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Summary

  1. Kenyan journalist briefly detained over government spending story
  2. Nigeria's president sacks 17 of the country's top civil servants
  3. Water restrictions in South African city of Johannesburg
  4. UN adviser: Burundi on the verge of descent into violence
  5. Nigeria marks 20 years since death of activist Ken Saro Wiwa
  6. Email stories and comments to africalive@bbc.co.uk - Tuesday 10 November 2015

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

Get involved

  1. Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

    We'll be back tomorrow

    That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Listen to the Africa Today podcast and keep up-to-date with stories from across the continent on our BBC News website

    A reminder of today's African proverb: One day the monkey will go to the market and it will not come back. It is a Pidgin proverb sent by Abdulfatai Abinbola, Minna, Nigeria.

    Click here to send your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with this picture taken by Toni Espadas in Mundari, South Sudan.

    View more on instagram
  2. Kenyan minister: Journalists must be accountable for what they say

    Joseph Nkaissery

    Kenya's Interior Minister Joseph Nkaissery has been defending his position that journalists should be responsible when talking about corruption.

    Earlier, journalist John Ngirachu was briefly detained by police over a story he wrote about financial mismanagement in the ministry of interior.

    Mr Nkaissery told the BBC's Focus on Africa radio programme that he is "a friend of journalism. If you people are peddling lies without telling Kenyans the truth then you cannot get away with that.

    "You must be accountable for your statements."

  3. Nigeria's class of 1985 will finally be honoured

    Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari has said his government will make good on the promises he made 30 years ago, in his previous term as presidency, to the Nigerian winners of 1985 under-17 World Cup.

    According to a statement from his spokesman, the players had been promised:

    • A trip to the 1986 World Cup
    • Houses
    • Scholarships
    • Streets named in their honour

    The players did go to the World Cup, but the statement said that Nigeria's states did not honour the other pledges which they were responsible for.

    President Buhari said: "My government will do all within its power to remedy the situation."

  4. Ken Saro-Wiwa's death 'not in vain'

    The daughter of Ken Saro-Wiwa, who was executed by the Nigerian military government with eight other activists 20 years ago today, has been remembering her father on her Facebook page,

    Screen grab of Facebook page

    She said: "Courage is not the absence of fear but the ability to overcome it. My father pursued his objectives, knowing the huge risks.

    "The Ogoni Nine risked their lives in order for our people to enjoy the basics of life: clean water, rivers filled with fish to eat, schools for the children. Nobody should have to die for such meagre requests. But their deaths were not in vain.

    "The Ogoni Nine: Saturday Dobee, Nordu Eawo, Daniel Gbooko, Paul Levera, Felix Nuate, Baribor Bera, Barinem Kiobel, John Kpuine, Ken Saro-Wiwa.

    "We remember you and thank you."

  5. The Somali who stood in Australian election

    Leila Abukar

    If you want to hear a story of someone with unbending positivity, take a listen to Leila Abukar on today's BBC Outlook programme.

    She stood for election to the parliament of Australia's Queensland state this year. She lost but doesn't sound a bit bothered.

    And when you hear her back story you can see there she has had far more dramatic things happen to her .

    Her father was a government minister in Somalia and in 1991, when rebels overthrew the government, her family became targets.

    At the age of 12 she saw her father and brother shot in her driveway, sneaked out of the back of the house and walked for seven days to get to a refugee camp.

    On her 19th birthday she got the news that Australia would offer her asylum.

    She told Outlook she stood as a politician as a thank you to the country.

  6. UN: Concern over Burundi violence

    A United Nations official has warned that the UN is less prepared to respond to spiralling violence in Burundi than it was before the Rwandan genocide in 1994.

    Speaking in Geneva, Scott Campbell, the head of UN's human rights office for central and west Africa, said Burundi's security services and pro-government militias were responsible from much of the violence, and he called on Burundi's government to take immediate measures to control the militias.

    There have been violent protests in Burundi since President Pierre Nkurunziza announced in April that he would stand for a third term in office.

