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  1. Gambian leader Yahya Jammeh says in 22 years he has modernised the country
  2. Tanzania 'revokes ownership of an ex-PM's unfarmed land'
  3. The Ugandan king of Rwenzururu charged with murder
  4. Burundian presidential aide Willy Nyamitwe survives assassination bid
  5. Burundi accuses Rwanda of being behind the plot
  6. Cameroon's Indomitable Lionesses into Nations Cup final
  7. South Africa's ANC rejects bid to remove President Zuma
  8. Miners in Burkina Faso seize gold worth $1.7m in pay dispute
  9. Qatar pledges $1.25bn for Tunisia's economy
  10. Zimbabwe bank employees sacked over bond note photos
  11. Ohio attacker Abdul Razak Ali Artan was 'Somali refugee'
  12. Email stories and comments to - Tuesday 29 November 2016

Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe, Lamine Konkobo and Lucy Fleming

All times stated are UK

Get involved

  1. Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

    We'll be back tomorrow

    That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.

    A reminder of our proverb of the day:

    Quote Message: A husband that fears his wife will not father a child." from A Borana proverb sent by Jumbe Guyo, Moyale, Kenya
    A Borana proverb sent by Jumbe Guyo, Moyale, Kenya

    Click here to send us your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with this picture of children from the Suri ethnic group posing in Ethiopia's southern Omo Valley region. It has been selected by the AFP news agency in its collection of the best photos of 2016.

    Children from the Suri ethnic group posing
  2. Sudan analysis: Biggest anti-Bashir action in 27 years

    Khalid Tabidi

    BBC Arabic

    Closed shops in Khartoum, Sudan - Tuesday 29 November 2016
    Image caption: These shops were closed today in Sudan's capital, Khartoum

    Today is the last day of a three-day national civil disobedience in Sudan - a strike called by ordinary citizens, who took to social media to object to the latest series of the government’s economic measures that have resulted in a dramatic rise in the prices of medications, food and fuel.

    On Sunday, many people observed the disobedience and simply stayed at home, which brought capital, Khartoum, to a standstill as major streets looked almost empty.

    Shopping markets, private companies and pharmacies closed while schools and universities were affected the most as students did not turn up for lessons, lectures and even exams.

    However, today the capital has slowly begun returning to normal.

    The security forces have seized four newspapers today, as the government attempts to silence any news of the strike.

    The civil disobedience has certainly taken President Omar al-Bashir’s government by surprise - the first of its kind in more than 27 years.

    Officials have either continued to play down the effect of this civil action or denied it has ever taken place.

    Amnesty International issued a report yesterday to voice its concern over the arrests of 23 opposition figures, who the government accuse of supporting the civil disobedience.

  3. Tanzania's ex-PM 'loses idle farm'

    Frederick Sumaye
    Image caption: Frederick Sumaye stood down as PM in 2005

    Tanzanian President John Magufuli has revoked ownership of a large farm belonging to former Prime Minister Frederick Sumaye, because he left it "idle",  Reuters quotes a local government official as saying.

    The move comes just months after the East African nation embarked on a national campaign to seize land left undeveloped by investors and return it to poor farmers, the Thomson Reuters Foundation reports.

    Kinondoni District Commissioner Ali Hapi is quoted as saying that Mr Sumaye had been given a 90-day deadline to turn his 13-hectare (33-acre) farm on the outskirts of Dar es Salaam. As he had failed to do so, his title deed had been revoked on 28 October 2016, Reuters reports.

    However, Mr Sumaye, who served as prime minister for 10 years and defected to the opposition last year, said the decision to revoke his title deed was politically motivated.

    "If they thought dispossessing me of this farmland would force me to re-join the ruling party, let them forget it. I will not go back," Reuters quotes him as telling reporters in Dar es Salaam.

  4. Rwanda 'seeks France's help over genocide probe'

    Skulls of genocide victims in a Rwandan memorial
    Image caption: France and Rwanda are at loggerheads over who did what during the 1994 genocide

    Prosecutors in Rwanda have written to their French counterparts to ask for co-operation in investigating the alleged role of 20 French army officers in the 1994 genocide in which at least 800,000 people were killed, Jeune Afrique reports.

    The move comes in the wake of France's decision last month to investigate the shooting down of the plane of former Rwandan President, Juvenal Habyarimana - widely considered as the sparking incident of the genocide.

    In reaction to French probe, Rwanda released the names of the French army officers they say helped plan the killings.

    Rwanda's chief prosecutor, Richard Muhumuza is now reportedly asking that France facilitate the interrogation at Rwanda's embassy in Paris of the 20 suspects.

    The latest request could spark a new diplomatic crisis between France and Rwanda - a relationship that has been fraught with tension since the genocide.

