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  1. Monday 4 August 2014 marked the 100th anniversary of the start of Britain's involvement in WW1
  2. About 17m soldiers and civilians worldwide were killed between 1914 and 1918
  3. Royal Family members and world leaders attended commemorative events in the UK and elsewhere
  4. An international ceremony of reconciliation was held outside the Belgian city of Mons
  5. The day's events ended with a candle-lit vigil at Westminster Abbey and "lights out" events around the UK

Live Reporting

By Tom Moseley, Patrick Evans, Dhruti Shah, Anna Jones, Claire Bates, Nick Eardley, Kerry Alexandra, Kate McGeown and Gerry Holt

All times stated are UK

Get involved

  1. Post update

    That ends our live coverage of events commemorating the centenary of Britain's entry into World War One around the UK and overseas.

    At Glasgow Cathedral David Cameron said: "It's right to remember that there was a cause that these young men volunteered for and that was to stop the domination of Europe by one power and to go to the defence of a defenceless country, Belgium."

    At Liege Prince William said: "The fact that the presidents of Germany and Austria are here today and that other nations, then enemies, are here too, bears testimony to the power of reconciliation."

  2. Post update

    Julia Moore

    BBC News at Guildford Cathedral

    The service at Guildford Cathedral has come to a close and the last few people are making their way home. A nine-year-old girl, Kate told our reporter that she "was there to remember".

    The candle-lit vigil was beautifully peaceful with many poignant moments for reflection; not least a reading by Tam Williams of "This is no case of petty right or wrong" by Edward Thomas which includes the lines:

    "This is no case of petty right or wrong

    That politicians or philosophers

    Can judge. I hate not Germans, nor grow hot

    With love of Englishmen to please newspapers."

  3. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    British troops moving up to the trenches
    Image caption: British troops moving up to the trenches

    Remembering World War One

    World War One was the most catastrophic conflict the world had ever seen. Around 17 million soldiers and civilians were killed between 1914 and 1918.

  4. Post update

    Ben Maeder

    BBC Cumbria

    Whitehaven's Castle Park

    In Whitehaven's Castle Park the crowds were asked to bring their own candles to the service and they responded well!

  5. Post update

    Lord Dannatt

    Former head of the British Army Lord Dannatt gave a reading from Westminster Abbey's Great Lectern: "nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more".

  6. Post update

    Dr Barry Morgan, Archbishop of Wales

    At Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff this evening, Archbishop of Wales Dr Barry Morgan gave a sermon in which he described war as a "sign of human failure" but said it was sometimes necessary as "the lesser of two evils".

  7. Post update

    Candle at Westminster Abbey

    "The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overcome it."

    A final reading by Canon in Residence Andrew Tremlett brings the service at Westminster Abbey to a close.

  8. Post update

    Ashley Heath

    BBC Wiltshire

    Bulford in Wiltshire

    Soldiers of 3 (UK) Div, based in Bulford in Wiltshire, begin their evening service at their garrison church.

  9. Post update

    Penelope Keith

    "Oh, it's you that have the luck, out there in blood and muck: You were born beneath a kindly star"

    Actress Penelope Keith read the poem Many Sisters to Many Brothers, by Rose Macaulay, at the Westminster Abbey service

  10. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Ernest Egerton, the haulage hand from Staffordshire awarded the VC
    Image caption: Ernest Egerton, the haulage hand from Staffordshire awarded the VC

    A Village Hero Decorated for 'Reckless Bravery'

    Ernest Egerton worked in Florence Colliery near Stoke. He enlisted aged 18 in the 3rd North Staffordshire Regiment in 1915.

    Ernest was decorated after launching a solo attack on enemy dugouts at Passchendaele Ridge on 20 September 1917. His citation for the Victoria Cross read that the "reckless bravery of the NCO relieved in less than 30 seconds an extremely difficult situation. His gallantry is beyond all praise."

  11. Post update

    Here is author Sebastian Faulks, reading in Westminster Abbey from his novel Birdsong.:

    Sebastian Faulks
  12. Post update

    Tom Bayly

    BBC News at Westminster Abbey

    Crowds have gathered outside the Abbey, many with candles of their own flickering in the darkness, as those inside the Abbey, and across the nation, reflect on the events of 100 years ago.

  13. Get involved


    Lights out

    Paul C Cooper's lights out remembrance.

  14. Get involved


    Lights out

    Dan Allen emails: "To the men and women that gave their lives such that I may live mine."

  15. Post update

    Actor Mark Gatiss gave a reading from Poets' Corner at Westminster Abbey.

    Mark Gatiss
  16. Post update

    A view from above of the service in Westminster Abbey:

    Westminster Abbey
  17. Post update

    Baroness Warsi

    In Westminster Abbey, there is a reading from Cardinal Vincent Nichols before Foreign Office Minister Baroness Warsi extinguishes the second of four candles. The Duchess of Cornwall will put out the final one.

  18. Post update

    BBC Radio 5 live

    BBC Radio 5 Live is being broadcast from Birmingham, where a lights out commemoration is taking place in the cathedral. Listen live here (UK only) or on this page using the video and audio carousel.

  19. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Major General Sir Fabian Ware with King George V at Tyne Cot Cemetery in Belgium
    Image caption: Major General Sir Fabian Ware with King George V at Tyne Cot Cemetery in Belgium

    Fallen but not forgotten

    At the start of the war, the graves of fallen soldiers were not marked or recorded. Fabian Ware, a commander of a Red Cross unit, was determined things should change.

    With his persistence, the War Office realised that proper care of the war graves would boost the morale of troops. His diligence was recognised when the Imperial (now Commonwealth) War Graves Commission was established by Royal Charter with Ware as its vice-chairman.

  20. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Rudyard Kipling's former home - Bateman's, Sussex, then and now
    Image caption: Rudyard Kipling's former home - Bateman's, Sussex, then and now

    Rudyard Kipling's War

    Rudyard Kipling is renowned for his poetry and children's stories, but his writing during World War One was driven by political discomfort and personal stress.

    Kipling had predicted the war. He financed rifle clubs and spoke at recruiting meetings long before it began. When war broke out, the British public looked to him for commentary.

    Kipling's only son, John, for whom he had written his best-loved poem; If, was killed in action just six weeks after his 18th birthday.

    Kipling was devastated. He became a prominent member of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, offering simple epitaphs and verse to mark individual actions and events.

  21. Post update

    Sophie Sulehria

    BBC News, Bedford

    The Higgins Bedford

    At the Higgins museum:

    While the lights are out, letters written by visitors tonight hang inside the museum. They are written to friends, family or an unknown soldier who fought in WW1. Just one light remains on as people read poetry and letters.

  22. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    A nurse serves tea to wounded British soldiers
    Image caption: A nurse serves tea to wounded British soldiers

    Shell-shocked soldiers

    Soldiers who served in World War One endured some of the most terrible forms of warfare ever known. They witnessed death and mutilation caused by exploding shells, machine guns or silent but deadly poison gas. During the war 80,000 men were diagnosed with shell shock.