    The UN now fears the growing violence and suspicion could inflame ethnic divisions too.

    Burundi's foreign minister has told BBC Focus on Africa radio that the concerns are overblown.

    Burundians protesting in May
    Image caption: Protests began in April over the bid by the president to run for a third term
  7. A first for Somalia for a while?

    The Swedish ambassador to Somalia thinks he may have seen a first.

    Isabella Lovin is Sweden's minister for international Development.

  8. Kenyan journalist released

    Kenyan journalist John Ngirachu has been released after being briefly detained by police over a story he wrote about alleged mismanagement of funds in Kenya's interior ministry.

    He left the headquarters of the country's Criminal Investigations Department in the capital, Nairobi, with two lawyers after recording a statement, according to a BBC reporter in the city.

    Earlier Interior Minister Joseph Nkaissery said the journalist will only be released if he divulges his source for the story.

    His detention caused an immediate reaction on social media with #FreeNgirachu trending on Twitter.

  9. Chad appeals for financial backing to help Boko Haram fight

    Chad's Foreign Minister, Moussa Farki, has been appealing for donors to deliver on promises to fund the campaign against Boko Haram militants.

    It follows yesterday's declaration of a state of emergency in the Lake Chad region meaning homes can be randomly searched for weapons.

    "The commitment [to fight the war] is very expensive. We are convinced of the need to intervene.

    "So it means financial, substantial material resources and the need for the mobilization of resources, in addition to the commitments made by the state.

    "Promises do not help. When there is a war and the troops are deployed on the ground, logistics must follow and not suffer any delay."

    Chadian soldiers
    Image caption: Chadian soldiers are part of a multi-national force fighting Boko Haram
  10. Why would migrants leave Europe?

    African leaders are among those meeting in in Malta this week for a summit on migration.

    One of the questions some will be asking is what will persuade people who don't get asylum or visas to leave Europe.

    But in tough economic times, some people are returning voluntarily.

    The BBC's Chris Morris talked to Frederick in Accra, Ghana on the BBC's Today programme. He left Holland and returned to Ghana.

    What persuaded him to go was the International Organization for Migration paid for his plane ticket and a car when he returned so he could set up as a taxi driver.

    Taxis in Accra
  11. Protests in Nigeria over arrest of Biafran activist

    Pro Biafra protesters in southern Nigeria on Sunday 8 November, 2015
    Image caption: Many ethnic Igbos feel Nigeria's central government is not representing their interests

    Hundreds of people in southern Nigeria have been protesting about the continued detention of Nnamdi Kanu, an activist who supports the creation of a breakaway state of Biafra.

    The director of Radio Biafra was arrested last month and is still being held despite a court order to free him, his mainly ethnic Igbo supporters say.

    The government says his station has been operating without a licence.

    Biafran secessionists fought a three-year civil war that ended in 1970.

    More than one million people lost their lives before the uprising was eventually quelled by the military.

    Read more on BBC News Online.

  12. Saro-Wiwa's son: Authorities didn't silence his message

    Twenty years since the execution of the Nigerian environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa by the military government his son has been looking back at those events and the impact of his father's life. 

    Ken Saro-Wiwa Junior told BBC Focus on Africa radio that his father would be shocked that "not much has changed in Ogoniland", the oil-rich place he was campaigning for.

    He also said that with his father's execution the authorities wanted to silence his father but "20 years on people are still remembering and insisting on honouring his memory".

    Listen to the interview here:

    View more on Soundcloud
  13. Why is there a drought in Ethiopia?

    Chris Fawkes, BBC Meteorologist

    Parts of Ethiopia are gripped by drought. There are several reasons for this:

    • There is quite a strong link between El Nino - the warming of the tropical Pacific Ocean - and poor rainfall in the wider Sahel region of Africa
    • Above average sea temperatures in the Indian Ocean have also been linked by scientists to poor seasonal rains.
    • Changes in the position and strength of the east Africa jet stream would also affect rainfall in the Sahel. This normally drags moist air - which helps rain form - from the Gulf of Guinea.

