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  1. South Sudanese refugees 'killed Ethiopians with shovels'
  2. Infighting worsens in Nigeria's main opposition party
  3. Warning that African yellow fever outbreak could spread to other continents
  4. Mauritania's anti-slavery campaigners 'tortured' in prison
  5. UK firm 'breaks promises made to South African workers'
  6. Kenya's David Rudisha retains 800m crown
  7. Get Involved: #BBCAfricaLive WhatsApp: +44 7341070844
  8. Email stories and comments to - Tuesday 16 August 2016

Live Reporting

By Hugo Williams and Farouk Chothia

All times stated are UK

Get involved

Scroll down for today's stories

We'll be back on Wednesday

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. We'll be back tomorrow. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

A reminder of today's wise words:

The right time to slap a king is when a fly sits on his cheek."

Sent by Machar Malek, Rumbek, South Sudan.

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.  

We leave you with this picture of today's ceremony in Rio, where South Africa's Wayde van Niekerk received his Olympic gold medal after a world-record beating performance in the men's 400m:

Gold medalist Wayde van Niekerk poses with his medal.

South Sudan: Eyewitness account of violence against aid workers

UN peacekeepers and the US embassy have been accused of failing to respond when a compound used by foreign aid workers in South Sudan's capital Juba was attacked by armed men last month.

Several women were raped, men were beaten and a South Sudanese journalist was shot dead. It followed days of fighting between government troops and forces loyal to sacked Vice President Riek Machar.

Gian Libot, one of the foreign aid workers targeted during the attack, told  BBC Focus on Africa radio (listen to the full interview above) that there was no rescue attempt by the UN:

"[The compound was] about a 10-minute drive from the UN base... A number of people with us contacted the peacekeeping mission to ask them to help rescue us... Nobody during the whole ordeal from the UN came to join us."

He also spoke of how he witnessed the killing of respected South Sudanese journalist John Gatluak, who was from the Nuer ethnic group, which is also that of former rebel leader Riek Machar:

One of the soldiers at the back shouted 'Nuer' and two shots were fired into his head right then and there."

The commander of the UN Mission in sudan, Lt Gen Johnson Mogoa Kimani Ondieki, responded to the criticism of his forces in an earlier interview with the BBC's Newsday programme: 

Tribute to ex-Fifa boss following his death

South African President Nelson Mandela speaks next to Joao Havelange (L) in South Africa January 12, 1996
Mr Havelange met anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela in South Africa in 1996

A BBC Africa sports presenter has been tweeting his reaction to the death of Joao Havelange, the former head of world football's governing body Fifa, at the age of 100:

View more on twitter
View more on twitter

Mr Havelange was credited with transforming football into a multi-billion-dollar global enterprise. But he was also accused of corruption. 

He resigned from Fifa in 2013 after he was named as having accepted bribes. 

Mr Havelange, who swam for Brazil in the 1936 Olympics, was a powerful advocate for Rio's bid to host this year's Games. The current Olympic stadium bears his name.  

Rio 2016: 'Hands off Caster'


 More than 17,000 tweets made the hashtag #HandsOffCaster South Africa's top trend over the past weekend. 

It sent a clear message - South Africans were ready to defend their middle-distance runner Caster Semenya from persistent questions over whether she should be excluded from racing in Rio.  

Read the full BBC Trending article here

Killed SA miners remembered at politically charged rally

Relatives of killed miners react during a rally on the fourth anniversary of the Marikana Massacre, where 34 striking miners were killed by police, on August 16, 2016 in Rustenburg, South Africa.

South Africa's opposition leaders have addressed thousands of miners at a rally to mark four years since the Marikana massacre - the deadliest police action in the country since apartheid ended in 1994. 

The leader of the Democratic Alliance Mmusi Maimane said: 

"We need a government that will put roads in this place so that the lives of Africans who live in this place will be restored. Until that time, none of us are free. We will continue to fight."