  23. Post update

    Blackpool Tower joined the lights out event:

    Blackpool Tower
    Blackpool Tower
  24. Post update

    The vigil at Westminster Abbey is under way. Here is the order of service.

  25. Post update

    Light installation at Westminster Abbey

    The BBC's Sarah Jones has taken this picture of the light installation in London behind Westminster Abbey.

  26. Post update

    Lights are being switched off at some of the UK's most famous buildings:

    Houses of Parliament
    Houses of Parliament
  27. Post update

    Candle outside Downing Street

    A single candle stands outside Downing Street. An hour's darkness will mark 100 years since the beginning of World War One, recalling the words of Sir Edward Grey at the start of the war in 1914.

  28. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    The Pope family, at home in Dorchester, Dorset, before WW1
    Image caption: The Pope family, at home in Dorchester, Dorset, before WW1

    Ten Brothers sent to the Front

    Alfred Pope ran a successful business in Dorchester, Dorset. Like most families in Britain, World War One was to take its toll on his family.

    Ten of father Alfred's sons saw active duty in the war - and three of them died. Of Alfred's four daughters, three of them were actively involved with the Red Cross and nursing in Dorchester. The other daughter became one of the country's thousands of widows when her husband was killed in action.

  29. Post update

    Ben Maeder

    BBC Radio Cumbria


    Some of the lights have already been lit by members of the Royal British Legion on the cenotaph in Whitehaven's Castle Park.

    Later a male voice choir will sing songs from the First World War, and organisers have encouraged locals to bring their own lights and candles to the service. It's thought 622 Whitehaven men lost their lives in the Great War.

  30. Post update

    Nick Higham

    BBC News

    St Symphorien military cemetery was the perfect venue for what was billed as an "event of reconciliation".

    Princes and politicians, soldiers and civilians came together to remember: enemies a century ago, allies now.

    They read from the letters and diaries of those who'd fought and died. Musicians from the London Symphony Orchestra and the Berlin Philharmonic under Sir Simon Rattle played Brahms' German Requiem and the music of George Butterworth, killed on the Somme.

    And as dusk fell they laid wreaths at the foot of an obelisk among the trees erected by the Germans in honour of the British dead, in a ceremony that was beautifully conceived and executed.

  31. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Elsie Knocker, the 'Angel of Pervyse', who nursed just metres from the Belgium Front
    Image caption: Elsie Knocker, the 'Angel of Pervyse', who nursed just metres from the Belgium Front

    The Angel of Pervyse

    Born in Exeter, Elsie Knocker lived and worked metres from the front line in Belgium. She set up a first aid post in the cellar of a house near Ypres with her friend Mairi Chisholm. Their work so close to the battlefield was recognised internationally and they became celebrities of the conflict.

    Known as the angels of Pervyse, their fame enabled them to return to Britain to raise funds to continue their front line first aid.

  32. Post update

    Tom Bayly

    BBC News, at Westminster Abbey

    Among the well-known faces seen entering the Abbey; actors Mark Gatiss and Penelope Keith, former Health Secretary Andrew Lansley, Deputy Labour Leader Harriet Harman, and Birdsong author Sebastian Faulks.

  33. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    The Unknown Soldier arrives in London on 11 November 1920
    Image caption: The Unknown Soldier arrives in London on 11 November 1920

    The Unknown Soldier

    In memorials to previous wars the ordinary soldier was seldom remembered. During the First World War a British chaplain, the Rev David Railton, was struck by the sight of an anonymous grave in Northern France. He made it his mission to find a way to commemorate all the unknown soldiers who lost their lives in the war.

  34. Post update

    Julia Moore

    BBC News, at Guildford Cathedral

    Guildford Cathedral

    People are beginning to arrive for the candle-lit vigil. The Earl and Countess of Wessex are expected shortly.

  35. Post update

    Here are selections of the many fascinating tweets shared under #Remember and posts on Facebook sent during the day's commemorations

  36. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Beauty outside Roberts the grocer's shop in Minsterley, Shropshire
    Image caption: Beauty outside Roberts the grocer's shop in Minsterley, Shropshire

    What a beauty

    Mules and horses provided the backbone of the vast logistical operations of armies on both sides.

    During the conflict the British Army deployed more than a million horses and mules. One such horse was Beauty, the grocer's horse from Minsterley, Shropshire. Beauty would have been trained in a remount centre nearby, and from there sent overseas.

    History doesn't relate what became of Beauty but it's unlikely he was returned to his owner. Many were sold abroad to work on farms or for meat.

  37. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    A horse drawn self-binder driven by a Land Girl
    Image caption: A horse drawn self-binder driven by a Land Girl

    The Women's Land Army

    As men from the farming communities headed to war, women were required to work the land and keep food supplies maintained. Across Britain women workers did a range of tasks including milking, ploughing, herding and other heavy work. By 1918, there were 23,000 women working in the fields.

    At Goring Heath Farm, on the Berkshire border, women ploughed the land and gathered in the harvest. Hear the WW1 memories of Kathleen Gilbert.

  38. Post update

    "The lamps are going out all over Europe; we shall not see them lit again in our life-time." Those were the words of Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey on the eve of war. Details of "lights out" events taking place across the country are here or at

  39. Post update

    Jennie Dennett

    BBC Radio Cumbria


    In Barrow, white crosses are placed at St Mark's church for the 128 fallen of the Central parish. "Each cross represents not just an individual but a shattered family", Lay Preacher John Hazlehurst says.

  40. Post update

    Tom Bayly

    BBC News, at Westminster Abbey

    Westminster Abbey

    A wide range of organisations are represented at tonight's service. A large queue outside the Abbey now made up of smartly-dressed representatives of bodies including the armed forces, emergency services, Salvation Army, Scouts, Girl Guides and many charities.

  41. Get involved


    Keith Rogers emails: : My grandfather joined the war in 1915, he became an ambulance driver and mechanic. He was at Verdun I am told, in the 14th 18th volunteer Ambulance brigade, and drove up to the front line during the night collected the wounded then back all before daylight again.

  42. Post update

    St Symphorien cemetery

    The service at St Symphorien cemetery is brought to a close by the Anglo German choir as darkness falls.

  43. Get involved


    Clive James in Maidstone, Kent emails: My Great Uncle George Potts was in The 4th Battalion The Worcestershires, which formed part of the invasion force sent to Gallipoli. He was killed on the 28th of June 1915 aged 25. In a sense he was probably one of the first US citizens to serve in the Great War. He like so many other young men of that time, were served by a leadership deploying strategies of the 19th century, against newly developed 20th century weapons. This led inevitably to such catastrophic losses. Soldiers of course risk their lives but, we must never forget their suffering and sacrifice.

