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Live Reporting

By Lucy Fleming and Hugo Williams

All times stated are UK

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  1. Scroll down for Thursday's stories

    We'll be back tomorrow

    That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website

    A reminder of today's wise words: 

    Quote Message: If you are fortunate, you will see evil with your ears and not with your eyes." from Sent by Elijah Litana, Orlando, US, and Destiny Ojemen, San Jose, US.
    Sent by Elijah Litana, Orlando, US, and Destiny Ojemen, San Jose, US.

    Click here to send us your African proverbs

    And we leave you with photo of a skeleton of an extinct dodo bird, discovered in Mauritius and about to go on sale in the UK. 

    A staff member poses for photographs with a Dodo skeleton, Raphus cucullatus, from Mauritius at Summers Place Auctions in Billingshurst, southern England
  2. Zimbabwe's bond note v US dollar in conversation

    A man with old Zimbabwe dollar notes stuck to his hat
    Image caption: Before Zimbabwe abandoned its currency in 2009, the highest denomination was a $100 trillion Zimbabwean dollar note

    Ahead of a planned march tomorrow in Zimbabwe against the introduction of bond notes to ease a chronic cash shortage, Zimbabweans have been sharing a video on social media and WhatsApp showing a US dollar in conversation with new notes.

    The jokes hinge on the fact that Zimbabweans do not believe the new notes, pegged to the US dollar, will keep their value.

    The bond notes, which the authorities hope will act as a cash substitute, will also have no value outside Zimbabwe. Many fear a return to hyperinflation which prompted the government to abandon the Zimbabwe dollar.

    View more on twitter

    Here's a translation of some of their conversation from the Shona:

    US dollar: Hey young man.

    Bond note: Hello my brother.

    US dollar: Are you the one going around telling people that we are similar?

    Bond note: But my brother our value is one to one.

    US dollar: How are we similar?

    Bond notes: But my father said we are the same.

    US dollar: Who is your father?

    Bond notes: Mr Mangudya [central bank governor] is my father.

    US dollar: Your father is mad, how can we be the same? You can’t even work outside Zimbabwe.

    Bond notes: My brother, please don’t say that.

    US dollar: What value do you have?

    Bond notes: My brother US dollar, we are the same.

    US dollar: Hey young man, are you mad? You’re stupid, you want to try me heh?

    Bond notes: No not at all?

    US dollars: One to one?

    Bond notes: Yes one to one my brother?

    US dollar: Get lost, go away.

    Bond notes: Sorry my brother.

  3. Healing Tunisia's wounds on national television

    Rana Jawad

    BBC North Africa correspondent, Tunis

    Man bandaged up along the length of his right arms sits sits on the shoulders of another protester at an anti-government demonstration
    Image caption: Hundreds of people were killed in the government crackdown during the 2010-2011 uprising

    Tunisians will tonight witness the first public testimonies given by victims of grave human rights abuses at the hands of the state, as part of a pioneering legal programme. 

    The event is part of a national reconciliation process by the country’s Truth and Dignity Commission. 

    It was established in 2013, after the revolution that overthrew Tunisia’s long-time leader President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali.  

    Several alleged victims of abuse will each have up to one hour to tell their stories to a panel of commissioners, and an audience including representatives of civil society groups and international observers.   

    But the process also covers alleged human rights abuses before he came to power - spanning a period of over five decades.

    Tunisians will be able to follow the first hearing live on state television. 

    The commission has documented more than 60,000 reports of human rights violations, ranging from torture to rape – as well as economic corruption. 

    The alleged abusers include state security institutions and high-profile individuals from previous administrations. 

    The commission aims to promote national reconciliation, and it hopes that victims will forgive their alleged abusers. 

    Read more: Tunisians seek justice for past wrongs

  4. 'Mauritius anger' at Chagos Islands resettlement

    One of the Chagos Islands pictured from the air
    Image caption: The UK government's decision is the latest in a long legal battle

    The UK’s refusal to allow former residents of the Chagos Islands to return home is “an outrageous blow to human rights”, the AFP news agency quotes the government of Mauritius says. 

    Yesterday, the British government said it had decided they would be instead offered compensation worth £40m ($50m) over the next 10 years.