    Here's the forecast for tonight:

    Weather map

    But the dry season has only just begun, and this year's dry season will feel like a long one.

  14. Kenya's opposition leader weighs in over journalist arrest

    Kenya's opposition leader Raila Odinga has said it's "absurd" to say that journalist John Ngirachu will be released when he reveals the source for his story about corruption in the ministry of the interior.

    Mr Odinga said he hopes the government "respect the timeless tradition that journalists are duty bound to protect the sources of information as long as that information is of immense public interest".

  15. US Burundi violence warning 'taking it too far'

    Burundi's foreign minister has told BBC Focus on Africa radio that a US envoy was "taking it too far" in his warnings about violence in Burundi.

    Thomas Perriello said to the press earlier today in the capital, Bujumbura, that perpetrators of violence will face the consequences.

    He added that opposition members had told him they are willing to enter into peace talks whereas he was still trying to identify the barriers for the government doing so.

    But foreign minister Alain Nyamitwe told the BBC that reports of violence are exaggerated and that the government had the situation under control.

    People continue to leave the capital city Bujumbura
    Image caption: People are continuing to move away from Burundi's capital Bujumbura
  16. Hashtag about arrested Kenyan journalist now trending

    The hashtag #FreeNgirachu is now trending on Twitter in Kenya after a senior journalist with the Nation media group John Ngirachu was arrested over a report he wrote about alleged mismanagement of spending in the ministry of interior.

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    The Interior Minister Joseph Nkaissery - who's in charge of the police - says the journalist will only be released if he divulges his source for the information.

    He says the journalist was arrested for publishing privileged information which was given at a Public Accounts Committee meeting held in camera.

    The minister also released a statement about corruption being reported in the media (in the tweet below) which says:

    "In the event these claims are false or intended to cause disaffection against the government, contribute to economic sabotage or contribute towards generating economic insecurity then the said person will be held personally to account."

    View more on twitter
  17. Nigeria president sacks 17 civil service heads

    Mansur Liman

    BBC Hausa editor

    Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari has told 17 permanent secretaries of federal ministries to go on compulsory retirement.

    This comes ahead of the planned swearing-in of cabinet ministers scheduled for tomorrow.

    The president has not given any reason for sacking the permanent secretaries, however in the past, permanent secretaries have been blamed for allowing the corruption to take place in government ministries and jettisoning civil service guidelines.

    Campaign poster
    Image caption: President Buhari fought this year's election on a pledge to tackle corruption
  18. Kenyan journalist arrested over report on government spending

    Kenya's Nation news organisation says one of its senior journalists has been arrested for a report he wrote about government spending:

    View more on twitter

    Reports say he was arrested by the police in parliament.

  19. Dear Mr President...

    Tulanana Bohela

    BBC Africa, Dar es Salaam

    Tanzanians are starting to joke about the unannounced visits that new President John Magufuli is making to government departments and state-run institutions.

    On Monday, he ticked off the administration at the main hospital in Dar es Salaam after finding patients sleeping on the floor when he made a surprise visit.

    Now this picture is being widely circulated on social media:

    Post it note on computer screen

    The note says: "Dear President Magufuli, I have ulcers so I have gone out for some tea but will be right back in no time. Signed your dutiful officer at 2:39 pm."

    Another joke doing the rounds imagines a husband coming into the kitchen:

    • Wife: "Heh?! My husband what kind of behaviour is this just showing up in my kitchen and tasting the food from the pot?"
    • Husband: "Nothing here but work, I'm making an impromptu visit like Magufuli."

    Something may have been lost in the translation as "Hapa kazi tu", meaning "nothing here but work", was Mr Magufuli's campaign slogan.

  20. Ethiopia 'has prepared for drought'

    The Embassy of Ethiopia in London has called a BBC News TV report on the drought in Ethiopia "sensational".