  44. Post update

    Loose flowers are laid at the ceremony, rather than wreaths or poppies, which became a tradition after the end of World War One.

  45. Post update

    St Symphorien cemetery

    Lanterns are placed by those attending the St Symphorien commemoration, in recognition of the words of a German chaplain who said "let there be light" at the cemetery's dedication ceremony in 1917.

  46. Post update

    St Symphorien cemetery

    Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby gives a blessing and a piper plays as the sun sets at St Symphorien cemetery.

  47. Post update

    The Last Post is played by Sgt Gavin Hall after David Cameron, Prince William, the King of the Belgians, and the Irish and German presidents laid flowers.

  48. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    "Was it for this the clay grew tall? O what made fatuous sunbeams toil. To break earth's sleep at all?" Futility by Wilfred Owen

    Wilfred Owen
    Image caption: Wilfred Owen

    Poetry in World War One

    Wilfred Owen is considered one of the greatest soldier poets. His poetry described the horror and futility of war. Tragically he did not survive the conflict. He died on 4 November 1918.

  49. Post update

    St Anne's Cathedral, Belfast

    Here's the scene at St Anne's Cathedral, Belfast, where First Minister Peter Robinson and Northern Ireland Secretary Theresa Villiers were among those attending a commemoration service. Picture by the BBC's Naomi McCafferty

  50. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Miners from Cowdenbeath, Scotland
    Image caption: Miners from Cowdenbeath, Scotland

    Miners in World War One

    Men who had worked as miners were engaged in secret but essential work beneath the Western Front. They built explosive-packed tunnels along the trenches, often searching out and destroying German tunnellers busy digging the other way. This deadly war of nerves was waged mainly by miners with little or no military training.

    Writing at the end of 1916, Field Marshal Haig noted that 'The Tunnelling Companies still maintain their superiority over the enemy underground, thus safeguarding their comrades in the trenches."

  51. Post update

    Tom Bayly

    BBC News, at Westminster Abbey

    Westminster Abbey

    The first members of tonight's congregation have started to arrive at Westminster Abbey. Some 1,700 people are expected for the service, which begins at 22:00.

  52. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    The President of Germany and King of Belgium shook hands as they unveiled a commemorative plaque at the university at Leuven (Louvain in French).

    The town and university itself were the site of great violence 100 years ago, when invading German soldiers ransacked it in August 1914, killing many civilians and burning the university's famous library, along with many other important buildings.

    The burning of Leuven was one of a number of atrocities committed in the early weeks of the war that transformed many people's understanding of what was now at stake. Find out what happened when thousands of Belgian refugees fled to Britain in 1914.

  53. Post update

    Prince Harry

    Prince Harry reads a letter written by Private Michael Lennon to his brother in 1915, after he arrived at the battlefields of Gallipoli.

    "Well Frank, I suppose we are for it tomorrow, if we don't get shelled on the way… I can only hope that we have all the luck to come through the night and if I should get bowled out - well it can't be helped. I shall pack up to the place 'Where falls not rain, nor hail, nor any snow, and where the wind never blows loudly', but as I have said before, I am looking for something better than that and I shall see you again when the job is done."

  54. Post update

    As the Mons commemorations continue the London Symphony and Berlin Philharmonic orchestras collaborate in a performance of George Butterworth's 'Shropshire Lad' Rhapsody, which, Dan Snow says, "evokes an innocence lost". Butterworth was killed in the Battle of the Somme in 1916.

  55. Post update

    The Queen attends a service at Crathie Kirk Church, near Balmoral

    Here's a picture of the Queen attending the service at Crathie Kirk, near Balmoral. Her uncle, Captain Fergus Bowes-Lyon, was killed at the battle of Loos in 1915

  56. Post update

    An Anglo German choir at St Symphorien performs wartime songs including Muss i' denn zum Staedtele hinaus, It's a long way to Tipperary and Pack up your Troubles.

    Anglo German choir
  57. Post update

    Robert Hall

    BBC News

    The sun is setting above the trees of St Symphorien.

    National leaders, military chiefs, and the families of the fallen are reflecting on the dark days of war.

    British Prime Minister David Cameron has spoken of the silent victims of war and pledged that we will never forget.

    A few yards away the gravestones of the first and the last British soldiers to die during four years of war shine white in the TV lights.

  58. Post update

    British and German drummers perform side by side at the Mons ceremony.

    British and German drummers at the WW1 ceremony
  59. Post update

    World War One was not "the war to end all wars", Mr Cameron says. It was "the precursor to another desperate and violent conflict, just two decades later".

  60. Post update

    "Every war is cruel but this war was unlike any other with its unspeakable carnage, unbearable loss and almost unbelievable bravery", Mr Cameron says.

  61. Post update

    David Cameron

    David Cameron is now speaking.

  62. Post update

    Dan Snow

    Opening the ceremony, historian Dan Snow says: "This war had an impact like no other. The emotional shock was felt in all corners of the globe".

  63. Post update

    Duchess of Cambridge

    The Duchess of Cambridge was handed a bouquet by two children before the guests took their seats for the ceremony at St Symphorien cemetery.

  64. Post update

    Dean John Mann

    Dean John Mann, who is involved in the commemoration service at St Ann's Cathedral in Belfast tonight, says: "One of the things we're very conscious of is how easy it is for countries to move in to a war situation and how difficult it is to move out of that."

  65. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Gareth Malone plays WW1 songs
    Image caption: Gareth Malone plays WW1 songs

    Popular songs in WW1

    Popular songs were used to boost soldiers' morale and keep up spirits at home. Songs such as 'We Don't Want to Lose You, but We Think You Ought to Go' proved popular in music halls in the early months of the war, as did anti-German songs like 'When Belgium Put the Kybosh on the Kaiser'. Meanwhile 'Pack up Your Troubles' was sung both at home and on the front line.

  66. Post update

    Author Sebastian Faulks, who will be reading from his novel Birdsong in Westminster Abbey later, told the BBC World War One "has really come to the front of people's imagination" in the past year.

  67. Get involved


    David Bright emails: My grandfather Isaac Thomas Pritchard of the 2nd South Lancs Regiment had been in the Army for 20 years when WW1 started. He was awarded the 'Medaille Millitaire' during the Battle of Mons and was the first soldier from the 2nd South Lancs to be awarded this medal. He was in the front line through all the major battles until he received a compassionate discharge in July 1917 after my grandmother died, leaving six children.

    Isaac Thomas Pritchard of the 2nd South Lancs.
  68. Post update

    Historian Dr Eamon Phoenix tells BBC Northern Ireland: "Something like 200,000 Irishmen joined up and at least 40,000 died... Some did so for patriotic reasons and some because of poverty... Really, you had Ireland very much committed to Britain's war effort."

  69. Post update

    Belgian Prime Minister Elio Di Rupo has arrived at the Mons ceremony, as has German President Joachim Gauck.

