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Live Reporting

By Tom Spender and Dickens Olewe

All times stated are UK

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  1. Scroll down for Friday's stories

    We'll be back on Monday

    That's all from the BBC Africa Live page this week. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website for the latest on the Gambia elections including the anticipated message of concession from President Yahya Jammeh. 

    A reminder of our African proverb of the day: 

    Quote Message: For the person that we know in the daytime, we don't need to light a lamp to see his face at night." from Sent by Julian Dzikunu, Accra, Ghana Click here to send your African proverbs.
    Sent by Julian Dzikunu, Accra, Ghana Click here to send your African proverbs.

    Click here to send us your African proverbs

    And we leave you with this picture of Gambians celebrating the victory of opposition candidate Adama Barrow in Serekunda, the country's largest urban centre. 

    Gambians celebrate
  2. No word yet from Jammeh

    Supporters of the newly elected Gambia"s President Adama Barrow tear down posters of the incumbent Yahya Jammeh in Serekunda
    Image caption: Supporters of Adama Barrow are tearing down President Jammeh's image, but hours after the result was announced the incumbent had not yet publicly conceded the election

    Gambia's President Yahya Jammeh - declared by his electoral commission to have lost - has not yet spoken about the result.

    He was earlier reported to have recorded a video in which he admitted defeat and conceded the election. However, this has not yet been broadcast.

    BBC Focus on Africa radio Editor-in-Chief Rachel Akidi has spoken to opposition candidate Adama Barrow by phone and congratulated him - he thanked her but said he was "a little busy right now". Mr Barrow has not yet spoken publicly about the election result.

    The main BBC news story will continue to be updated when there are developments.

    The latest version as at 18:00 GMT is here.

  3. Africa's top shots: 25 November-1 December 2016

    It's been another eventful week and what a better way to summarise some of the stories with pictures. 

    Our featured image this week is a composite of models in Ivory Coast's main city of Abidjan in a fashion event to mark the 170th anniversary of Vlisco, a Dutch firm that makes fabrics that are popular with many of Africa's fashionistas. 

    For more see our selection of the best photos from across Africa this week.  

    Fashion models
  4. Six things about Adama Barrow

    gambians celebrate
    • Member of the Fula ethnic group, born in 1965, the year of Gambian independence
    • Reportedly worked as a security guard at Argos catalogue store in the early 2000s while studying in UK
    • Returned home in 2006 to set up property business
    • Supports English Premier League football team Arsenal
    • Nominated as the candidate for coalition of seven opposition parties, promising greater respect for human rights
    • A devout Muslim who is reportedly married with two wives and five children

    Read a full profile of Adama Barrow here

  5. Jammeh removed clause on second rounds in 2002

    There used to be a clause in the Gambian constitution stipulating that if no candidate got more than 50% of the vote, a second round would be needed.

    However President Jammeh changed the constitution and removed that clause in 2002.

    Today's election winner Adama Barrow won with 45% of the vote to President Jammeh's 40%.

  6. Is marble voting the future?

    The Gambia's surprising election result is not the only story people are talking about. The use of marbles in the voting is also getting its fair share of attention on social media

    Ghanaian entrepreneur Bright Simons has compared the cost per voter in The Gambia to other countries that use other methods of voting - he says Ghana, which has its election on 7 December, will be spending 190 times more than The Gambia did.

    But is it really necessary?

    View more on twitter

    Watch: Gambia election: Voters use marbles to choose president

  7. Despair of Gambians on the migrant trail

    Image caption: Gambians account for the second-biggest group of migrant arrivals in Italy
    Quote Message: Children are dying in this pathway. Now all our kids will never go to [indistinct] because of the stress. That's why all our kids are dying in this pathway. They are going to Europe. They want to go to Europe because of the trouble they are having here." from Gambian woman, quoted after the election result was announced
    Gambian woman, quoted after the election result was announced

    Despite only having a population of 2 million, The Gambia's biggest export is its own people.

    Gambians are the second-most frequent arrivals by sea in Italy, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). 

    Many Gambians believe that getting to Europe - at a cost of about £1,600 ($2,000) - is the only way to improve their lives, the Guardian newspaper reported.

    Tales of Gambians reaching Italy or Spain now reach even the remotes villages in The Gambia via Facebook and text message. The Washington Post newspaper compares this phenomenon to "rumours of a gold rush".

    However most men keep their plans to leave a secret, fearing a negative reaction from relatives or, until now, arrest by President Jammeh's authorities, the newspaper says.

    Gambians have traditionally migrated to find their fortunes, settling in West Africa as well as further afield, reports humanitarian news service IRIN

    During the 1980s many Gambians went to Scandinavian countries and during the 1990s to Libya.

    Remittances from abroad make up about 20% of the country's GDP. 

    But there are few opportunities for jobs at home and growth contracted in 2014 as a result of the Ebola crisis and its impact on tourism as well as a lack of rain for agriculture, IRIN says.

  8. 'I never knew freedom until today'

    Video content

    Video caption: Gambia election reaction: 'I never knew freedom until today'

    Opposition supporters tell BBC World Have Your Say their thoughts as news that Yahya Jammeh, The Gambia's president of 22 years, has been defeated in presidential elections by property developer, Adama Barrow.