    The report was about a UN warning that more than 15 million people in Ethiopia will be in need of food aid by the beginning of 2016 because of a severe drought.

    Ethiopian countryside

    "There will not be famine of any sort, let alone anything remotely like the magnitude of that of 1984," the statement said.

    "The sensational news broadcast by BBC TV, regarding children dying on a daily basis, does not reflect the current broad reality on the ground and the full preparation that has gone into overcoming the problem," it added.

  21. Call for a pardon of executed Nigerian activist

    The head of the Nigerian Human Rights Commission, Chidi Odinkalu, has called for a posthumous pardon of the activist Ken Saro-Wiwa, according to AFP news agency.

    Ken Saro-Wiwa

    He was hanged 20 years ago today after being convicted in a secret trial over their alleged involvement in the killing of four prominent chiefs in the Ogoniland region of southern Nigeria.

    He always denied his involvement.

    Mr Odinkalu told AFP it was beyond doubt the trial was "deeply flawed" and "unsafe" as due process was not followed.

    From the archives: Ken Saro-Wiwa in pictures

  22. Funeral for slain son of Burundi activist

    Janet Onyango

    BBC Monitoring

    Today sees the burial of the son of Burundi human rights activist and outspoken government critic, Pierre Claver Mbonimpa.

    Welly Fleury Nzitonda was found dead in Cibitoke, north-east of Bujumbura on 6 November, but it is not clear how he was killed.

    His father was shot and wounded by unknown gunmen in August and is currently getting treatment in Belgium.

    A group of independent journalists calling themselves SOS Medias Burundi posted pictures of the funeral service on their Facebook page.

    Funeral
  23. Nigeria's Instagram agony aunt

    When you have relationship problems, sometimes advice from your nearest and dearest doesn't cut it. 

    BBC Hausa has found some troubled souls in Nigeria are instead turning to Ziya'atulhaqq Usman Tahir.

    She has built up a following of thousands on Instagram by posting people's problems on her account - Fatibolady.

    Her followers then give their tips.

    View more on instagram

    Followers are divided on whether she should stay or go.

    Nabulty advises to stay with him as “it’s better to marry a man that loves u more than u do love him”.

    While Gajiraam disagrees:

    “How can you even kiss someone u don't fancy let alone get intimate with. I probably would stab him every time he annoyed me" she argues, quite strongly.

    Here are a couple more love dilemmas for you to chew on:

    View more on instagram
    View more on instagram
  24. Athletics Kenya: We have doping challenges

    The head of Kenyan athletics Isaac Mwangi has admitted that there are doping challenges to be faced in Kenya.

    Dick Pound, who has been investigating doping in athletics for the world governing body, the IAAF, said on Monday that "Kenya has a real problem and have been very slow to acknowledge it".

    Mr Mwangi told the BBC's Newsday programme that "doping challenges are there, and we are looking at the areas around legislation".

    He also said that Athletics Kenya is working on an education programme on the issue of drug taking in athletics.

    Rita Jeptoo
    Image caption: Kenya's Rita Jeptoo, winner of the Boston and Chicago marathons, was banned in January for two years after failing a drugs test
  25. Tanzania's new president sacks hospital chief

    Tanzania's new president sacked the head of the main state hospital after finding patients sleeping on the floor during a surprise visit according to Reuters news agency. 

    A television channel tweeted a picture of President John Magufuli's surprise visit to Muhimbili National Hospital yesterday:

    View more on twitter

    He is "trying to send a message that times have changed - the government has to deliver for the people," the chief secretary at the president's office, Ombeni Sefue, told Reuters.  

  26. Senegal call to 'fight excessive' Islam

    Senegal's President Macky Sall has called for a fight against the "excessive form" of Islam which has led to the growth of jihadi groups.

    Macky Sall

    Muslim clerics needed to be trained to promote "tolerant Islam", he added.

    Mr Sall, a Muslim, also called for greater intelligence-sharing between governments.

    Last week, Senegalese officials said two imams had been charged with money-laundering, and suspected links with militant Islamists.

