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  1. The Justice Committee undertakes post-legislative scrutiny of the merger of Scotland's police forces and the delayed integration of the BTP with Police Scotland
  2. Topical questions on migration and Ferguson Marine loans
  3. MSPs debate bank branch closures
  4. The member's debate marks the International Day of Peace

Live Reporting

By Louise Wilson and Craig Hutchison

All times stated are UK

  1. That's all from Holyrood Live!

    Justice Secretary Humza Yousaf
    Image caption: Justice Secretary Humza Yousaf

    That's all from Holyrood Live on Tuesday 18 September 2018.

    Justice Secretary Humza Yousaf accepted there were lessons to be learned following the Scottish government putting its plans to merge British Transport Police and Police Scotland on hold.

    The minister insisted no models for railway policing going forward will be discounted.

    Mr Yousaf said he hoped to come back to the committee with a definitive option for interim arrangements before Christmas.

  2. 'We can promote a more peaceful world'

    International Development Minister Ben Macpherson
    Image caption: International Development Minister Ben Macpherson is sporting Peace Day badges

    International Development Minister Ben Macpherson says the issue of Peace Day is one close to his heart because in his 20s he walked from Scotland to London to spread awareness about it.

    "We can promote a more peaceful world and Peace Day gives us a chance to reflect and act on that common purpose."

    Scotland has a role to play, as a nation that endeavours to be a good global citizen, he states.

    The minister highlights Scotland's commitment to all of the UN sustainable development goals.

    He also points to efforts to tackle inequality and poverty domestically.

  3. Background: International Voluntary Service

    International Voluntary Service website

    The International Voluntary Service is a peace organisation which works with local communities around the world.

    Established in 1931, volunteers take part in international exchanges to support work on projects of direct benefit to local communities.

    Its three primary objectives are:

    • "We will strengthen civil society at home and abroad"
    • "We will foster peace and understanding"
    • "We will manage our charity as effectively and efficiently as possible"
  4. Background: What are my human rights?

    The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a collection of 30 rights, all of which are equal to one another.

    It is the duty of governments to protect and promote them.

    • All Human beings are free and equal in dignity and rights
    • All people are entitled to rights without distinction based on race, colour, sex, language, religion, opinion, origin, property, birth or residency
    • Right to life liberty and security of person
    • Freedom from slavery
    • Freedom from torture
    • Right to be treated equally by the law
    • Right to equal protection by the law
    • Right for all to effective remedy by competent tribunal
    • Freedom from arbitrary arrest
    • Right to fair public hearing by Independent tribunal
    • Right to presumption of innocence until proven guilty at public trial with all guarantees necessary for defence
    • Right to privacy in home, family and correspondence
    UN meeting
    • Freedom of movement in your own country and the right to leave and return to any countries
    • Right to political asylum in other countries
    • Right to nationality
    • Right to marriage and family and to equal right of men and women during and after marriage
    • Right to own property
    • Freedom of thought and conscience and religion
    • Freedom of opinion and expression and to seek, receive and impart information
    • Freedom of Association and assembly
    • Right to take part in and select government
    • Right to social security and realisation of economic, social and cultural rights
    • Right to work, to equal pay for equal work and to form and join trade unions
    • Right to reasonable hours of work and paid holidays
    • Right to adequate living standard for self and family, including food, housing, clothing, medical care and social security
    • Right to education
    • Right to participate in cultural life and to protect intellectual property rights
    • Right to social and international order permitting these freedoms to be realised
    • Each person has responsibilities to the community and others as essential for a democratic society
    • Repression in the name of rights is unacceptable
  5. Green MSP thanks the International Voluntary Service for its outstanding work

    Green MSP John Finnie
    Image caption: Green MSP John Finnie

    Green MSP John Finnie peace is about state building thereafter and "talking has never harmed anyone".

    Mr Finnie thanks the International Voluntary Service for its outstanding work..

    He tells the chamber that to attain sustainable peace every effort must be made to reduce violence wherever it is and resolve conflict.

  6. 'We can and must continue to be leaders on climate change'

    Labour MSP Claudia Beamish
    Image caption: Labour MSP Claudia Beamish

    Labour MSP Claudia Beamish says the fundamental principles within the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are commonly breached throughout the world.

    We all have a right to peace, she states, adding that peace does not just mean the absence of conflict.

    She urges people to recommit to human rights and tackling structural inequality.

    "We can and must continue to be leaders on climate change."

    Ms Beamish argues that while nuclear weapons are still housed and transported within the UK, we cannot call ourselves a peaceful nation.

  7. 'A peaceful society is one where there is justice and equality for everyone'

    Tory MSP Alexander Stewart
    Image caption: Tory MSP Alexander Stewart

    Tory MSP Alexander Stewart reiterates the fact the International Day of Peace falls on 21 September.

    Mr Stewart says we can promote human rights, we can work with human rights and talk about human rights even around the dinner table.

    "A peaceful society is one where there is justice and equality for everyone."

  8. Background: Peace Day not recognised in UK

    IVS GB website

    The UK government does not recognise Peace Day and as such it is not a day of action for British people.

    A campaign and petition is currently underway calling for recognition.

    The UK is currently ranked #57 out of the 162 countries in the Global Peace Index.

    This was attributed to its ownership of nuclear weapons, weapon exports, terrorism events to have taken place and perceived criminality.

