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  1. Extra security deployed in Cameroon's Bamenda city over anti-government protests
  2. Sierra Leone opposition main offices damaged by fire
  3. Thousands flee flooding in Niger
  4. CAR aid agency says militia fighting has stopped its work
  5. SA health minister says Africa should be "ashamed" of leaders seeking treatment abroad
  6. Nigeria thanks US for sale of surveillance aircraft
  7. Uganda pledges to deter the spread of pornography

Live Reporting

By Dickens Olewe and Damian Zane

All times stated are UK

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Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

We’ll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

The eye doesn't carry a load but can recognise a heavy one."

A Mandinka proverb sent by Kasim Kenneh in Darby, Pennsylvania, United States

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this picture of a shepherd walking his goat around Mauritania's capital, Nouakchott, looking for a buyer ahead of Eid al-Adha, a Muslim festival of sacrifice and generosity to friends, family and the needy.

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'A leader should set an example'

Throughout today we've been getting reactions from people to the statement by South Africa's health minister ciricising African leaders for travelling outside their countries for medical treatment.

Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe has made a number of trips abroad this year for treatment on his eyes, and the BBC's Shingai Nyoka heard from some Zimbabweans who did not seem impressed.

Woman in vox pop

This woman said:

Instead of taking the money to other countries, we'd have medicines in our countries. And the leaders would know what is needed in our countries... What of us who are vulnerable?"

Man being interviewed

This man said:

I think that a leader should lead by example. You are supposed to be treated within your country."

Pape Souare: Crystal Palace defender back in action

Senegalese international Pape Souare has made his first appearance for his English Premier League club, Crystal Palace, since breaking his thighbone and jaw in a horrific car crash almost a year ago.

The 27-year-old defender had to be airlifted to hospital after the accident, and only returned to full training earlier this month.

He played 45 minutes for Palace Under-23s as they were beaten 2-1 by Nottingham Forest.

He had a chance to give Palace a 2-0 lead on 41 minutes but headed wide.

He tweeted about his return:

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Some Ethiopian small traders 'go out of business' after tax hike

Small-time traders in Ethiopia have been talking to the Guardian newspaper's William Davison about the struggles they are having meeting the new tax demands.

Melaku Abdella, who had been selling basic items at a kiosk, said the 300% tax increase that he faced meant that he had to close his business.

Another businessman told the journalist that he has also given up his metalwork business and has started using a friend's workshop instead.

There were protests when the taxes were first introduced in July, and the government said there had been some administrative errors when the amount of tax to be paid was calculated.

The Ethiopian authorities need to find a way to increase the tax base as the government relies on aid and loans to cover its expenditure, the Guardian reports.

Textile factory
Some businesses in Ethiopia are booming, but small traders have been hit by the tax hike

Liverpool agree club record deal for Guinean midfielder for July 2018

Naby Keita ( centre)
Getty Images
Naby Keita has 25 caps for Guinea

Liverpool have confirmed a deal to sign Guinean international Naby Keita, who plays for German side RB Leipzig, with the midfielder moving to Anfield in July 2018.

The Reds have agreed to pay the $62m (£48m) release clause that will allow the 22-year-old to move next summer, plus an undisclosed premium.

Keita had been one of Liverpool boss Jurgen Klopp's primary targets this summer, but Leipzig refused to sell.

The deal surpasses the record £35m paid to Newcastle for Andy Carroll in 2011.

Liverpool confirmed the deal on Tuesday, and Keita said: "I will become part of a project that excites me greatly.

"My commitment to RBL remains absolute for the remainder of my time at the club.

"Until I join my new club, next summer, I will remain an interested supporter from a distance."

Read the full story

'We're afraid in Bamenda'

We've been reporting about the tension in the city of Bamenda, north-west Cameroon, where the authorities have shut down shops in two market areas in response to an anti-government protest.

The BBC's Outside Source programme has heard from one of the city's residents and petty trader, Giti Cyrile Tako, who said that the town is "full of military people".