  5. Ivory Coast's ex-first lady 'swears at judges'

    Simone Gbagbo, former First Lady of Ivory Coast
    Image caption: The former first lady of Ivory Coast feels she is not getting a fair trial

    The former first lady of Ivory Coast, Simone Gbagbo who is back in court for her trial on charges of crimes against humanity, swore in the dock today, telling prosecutors and judges to stop harassing her, the local new site reports

    Earlier this month, Mrs Gbagbo and her lawyers staged a walkout in protest about the court's decision to deny their request for officials in the current government to appear as defence witnesses. 

    They ended their boycott on a promise that the court would look at their roll of witnesses.

    But according to, there appears to have been no headway on the issue and an exchange between the former first lady and the court descended into foul language. 

    She is quoted as saying: 

    Quote Message: Just because you are judges does not mean you have a right to do all you want in Ivory Coast. You can hand down any sentence you want against me. But stop harassing me."

    BBC Africa's Lamine Konkobo says it is unusual for a defendant to swear in court in Ivory Coast, and Mrs Gbagbo's breach of protocol may reflect her opinion that her conviction is a foregone conclusion.   

  6. Egypt's passes 'repressive NGO law'

    Egypt's parliament has passed a new law aimed at regulating non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that gives security agencies control of their registration, financing and activities, the AP news agency reports. 

    The law, which was supported by a majority of members from President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi's party, punishes violators with up to five years in prison along with heavy fines. 

    It stipulates the creation of a new oversight body to be run by the security services, the report says. 

    The Reuters news agency says the law bans NGOs from conducting fieldwork without permission or "from co-operating in any way with any international body without the necessary approval".

    Amnesty International has described the law as "draconian" and a "death warrant" for NGOs, urging the president not to ratify it. 

  7. Cameroon's Indomitable Lionesses into final

    Cameroon's Indomitable Lionesses have booked their place in the final of the women's Africa Cup of Nations with a 1-0 win over Ghana.

    A scrappy goal on 71 minutes, when Raissa Feudijo finally scored after Njoya Ajara's effort had been cleared off the line, proved decisive for the hosts.

    In the first half, Cameroon's Aboudi Gabrielle Ongeune hit the post but there were few other chances.

    Late in the match, they almost made it 2-0 but Michelle Ngono Mani's shot was tipped on to the bar and over.

    The BBC's Nick Cavell at the game in the capital, Yaounde, says every seat at the stadium was occupied, with many more fans fans standing:

    View more on twitter

    Read the BBC Sports story for more: 

  8. Senegal campaigns for AU chief post

    Jose Tembe

    BBC Africa, Maputo

    Abdoulaye Bathily.
    Image caption: Senegal's Abdoulaye Bathily is a career diplomat

    Senegal’s Foreign Affairs Minister Mankeur Ndiye has been in the Mozambique's capital, Maputo, to request the country's vote for the Senegalese contender to head the African Union (AU).

    Abdoulaye Bathily, 68, is among five candidates seeking to replace South African Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, who is stepping down in January after four years chairing the AU Commission.

    He is a diplomat and has most recently served as the UN special envoy for Central Africa.  

    The other candidates in the race are:

    • Botswana’s Foreign Minister Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi
    • Chad’s Foreign Minister Moussa Faki Mahamat
    • Equatorial Guinea’s Foreign Minister Agapito Mba Mokuy
    • Kenya’s Foreign Minister Amina Mohamed. 
  9. Libyan general seeks Russian help

    Gen Khalifa Haftar,
    Image caption: Gen Khalifa Haftar has received backing from other foreign powers

    Libya’s Gen Khalifa Haftar, who is leading the battle against Islamist militias in the east of the country, is visiting Russia, the Reuters news agency reports.

    He met Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov to request help in his military offensive.

    It was unclear if any help was forthcoming from his last call for Russian help in September, Reuters reports.

    Russia's Tass news agency quoted Gen Haftar as saying about the Russian talks:

    Quote Message: Our relations are crucial, our goal today is to give life to these relations. We hope we will eliminate terrorism with your help in the nearest future."

     A UN arms embargo in place since 2011 prohibits the transfer of weapons into Libya, Reuters reports.

    Libya has splintered into rival political and armed groupings since the uprising and subsequent death of long-time leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.

    There are several governments in the country, and Gen Hafter is loyal to the Tobruk-based administration.

    Once one of Gaddafi’s top commanders, he was exiled in the late 1980s and returned to Libya during the uprising. 

    He has refused to recognise the UN-backed unity government – and many suspect him of seeking national power. 

