with almost 15,000 school choirs, orchestras and bands.
And with that peers conclude the report stage of the Serious Crime Bill.
Now they turn their attention, a little later than scheduled, to a short debate on what steps the government are taking to ensure the long-term financial sustainability of music education hubs and the National Plan for Music Education, led by Crossbench peer Lord Aberdare.
Responding for the government Baroness Williams of Trafford tells peers that there is "no difference" between Lord Strasburger's position and the government's. But, she says, the amendments are unnecessary given the "strict regulations contained in Ripa" and the "safeguards we are already putting in place".
She assures peers that "the government does not want to do anything that would undermine the operation of a vibrant and independent press."
Lord Strasburger says he is disappointed by the government's comments but withdraws his amendment, with the view to returning to the issue when the bill reaches third reading.Copyright: BBC
Under existing legislation, the Police and Criminal Evidence Act (Pace), police can apply for warrants to search journalists' private information at a hearing in front of a judge, which journalists and their employers are also allowed to attend. Journalists may also make representations to the court to protect their sources. Under Ripa, originally designed to track terrorists, the police need no such judicial authority.
David Anderson Q.C. the UK's Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation, is currently investigating RIPA, and aims to report by the general election.
Tabling his amendment Lord Strasburger criticises the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (Ripa) as "not fit for purpose", and claims that allowing the police to gain access to journalists' sources will have a "damaging" effect on the country.
"There is a well established tradition throughout the world that journalists do not reveal their sources" Lord Strasburger says.
But "if potential whistleblowers in this country cannot guarantee their anonymity anymore because the police can secretly identify them, then a lot fewer whistles are going to be blown" he adds.
Peers now turn their attention to an amendment from Liberal Democrat peer Lord Strasburger, that would prevent police officers from being able to access journalists' private sources, including phone records, to identify their sources without permission from a judge.
The amendment, which has the support of the deputy prime minister Nick Clegg, follows increasing concerns among civil liberties campaigners and the newspaper industry that the police are exploiting a loophole in the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (Ripa) to access private information without judicial authorisation.Copyright: BBC
Do stay with us this evening though, as we continue to bring you live coverage of the House of Lords, including a debate on the long-term financial sustainability of music education hubs.
The House of Commons has concluded its business for the day. MPs return at the same time - 11.30 GMT - tomorrow, when the highlight of the day's events will be prime minister's question time.
Lord Harris withdraws his amendment and peers turn their attention to a government proposal for a new offence of possessing knives and offensive weapons in prisons. The new offence would carry similar sentences as for carrying a weapon outside of prison.
Tabling the amendment, Baroness Williams of Trafford says it will "act as a more effective deterrent". The message to criminals is clear, she adds, that "we do not tolerate it in the community, we will not tolerate it in prisons".
John Hayes, a minister in the Department for Transport, is tasked with responding to the debate for the government.
Adjournment debates are introduced by a backbench MP at the end of each day's business in the House of Commons, bringing the day to a close.
They usually last for half an hour but can go on for longer if the main business concludes early.
That brings an end to the day's main business in the House of Commons. It's time for the adjournment debate now, which is being led by Marcus Jones, the Conservative MP for Nuneaton. The focus is on the A5 trunk road between the M42 and M69.
Speaker John Bercow puts the question to MPs that the Labour motion - which calls for continued regeneration of coalfield communities - is passed, and, after no shouts of objection from the government benches, it is approved.
Peers are debating Lord Harris of Haringey's second amendment of the night. It proposes a requirement on companies who provide online digital storage to test their products to see if they are "open to abuse by the storage of indecent images of children" and to take steps to "mitigate, reduce, eliminate and disrupt" problems where they find them.
Penny Mordaunt stresses that the government is focused on helping coalfield communities to "regenerate themselves and achieve their ambitions".
She says Labour did nothing during its 13 years in office to tackle the issues the party has raised in the debate.
Though timings have yet to be announced, peers will be expecting a dinner break soon.
During a normal day, a break in the business is announced at a convenient point, normally around 19.00 GMT, to allow peers involved in the day's main business to eat.