Mr Maimane shared a platform with Economic Freedom Freedom Fighters leader Julius Malema, in the latest sign of closer relations between the two as they try to weaken the governing African National Congress (ANC). 

Mr Malema told the crowd: 

We are eating this elephant called the ANC piece by piece."

Both the DA and EFF increased their majority in local government elections earlier this month. The ANC's performance was the worst since it took power in 1994. 

Police shot dead 34 miners who were on a wildcat strike at the Marikana platinum mine, owned by UK-based firm Lonmin. 

The shootings were seen as a major turning point in South Africa, as people accused the ANC government of behaving like the apartheid regime, which oppressed black people. 

See earlier post for more details

Nigerian sprinter comes second - behind Usain Bolt

Jamaica"s Usain Bolt (L) hugs Nigeria"s Ejowvokoghene Oduduru after the Men"s 200m Round
Getty Images
The Nigerian sprinter even got a hug after the finish from the Jamaican great

Nigeria’s Divine Oduduru came second to Usain Bolt by just six hundredths of a second in their men's 200m heat, setting a personal best as he booked his place automatically in the semi-final.  

In fairness to Bolt, he slowed down almost to a canter by the 100m mark, keeping his lead but preserving energy for the next races. 

table showing Bolt with 20.28 qualification time, Oduduru with 20.34
Oduduru came 2nd behind Bolt in a time of 20.34 seconds

*Oduduru's first name is given in official results as Ejowvokoghene, but he is better known as Divine in Nigeria

Mogadishu residents complain of 'exorbitant' ID card fee

Ibrahim Aden

BBC Africa, Mogadishu

Somali soldiers stand guard on June 26, 2016 on the scene of the terror attack on a hotel in the Somali capital Mogadishu that killed at least 11 people the day before and was swiftly claimed by Al-Qaeda-affiliated al-Shabab militants.
Militants have stepped up their bombing campaign in Mogadishu in the last year

Residents of Somalia's capital Mogadishu are complaining about the $20 (£15) fee they have to pay for the new electronic ID cards they are required to carry in the city. 

Officials say the cards have been introduced for security reasons in a city frequently targeted by militant Islamist group al-Shabab. 

Deputy mayor Ismail Maalim Abdi Gure said:

The card has an electronic chip that stores personal details - the details include the name and physical address. The person must carry the card at all times so that he can be identified by the security forces."

Residents say they cannot afford to pay $20, especially when given that unemployment is high and wages are low in the city. 

One resident told me: 

I have to pay for my four grown-up children as well as for myself. I can’t afford it. We appeal to the government to reduce the charges."

Satire series What's Up Africa returns

Satirist Ikenna Azuike is back this week with a new series of What's Up Africa. Here's a teaser:

View more on twitter

To catch up with previous series, check out this BBC Africa YouTube playlist

Following the ranger in Botswana with 'wildlife in his blood'

BBC Africa Business Report's Lerato Mbele is in Botswana for the #BBCWorkingLives season.

She's been tweeting photos from Mokolodi Nature Reserve, where she is following the day-to-day life of a park ranger.

View more on twitter

Lerato says she also saw Botswana's army out on an anti-poaching patrol during her time with David. 

Top-secret tortoise sanctuary in Madagascar


Madagascar's conservationists are working in secrecy to protect one of the world's most beautiful tortoises from poachers.

Journalist Martin Vogl visited them at their villa in the capital, Antananarivo. Read his article here.  

Kenya 'halts Chinese-backed rail project'

Kenya's Transport minister  Irungu Nyakera  has stopped a Chinese firm from pressing ahead with building a railway line linking the capital, Nairobi, to the market town of Naivasha in the north-west, the local Business Daily newspaper reports.  

The decision comes after Kenyans two weeks ago attacked the firm's Chinese workers, accusing them of taking the jobs of locals. 

Mr Nyakera is quoted as saying that project still needed to be approved by the railway board and an environmental impact assessment needed to be conducted. 