  70. Post update

    Prime Minister David Cameron is waiting with the royals and Culture Secretary Sajid Javid at St Symphorien cemetery ahead of this evening's ceremony.

    Prince William, Prince Harry, David Cameron and the Duchess of Cambridge
  71. Get involved


    David Paul Walker emails: My grandfather Jimmy Walker told lots of tales and stories of life in the trenches.

    Jimmy Walker during WW1
  72. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    "The considerable number of clerks, waiters, etc. who hail from France, Germany, Belgium, etc. are hastening away to join their respective armies." Manchester Evening News

    French soldiers travel to the Front
    Image caption: French soldiers travel to the Front

    A scramble across borders

    In the summer of 1914, as peace turned into war, many Europeans in Britain found themselves facing important questions. As the countries of France, Belgium and Germany mobilised their forces, many foreign workers in Britain hastened back to join their nations' armies.

  73. Post update

    Westminster Abbey

    A large security operation is under way at Westminster Abbey ahead of tonight's service, says BBC correspondent Tom Bayly, who has sent us this picture. Members of the public are being cleared from the front of the Abbey.

  74. Get involved

    Tweet @bbcww1

    St Symphorien Military Cenetery, Belgium

    @bbcww1 tweets: The first & last British soldiers to die in #WW1 are buried at St Symphorien #Remember

  75. Post update

    Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry

    The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry greeted crowds from the balcony of Mons town hall ahead of this evening's ceremony.

  76. Post update

    The Queen attends a service of commemoration at Crathie Kirk Church

    The Queen, who is staying at Balmoral, attends a service of commemoration at Crathie church in Aberdeenshire.

  77. Post update

    German President Joachim Gauck (R) and Belgian King Philippe (L) shake hands

    A handshake between German President Joachim Gauck (right) and Belgium's King Philippe after they unveiled a commemorative plaque at the university in Leuven, Belgium.

  78. Get involved


    Remembrance service in Bere Regis Chruch

    Ian Ventham emails: A moving service attended by nearly 200 parishioners was held yesterday evening at Bere Regis parish church. The service was preceded by a peal of five of the six half-muffled bells, as the sixth bell 'Pax' was installed as a memorial after the war. During the service, Leading Seaman Luke Brady carried the Book of Names of the war dead to be received at the altar. The service ended with 28 young people from the village carrying lighted candles to the War Memorial in memory of the 28 war dead from the village, as a piper played a lament and a single bell tolled.

  79. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    St Symphorien Military Cemetery in Belgium
    Image caption: St Symphorien Military Cemetery in Belgium

    St Symphorien Military Cemetery

    The cemetery was set up by the German Army in August 1914 to bury the British and German soldiers who lost their lives at the Battle of Mons.

    The cemetery has special significance because it is the final resting place of the first and last British soldiers to be killed in World War One.

  80. Post update

    This evening, attention will focus on the small military cemetery of Saint-Symphorien, outside the Belgian city of Mons, where 229 Commonwealth and 284 German solders are buried. World leaders and royals will attend an international ceremony of reconciliation.

  81. Post update

    The grave of the Unknown Warrior, central to events in Westminster Abbey this evening, bears these words: "Beneath the stone rests the body of a British Warrior unknown by name or rank, brought from France to lie among the most illustrious of the land, and buried here on Armistice Day 11 Nov 1920... They buried him among the kings because he had done good towards God and toward his house."

  82. Get involved


    Major Arthur Ashwell

    Jessica Armstrong emails: My great-great uncle, Major Arthur "Pat" Ashwell, 1/8th Battalion The Sherwood Foresters, fought 1915-1917. He was wounded twice, the first time shot in the shoulder, the second in the head. Fortunately he survived (with a huge dent in his forehead which fascinated us as children). He was awarded the DSO for his actions in 1915 & later the OBE for services to the TA during WW2. He lived until he was 100!

  83. Post update

    The service at Westminster Abbey in London will begin at 22:00. The Very Reverend Dr John Hall will welcome the congregation by reminding them the abbey holds the tomb of the Unknown Warrior from the Great War - representing all the dead whose bodies were never found.

    "The Grave reminds us of the meaning of war, but our focus is not tonight on remembrance. In solemnly commemorating the centenary of the outbreak of the First World War, as we reflect on the failure of the human spirit that led to an inexorable slide into war, let us spend a moment in silent repentance."

    The cathedral has published the full order of service on its website.

  84. Post update

    Tapestry in Birmingham Cathedral

    A vigil is being held throughout the day in Birmingham Cathedral. This tapestry has been created to mark the centenary of the outbreak of World War One. BBC Radio 5Live's Phil Williams will be broadcasting live from the cathedral at 21:30 BST.

  85. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Wounded British and Belgium soldiers retreating from Mons
    Image caption: Wounded British and Belgium soldiers retreating from Mons

    The Battle of Mons

    The first battle between the British Army and the German Army started on 23 August 1914 at Mons in Belgium.

    As the German Army marched across Belgium, they were met at Mons-Condé Canal by 70,000 British troops under the command of British General Sir John French.

    The British troops were outnumbered more than two to one, and ill-prepared for modern warfare. They were soon forced to retreat.

  86. Post update

    Author Sebastian Faulks has told BBC the effects of WW1 are still felt across the world: "The birth of seven new countries, the dividing up of the Middle East, the rise of the Soviet Union - all these things we are still dealing with today. As well as how Europe in 1914-18 got a first taste of genocide and what it was like, and how Europe showed - unfortunately - a taste for this. The mass murder of millions of people became almost a political tool, at least, as a result of the First World War, it became something that politicians contemplated."

  87. Post update

    In Westminster Abbey later, author Sebastian Faulks will be reading from his novel Birdsong, which follows a soldier's journey through World War One. He told the BBC that the passage he has chosen, an extract from a character's diary, "speaks for a lot of ordinary soldiers, how they found themselves in a world they never thought they would inhabit, a world which he describes as being tilted into an unnatural orbit. It is about the dislocation between peace and war."

  88. Get involved


    Newspaper cutting.

    Ian Rowe emails: The Baxter brothers on the attached newspaper cutting were my great great uncle, and William Smith, the drummer boy, was my great uncle. Robert Baxter died on The Somme in 1916. My grandfather Leonard Rowe also fought on the Western Front in the Middlesex Yeomanry. It was fortunate that the family's losses were not greater. I will be thinking of them all this evening.

  89. Post update

    Andrew Harding

    Africa correspondent

    "It's routinely dismissed as a sideshow, a string of largely inconclusive skirmishes between German and British forces on the lakes, plains and coast of East Africa. And sure enough today's anniversary of the Great War has been greeted with little more than a collective shrug on the African continent. And yet the conflict here had a huge impact. At least a million African men were recruited - or forced - to become porters for rival armies. At least 50,000 Africans fought as soldiers - by the end of the war, most of the Europeans troops had already left. But most of the African dead lie in unmarked graves - their contribution to a colonial war largely forgotten - tales from that era, long supplanted by the memories of more recent conflicts."