A short debate is usually scheduled during the dinner-break, and today it's on the long-term financial sustainability of music education hubs and the National Plan for Music Education, led by crossbencher peer Lord Aberdare.
Communities and Local Government Minister Penny Mordaunt is responding for the government, with a little under ten minutes to go in the debate.
Unconvinced by government claims that the practice of eliciting "sexual communications" from a child is already outlawed, Lord Harris says he is "disappointed " that ministers are not willing to accept his amendment.
However, on the promise of further discussion with Home Office Minister Lord Bates, he agrees to withdraw it.
Jon Trickett, a shadow minister without portfolio, is leading the closing speech on behalf of the Labour opposition.
He says there has not been "a word of contrition" from the Conservative benches for "what was done in the mining strike" in 1984-5, and accuses the party of "turning their backs" on mining communities "once again".
Mr Trickett impresses upon the House the "moral duty" to look after the people who worked in the coal industry - and calls for a release of all the government papers pertaining to the miners' strike.
Peers are debating an amendment that would make eliciting a "sexual communication" - such as texting a sexual photograph, or "sexting" - from a child a specific offence, which is already the case in Scotland.
Tabling the amendment Labour peer Lord Harris of Harringey said the current law on the issue is "fragmented and confused", often predates the invention of the internet and social media websites and fails to recognise the nature of online grooming.
A reminder that the current debate on coalfield communities will be wrapping up at 19.00 GMT, at which point a vote will be held on Labour's motion.
There are a number of backbench MPs still wishing to speak in the debate before the government and opposition closing speeches begin at approximately 18.40 GMT.
The time limit has been cut to four minutes.
While there have been 100 convictions for FGM in France, there has not been a successful UK prosecution since criminalisation of the practice 28 years ago.
The practice of female genital mutilation has been illegal in the UK since 1985 but the first prosecutions, which are currently ongoing, were not until this year, despite an estimated 170,000 women in the UK living with the life-long consequences of FGM.
Police forces have revealed there have been dozens of investigations into female genital mutilation (FGM) in the UK over the past three years.
Conservative Marcus Jones says there is much he can agree with in the motion about the legacy of the coal industry.
But the MP for Nuneaton is "disappointed" that the debate has been "predicated on the events of 30 years", and tells the Labour front bench to reflect on the "three occasions" between 2007 and 2009 that it blocked freedom of information requests for release information on the miners' strikes.
Welsh Conservative David TC Davies reveals that he was the first in generations of his family not to be raised in a pit village.
The Monmouth MP says many miners, including his own relatives, wanted to work during the strike and argues that it was former miners' union boss Arthur Scargill who let the miners down, by calling on members to strike without a ballot.
"He was absolutely hated by the miners and many in the Labour Party," he claims.Copyright: BBC
Baroness Meacher withdraws her amendment, telling peers she is satisfied that the need for a "deterrent" to FGM is "shared across the House".
Conservative peer Lord Dobbs says he believes Baroness Meacher's amendment is too vaguely worded. It would be "counter productive and could make it more difficult for the prosecuting authorities" in female genital mutilation (FGM) cases, he argues.
Encouraging or promoting the practice of FGM, as it is worded in the amendment, could include a "tribal elder talking about culture references" or a "parent discussing a families heritage", Lord Dobbs argued.
No matter how well intentioned the amendment is it isn't the "answer to what I think she seeks to achieve", he concludes.Copyright: BBC
Ian Lavery, the Labour MP for Wansbeck, declares an interest, recalling his participation in the 1984 miners strike.
"We want to see justice, and we want to see fairness for what happened all those years ago," he tells the Commons.
Mr Lavery says the cabinet papers reveal that the government at the time wanted to use the Army against striking miners, which he brands an "absolute disgrace".
Peers now turn their attention to an amendment to create an offence of encouraging or promoting the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM).
Tabling the amendment former social worker and crossbench peer Baroness Meacher tell peers that the amendment will "tackle FGM at its heart".
While other amendments concerned individual cases of FGM, Baroness Meacher said "the core of the problem is in the culture of certain communities" and her amendment would allow this to be tackled.Copyright: BBC
On the agreement that there will be further discussion on FGM legislation before the bill reaches third reading Labour agree to withdraw their amendments.