    Read more: Libya's strongman Haftar: 

  10. Somali-born Ohio attacker 'warned of sleeper cells'

    The Somali-born student who carried out a car-and-knife attack at Ohio State University complained on his Facebook account about US interference in countries with Muslim communities, a security source has told the Associated Press news agency.

    Abdul Razak Ali Artan, 18, rammed his car into a group of pedestrians at the college and then began stabbing people before police shot him dead on Monday.

    A law enforcement official, requesting anonymity, told AP that Artan had warned about Muslims he described as belonging to “a sleeper cell, waiting for a signal”.

    The student had said that if the US wanted “Muslims to stop carrying lone wolf attacks, then make peace with 'dawla in al sham’” - which the official said was a term referring to so-called Islamic State group.

    The source told AP that Artan had specifically protested about the killing of Muslims in Burma, where a UN official last week said a Muslim minority group was suffering violence tantamount to ethnic cleansing at the state's hands.

    A vigil at Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio, US
    Image caption: A vigil was held for those wounded on the Ohio campus
  11. WHO calls for HIV self-testing kits

    The World Health Organization(WHO) says nearly half of all people with HIV/Aids do not know they are infected, which means they are missing out on life-saving treatments. 

    The WHO said 80% of people diagnosed with HIV receive anti-retroviral therapy (ART).

    But an estimated 14 million people are unaware of their status and the continued lack of diagnosis is hampering efforts to control the disease.

    According to the WHO statement, adolescent girls and young women in east and southern Africa experience infection rates up to eight times higher than among their male peers. 

    Fewer than one in every five girls (15–19 years of age) are aware of their HIV status. 

    The head of the WHO, Margaret Chan, urged governments worldwide to make home self-testing kits easily and cheaply available.

    Quote Message: "HIV self-testing should open the door for many more people to know their HIV status and find out how to get treatment and access prevention services."

    HIV self-testing allows people in their homes to use oral fluid or blood from a finger prick to determine their status in about 20 minutes.

  12. UN concern over 'exodus' of 100,000 Africans to Yemen

    UNHCR officials visiting Somali refugees in Yemen
    Image caption: Yemen has long been a destination for Somali refugees fleeing violence in their country

    More than 100,000 would-be migrants and refugees from the Horn of Africa have crossed the Gulf of Aden since January on the way to Yemen despite an ongoing violent conflict in that country, the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) says.

    These migrants and refugees who are travelling by boat to Yemen are mainly from Ethiopia and Somalia.

    The UN is concerned for their safety, saying they face danger on arrival as Yemen has been rocked by a conflict in which a Saudi-led Arab coalition is taking on Houthi insurgents backed by Iran.

    William Spindler, a spokesperson for the UNHCR, is quoted by the AFP news agency as saying:

    Quote Message: [This exodus] goes to show the necessity of providing urgent support to countries of origin and transit to discourage people from attempting such a deadly cross-over."

    Apart from the risk connected to the Yemeni conflict, migrants and refugees are exposed to various forms of exploitation, torture and abuse, UNHCR says. 

    It is to launch an awareness campaign to highlight the risk, particularly in Ethiopia and Somalia.

  13. President Jammeh: 'I've taken Gambia from stone age to modernity'

    The Gambia's President Yayha Janmmeh has said his development record should see him win Thursday's election. 

    In an interview with the BBC's Umaru Fofana he says he has taken the Gambia " from stone-age to a modern country".

    He says that he has improved the education sector, ensuring free education in primary and secondary school with plans for free university education in 2018. 

    Quote Message: "Ninety-eight per cent of students in universities are on scholarships."

    He says that when he took over there were only two high schools. 

    Mr Jammeh says that his government has also improved health care and offered free medical care to pregnant women, "something that is unprecedented  in Africa, not even in the UK".

    Quote Message: This is the only country in the world where medical care in government hospitals costs 5 US cents.
    Quote Message: You can't walk 25km [15 miles] without reaching a major health centre."

    Asked whether he would expand the democratic space if he won the election, he said that any dissenting voice that was detrimental to national security would not be tolerated.

    Quote Message: "If they are not tolerated in the UK and US why should they be tolerated in Africa."

    Listen to the full interview below:   

    Video content

    Video caption: Yahya Jammeh on why he is standing for a fifth term in office
  14. Sacked miners seize gold in Burkina Faso

    Alex Duval Smith

    BBC Africa

    Smelting gold in West Africa
    Image caption: West Africa is a gold mining hot spot

    Miners in Burkina Faso have seized 43kg (94lb) of gold, worth an estimated $1.7m (£1.4m), and are refusing to give it back until they get a pay-off.

    But their employer, London-listed Avocet Mining, says it needs the smelted gold - which was seized by a bailiff on behalf of the miners at Ouagadougou airport on 7 October - to raise money for the workers' settlement. 