    Other West African states - including Nigeria and Mali - are battling militants linked to al-Qaeda or the Islamic State (IS) group.

    Read more on the BBC news website.

  27. Meningitis jab a 'stunning success'

    A mass vaccination programme against meningitis A in Africa has been a "stunning success", says the World Health Organization.

    Vaccination

    In 2013 there were just four cases across the meningitis belt, which stretches across sub-Saharan Africa from Gambia in the west to Ethiopia in the east.

    The area once faced thousands of deaths each year.

    More than 220 million people were immunised across the 16 countries.

    Read more on the BBC News website.

  28. Nigeria's Goodluck Jonathan mediates in Zanzibar

    The Nigerian press has been reacting to news that former President Goodluck Jonathan has been appointed as a mediator in the semi-autonomous Tanzanian archipelago of Zanzibar.

    He had been in Tanzania observing the presidential elections but the vote in Zanzibar was cancelled over irregularities.

    The Nation newspaper said his appointment "is seen as an affirmation of his towering status as the moral face of democracy and transparent polling in Africa".

    His job as special representative will be to "remain in contact with key political leaders and to encourage them" to end the political impasse Commonwealth Secretary-General, Kamalesh Sharma is quoted as saying.

    Goodluck Jonathan and John Magufuli
    Image caption: Goodluck Jonathan observed the election which saw John Magufuli become Tanzania's president
  29. South Africa water restrictions over drought

    Pumza Fihlani

    BBC News, Johannesburg

    The authorities in South Africa's commercial capital, Johannesburg, have implemented some water restrictions which will compel consumers and businesses to control water usage.

    This comes as South Africa is going through its worst drought since 1982.

    The restrictions include a call for no watering gardens from 6am-6pm, no filling of pools and bath tubs and no use of hosepipes to wash cars.

    Authorities say non-compliance could lead to stricter restrictions which would involve cutting water supply at certain periods.

    More than 2.7 million households around the country have been affected by water shortages, according to the authorities.

    dead cow lies on the banks of the dried up Black Umfolozi river, Ulundi, Nothern Kwazulu Natal, South Africa 09 November 2015
    Image caption: Some cattle have died in parts of KwaZulu Natal province because of the drought

    The government has already allocated $26m to KwaZulu-Natal, one of the worst hit provinces, in a bid to mitigate the impact of the drought that has been blamed on the El Nino weather pattern. El Nino is expected to also impact other parts of southern Africa.

    Emaciated cattle roam through the dried up Mfolozi River in Ulundi, some 159km North of Durban on November 9, 2015 in Kwa Zulu Natal, as a sever drought affects South Africa.
    Image caption: The Mfolozi River in KwaZulu Natal has largely dried up
  30. Saro-Wiwa memorial bus still held in customs

    A memorial bus for the Nigerian activist Ken Saro-Wiwa is still sitting in customs on the day of the anniversary of his execution.

    This artwork made by artist Sokari Douglas Camp was sent over to Nigeria from the UK:

    artwork made by artist Sokari Douglas Camp

    But on Newsday this morning Suzanne Dhaliwal from Action Saro-Wiwa said the bus had been seized by customs six weeks ago.

    "There's been an absolute outpouring from the people in Nigeria asking for the bus to be released," she said.

    "We are still seeing the same attitudes to the freedom of expression that were there 20 years ago."

  31. Strange heat spots observed within Egyptian pyramids

    An international team of architects and scientists have observed "thermal anomalies" in the pyramids of Giza, Egyptian antiquities officials say.

    Thermal cameras detected higher temperatures in three adjacent stones at the bottom of the Great Pyramid.

    Officials said possible causes included the existence of empty areas inside the pyramid, internal air currents, or the use of different building materials.

    It comes as experts search for hidden chambers within the pyramids.

    The tombs of the pharaohs Khufu (Kheops), Khafre (Khephren) and Menkaure (Mycerinus) were built in the Fourth Dynasty, about 2613-2494BC.