Unlike the House of Commons, amendments can be made at third reading in the House of Lords, but this is only if the issue has not been fully considered and voted on during either committee or report stage
It's been a particularly tetchy start to the debate, with some heated interventions and exchanges by MPs.
The floor is now open to backbench contributions - the first coming from Labour MP for Lanark and Hamilton East Jim Hood.
Deputy Speaker Lindsay Hoyle has replaced Dame Dawn Primarolo in the chair to oversee the debate.
Reflecting on Labour's motion, Matt Hancock says it is a pity it focuses solely on "reliving the battles of the past", and claims the party is uninterested on how to help coalfield communities in the future: which he suggests is through a "strong and healthy economy".Copyright: BBC
Responding for the government, Baroness Williams of Trafford says that while there are "nuances" in how it wants the legislation to be worded, the House of Lords was agreed "on the principle that female genital mutilation must end".
"The whole House has shown an abhorrence of FGM and we can all agree that more needs to be done to stop such violence against women and girls," she says.Copyright: BBC
Over to the government now, to set out its stall.
Energy and Climate Change Minister Matt Hancock praises the "long and proud history of Britain's coal-mining communities.
He tells MPs he has worked hard to secure the future of the last three deep mines in Britain, two of which - Kellingley in Yorkshire, and Thoresby in Nottinghamshire - had been threatened with immediate closure.
Former president of the family division of the High Court Baroness Butler-Sloss tells peers that ensuring FGM prosecutions are heard in the family courts by High Court judges is the "most important part" of the new legislation.
The subject matter is "not for the ordinary civil court judges" she warns.
The legislation on FGM as it stands doesn't go "far enough" Baroness Butler-Sloss complains, and urges the government to "put together" all of the best amendments being debated today and introduce them into the bill by third reading.Copyright: BBC
Michael Dugher appeals to the Commons to support his motion, which he says provides an opportunity to ensure a "brighter future" and "justice" for the coalfields.
Opening the debate, Michael Dugher - vice chair of the Labour Party - says the cabinet papers reveal Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's real aim was to "defeat the miners and destroy the industry".
The Barnsley East MP also calls for an independent review into the clash between striking miners and police at Orgreave colliery in South Yorkshire 30 years ago.
About 10,000 miners and 5,000 police officers were involved in what became known as the Battle of Orgreave, on 18 June 1984.Copyright: BBC
A definition of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) can be found on the World health Organisation website here.
The year-long miners' strike, which started in March 1984, was characterised by often violent confrontations between police and massed picketing miners.
One of the documents in the archives suggests that there was an agreement in government to shut 75 pits over three years, and cut 64,000 jobs - but that no list of which should be closed should be issued.
Previously-confidential cabinet papers from 1984, released in January this year, revealed that mineworkers' union leader Arthur Scargill may have been right to claim there was a "secret hit-list" of more than 70 pits marked for closure.
The government and National Coal Board said at the time they wanted to close 20 - but the documents reveal a plan to shut 75 mines over three years.
Peers are debating a group of amendments dealing with a the creation of a new offence for female genital mutilation (FGM). Within the group are amendments aimed at protection of victims' identities, creating protection orders and widening the offence to allow religious leaders and communities to be charged for their part in any offence.
A recent study using 2011 census data estimated that around 170,000 women and girls were living with FGM in the UK, and that 65,000 girls aged 13 and under were at risk of being cut. There is however a lack of data on the geographical spread of girls at risk of FGM.
The Home Office and the Metropolitan Police are part-funding a new study into the prevalence of FGM in England and Wales using data from the 2011 census.
Earlier this year, the Department of Health announced that all acute hospitals would begin reporting information about the prevalence of FGM within their patient population each month from September 2014.
Conservative MP Conor Burns intervenes to question the motive behind the debate. He surmises it is an effort by the Labour front bench to unite the party behind the "desperate leadership" of Ed Miliband.
Labour will press for a vote on its motion, which calls for the "continued regeneration and much needed support for coalfield communities as part of a wider programme to boost growth in Britain's regions".
Shadow Cabinet Office minister Michael Dugher is setting out the terms of the opposition motion.