  9. 'If we have the capacity to make a change, then we have the responsibility to do so'

    Mr Kidd

    Mr Kidd says structural violence or inequality happens when a person's security is reduced to below where it should be.

    "If we have the capacity to make a change, then we have the responsibility to do so."

    As MSPs, we are in a privileged position to make peace he tells his colleagues.

    He highlights how even the Taliban agrees to put down arms on each Peace Day since 2007 to allow aid workers through.

    Mr Kidd calls for an end to nuclear armament.

    "Where you have the ability to promote peace, do so."

  10. Background: International Day of Peace

    UN website

    The UN International Day of Peace is celebrated around the world on 21 September.

    It highlights Sustainable Development Goal 16, which calls for the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies.

    The theme of 2018's Day of Peace is "The Right to Peace - The Universal Declaration of Human Rights at 70".

    Article 3 of the Universal Declaration is: “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.”

  11. Here is the debate motion

    motion in full
    Image caption: This is the motion in full
  12. SNP MSP Bill Kidd welcomes members of the International Voluntary Service to gallery

    Bill Kidd
    Image caption: SNP MSP Bill Kidd

    Mr Kidd welcomes members of the International Voluntary Service to the gallery.

    The SNP MSP explains peace is more useful when looked at something as complex and difficult to achieve, not impossible.

    He tells the chamber: "Peace is the absence of violence."

    This makes it attainable, Mr Kidd goes on.

  13. Member's debate: UN International Day of Peace 2018


    SNP MSP Bill Kidd will now lead a debate marking the UN International Day of Peace 2018 on 21 September.

    Interestingly, Mr Kidd was nominated, as co-president of the Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament group, for a Nobel Peace Prize in 2016.............

  14. Bank branches 'not an optional extra like the sweetie shop or the bookies'

    Economy, Energy and Fair Work Committee deputy convener John Mason
    Image caption: Economy, Energy and Fair Work Committee deputy convener John Mason

    Economy, Energy and Fair Work Committee deputy convener John Mason begins by asserting: "Online and phone banking are all very well but cash is still needed."

    Mr Mason argues banks are a public service, "not an optional extra like the sweetie shop or the bookies".

    He concedes, before its inquiry, the committee did not know how much could be done in the Post Office.

    Mr Mason says banks must inform customers about the services available at the Post Office when a branch is being closed.

    The committee's deputy convener argues the UK government could have an impact on the banking sector, but he argues that it says things are working effectively at the moment, which he disagrees with.

  15. 'There needs to be solutions for all customers'

    Public Finance and Digital Economy Minister Kate Forbes
    Image caption: Public Finance and Digital Economy Minister Kate Forbes

    Public Finance Minister Kate Forbes says communities can feel powerless in the wake of branch closures.

    Ms Forbes highlights the older and more vulnerable people who are hit most by bank closures, but also points to the impact on businesses.

    She accepts there are "cash deserts" where people have no cash access and points out this can be more serious than when its just a coffee your trying to pay for.

    Ms Forbes insists collaboration is key going forward and there is no reason banks can't work together better on things like hubs, open banking and ensuring customers have access.

    She argues regulation needs to be updated to encorparate the use of hubs.

    "Customers deserve choice and there needs to be solutions for all customers."

  16. Rural impact highlighted by Tory MSP

    Tory MSP Jamie Halcro Johnston
    Image caption: Tory MSP Jamie Halcro Johnston

    Tory MSP Jamie Halcro Johnston highlights bank closures have a negative impact on rural areas, particularly those which do not have good enough broadband.

    He suggests banks, Scottish Enterprise and Highlands and Islands Enterprise must work with local businesses on such issues.

    The need to consult before closure decisions are made is highlighted by the Tory MSP.

    He hopes the Scottish government will take forward the recommendations made by the committee.

  17. 'Scant regard' paid to banking customers

    Labour MSP Lewis Macdonald
    Image caption: Labour MSP Lewis Macdonald

    Labour MSP Lewis Macdonald says the "sweeping closures" suggests banking executives pay "scant regard" to their customers.

    The list of RBS closures read like a travel guide of north-east Scotland, he states.

    He accepts that many choose to bank online but he emphasises this must be a choice and highlights that 20% of people in Scotland are not online.

    Local banking facilities are also vital for local businesses, the Labour MSP says.

    Mr Macdonald urges the Scottish government to host a banking summit to discuss the possibility of shared services.

    If the only way to protect customers is to place legal obligations on banks, then we believe that is what should happen, he concludes.

  18. Background: Can 'banks on wheels' replace bricks-and-mortar?

    Video content

    Video caption: 'We've got to go 30 miles to a branch'

    As increasing numbers of people choose to manage their money online, bricks-and-mortar banks are slowly disappearing from Scottish high streets.

    In some cases, they are being replaced by "banks on wheels" - vans which tour rural communities offering basic banking facilities to customers unable, or unwilling, to monitor their accounts online.

    They are offered to communities left without a single traditional bank.

    Read more here.

  19. Background: Older people adversely affected by bank closures

    Older person filling out cheque

    Older people are particularly impacted by bank branch closures, Age Scotland has warned.

    Two-thirds of people over 75 in Scotland do not use the internet and older people generally express a preference for face-to-face banking.

    The charity also say bank branches help to tackle loneliness and social isolation "as it becomes the catalyst for leaving the home before undertaking other social activities".

    View more on twitter