He told the National Assembly's land committee:  

"Legally, they [the contractor] should not have started."

It is not entirely clear how the Chinese firm started building the railway line if permission was not granted. 

Men's 1,500m semi-finals places decided

Nick Cavell

BBC Africa Sport

Taoufik Makhloufi runs in the 800m final behind David Rudisha
Taoufik Makhloufi had very little time to recover after his 800m final

African athletes through to the semi-finals of the men's 1,500m (23:45 GMT):

Algeria’s Taoufik Makhloufi, the defending champion, qualified fastest despite having won silver, behind David Rudisha, less than 12 hours earlier in the men's 800m.  

Other semi-final qualifiers:

Kenya’s Asbel Kiprop

Djibouti’s Ayanleh Souleiman

Morocco’s Fouad Elkaam

Kenya’s Elijah Motonei Manangoi

Ethiopia’s Mekonnen Gebremedhin

Kenya’s Ronald Kwemoi

Morocco’s Abdalaati Iguider

Uganda’s Ronald Musagala

Ethiopia’s Dawit Wolde

Morocco’s Brahim Kaazouzi

South Sudan’ Santino Kenyi failed to progress, but still managed to set a national record with his time. 

'More than 150' detained in Zambia riots

Meluse Kapatamoyo

BBC Africa, Lusaka

Zambian police now say that 151 opposition supporters have been arrested for being involved in riots in their southern strongholds following President Edgar Lungu's disputed victory in elections

Some of the supporters of the United Party for National Development had set ablaze a house and a restaurant, police spokesman Rae Hamoonga said. 

Destroyed stalls in Zambia

In Monze town and surrounding areas, roads were barricaded with burning tyres, market stalls were torched and eight vehicles parked at the police station were damaged.

Mr Hamoonga added:

The situation has since been brought under control. We have intensified both foot and motorised patrols in the province".

See earlier post for more details

'Shocking' rape levels around SA mines

One in four women living in a key platinum mining area in South Africa has been raped in her lifetime, a survey by medical charity MSF has said.

About half of women in Rustenburg had been subject to sexual violence or intimate partner violence, it said.

The charity said the findings of its survey were "shocking but not uncommon" in South Africa.

South Africa has one of the highest incidences of rape in the world and a low prosecution rate.

Based on its survey of more than 800 women aged 18-49 in Rustenburg municipality, north-west of Johannesburg, MSF said only 5% of the approximately 11,000 women and girls raped each year reported the incident to a health worker.

Three Ethiopians and three Kenyans into women's 5,000m final

Nick Cavell

BBC Africa Sport

Six African athletes came through heats to qualify for the final of the women's 5000m, which will be on Saturday at 00:40 GMT:

Hellen Obiri (Kenya)

Mercy Cherono (Kenya)

Almaz Ayana (Ethiopia), who took gold in the 10,000m, won her heat very convincingly

Senbere Teferi (Ethiopia)

Vivian Cheruiyot (Kenya), who took silver in the 10,000m

Ababel Yeshaneh (Ethiopia); went through as a fastest loser

Almaz Ayana stands in front of board showing her world record 1000m time of 29 minutes 17 point 45 seconds
Getty Images
Ethiopia's Almaz Ayana smashed the world record by over 14 seconds to win Olympic gold in the women's 10,000m

AU troops jailed for running fuel racket in Somalia

Ugandan soldiers
The AU troops were the first to be convicted in Somalia

Nine African Union peacekeepers have been jailed for running a fuel racket in Somalia, the AU mission in the country has said in a statement. 

The soldiers - all Ugandans, including two majors - had been sentenced to between one years and three years in prison after being tried by a Ugandan military court, it added. 

Three of the soldiers had also been "dismissed with disgrace from the army", it added.

It was the first time a military court connected to the AU mission had sat in Somalia since the troops were deployed nine years ago. 

Uganda is the highest troop contributor to the 22,000-strong AU force fighting militant Islamists.