It acknowledges the "economic legacy of the pit closure programme in coalfield communities across the United Kingdom" and claims that recently released Cabinet papers showed the-then government "misled the public about the extent of its pit closure plans and sought to influence police tactics".
More than 21 members are wishing to take part in the debate - which finishes at 19.00 GMT - prompting Deputy Speaker Dame Dawn Primarolo to ask opposition and government front benchers to bear that in mind in their opening speeches.
The results are in, and Labour has been defeated over its motion of no confidence in Lord Freud.
MPs decided by 302 to 243 - majority 59 - to reject the opposition's call for the Conservative welfare minister to lose his job, after his comments on pay for disabled workers.
That brings the debate to an end - and attention turns to the second of Labour's debates this afternoon, on coalfield communities.
Labour insists on pushing its motion to a vote - and the chamber empties as MPs make their way to the voting lobbies, situated just outside of the chamber.
Votes - which are known as divisions - typically tend to take about 15 minutes.
There must be four "tellers" - two for, two against - who count the votes and announce the result in the chamber.
Batting for the government, Employment Minister Esther McVey urges the House to reject the Labour motion, and insists the government has "every confidence" in Lord Freud.Copyright: BBC
Ms McVey says the House is united in agreement that the words he used were "wrong", but stresses that the peer had acknowledged this and apologised unreservedly.
She emphasises that the government's overarching aim is to enable disabled people to fulfil their potential and ambition, and points out that there are now nearly three million disabled people in work - up 116,000 in the past year.
And that's it. As the evidence session ends Natacha Bouchart invites the committee to visit Calais so that they can "see for themselves, meet with people and understand what is going on" so that the committee and her team "can build a strategy" together to deal with the issues.
As a parting gift Ms Bouchart gives the committee Calais' press review of the immigration problem.
Stephen Timms claims Lord Freud's comments "touched a nerve" around the country, and claims the potential of disabled people is being "wasted" under the government.
"We need to value disabled people to enable them to make a contribution," he tells the Commons.
Natacha Bouchart sidesteps a question on whether she agrees with the Foreign Office's decision to withdraw its support for future search and rescue operations to prevent migrants drowning in the Mediterranean Sea, telling the committee that migrants need to be tackled en route if they are to be prevented from entering the UK.
That brings the backbench speeches to an end and shadow work and pensions minister Stephen Timms takes to his feet to sum up the debate on behalf of Labour.
The opposition will push for a vote on its motion of no confidence in Lord Freud, but not before the government has had a chance to respond to the debate.
Labour backbencher John McDonnell adds his condemnation of Lord Freud's remarks to the debate and says he opposed the peer's appointment under both the last and current government.
"The appointment of a venture capitalist to advise us on welfare benefits I find bizarre to be frank," the Hayes and Harlington MP remarks.
Liberal Democrat committee member Julian Huppert asks Natacha Bouchart if their is any evidence behind her claim that the UK has an attractive benefits system to immigrants.
Mr Huppert cites a number of academic studies which "found that entitlement to benefits was not a major factor" when immigrants chose a country of destination.
"Studies are good, but reality is better," Ms Bouchart responds. Mr Huppert says he'll take her response as a no.Copyright: BBC
Democratic Unionist MP Jim Shannon restates his party's opposition to the welfare reforms implemented by the government, as he addresses the Commons.
The Strangford MP says he will support Labour's motion.Copyright: BBC
Labour will seek a vote on its motion of no confidence in Lord Freud.
There is an interesting question about whether Labour should have done what it did with those Lord Freud quotes - and whether it should be flogging the issue now, nearly two weeks after he didn't resign.
Mayor of Calais Natacha Bouchart agrees with committee member Paul Flynn, a Labour MP, who says that there needs to be a greater focus on criminal gangs of people traffickers in order to tackle Calais' immigration problems.
But, Ms Bouchart says, this needs to go alongside measures to "address the issue of the aspiration of people wanting to come to the UK" which she blames on Britain's attractive welfare system.
The Schengen agreement, signed by 22 of the 28 EU member states, abolished internal borders amongst the signatories.
The Schengen Area, as it is known, mostly functions as a single country for international travel purposes, with a common visa policy and free travel between signatories without the need of a passport.