    Mauritius claims sovereignty over the British territory of the Chagos island. It hosts many of the Chagossians moved to make way for a US airbase in the 1960s and 1970s.

    The islands lie around 1,000km (620 miles) to the north-east of Mauritius and the military base is on Diego Garcia. 

  5. Can these Somali troops defeat al-Shabab?

    The head of the regional security force in Somalia’s southern port of Kismayo is confident his troops can keep al-Shabab out of town. 

    Can this model in Jubaland - where local troops know their territory - help the rest of Somalia defeat the Islamist group that still controls much of the countryside? 

    Watch Alastair Leithead's report:

    Video content

    Video caption: Can these Somali troops defeat al-Shabab?
  6. Get literary in Nigeria

    If you're interested in books and all things literary, you can tune into events going on at the Ake Arts & Book Festival in Abeokuta in Nigeria's south-western state of Ogun.

    There's a live stream on YouTube, where you can follow the current discussion on "the irony of black lives matter in Africa":

    View more on twitter
  7. Sudanese villages 'being swallowed by sand'

    Parts of Sudan that were once covered in dense forest are being swallowed by sand after decades of deforestation and drought, reports the UK's Guardian newspaper.  

    Resident Hamud El-Nour Hamdallah explains what it's like living in the area:

    Quote Message: It’s especially scary when the house is covered [in sand] at night and you can only wait in the dark until morning to dig your way out... We have been almost buried in sand.”

    Read Hannah McNeish's full report from River Nile state:

    View more on twitter
  8. CAR 'to get $2.2bn from donors'

    Faustin Touadera speaking to delegates at a conference in Brussels, Belgium
    Image caption: Prime Minister Faustin Touadera (C) said he was grateful for the help given by delegates at today's conference

    Donors at a conference in Belgium have pledged $2.2bn (£1.8bn) in aid for the Central African Republic (CAR), the AFP news agency reports.

    CAR’s new President Faustin Touadera, who had earlier urged them to give generously - saying his country was not a lost cause - thanked them for their generosity:

    Quote Message: The positive response you have given... will galvanise our efforts and make sure our recovery plans bear fruit.
    Quote Message: I have noted some of you have reservations about our ability to implement our recovery plan but I hope I can reassure you."
  9. Tanzanian man 'too tall' for surgery

    Barka Elias
    Image caption: Barka Elias has been told he wouldn't fit in a hospital bed

    Doctors in Tanzania have told a man that they can't treat him, because he is too tall. 

    Baraka Elias, who is 7ft 4in (2.20m), needs hip replacement surgery after hurting himself in a fall. 

    But doctors have told him that his height means he wouldn't be able to fit properly in a hospital bed and that some of their X-ray equipment is not suitable for someone of his size.

    Barka Elias towers over BBC Swahili's Lizzy Masinga
    Image caption: Mr Elias towers over BBC Swahili's Lizzy Masinga

    Mr Elias, who is from the country's southern Ruvuma region, went to see doctors at the specialist Muhimbili Orthopaedic Institute in the commercial capital, Dar es Salaam. 

    He told BBC Swahili that doctors are now trying to see if he can be treated abroad.

    Barka Elias sits on a chair

    Patients recovering from hip replacement surgery need to lie flat on their back and keep their hip in the correct position, according to the UK's National Health Service website.   

  10. Nigeria 'lynching video' being investigated

    Chris Ewokor

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    Nigerian police are investigating whether a young male was lynched for stealing food after a video showing footage of the alleged incident began circulating on social media.

    The footage appears to have been filmed in Lagos with an angry mob speaking in Yoruba and Pidgin, both widely spoken in the city.

    But Lagos police spokesperson Dolapo Badmus told journalists that they do no believe it happened in the city and are calling for those with any information to come forward.

    The age of the person involved is disputed, some saying he is a seven-year-old boy, other that he is a young man in his twenties.

    The video shows a crowd rounding on the person who is accused of stealing garri (cassava porridge) from a shop.

    Other images show him being beaten, stoned, tied up and later set ablaze. He reportedly died of his injuries.

    At one stage a tyre is put over his neck and as blood streams from his face he pleads for his life.