    The dispute at Inata mine dates back to December 2014 and the sacking of 317 mine workers from Avocet subsidiary Societe des Mines Bélahouro (SMB) at Inata.

    Other workers at the mine, 250km (150 miles) from Ouagadougou, are in dispute with the management over the payment of bonuses.

    Saidou Sinare, a spokesman for the sacked workers, said: 

    Quote Message: We appeal to the justice system to be extremely vigilant.
    Quote Message: We have heard SMB-Inata is using dubious means to try to get the gold back.''

    But London-based Avocet CEO David Cather told the BBC:

    Quote Message: We thought the matter had been settled so we resumed operations last week. But we're still waiting for the gold to be handed back.
    Quote Message: We have agreed to make an interim settlement of 565m CFAF ($1m) to the workers. This will have to come from the sale of the gold they are holding."

    Gold is smelted at Inata and flown to Johannesburg for refining.  

  15. 'Ugandans should retire at 45'

    Specioza Wandira Kazibwe
    Image caption: Ms Kazibwe served as Uganda's vice-president between 1994 - 2003

    Uganda's former Vice-President Specioza Wandira Kazibwe has proposed that the retirement age should be lowered from the current 60 years to 45 to allow government workers to create personal investments, the private Monitor newspaper reports

    She said that civil servants should return to their rural areas when they still have the energy to help their communities to create jobs:

    Quote Message: "The mistake civil servants make is to retire at 60, ask for another contract of three years and by the time you leave you are about 65 years, when you do not have the energy to do your own things."

    Public Service Minister Muruli Mukasa said that the proposal was "the kind of thinking they are planning to introduce" to enable retiring civil servants to supplement their monthly pension.

    Ms Kazibwe, 61, served as Uganda's vice-president from 1994-2003. 

  16. Death toll rises in Uganda clashes

    Uganda's police say 25 more bodies had been recovered after the weekend fighting in Rwenzururu kingdom in western part of the country, bringing the total death toll to 87, the AFP news agency reports. 

    "We recovered 25 bodies from two sub-counties on Monday and a postmortem is being done to establish the facts," Kasese district police commander, Sam Odong, told AFP. 

    See our previous posts for more details. 

  17. Ugandan king charged with killing a police officer

    Catherine Byaruhanga

    BBC Africa, Kampala

    More details are coming on the charges against Ugandan monarch Charles Mumbere 

    He has been charged with murder of a police officer.

    According to the charge sheet, presented in court today, the king of Rwenzururu is accused of murdering a police officer on 24 March 2016.

    He was arrested during clashes over the weekend in his kingdom in western Uganda between royal guards and security forces. 

    But he has not yet been charged with offences related to the fighting over the weekend which saw at least 62 people killed. 

  18. The kingdom of Charles Mumbere, the monarch charged with murder

    Charles Wesley Mumbere
    Image caption: Charles Wesley Mumbere was crowned king of the Rwenzururu kingdom in 2009,

    Charles Wesley Mumbere, the monarch of the Rwenzururu kingdom in western Uganda, has been charged with murder (see below) following clashes over the weekend in which the authorities say 62 were killed.

    He rules over a traditional monarchy around the mountains of Rwenzori - 340km (210 miles) west of the Ugandan capital, Kampala.

    His subjects - the Bakonzo - straddle both Uganda and the neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo.

    BBC Focus on Africa editor Rachael Akidi says tension has been high in the kingdom in recent years. 

    Land disputes have led to bitter divisions over plans to divide up Kasese – one of the seven districts in the Rwenzori region, she says.

    Now King Charles Mumbere and some of his supporters have been accused of launching a secessionist movement to create a new republic known as Yiira.

    The authorities blame a recent spate of attacks on security installations in the area on this new movement.

    The kingdom has denied any links to the "secessionist group".

    Charles Mumbere was crowned king of the Rwenzururu kingdom in 2009, after living and working in a US nursing home for many years.

  19. BreakingUgandan king charged with murder

    Catherine Byaruhanga

    BBC Africa, Kampala

    King Charles Mumbere, a monarch in western Uganda, has been charged with murder and remanded in custody until 13 December. 

  20. BreakingUgandan king arrives at court

    Catherine Byaruhanga

    BBC Africa, Kampala

    A Ugandan king, Charles Wesley Mumbere, has arrived at the chief magistrate court in Jinja in eastern Uganda.

    He is expected to be charged following weekend clashes in his kingdom of Rwenzururu in western Uganda. 

    King Mumbere is accused of supporting an armed group seeking to create a new state (see earlier post).

    His officials have denied the allegations.