The government is pushing disabled people to the point where "their lives are unbearable", Labour's East Lothian MP Fiona O'Donnell claims, as she attacks welfare reforms, such as personal independence payments (PIPs).
PIPs replaced the disability living allowance in April last year. Most people applying for the benefit have a face-to-face assessment to determine eligibility, which is carried out by the private contractors Atos Healthcare and Capita Business Service.
Ms O'Donnell tells MPs that, as a mother of a daughter with cerebral palsy and epilepsy, she takes real issue with Lord Freud's use of the word "worth", and says that if she was in his position she would have resigned
Committee member Ian Austin, a Labour MP, questions why some of the migrants in Calais are not deported by the French authorities if they have been processed and found to be people who are in the country illegally.
Natacha Bouchart says she is in dispute with the French government about this.
Conservative committee member Michael Ellis castigates Natacha Bouchart for blaming the UK for her town's immigration problem, telling her that Calais hasn't been Britain's responsibility since 1558.
Ms Bouchart responds by saying that if the UK didn't have "such an attractive regime for migrants" she wouldn't have such a problem. "That's your responsibility," she tells the committee.
Immigration is a European wide problem and the Schengen agreement "doesn't work" she adds.
Margot James accuses Labour of pursuing a "witch hunt" against Welfare Minister Lord Freud. While the Stourbridge MP says she did not agree with the comments made by the peer she notes that he has apologised.Copyright: BBC
Ms James says there are "many people" with severe disabilities who desperately want to work but that there is sometimes "an issue of whether their value can be recognised economically, and that might call for more government intervention".
She does not believe believe Labour has addressed this issue.
BBC parliamentary correspondent
Conservative Jacob Rees-Mogg is making a characteristically humorous start to his speech. He attacks Labour's "political opportunism" in keeping the recording, which he surmises was probably made by "some socialist no doubt wearing a dirty mackintosh", secret until it could be used at a point of most inconvenience for the prime minister.
The North East Somerset MP goes on to defend Lord Freud as a "courteous and compassionate man" who is contributing to the "development and discussion" of public policy.
He poses the question: "How is public policy to be developed if every time somebody says something... that is beyond the consensus, they are hauled by name in front of this chamber to be required to resign?"
Responding to a question from Committee member David Winnick, a Labour MP, Mayor of Calais Natacha Bouchart tells the committee that "people are ready and prepared to die" to reach the UK, even if there's no place for them when they get there.
The weekly benefit of £36 given to migrants in the UK "is a huge amount" to people coming from war torn countries and attracts illegal immigrants, Mayor of Calais Natacha Bouchart tells the committee.
Political correspondent, BBC News
BBC's Carole Walker tweets: Calais Mayor Natacha Bouchart says British benefit of £36 pw is a huge amount for those who have nothing
Speaking through an interpreter the Mayor of Calais Natacha Bouchart tells the Homes Affairs Committee that "international conflicts around the world" are the primary cause "an immigration crisis" in her town, but that a lack of a European wide mechanism for dealing with immigration is the "secondary cause".
The third cause of mass immigration in Calais are the "aspirational measures" put in place by the British government that are "attracting immigrants" she says.
Bonjour! Home Affairs Committee chair Keith Vaz begins the evidence session by greeting the Mayor of Calais, Natacha Bouchart and her team - deputy mayor Philippe Mignonet and first deputy to the mayor Emmanuel Aguis - in their native French.Copyright: BBC
The Home Affairs Committee has visited Calais on a number of occasions to look at the immigration challenges the town has faced for some years.
Natacha Bouchart, the Mayor of Calais, recently threatened to blockade the French port unless Britain did more to help deal with the migrant issue in.
Committee chair Keith Vaz has said it was "clear that the situation in Calais is becoming increasingly difficult, not only for the authorities in Calais, but also for the ferry companies".
The Commons Home Affairs Committee is about to begin its evidence session with the Mayor of Calais on migration.
Michael Cashman has joined the Labour benches in the House of Lords as Lord Cashman. He was a member of the European Parliament between 1999 and 2014, a founder of Stonewall, and previously played Colin Russell in the BBC soap Eastenders.Copyright: BBC
The six minute time limit on backbench speeches has been imposed by the Speaker of the Commons due to the number of MPs wishing to take part in this debate.