    The Great Pyramid, or Pyramid of Khufu, the largest of the pyramids of Giza, is pictured on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, 9 November 2015
    Image caption: The discovery was made two weeks into the thermal scanning project

    Read more from the BBC story.

  32. Plans for SA presidential jet defended

    South Africa's state-run defence company Armscor is defending plans to procure a new jet for President Jacob Zuma that could cost $280m (£185m).

    It's been criticised by opposition parties for being too luxurious and they are pushing for a cheaper, less luxurious option.

    The defence department has advertised for a plane with a bedroom suite and a conference room.  

    A BBC reporter is tweeting from the Armscor press conference:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  33. Gay Ugandans regret fleeing to Kenya

    Hundreds of people in Uganda's lesbian, gay, bisexual and transsexual (LGBT) community have fled the country to escape homophobia and persecution.

    But many are now stuck in Kenya where the situation is not much better.

    The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza travelled to one refugee camp where hate leaflets had been posted on the walls asking residents not to mix with people from the LGBT community.

    Anti-gay poster

    The Ugandans stand out in Kakuma camp as they are from a country which is considered peaceful.

    The other residents are mainly from conflict-ridden places such as South Sudan and Somalia.

    Read more on the Ugandans regretting fleeing to Kenya.

  34. Corruption back on Kenya front pages

    Standard front page

    The corruption allegations surrounding Kenya's Ministry of Devolution are not going away. Last week, we reported on the how it was alleged to have bought a series of goods at inflated prices.

    The Standard newspaper is reporting that a new list of the prices paid for goods has now been released.

    This comes as the minister in charge Anne Waiguru is due to answer questions at the Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission EACC).

  35. Vigils for Niger Delta oil activist Ken Saro-Wiwa

    Martin Patience

    BBC News, Lagos

    Vigils are being held in Nigeria to mark the 20th anniversary of the execution of the human rights activist and writer Ken Saro-Wiwa - along with eight others.

    The men protested against the pollution caused by oil production in the Niger Delta.

    The writer led a peaceful uprising of hundreds of thousands against Shell's widespread pollution in Ogoniiland.

    His execution sparked international condemnation, led to Nigeria's suspension from the British Commonwealth and highlighted issues in the Niger Delta that remain unresolved.

    An Amnesty International report last week accused Shell of failing to clean up oil spills in the region - an accusation the company denied.

    Within the Niger delta Mr Saro-Wiwa is seen as hero - a rallying figure for those in the region who feel they've paid a huge environmental price while failing to reap the benefits from oil.

    A poster showing late Ogoni human rights activists Ken Saro-Wiwa hangs 19 November, 2003 at his father's sitting room at Bane town in Niger Delta

    But others in Nigeria believe the activist stirred divisions within the country by putting his region and his people before the nation as a whole.

  36. UN adviser: Burundi on verge of descent into violence

    The United Nations adviser on genocide Adama Dieng says Burundi "appears to be on the verge of a descent into violence that could escalate into atrocity crimes", reports the Reuters news agency.

    Mr Dieng was addressing an emergency Security Council meeting looking into the political crisis.

    It did not make any decision on how to ease the tensions in the country but a draft resolution circulated by France, and seen by the AFP news agency, threatens targeted sanctions against Burundian leaders who are implicated in the ongoing violence.

    Reuters reports that Burundi's Foreign Minister Alain Aime Nyamitwe told the meeting by video phone that the "country was calm" except for small parts of the capital, Bujumbura.

    People carrying bags leaving a part of Bujumbura
    Image caption: People have been fleeing some districts of Burundi's capital fearing more violence
  37. Wise words

    Today's African ‪proverb‬: "One day the monkey will go to the market and it will not come back." A Pidgin proverb sent by Abdulfatai Abinbola, Minna, Nigeria

    Click here to send us your African proverbs

    Drill monkey on Cross Rivers state
  38. Good morning

    Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page where we'll be keeping you up-to-date with news developments on the continent.