  90. Get involved


    Paul Henman emails: My great great grandfather died in the trenches at the Battle of the Somme - on the first day, along with so many other men and boys. He was 25, two years younger than I am now. Those men and boys were braver than I shall ever be. What they must have endured is unimaginable. Let's just hope none of us ever have to suffer as they did.

  91. Post update

    A speaker at a tank bank rally

    Britain's first total war meant the whole population had to be behind the war effort, and there was an impressive array of propaganda. Was this the birth of spin? Historian and broadcaster Neil Oliver investigates.

  92. Post update

    Poppies at the Tower of London

    BBC Newsbeat have tweeted this spectacular image of the Tower of London from above, showing the scale of its poppy art installation. Hundreds of thousands of ceramic flowers have been planted to mark every single British and Commonwealth death in the war.

  93. Get involved


    Young pilot in his plane

    Anne Polhill Walton emails: My paternal grandfather, Wilfred B Thompson, lied about his age to enlist with the Royal Flying Corps twenty days before his 17th birthday. He flew reconnaissance missions in Europe and (according to family lore) was part of the escort for the King of Belgium - when in danger from enemy aircraft and having run out of bullets, he gained height and threw his toolbox down on the other plane!

  94. Get involved

    Comment on BBC News' Google+ page

    Duncan Redman on the BBC News Google+ page comments: Was updating my family tree and have discovered 10 distant relations fought in the Great War, one of whom was only 15 when he enlisted. Unfortunately he was killed in action in Flanders in March 1918.

  95. Post update

    HMS Iron Duke Commanding Officer, Commander Tom Tredray lays his wreath at a War Cemetry near to Sekondi, Ghana

    An image from Africa - the UK Ministry of Defence has sent this image of HMS Iron Duke Commanding Officer Cmdr Tom Tredray laying a wreath at a war cemetery near Sekondi, in Ghana.

  96. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Recruiting soldiers in World War One
    Image caption: Recruiting soldiers in World War One

    Hundreds of thousands of eager teenagers were able to join the army, despite being officially under age. Few people had birth certificates in 1914, so as long as they met the minimum height of five feet, three inches, boys had a good chance of getting in.

  97. Post update

    Prince Harry (L) talks with Chelsea Pensioners

    Britain's Prince Harry talks to Chelsea Pensioners, British war veterans from the Chelsea Royal Hospital, during the "Step Short" commemorative event in Folkestone.

  98. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Reverend Geoffrey Studdert Kennedy, robed, known as "Woodbine Willie"
    Image caption: Reverend Geoffrey Studdert Kennedy, robed, known as "Woodbine Willie"

    Chaplains sent to the front

    In August 1914, there were 117 commissioned chaplains, representing three denominations. More than 100 chaplains were killed during active service in the war.

    Reverend Geoffrey Studdert Kennedy, better known as Woodbine Willie, became one of the best known figures of World War One. At the outbreak of war he volunteered as a chaplain, and won the Military Cross in 1917.

    His habit of handing out cigarettes to troops earned him his nickname, being a heavy smoker himself. Cigarettes were one of the most common comforts given to soldiers during the war.

  99. Get involved


    Flickr site showing Carrie Humphries postcards

    Carrie Humphries' grandson contacted the BBC to highlight her collection of postcards from the war on Flickr. He said: She married my grandfather just before he went to war. The album is of all the postcards he sent her whilst away. It also contains pictures of his regiment etc. He was an ordinary soldier from Sheffield who was in the Army Service Corps. I just think it's unusual to see an album of postcards from one soldier all the way from 1915 - 1919.

  100. Post update

    French President Francois Hollande (L) awards the Legion of Honor to Liege Mayor Willy Demeyer

    President Francois Hollande awards the Legion of Honour, France's highest military recognition, to the mayor of Liege, Willy Demeyer, in recognition for the city's resistance to German forces at the start of the war.

  101. Get involved


    Peter Scales emails: I recently discovered journals kept by my Great Aunt, Lillie Scales, recording life in London during the war. She covers a range of topics and events such as Zeppelin raids, rationing, housing Belgian refugees, recruitment, giving hospitality to ANZAC and other colonial troops when on leave and first hand accounts of their Front Line experiences. I have had them published, entitled A Home Front Diary 1914-1918.

  102. Post update

    Shepley, BBC Leeds

    Daragh Corcoran of BBC Radio Leeds sent this picture from Yorkshire, saying: "Quite a crowd attended the opening of a new bridge linking Shepley to the village war memorial."

  103. Get involved

    Comment on BBC iWonder Facebook

    Charles George Consterdine

    Louise Consterdine comments: My father-in-law, Charles George C, lied about his age and joined up at 16. Shot through the chest, permanently damaging his lungs. Never talked about it, even though he met my mother-in-law in the hospital where she was a trained nurse.

  104. Post update

    Dignitaries watch the flypast in Liege, Belgium

    Heads of state watch the flypast from the balcony of Liege's city hall.

  105. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Horse team of the Royal Field Artillery in France
    Image caption: Horse team of the Royal Field Artillery in France

    War horses

    Hundreds of thousands of horses were called up in Europe alongside soldiers. They were essential for carrying ammunition and general supplies to the front line.

  106. Get involved

    Tweet @bbcww1

    BBC World War One tweets: Folkestone was the first point of arrival for most of the 250,000 Belgian refugees who came to Britain in #WW1.

  107. Post update

    DC in Hants, UK, texts: War is not heroic. It is tragedy. It is failure. War should not be portrayed as noble or inspiring but as the horror it was and is. We must remember.

  108. Post update

    The events of World War One still influence people today. Historian James Barr, author of "A Line in the Sand", and Professor Michael Clarke, the director general of the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), discussed the war's global impact on the BBC's World at One programme.

  109. Post update

    "It is important to remember this dramatic event that my grandparents lived through," said Elise, in Liege to watch the events. She told the Associated Press: "My father witnessed the Second World War, so I hope, I dream, for my five grandchildren that peace will be realised in the world one day, peace between all human beings in the world, and I hope that war will completely disappear. It is a huge dream but I want to believe in it all the same."

  110. Post update

    Liege fly past

    Belgian Air Force planes fly over Liege, watched by French President Francois Hollande, Belgium's King Philippe and Queen Mathilde and thousands of local people.

  111. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    A Belgian refugee family
    Image caption: A Belgian refugee family

    Belgian Refugees arrive in Britain

    On the 20 August 1914, boatloads of Belgian refugees started to arrive in Folkestone, fleeing their country following the German invasion.

    Over the course of World War One over 250,000 Belgian refugees came to Britain. Approximately 65,000 Belgian refugees stayed in Folkestone.