  9. Jammeh falls short of 'billion year' plan

    As the initial surprise and shock of the Gambia election result dissipates, people have begun mocking President Yahya Jammeh's 2011 declaration that he would rule the country for a billion years

    Even though he did add a caveat "if God wills", it has not stopped some people from doing the math: 

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  10. Supporters visit Barrow's home

    A reporter with the UK's Guardian newspaper has been tweeting reaction from the opposition candidate Adama Barrow's camp.  

    She's shared two photos from his home. 

    One photo shows Mr Barrow's bodyguard manning the door to prevent well-wishers from entering and the other of the incoming first lady "being blessed" by a family friend. 

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  11. Barrow to reverse Jammeh's 'Islamic republic'

    A journalist with the Reuters news agency is reporting that the incoming government in The Gambia will reverse a decree by the outgoing president that made the country an Islamic republic. 

    Quoting a spokesman of the opposition United Democratic Party, he reports that the new government will also rejoin the International Criminal Court and the Commonwealth. 

    View more on twitter
  12. 'Awesome that The Gambia's Jammeh conceded'

    Some Gambians are lauding President Yahya Jammeh for accepting defeat in the presidential election.

    In some other countries in Africa chaos has followed elections where the incumbent has lost - or where the results are disputed.

    Here's a sample of the messages being shared: 

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  13. Election promise: 'The Gambia to rejoin ICC'

    International broadcaster Al Jazeera is doing a special programme on the Gambian elections on its NewsGrid programme

    A tweet by the BBC's reporter in Banjul has been quoted to report that internet services have been restored: 


    They have also reported that the incoming President Adama Barrow intends to keep his election promise to rejoin the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the Commonwealth.

    President Yahya Jammeh had severed The Gambia's membership with both organisations. 

  14. Jubilation on the streets of Serekunda

    Gambians in Serekunda, the country's biggest urban area, have been celebrating Adama Barrow's victory:

    Gambians celebrate
    Gambians celebrate
    Gambians celebrate
    Gambians celebrate
    Gambians celebrate
  15. 'His Excellency Sheikh Professor Alhaji Dr Yahya AJJ Jammeh Babili Mansa'

    president of Gambia"s Independent Electoral Commission
    Image caption: Electoral commission head Alieu Momar Njie had a tough job on his hands

    Many leaders have what appear to outsiders to be unusual titles - but for sheer length, outgoing Gambian President Yahya Jammeh's effort was hard to beat.

    Last June, just for good measure, he added the title of Babili Mansa to his already substantial list of honorifics.

    The Mandinka-language phrase can be translated as "chief bridge builder" or "conqueror of rivers".  

    It meant the full title was His Excellency Sheikh Professor Alhaji Dr Yahya AJJ Jammeh Babili Mansa.

    Pity poor head of the electoral commission Alieu Momar Njie, who had to read it out in full 53 times as he announced results from all of the Gambia's electoral districts.

  16. 'Can't stop crying' - Gambians react to Jammeh's defeat

    Emotional Gambians have taken to Twitter to describe their joy at Yahya Jammeh's surprise election defeat. 

    Online daily Freedom Newspaper says Mr Jammeh, who was seeking a fifth term in office, "grossly under-performed" in key regions.

    For those in the diaspora, many of whom fled repressive policies under Mr Jammeh, the result represents a long-hoped for opportunity finally to visit their families back home.

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    Others are celebrating the end of Mr Jammeh's 22 years rule:

    View more on twitter

    Others said the moment harks back to when the country gained independence from colonial powers:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    Some are calling for the outgoing president to be jailed and terming opposition Adama Barrow's victory a "revolution":

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  17. 'I hereby declare Adama Barrow duly elected'

    Our correspondent has just sent us the official statement announcing the results of the presidential election: 

    Gambia's electoral commission results
  18. 'Dictators, this is your final year'

    People are reacting to Gambian President Yahya Jammeh's election defeat on social media. 

    If he can be defeated, they say, then anyone can:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
  19. A huge surprise in The Gambia

    Alastair Leithead

    BBC Africa correspondent

    Image caption: Few expected Adama Barrow to be declared the winner

    President Jammeh’s defeat comes as a huge surprise.

    Despite a surge of support for an opposition broadly united behind one candidate, most people expected the status quo to prevail.

    Hopes weren’t high for a peaceful transfer of power, with a crackdown on opposition leaders months before the polls, the banning of international observers or post-election demonstrations and then the switching off of the internet.

    But in a place where glass beads act as ballot papers it seems the marbles have spoken.

    The news of the shock opposition victory came as the internet came back online.

    The unseating of an incumbent president is not the usual way politics goes in this part of the world – but it’s becoming popular in West Africa at least.

    Just last year Muhammadu Buhari made history by unseating Goodluck Jonathan and his People’s Democratic Party which had run the country for 16 years.

    He conceded defeat – as President Jammeh is reportedly about to do – opening the way to a new era after 22 years, and four terms in office.

    Former businessman Adama Barrow looks set to have the chance to tackle the poverty and unemployment which drives so many young Gambians to join the Mediterranean migrant trail every year.

  20. BreakingFinal results - Barrow wins

    The head of The Gambia's electoral commission has declared opposition candidate Adama Barrow as the winner of the 2016 presidential election.

    The results were:

    Adama Barrow - 263,515 votes

    Yahya Jammeh - 212,099 votes