Cartoonists inspired by Africa's Olympic golds

South Africa's Zapiro celebrates the extraordinary world-record breaking performance by Wayde van Niekerk in the men's 400m on Sunday night, with a nod to Usain Bolt (pictured on the right), who congratulated the 24-year-old on the track after the race. 

View more on twitter

Meanwhile cartoonist Victor Ndula tackles the ambiguity over athletes' nationalities, poking fun at Kenyans keen to claim Ruth Jebet's gold medal in the women's 3000m steeplechase as their own. 

That's despite the fact that the Kenyan-born athlete is running under the flag of Bahrain (tacked on to the end of the Kenyan flag in the cartoon), having decided to represent the Gulf state back when she was 16. 

View more on twitter

Nigeria's PDP in disarray: Two leaders, two court rulings

Naziru Mikailu

BBC Abuja editor

PDP supporters in 2015
The umbrella, symbolising unity, is the PDP's emblem

Nigeria’s People’s Democratic Party (PDP) seems to be in as much disarray as the Labour party in UK with splits and court cases in the battle for leadership of the beleaguered opposition party. 

The situation in Nigeria seems even more chaotic – as two federal high courts have given two different rulings on whether party’s annual convention tomorrow in the southern city of Port Harcourt should go ahead.

A ruling in the capital, Abuja, has cancelled the event, but a few hours earlier a high court in Port Court had said it should go on as planned.

The party also has two leaders, both of whom are powerful former governors: 

  • Ahmed Makarfi, a former governor of Kaduna – his faction is in favour of the convention
  • Ali Sheriff, a former governor of Borno – his faction is against it and he views it as an attempt to oust him after falling out with some key players in the party. 

All efforts to reconcile the two powerful camps have so far failed. 

It is a sad state of affairs for a party which ruled Nigeria for 16 years until losing elections last year.

It also means that with so much infighting, the country’s main opposition is not focused in its job of holding President Muhammadu Buhari’s government to account.

Uganda's police boss 'cannot be prosecuted'

Ugandan police officers stand guard outside the house of Uganda's main opposition leader Kizza Besigye home on February 22, 2016 in Kasangati, suburb of Kampala.
Uganda's security forces have played a key role in helping the president remain in power

Uganda's interior minister has rallied around embattled police chief Kale Kaihura after he was accused of ignoring a summons to appear in court to answer charges of police brutality against opposition supporters. 

Speaking at a press conference in the capital, Kampala, Aboubakar Jeje Odongo said the police boss could not be sued, as an individual, because was "holding a constitutional office".

He added: 

The inspector-general of police is an institution. Therefore, to isolate him as an individual is not correct."

About 20 human rights lawyers are behind a case against Gen Kayihura over alleged police brutality against supporters of defeated presidential candidate Kizza Besigye. 

Gen Kayihura failed to show up in court earlier this month, alleging that he had not received the summons. 

He also failed to appear before a parliamentary committee investigating the allegations.

Mr Besigye and his supporters have rejected long-serving ruler Yoweri Museveni's victory in elections in February as fraudulent.  

#RememberMarikana - Crowds gather at scene of massacre

A South African news website reports that there are large crowds gathering at the scene of the 2012 Marikana massacre for an memorial event to mark four years since police shot dead 34 striking miners:

View more on twitter

Marikana: 'My husband died in vain'

Family celebrates after Rudisha's 'war' on track

View more on twitter

David Rudisha's family have been speaking to the BBC of their joy at his gold medal in the men's 800m in Rio, retaining his crown from London four years ago.  

Rudisha's father Daniel, who won silver himelf at the Olympics in 1968 in the 4x400m relay, told the BBC's John Nene in Kilgoris, south-western Kenya, that he was worried before the race: 

A race is war....and any war has problems. you can never be sure. You can break your legs."

David Rudisha's father Daniel

David's mother Naomi Rudisha said she was delighted and thanked God for her son's victory. 