  112. Post update

    Prince Charles, Nick Clegg, Ed Miliband laying wreaths in Glasgow

    A row has broken out in the UK over the messages written on wreaths presented by the three main party leaders. Prime Minister David Cameron hand-wrote a tribute for the ceremony at Glasgow's Cenotaph, which read: "Your most enduring legacy is our liberty. We must never forget." Mr Miliband's said: "From the Leader of the Opposition", while Mr Clegg's said: "From the Deputy Prime Minister", leading to accusations of insensitivity.

    But a Labour spokesman said leader Mr Miliband "was not given the opportunity to write a personal message on the wreath, and was only handed it seconds before" it was laid. A Liberal Democrat spokesman said there had been only about "10 seconds" between the wreath being handed to Mr Clegg and it being laid.

  113. Post update

    Sgt Gavin Hall

    Sgt Gavin Hall will play the Last Post to end the St Symphorien cemetery later on Monday. He told the BBC it was "quite a daunting prospect, but I've got to honour the servicemen who made the ultimate sacrifice".

  114. Post update

    Nick Higham

    BBC News

    tweets: William and Kate have just arrived at St Symphorien for "very private" visit to see graves of Brit, Commonwealth and German soldiers #WW1

  115. Post update

    We now call it World War One, but is this an accurate description? The BBC News website looks at whether it really was the first global conflict.

  116. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    "The development of the European crisis has created a panic among many thousands of holiday-makers on the Continent." The Birmingham Daily Post, 4 August 1914

    An ocean liner arrives in Britain
    Image caption: An ocean liner arrives in Britain

    British holidaymakers stranded in Europe

    On 3 August 1914, as war consumed Europe, 10,000 people arrived in London from all parts of the Continent.

    The British Consul in Paris advised all British subjects to leave the country and return home as soon as possible.

  117. Post update

    Memorial arch in Folkestone, England

    Standing out against the blue sky, Folkestone's newly unveiled memorial arch is the result of a campaign by the Step Short charity to mark the point of departure for WW1 troops. "Step short" was the order the marching troops were given as they went down the steep hill to the harbour and the front.

  118. Get involved


    Lynn Forest-Hill emails: My father, Thomas (Tom) Edleston Pavitt, joined the Royal Navy as a boy sailor when he was 15. He served for a time at HMS Southampton, and survived the First and Second World Wars, and if war had not affected him so badly I might have known my dad better than I did.

    He was at the Battle of Jutland and the experience haunted him for the rest of his life. Because he only briefly spoke to me of his time in the war, I don't even know which ship he served in during the battle, but my mother explained that he had been among those who had to sweep up the body parts of his dead shipmates... He himself only told me he was in Scapa Floe when Kitchener's ship was lost and when another ship was blown up by a U-boat that got through the submarine nets... So little is said about the sailors in World War 1, and the conditions under which they served... so I would like to place on record my own recognition of what the sailors, like my dad, in the dreadnoughts and cruisers and the frigates went through.

  119. Post update

    Choir at St Symphorien

    The BBC's Nick Higham has tweeted this image from St Symphorien cemetery, of an Anglo-German choir rehearsing for the ceremony later on Monday.

    He tweets: "There will be recorded music too, from musicians of Berlin Phil and London Symph Orchs under Sir Simon Rattle."

  120. Post update

    Westminster choir rehearsing

    The choir of Westminster Abbey are having their final rehearsals before tonight's service of remembrance.

  121. Post update

    Sara Smith

    BBC News, Folkestone

    says the archway unveiled in Folkestone marks the extraordinary role the town played in WW1. "It was known by many as the gateway to the trenches - the place where millions of men from across the British Empire left for war. As they did so they would have been able to hear the blasts, the booms and the firing going on just across the water," she says.

  122. Post update

    Members of the Great War Society stand under a shower of a million poppy flowers at the Tank Museum, Bovington, England

    At the Tank Museum in Bovington, England, members of the Great War re-enactment society stand beneath a shower of a million poppy flowers, to remember the dead of WW1.

  123. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    Sheffield University
    Image caption: Sheffield University

    Sheffield Pals' Battalion

    Lord Kitchener, in a bid to boost recruitment, promoted the 'Pals' scheme, where men from the same area signed up together.

    One such battalion was formed at the University of Sheffield in September 1914, on the suggestion of two students there. Patriotic passion was at fever pitch, and within two days, 1,000 of the city's men had joined up.

  124. Post update

    Among those who lost their lives in WW1 were thousands of Sikh soldiers serving in the British Indian Army- some 83,000 Sikhs died in the First and Second World War combined and over 100,000 were wounded, says Col Robin Vickers.

  125. Post update

    Tim Willcox

    BBC News, St Symphorien Military Cemetery, Belgium

    says the Last Post is being played at St Symphorien Military Cemetery ahead of a ceremony of reconciliation there later. Choirs have also been practising through the afternoon at the spot, where an equal number of both German and British soldiers are buried.

  126. Post update

    Morpurgo, who wrote War Horse, a children's novel about a horse sold into the army and thrust into war in 1914, says he believes the "lights out" event is very fitting because it is "contemplative and quiet".

  127. Post update

    Chelsea Pensioners in London

    This picture of Chelsea pensioners taking part in a parade in London is one of many images in our

  128. Post update

    Writer Michael Morpurgo says he grew up in London and was aware of the "ravages" of World War One but could not fully comprehend what the adults around him had experienced. "What settled upon me was the damage that war does, not just to buildings but to people and societies," he tells the BBC News Channel.

  129. Get involved


    BBC World War One tweets: What #WW1 commemorations are happening near you? Share your images & stories with us using #Remember

  130. Post update

    Matthew Price, BBC News, Liege

    "At the same time as people here were talking about peace and reconciliation and how Europe could never allow this to happen again, there was also a nod to the fact that conflict is never far away. French President Francois Hollande spoke of the other conflicts in the world at the moment. He said it wasn't enough for European leaders to come to events like this and talk about reconciliation and peace, Europe needs to be the guardian of peace and do more to try to bring about an end to those other conflicts."

  131. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    "It is impossible to give actual figures regarding the men who will need to leave Manchester and Salford in connection with the army and navy general mobilisation orders during the next few days… 20,000 is a fair estimate of the city's reserve contribution to the war." Manchester Evening News, 4 August 1914

    Soldiers leaving for the front
    Image caption: Soldiers leaving for the front

    Britain mobilises

    Across the nation, the army mobilised for action. In August 1914, the British Army had only 700,000 available men. They were dwarfed by Germany's superior numbers of over 3.7 million soldiers.

  132. Post update

    Blood banks were developed during WW1, and war work turned some women's skin yellow. Read about these and other surprising facts about the war on BBC History.