    Nigerians have been outraged by the alleged killing and are demanding an end to such jungle justice.

    The words "garri", "lynching", "lynched" and "jungle" are trending on Twitter in Lagos:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  11. African countries condemned for 'deserting' international justice

    BBC World Service

    The UN's most senior human rights envoy has strongly condemned what he called the "desertion" of some African countries from their international obligations and accused them of abandoning victims of what he said were “appalling” crimes.

    Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein - the UN high commissioner for human rights -  delivered his hard-hitting speech one month after South Africa notified the UN that it intended to leave the International Criminal Court (ICC).

    Burundi and The Gambia have also recently announced their intention to leave the court, saying it was biased against Africans. 

    Prince Zeid did not refer to the three countries by name, but he said their position did not seem to be based on principle, and was rather intended to protect their leaders from prosecution.  

    Nigeria has reiterated its backing for the ICC, according to a Canadian lawyer following speeches at the court's annual meeting.

    View more on twitter

    Read more: What does the ICC do? 

    Video content

    Video caption: Why is South Africa leaving the war crimes court?
  12. Zambia FA may face legal conflict over anti-discrimination proposals

    Zambia national shirt

    The Football Association of Zambia (Faz) has proposed changes to its constitution which contradict the country's laws regarding homosexuality.

    Zambia forbids homosexuality and can pass a jail sentence of up to 15 years.

    But Faz is undertaking a constitutional review aimed at upgrading its statutes to put them in line with football's world governing body Fifa.

    Fifa prohibits discrimination against sexual orientation and can suspend or expel offenders from football.

    A draft constitution circulated by Faz reads: 

    Quote Message: Discrimination of any kind against a country, private person or group of people on account of race, skin colour, ethnic, national or social origin, gender, language, religion, political opinion or any other opinion, wealth, birth or any other status, sexual orientation or any other reason is strictly prohibited and punishable by suspension or expulsion."

    While that is precisely in line with the statutes of Fifa, should Faz's members adopt the sexual orientation clause it would put the association in conflict with the country's legal constitution.  

    Read the full story 

  13. DR Congo opposition MP appointed prime minister

    Samy Badibanga
    Image caption: Samy Badibanga leads the opposition in parliament

    Samy Badibanga, an opposition politician in the Democratic Republic of Congo, has been named as prime minister following a controversial deal struck between the government and one faction of the opposition to postpone presidential polls to April 2018.

    The election was supposed to be held this month.

    The deal effectively extends President Joseph Kabila's term in office (see earlier post).

    A journalist from a UN radio station tweeted a copy of the decree:

    View more on twitter
  14. Pope urges DR Congo to 'build bridges, not walls'

    Security forces in a standoff with protesters in DR Congo
    Image caption: The delayed election is causing tensions in DR Congo

    Pope Francis has asked political leaders in the Democratic Republic of Congo to preserve peace amid divisions over the delayed presidential election.

    Voters in the country were due to go to the polls on 27 November to elect a new leader as President Joseph Kabila's term of office comes to an end next month - and under the terms of the constitution he cannot run for a third time.

    But a deal brokered by the government with one faction of the opposition has pushed back the date of the election to April 2018.

    Deadly protests broke out when the postponement was announced. 

    In his statement, the pontiff called for tolerance:

    Quote Message: I encourage every initiative for building bridges between you, rather than walls.
    Quote Message: [I encourage every move that] creates in Congolese society a culture of dialogue that enables you to better know and love one another."
  15. Crowd-funding raises $100,000 for 'Safariseats'

    Hundreds of special wheelchairs designed for use in the African bush will be built after a funding scheme raised more than £90,000 ($112,000), the BBC's David George reports from the UK town of Truro.

    Twenty-three-year-old Janna Deeble, who grew up in Cornwall and Kenya, designed the  "SafariSeat" chair after he broke his leg.

    The chairs can be made from simple materials and bicycle parts and are designed to cope with harsh conditions and bumpy roads.

    A crowd-funding scheme, set up to raise £30,000 closed last night after £90,036 was raised by around 1,500 donors.

    Mr Deeble says the response means hundreds of the chairs will be made in new workshops for people in Kenya.