His sister Magdalene said she was very happy as well, having been worried about the rainy conditions out on the track. 

Ethiopians killed with 'sticks and shovels'

South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring Ethiopia have been charged in court with murdering 10 Ethiopians with sticks and shovels, Reuters news agency reports. 

The 23 are alleged to have carried out the killings at a refugee camp in Ethiopia's western Gambella province in April in retaliation for a car accident in which two refugee children died, it reports. 

They have not yet pleaded.

Reuters quotes the charge sheet as saying that the "gruesome" murders were planned in advance and two women were among the dead. 

The charge sheet added: 

The 10 victims were all innocent Ethiopian civilians who were only employed as construction workers at the site."

More than 270,000 South Sudanese are taking refuge in Gambella, having fled violence which has hit their home country since it became independent in 2011. 


'Mass arrests' in Zambia after protests

Zambian police officers patrol on August 13, 2016 in Lusaka, two days after Zambian presidential elections.
Zambia is one of the most stable countries in Africa

Police in Zambia have arrested 133 people protesting against the re-election of President Edgar Lungu after his main opponent Hakainde Hichilema alleged that the poll was rigged, a senior officer has said, Reuters news agency reports. 

Riots broke out in most parts of the Southern Province, including the popular tourist city of Livingstone, the Zambia Times reports. 

Its police chief Godwin Phiri told Reuters that protesters "targeted perceived supporters of the ruling party, destroying their property". 

He added:    

It is like this was well planned and they were just waiting for the winner to be declared. Calm has now returned following the arrests.

Mr Hichilema says he plans to mount a legal challenge against the result, alleging widespread fraud. 

Mr Lungu was declared the winner with 50.35% in Thursday's vote, just over the 50% threshold needed to avoid a second round.

Mr Hichilema obtained 47.67% of the vote, according to official results. 

Zambia"s ruling party Patriotic Front president-elect Edgar Lungu"s supporters celebrate after the announcement of Lungu as the Presidential race winner on August 15, 2016 in Lusaka.
Mr Lungu was first elected president in 2015 following the death of his predecssor Michael Sata

The great-grandmother coaching SA's new Olympic star

South Africa's Wayde van Niekerk broke Michael Johnson's 17-year-old 400m world record to sensationally win Olympic gold at Rio 2016.  

Johnson has even hinted that van Niekerk could be a worthy successor to Usain Bolt as athletics' next big star. 

The South African is coached by Anna Botha, a 74-year-old great-grandmother, who also coached former 100m world champion Frankie Fredericks, 

So did she know Wayde would be a world record breaker from the start? The veteran Namibian-born coach has been speaking to the BBC's Mo Allie: 

Video: Who is Wayde van Niekerk?

David Rudisha: The fastest policeman on the planet

Rudisha smiles in full police uniform
David Rudisha
David Rudisha shown in full police uniform in June

After David Rudisha's stunning defence of his 800m Olympic title overnight, could one of the secrets to his success on the track be his other job as a Kenyan police officer? 

Kenyan journalist Elias Makori told the BBC's Newsday programme why serving in national services could be a huge boost for the country's athletes:

They get focused when they are working in the forces and they are given lots of time off from work to train."

Marikana massacre: UK firm accused of reneging on housing promise

Matthew Davies

Editor, BBC Africa Business Report

It's four years since 34 striking platinum miners were shot dead by police near Marikana in South Africa. 

A new report by Amnesty International shows the owners of the Marikana mine, the British company Lonmin, have done little to improve the living conditions of thousands of workers. 

In the wake of the killings four years ago, Lonmin had promised to supply homes for several thousands of its workers. To date, claims Amnesty International, the company has built just three houses, while workers continue to live in shacks in informal settlements close to the Marikana mine. 