  133. Post update

    Champagne Battlefield grave memorial

    A century on, the battlefields of World War One are still littered with debris. This image shows probably the last battlefield burial site memorial left intact on the Western Front, with the soldier's equipment left on the grave, along with a plaque placed there by his father in 1919. The photograph is part of The Fields of Battle/Lands of Peace exhibition in London. More photographs

  134. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    The six sole survivors of no. 2 Squadron AFC who came to Minchinhampton and Leighterton as instructors
    Image caption: The six sole survivors of Number 2 Squadron AFC who came to Minchinhampton and Leighterton as instructors

    Australians take to the skies

    At least half of the personnel in the Royal Air Force came from the overseas dominions of the British Empire. Australians were considered excellent pilots, and Australian squadrons were trained in England for service in France and Egypt.

    The average life expectancy of a pilot at the front at that time was less than three weeks.

  135. Post update

    Lights Out poster

    Artist Jeremy Deller has created a series of films to mark the Lights Out events later on Monday. The work culminates in a film which will be available from 22:00 for just one hour. You can read more about the project on the BBC Arts website.

  136. Get Involved


    Michael Flood emails: My uncle, Joe Flood, fought in WW1. He belonged to the 2nd Battalion, The Prince of Wales Leinster Regiment, Royal Canadians. He was awarded the Military Medal for Bravery - 'For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty on 22 March 1918, while his country was suffering severe casualties.... Pte Flood showed the utmost disregard for danger, rallied other men and, by his action... setting throughout a fine example to all ranks'.

    Joe thanked a prayer book for saving his life. It was in his breast pocket when a stray bullet hit him. He wasn't always lucky, though. His left arm was hit by an explosive bullet which shattered it. That brought an end to Joe's army career and he spent a year in a hospital in London before being given an honourable discharge in 1919. Joe and the many, many young men who died or were wounded in that terrible war should NEVER be forgotten.

  137. Post update

    German President Joachim Gauck delivers a speech during a ceremony of remembrance, 04/08/2014

    German President Joachim Gauck spoke at the ceremony in Liege earlier, saying it was "unjustifiable" for Germany to have invaded Belgium. "We are grateful to have been able to live together with peace for so long in Europe," he said.

  138. Post update

    Sgt Jonathan St Paul, from Tunbridge Wells in southern England, is on deployment in Afghanistan. that the soldiers of World War One were "probably a lot tougher than us. You can only imagine the difference back then in trenches".

    "Our generation, the PlayStation generation, has wifi and we can talk to our families on a daily basis. They probably had to wait weeks at a time to get their letters through."

  139. Post update

    Prince Harry at a new memorial arch in Folkestone, Kent

    Another image of Prince Harry in front of the memorial arch in Folkestone earlier today. The arch stands at the top of a hill leading down to the harbour where an estimated 10 million British troops saw their last sight of home before shipping out to war.

  140. Post update

    Cannon fired in Grey Point Fort in County Down

    Northern Ireland has marked the centenary of Britain's entry into World War One with a gun salute over Belfast Lough. A single cannon shot was fired from Grey Point Fort in County Down at 13:00, at a ceremony witnessed by unionist and nationalist politicians.

  141. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    When did World War One start?

    The first nation to declare war was Austria-Hungary against Serbia on 28 July, 1914. By 3 August 1914 Germany had also declared war on Russia and France, but no battles had yet taken place. This was because it took European armies some time to mobilise.

    The first hostile action took place on 4 August, 1914, when Germany marched into Belgium. The first battle was a day later.

  142. Post update

    Across the UK thousands of buildings will be taking part in a "Lights Out" event at 10pm - they will turn off their lights, leaving only a single light or candle burning - in an act of remembrance.

    The event was inspired by the words of wartime foreign secretary Sir Edward Grey, who said on the eve of war: "The lamps are going out all over Europe; we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime."

    You can find out more on the British Legion website.

  143. Post update

    Matthew Price, BBC News, Liege

    "This was a city that stood in the German military's way. They thought they were going to push through Belgium easily, but they met with fierce resistance here.

    "Events today were quite political here at times, but certainly the focus was on the commemoration and the memory."

  144. Get involved


    @BBCMundo has had a variety of comments in, with Antonio Castillo from Guatemala stating: "This is still relevant, of course. Those who don't know their history are condemned to repeat it. Extreme nationalisms are not good. Differences must be tolerated," while Alberto Bernal, from Bogotá, Colombia says, "100 years later, it seems that the war fronts are lining up again".

  145. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    "We hold it to be a patriotic duty for all good citizens to oppose to the utmost the participation of this country in the greatest crime of our time." The Manchester Guardian, 4 August 1914

    The Houses of Parliament
    Image caption: The Houses of Parliament


    As Britain came closer to war, two members of the ruling Liberal Cabinet, John Burns, President of the Board of Trade, and Lord John Morley, President of the Council, resigned in protest. Ramsay Macdonald also resigned as leader of the Labour Party. However, most of the Cabinet remained, including David Lloyd George.

  146. Post update

    Clarence House has published the full transcript of Prince William's speech earlier at the Cointe Inter-allied Memorial in Liege, Belgium. He said: "The peace that we here enjoy together as allies and partners does not simply mean no more bloodshed - it means something deeper than that. The fact that the presidents of Germany and Austria are here today, and that other nations - then enemies - are here too, bears testimony to the power of reconciliation."

  147. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    "Germany has added to her violation of the neutral territory of Luxembourg a further outrage upon the neutrality of Belgium and perhaps of Holland". The Times, 4 August 1914

    Men queuing up to enlist in the British Army
    Image caption: Men queuing up to enlist in the British Army


    In July 1914 the prospect of war was increasingly likely. In August, Germany invaded Belgium, a nation Britain had promised to protect. The news was greeted by many with enthusiasm as men rushed to enlist. Many were recruited at events held in music halls.

  148. Post update

    A teenager, Private John Parr, is thought to have been the first British soldier killed in action in Europe. But 100 years on, mystery still surrounds how he died and who killed him. You can read more about his story

  149. Post update

    Later today, a service will be held at the St Symphorien Military Cemetery in Mons, Belgium. The cemetery is a gesture of reconciliation - it contains the graves of both British Commonwealth and German soldiers, including the first British soldier to die and a Canadian killed two minutes before the war ended in 1918.

  150. Post update

    Soldiers in Somme
    Image caption: .

    BBC Newsbeat have put together some powerful the youngest British soldier was a 12-year-old who had lied about his age.

  151. Post update

    2nd Lt Luke Sheaf

    2nd Lt Luke Sheaf of the Royal Anglians will read a poem at the memorial events in Mons later today. He told the BBC's Tim Wilcox that WW1 had shaped the modern army, but that it was impossible to comprehend the conditions the soldiers then were fighting under.