     You can watch more about his wheelchair below:

    Video content

    Video caption: Man from Cornwall builds wheelchair for African people

    Read more: The wheelchair gap

  16. UK and US 'falling for Ghana opposition propaganda'

    Ghana's governing National Democratic Congress (NDC) party has accused the US and UK of falling for "malicious propaganda" from its political opponents in the run-up to elections on 7 December, local CitiFM news website reports

    The US, UK and EU have issued warnings to all sides to avoid violence over the elections in recent days, threatening to revoke the visas of officials who are held responsible. 

    Their comments followed clashes over the weekend around the home of Nana Akufo-Addo, the presidential candidate and leader of the opposition New Patriotic Party (NPP). 

    Each party is blaming the other for the clashes. 

    In a statement the governing NDC reiterated its denial that its supporters had been behind the violence, adding:

    Quote Message: We believe that our international partners must be more diligent in seeking the truth, rather than relying on biased political and media propaganda."
    Supporter wearing wig and blue red and white glasses in the shape of "2016"
    Image caption: Ghanaians go to the polls in less than three weeks
  17. 'One third of illegal migrants' reaching Italian shores from Ivory Coast

    Would-be immigrants arriving on a boat in the port of Italy's southern island of Lampedusa
    Image caption: Ivory Coast ranks fourth on an OIM's September 2016 list of countries with nationals reaching Italian shores

    An estimated 1,500 Ivorian nationals, seeking a better life in Europe, reach the Italian shores every month, the Ivory Coast's interior ministry says, news website reports.

    A government official, Vincent Irie Tohbi told the website that the figure provided by Italian authorities, which represents a third of total arrivals, is alarming. 

    Figures of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) show that, from January to September this year, nearly 9,000 Ivorian nationals reached the Italian shores.

    The IOM's estimate appears to confirm the number provided by the Ivorian Ministry of Interior. 

    Mr Tohbi said:

    Quote Message: You see (and hear) on television all the time about capized boats, deaths, and those many bodies... well Ivorians are among those."

    The Ivorian official is worried that the exact figure of Ivorian nationals trying to reach Europe might be much higher, saying there is no estimate for those who have died crossing the desert or the ocean. 

  18. Rift Valley Fever 'kills 32 people in Niger'

    Camels in the Tahoua region of Niger
    Image caption: Rift Valley Fever primarily is an illness of livestock such as sheep, goats and camel

    At least 32 people have died since late August in an epidemic of Rift Valley Fever in the Niger, the AFP news agency quotes the country's health ministry as saying.

    A ministry statement said it had hit the western region of Tahoua, affecting 230 people. 

    Rift Valley Fever is a viral disease spread by mosquitoes and primarily is an illness of livestock such as sheep, goats and camels.

    But herders and livestock workers are vulnerable as it can be spread through contact with contaminated animal blood or bites from infected mosquitoes.

    Early symptoms in humans include fevers and headaches which can progress to bleeding from the gums and nose, and sometimes a fatal coma. 

    AFP says the mortality rate has fallen from 50% three months ago to 14% thanks to a government information campaign urging people to bury animal carcasses, handle contaminated animals with care and avoid drinking raw milk. 

  19. Cable cars to allow passengers to cruise over Mombasa

    Kenya is due to introduce its first cable cars next year, in the port city of Mombasa, the Standard newspaper reports.

    The cable cars will reduce the existing journey, made by ferry across the Likoni channel from 10 minutes to two minutes and will be able to carry up to 11,000 passengers an hour, the paper adds.

    Passengers will be able to admire the "beautiful view of the splendid shores and the ocean", it says.

    Kenya Ferry Services expects the service to launch in March.

    The only cable cars in sub-Saharan Africa at the moment are in Nigeria and South Africa. 

    View more on twitter
  20. Capsize in the Mediterranean: '100 feared drowned'

    Around 100 people are missing feared drowned in the Mediterranean after a migrant dinghy capsized off Libya, Medecins Sans Frontieres‎ (MSF) says.

    Some survivors were rescued by the Bourbon Argos ship, the medical charity tweeted:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    The Bourbon Argos is one of three rescue ships with MSF teams in the central Mediterranean.