There is still a a second opposition debate to fit in - on coalfield communities - before the main business concludes at 19.00 GMT.
Natalie Evans the director of the New Schools Network, is being introduced to the House of Lords where she will sit as a Conservative peer, Baroness Evans of Bowes Park.Copyright: BBC
Chair of Work and Pensions Committee Dame Anne Begg MP tweets: Have called again for a cumulative impact assessment in debate on govt's policies towards disabled people.
Before that another two peers are introduced into the House of Lords: Baroness Evans of Bowes Park - the director of the New Schools Network - who will sit as a Conservative and Lord Cashman, the former Eastenders actor and MEP, who will serve as Labour's LGBT rights envoy.
Once they've found their seats in the Lords, peers will begin their daily question session. The future of the East Coast rail franchise, the provision of mental health treatment, recent youth unemployment figures and the level of police resources used to police the current Occupy protest in Parliament Square will all be topics for discussion.
Our live coverage of the House of Lords is about to begin.
Today's main business is the second day of report stage consideration of the Serious Crime Bill.
Criticised by some as the sweepings of the Home Office floor, today's debate on this wide-ranging bill will focus on: protecting victims' identities, Female Genital Mutilation, domestic violence, online child protection, and training abroad for terrorism and protecting journalists' sources.
During the Lords dinner break there will be a short debate on the long-term financial sustainability of music education hubs and the National Plan for Music Education, led by the Crossbencher, Lord Aberdare.
Sir George Young, former leader of the Commons, follows Liz McInnes, and warmly congratulates the new MP on her maiden speech.
Turning his focus to the debate, he criticises Labour's motion as "opportunistic and misguided" and says it does nothing to further the interest of people with disabilities, or the organisations that care for them.
Liz McInnes welcomes the opportunity the debate provides to discuss the "adverse effects" of some of the government's policies.
She notes that maiden speeches tend not to be overtly political and jokes that "I may have picked the wrong debate here to do it".Copyright: BBC
Maiden speeches are the first occasion on which a new member of the Commons or Lords rises to speak.
It is normally uncontroversial and fairly short, containing a tribute to the MP's predecessor and complimentary remarks about the new member's constituency.
It is also the custom for other members to listen to the speech without interruption and for those speaking subsequently, from whichever part of the House, to praise the new member on their first contribution.
BBC's Rebecca Keating tweets: New Heywood & Middleton MP Liz McInnes sounds nervous as she starts her maiden speech with a tribute to her late predecessor Jim Dobbin
Liz McInnes, the newly elected MP for Heywood and Middleton, is making her maiden speech in the Commons, and pays tribute to her predecessor, the late Jim Dobbins MP, whose death prompted the recent by-election.
The opposition and government front bench speeches are over, meaning the floor is now open to backbench speeches, which will be time-limited to six minutes.
Work and Pensions Minister Mark Harper attacks the Labour-tabled motion for not including "a single positive point" on how to improve the lives of disabled people - and sets out some suggestions on behalf of the government.Copyright: BBC
Opposition days are days on which the subject for debate is chosen by one of the opposition parties.
Twenty days are allocated per parliamentary session - 17 to the largest opposition party and three among the other parties.
Subjects chosen are invariably ones of topical interest and on which the opposition thinks it might be able to embarrass the government.
Lord Freud's comments came in response to a councillor who said some "mentally damaged individuals" who wanted to work were unable to do so because employers would not pay them the £6.50-an-hour minimum wage.
In a defence of Lord Freud, Mark Harper says Labour's characterisation of the peer's words were "inaccurate", and says the party should be "ashamed" of itself.
Mr Harper stresses that Lord Freud is "passionate" about helping to get disabled people in to work, and accepts he should not have accepted the premise of the question put to him.
The government has the opportunity to reply to the opening speech now, and Work and Pensions Minister Mark Harper beings by criticising Kate Green's tone and the "cynical" nature of the motion.