In this Aug. 12, 2016 photo, Ntutuzelo Vukani sits outside his two-room metal shack, in Marikana, South Africa
People in Marikana still use pit latrines

Lonmin itself acknowledges that 13,500 of its workers are still in need of formal accommodation, but also says that the challenges are huge and that this is not an undertaking that a single mining company can do on its own. 

Amnesty says that Lonmin is in breach of a legal agreement with the government to improve housing at the mine and, as such, the authorities should either enforce the agreement or revoke Lonmin's mining licence.

Egyptian Judoka sent home for Olympics handshake snub

Islam El Shehaby
Getty Images

Egyptian judoka Islam El Shehaby has been sent home from the Olympics after he refused to shake the hand of Israeli opponent Or Sasson after their bout.

The 34-year-old was "strongly reprimanded" by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) after his first-round loss on Friday.

The IOC say his conduct was "against the spirit of friendship embodied in the Olympic values".

The Egyptian Olympic Committee condemned El Shehaby and sent him home.

Read the full BBC Sport story

Rio 2016: David Rudisha retains 800m crown

David Rudisha became the first athlete since New Zealand's Peter Snell in 1964 to retain the men's 800m Olympic title.

The 27-year-old Kenyan hit the front with about 300m to go after compatriot Alfred Kipketer sprinted clear on the first lap of the race.

Rudisha finished in one minute 42.15 seconds, ahead of Algeria's Taoufik Makhloufi and fast-finishing American Clayton Murphy.

"I am so excited," said Rudisha. "It is the greatest moment of my career."

Makhloufi ran a new national record of one minute 42.61 seconds and Murphy clocked a personal best of one minute 42.93 seconds in a bizarre race.

Read the full BBC story here

David Lekuta Rudisha of Kenya runs on his way to winning the gold medal ahead of silver medalist Taoufik Makhloufi of Algeria and bronze medalist Clayton Murphy of the United States in the Men"s 800m final on Day 10 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the Olympic Stadium on August 15, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro,
Getty Images

Mauritania anti-slavery activists 'tortured'

Thirteen anti-slavery campaigners in Mauritania have told a court they had been tortured in custody following their arrest on charges of inviting a rebellion, their lawyer has said, AFP news agency reports. 

The activists had named their torturers and had demanded that action be taken against them, said Brahim Ould Ebetty, representing the members of the Initiative for the Resurgence of the Abolitionist Movement (IRA). 

He told AFP:

One by one, the thirteen spoke out against the forms of torture they had been subjected to in custody."

The group was arrested last month after a protest in a slum community in the capital, Nouakchott, against moves to forcibly relocate them as the country prepared for a one-day Arab League summit. 

A protest to demand the release of the 13 was held earlier this month in  Senegal's capital, Dakar:

Anti slavery militants demonstrate on August 3, 2016 in Dakar against the imprisonement of fellow activists in Mauritania as they hold placards with their names.

Slavery is illegal in Mauritania, but it is still practised by some people. 

Yellow fever 'could spread from Africa to Europe'

BBC World Service

The British charity Save the Children has warned that a yellow fever outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola could soon spread to Europe, the Americas and Asia. 

In the largest global outbreak in 30 years, nearly 400 people suspected of having the disease have died in both countries. 

20/07/2016 Reuters A Congolese woman is vaccinated during an emergency campaign of vaccination against yellow fever in Kisenso district, of the Democratic Republic of Congo"s capital Kinshasa, July 20, 2016.
An emergency vaccination programme is under way in DR Congo

Yellow fever is spread through infected Aedes Egypti mosquitoes, which are present in many Western countries. 

The World Health Organisation says no new cases have been reported in Angola since June, raising hopes that the epidemic could be brought under control.  

Read: Angola's front line against yellow fever

Today's wise words

Our African proverb of the day:

The right time to slap a king is when a fly sits on his cheek."

Sent by Machar Malek, Rumbek, South Sudan.

Click her to send us your African proverbs. 

Good morning

Welcome to the BBC Africa Live page, where we'll bring you the latest updates from around the continent.