  152. Get involved


    Women workers during the war

    Katina Cummins emails: My great-uncle Jimmy Quinn signed up 100 years ago today to the 9th Royal Scots, He landed in France in 1915, My grandmother came down to London from Scotland to work in an ammunition factory. I think of them today especially. I can, and will, never understand the full horrors they went thought during that period.

  153. Post update

    Visitors stands in respect during the Last Post Ceremony for Keith Heritage at the Australian War Memorial, 04/08/2014

    The service in Canberra remembered Keith Heritage, the man recognised as the first Australian to enlist after war was declared.

  154. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    "Nobody should be so foolish, and, indeed, wicked, as to add to the difficulties of the financial and commercial situation for the public in general by selfishly drawing out an unnecessary amount of money." The Times, 4 August 1914

    The Bank of England in London
    Image caption: The Bank of England in London

    British banks close their doors

    As war approached, the Bank of England's official lending rate soared from 3% to 10% in just a few days. On Friday 31 July, the London Stock Exchange closed. It didn't open again until 1915.

  155. Get involved

    comment on BBC iWonder Facebook

    Charles Twigger comments: Remembering my grandfather Norman Leslie Whitaker who bravely fought in the trenches of WW1 but who hardly spoke about it afterwards When he returned from the war his three young daughters (one of them was my Mother) ran away from him because they didn't know who he was.

  156. Post update

    The light at Westminster Abbey that the Duchess of Cornwall will put out

    This is the light at Westminster Abbey that the Duchess of Cornwall will extinguish at 23:00, marking the exact moment 100 years ago that Britain declared war.

  157. Post update

    Chelsea Pensioners pose for photographs with Edwardian-era vehicles during The Great War Centenary Parade in London, 04/08/2014

    In London, Chelsea Pensioners pose for photographs with Edwardian-era vehicles during the Great War Centenary Parade.

  158. Post update

    Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond, Welsh First Minister Carwyn Jones and Northern Ireland's Peter Robinson lay wreaths in Glasgow.

    Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond, Welsh First Minister Carwyn Jones and Northern Ireland's First Minister Peter Robinson lay wreaths in Glasgow.

  159. Get involved


    Peter Szabo in New York, US emails: My grandfather always told a story about how he was a cavalry officer for the Hungarian army during the war and how on one Cavalry charge a Russian Cossack was riding against him turned his rifle around and clubbed him off his horse. He woke up a POW in Siberia. My Grandfather was held for years but survived... not only survived but escaped once, made it all the way to St Petersburg and was recognized by an acquaintance, turned in and sent back to Siberia.

  160. Post update


    David Cameron bows his head after laying a wreath in George Square, Glasgow.

  161. Get involved


    Sandra Foxton emails:Visited my great-uncle Thomas Whitehead's memorial in Arras, France, this year, found his name inscribed on the great remembrance wall. Two other great uncles (his brothers) also died in WW1 and we hope to visit their graves this year too. I don't think the young generation today have any connection with the history of WW1. It is such a shame because they probably would not be here in a free country if not for all those young brave soldiers.

  162. Post update

    Prince Charles lays the first wreath at the service in George Square in Glasgow

    Prince Charles lays the first wreath at the service in George Square in Glasgow.

  163. Post update

    Northern Ireland's First Minister Peter Robinson is in Glasgow. He said: "The key themes of remembrance and reconciliation are relevant to all of us in Northern Ireland as we continue to build a peaceful and shared society. It has often been said, but we must never forget the supreme sacrifice of so many to build a better future for us."

  164. Get involved


    Meanwhile over at our @viabbc Twitter account, contributors all over the world are having a multilingual conversation about WW1. Shwan, a BBC Chinese weibo user says: In high school textbooks taught us WW1 was the unavoidable result of imperialist activities. Today's young people should realize that wars, no matter for what purposes, are bad.

  165. Post update

    Order of service in Westminster Abbey

    At London's Westminster Abbey, orders of service and candles are being prepared for this evening's remembrance events.

  166. Get involved


    Barbara Sigley in Cannock, UK emails: I submitted a proposal to Staffs County Council for a peace cairn to be placed equidistant between the Commonwealth and German War Cemeteries on Cannock Chase. That proposal was not taken up. During the last month I have made a peace garden at my home. The main feature is a peace cairn. I placed the first stone this morning and will add to one stone to the cairn every day until 11/11/2018. I think that is will be a total of 1265 stones.

  167. BreakingPost update

    News from 1914

    The world on the brink of war

    "All day long the streets of the West-end and the City were crowded with holiday folk as they never have been before…" The Times, 4 August 1914

    Crowds arriving in London for Bank Holiday
    Image caption: Crowds arriving in London for Bank Holiday

    Crowds gather in London

    The first weekend of August 1914 was a Bank Holiday in Britain.

    Fearing that this was a time of "grave crisis", thousands of people travelled to London anxious to find out whether Britain would join the war.

    At 19.00 on 4 August, Britain sent an ultimatum to Germany.

  168. Get involved


    Christopher Mace in County Durham, England, emails: I live in Seaham, County Durham, now and after writing to The Green Jackets Museum's address asking for details on my great-great-grandfather, Joseph Ernest Mace of The 9th Service Rifles Brigade, I am spending the rest of the day - right until 11pm - at Seaham Cenotaph, which I visited on 28 June and also in Late July. I spent that last visit cleaning it of rubbish, disappointed by how it could be desecrated.

  169. Post update

    Speaking at events in Liege earlier, French President Francois Hollande said Europe could not be complacent about peace. "These men a century ago, from the depth of their heart, wished that one day all the people of Europe should be united. One hundred years later, this peace has been achieved. Europe is here, but Europe should do more, because peace is never certain, it demands vigilance, a fight, and organisations, a defence of its continents. This is why Europe should always be on the move, it should not rest on its laurels, and it should not grow tired of achieving peace."

  170. Post update

    Ceremony in Glasgow

    A number of political leaders are in Glasgow today. From left to right in the front row, Glasgow's Lord Provost Sadie Docherty, Prince Charles, Prime Minister David Cameron, Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg and Labour leader Ed Miliband. Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond has his back to the camera on the far-right.

  171. Post update

    Members of the Australia Great War Association pose in costume at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra

    Another image from earlier today in Canberra - members of the Australian Great War Association pose in costume at the national war memorial.

  172. Post update

    In Glasgow, the wreath-laying ceremony is under way with a rendition of God Save the Queen.

  173. First World War and Sport

    BBC Radio 5 live

    At 19:30 (UK time) on BBC Radio 5 live Sport Eleanor Oldroyd is joined by former England flanker, World Cup winner and keen amateur historian Lewis Moody as well as Tony Collins, Professor of History at the International Centre for Sports History and Culture at De Monfort University, to look at the impact the Great War had on sport in the UK and hear some stories of the individuals who made the ultimate sacrifice.You can watch the programme on this page, along with all other World War One programmes and clips from across the BBC, using the video carousel above. Please note that not all video and audio can be viewed outside the UK.