Following Iain Duncan Smith's lead, Mr Harper says Labour should have exposed the transcript "immediately" rather than use it as a "cynical device" to detract attention from the "excellent performance" of the economy during prime minister's questions.
The minister may have apologised but the damage has already been done, Kate Green argues.
Urging support for the motion, she says its passing would send a "clear signal" that "we know the offence and hurt" Lord Freud's remarks have caused and that people with disabilities are equally valued and respected.Copyright: BBC
The Labour motion criticises the impact of government policies on disabled people and says Lord Freud's comments have "further undermined trust among disabled people" in the government.
The opposition motion of no confidence in Lord Freud calls for him to be sacked.
Lord Freud was a welfare adviser to the previous Labour government, and has been a minister in the Department for Work and Pensions since 2010.
The Conservative peer has been closely involved in the coalition's implementation of major benefits changes, such as the replacement of the disability living allowance with personal independence payments, and the rollout of Universal Credit, a consolidated single payment designed to encourage work.
When Labour leader Ed Miliband raised the comments during prime minister's questions, David Cameron said they were not the views of the government.
Lord Freud issued an "unreserved" apology for his comments and insisted all disabled people "should be paid at least the minimum wage, without exception".
Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith questions why Labour sat on the recording for weeks, choosing to raise it at prime minister's questions.
"Surely if they were so concerned about this instead of this faux concern they are showing now they would have raised it immediately and demanded the apology?" he notes.
Shadow welfare minister Kate Green responds by claiming that prime minister's questions was their first opportunity to raise it.
The debate is being led by Labour shadow minister Kate Green, who says the minister's comments sparked a "outpouring of anger and outrage".
Conservative MP and Education Committee chair Graham Stuart intervenes to point out there are "116,000 more disabled people in work now than a year ago", and calls on Labour to stop using disabled people to "smear opponents".
We're on to the first of the afternoon's two opposition debates now.
The subject is on the future of Welfare Minister Lord Freud over his recorded comments about disabled workers at a Conservative Party conference fringe event.
Mr Carmichael has argued that changes to schools means that the way governors are appointed has to change.
He tells MPs schools need the "right people" with the appropriate skills, enthusiasm and motives to ensure that schools are places where learning is the "top priority but that other characteristics...are also encouraged to develop".
His bill receives an unopposed first reading and is scheduled for its second reading - the next stage in the legislative process - on 23 January 2015. However, it is unlikely to become law without government support.
Ten minute rule bills are a type of private member's bill introduced by backbench MPs. The MP who is proposing the bill has ten minutes to make a speech setting out the case for legislation.
Neil Carmichael, the Conservative MP for Stroud, has the floor now - and is proposing a bill to require that schools governors are appointed on the basis of experience relevant to the role.Copyright: BBC
A point of order is raised by Tory Dr Julian Lewis, who wants to whether there will be a government statement on the ending of British combat operations in Afghanistan.
He says this would provide an opportunity for MPs pay tribute to the fallen and wounded, and debate the way in which the campaign was fought.
Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond volunteers to respond, and undertakes to discuss with the leader of the House whether time can be made available.
@RebeccaKeating tweets: Hugo Swire: FCO would "actively welcome" & "do everything to facilitate" a request from Swedish prosecutor to question Julian Assange in UK
Labour MP Sir Gerald Kaufman has the final question to the government on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and a reply from Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond draws the session to a close.
There's just a minutes or so left in this Foreign Office questions session.
MPs are bobbing up and down on the green benches to catch the Speaker's eye, with a hope of securing a chance to put a question to the government front bench before the Speaker calls time.
Douglas Alexander, the shadow foreign secretary, pays tribute to British aid workers and officials in West Africa who are "putting themselves at considerable personal risk" to assist in the fight against Ebola. He wants to know what the government is doing to support diplomatic, consular and military staff based in the region.Copyright: BBC
Responding, Philip Hammond informs him that the government has "slimmed down" its diplomatic staff, removing "medically vulnerable" people from Free Town, Sierra Leone, as well as dependents who "don't need to be there".
He adds that within the next 10 days a dedicated, 12 bed unit run by British military medics will be in operation to treat international health care workers and British nationals.
Most departmental question sessions in the House of Commons last for an hour. Ministers respond a list of tabled questions by MPs, and supplementary questions.
The final fifteen minutes of each session are dedicated to topical questions, of which ministers have no advance notice.
Conservative Isle of Wight MP Andrew Turner has the first topical question to the Foreign Office team, and asks about the UK's response to the Ebola epidemic in West Africa.
Labour's Sandra Osborne asks the government for its assessment of the effectiveness of UK military strikes against Islamic State (IS) militants - also known as Isis or Isil - in Iraq.
Parliament approved British involvement in air strikes last month, by 524 votes to 43.
Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond says the coalition airstrikes have "halted" IS's "rapid advance" but cautions that this cannot roll back IS gains alone. He stresses that the fight needs to be led by the Iraqis themselves, with an "inclusive and unified response" by the new government.
EU sanctions are having a "clear impact" on the Russian economy, the foreign secretary tells MPs.
Philip Hammond says they are estimated to have slowed GDP growth by 1%, while the fall in the prices is "piling further pressure" on the Russian economy.
He says the Kremlin needs to understand the "determination" of the European Union to "stand firm".
Since Russia's annexation of Crimea in March, the EU and US have ratcheted up sanctions several times, tightening restrictions on major Russian state banks and corporations.
"We do need to speed up, progress is very slow," Speaker John Bercow tells the House, noting that there are still "a lot of questions to get through".
Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond emphasises the "urgent" need for Israel and Hamas to allow reconstruction in Gaza so that the economy can get back on its feet. "But progress to a political settlement must follow swiftly on its heels," he adds.
At least 100,000 Gazans lost their homes in the 50-day conflict between Israel and Hamas earlier this year. Much of the territory's infrastructure was damaged.
International donors pledged £3.4bn ($5.4bn) for the Palestinians at a conference in Cairo earlier this month. Mr Hammond says the UK pledged £20m.Copyright: BBC
Turkey faces "major" security "challenges" because of the conflicts in Syria and Iraq, Foreign Office Minister David Lidington tells MPs, in response to a question from Conservative MP Jesse Norman on the security situation in the country.
Mr Lidington adds that Turkey is providing refuge to 1.5 million people who have fled fighting in Syria and Iraq.
Mayor of Calais Natacha Bouchart tweets: À #Londres où je serai cet après-midi auditionnée par la commission des affaires intérieures au @CommonsHomeAffs
We will be covering the mayor's appearance before the Home Affairs Committee from 14.30 GMT.
Business is underway in the House of Commons. Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour MP for Islington North, has the first question, on whether the UK will attend the December conference in Vienna on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons.
Foreign Office Minister Tobias Ellwood tells him the government has received an invitation and is considering whether to attend.
Mr Corbyn - a long-time campaigner for nuclear disarmament - insists that "Britain should be there, not boycott it".Copyright: BBC
And that's not all that's happening at the Palace of Westminster today. We'll be bringing you live coverage of the House of Lords, which sits at 14.30 GMT. The main item on the agenda is report stage scrutiny of the Serious Crime Bill.
The day's business will end with an adjournment debate on the A5 trunk road between the M42 and the M69, led by the Conservative MP for Nuneaton, Marcus Jones.
The second of the afternoon's debates covers coalfield communities. Labour will call for "continued regeneration and much needed support for coalfield communities as part of a wider programme to boost growth in Britain's regions". Expect votes on both opposition motions.
The main business of the day is dedicated to two opposition debates tabled by the Labour Party.
The first - due to begin at 12.45 GMT - will focus on the government minister for welfare reform and disabled people, Lord Freud. Labour is calling for him to resign after he suggested that people with disabilities were "not worth" the full minimum wage.
The peer has apologised for his remarks.Copyright: Getty Images
That'll be followed by a motion on the appointment of school governors, led by Conservative MP Neil Carmichael.
He'll be making a ten minute speech to propose legislation to require that governors are appointed on the basis of experience relevant to the role.
Hello and welcome to our live text coverage of Tuesday at Westminster. MPs will shortly begin their day, with questions to Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond and his team of ministers at 11.30 GMT.
The session comes after the the last UK combat troops left Afghanistan, ending 13 years of British combat operations in the country.