"We are just afraid in Bamenda," he added.

Gitti in Bamenda describes the impact of authorities blocking local businesses.

CAR militias halt aid work in two areas

BBC World Service

An international charity says it can no longer operate in two areas of the Central African Republic because militias have taken over.

Mercy Corps said about 30,000 people in Niem and Yelewa were no longer able to receive help.

In one village, 130 orphans are being cared for by local families.

The charity says nearly half of the country's population depend on humanitarian aid for survival.

More than a million people have been displaced by the conflict which began in 2012.

Construction and rubble in Addis Ababa

On her Instagram account over the last few days, Ethiopian photographer Maheder Haileselassie has been documenting what she calls "destruction and construction and reconstruction" in Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa.

The city is rapidly expanding and building sites can be seen in many places.

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In the photo below, which features one of the city's ubiquitous Lada taxis.

In her commentary Maheder writes: "We continued to tear down in the name of growth, transformation and development.

"If we were right, then how come so many people already feel nostalgic about the present scene being peeled off to become the past before our own eyes?"

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Dlamini-Zuma dismisses criticism of presidential bid

Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini-Zuma
Jacob Zuma wants his ex-wife to succeed him as party leader

Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, the former chairperson of the African Union commission, has dismissed claims that her bid to run for the South African presidency is about shielding President Jacob Zuma, her ex-husband, from prosecution over alleged corruption.

Ms Dlamini-Zuma told AFP news agency in an interview, that she found the claims were "offensive":

I will not be elected by President Jacob Zuma... If I am elected, I will be elected by South Africans, and they will have reasons why they elect me - and that is why I find it offensive."

She is seen as a leading candidate alongside Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa ahead of the African National Congress (ANC) conference in December, where a new party leader will be elected, who will then be the likely South African president after the 2019 elections.

Read: Can Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma succeed her ex-husband as South Africa's president?

Kenyans adjusting to life without plastic bags

Kenyans are having to get used to life without plastic bags after a ban came into force on Monday.

Failure to comply with the new rules could result in severe penalties, including fines of up to $38,000 or prison sentences of up to four years.

The BBC's Ahmed Adan picked up his dinnertime chapati wrapped in newspaper rather than the usual plastic bag:

Newspaper wrapping

And when it comes to carrying large amounts of shopping, Ahmed says that people are now snapping up the alternatives available:

Reed baskets

One death after torrential rain causes landslide in eastern Uganda

In Uganda, Red Cross officials say one person has died and seven others are missing after a landslide hit a village in the Sironko region, in the mountainous east of the country.

Rescue teams have been sent to the area as torrential rains continue to pound the Mount Elgon region.

This comes a day after a landslide reportedly hit three villages in neighbouring Bududa district, but there have been no confirmed details of the extent of the damage.

Leaders' actions expose 'failing public hospitals'

The remarks by South Africa's health minister that African leaders should be for seeking medical help abroad has got a lot of response on the @BBCAfrica Twitter account.

And it seems that our presidents aren't getting a lot of love.

Some see a vibrant health sector as a sign of independence:

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While others say that leaders going abroad for treatment suggests they have no faith in their own public services:

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And then there is the suspicion that nothing homegrown is worth it:

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Protests after Sudanese student sentenced to death

Ibrahim Haithar

BBC Monitoring, Nairobi

A Sudanese court has sentenced a student member of the opposition Sudanese Congress Party to death.

Asim Omar Hassan was convicted under Article 130 of the Sudanese penal code for allegedly killing a policeman during protests at the University of Khartoum two years ago, the website of privately-owned Al-Tareeq newspaper reports.

As soon as the verdict was announced crowds gathered outside the court. They started chanting slogans against the court before police dispersed them with tear gas and arrested several of them, a witness told the newspaper.

@Sudanchangenow, a Sudanese political movement established in 2010 by young activists working for peaceful democratic change in Sudan, has been tweeting pictures of protests outside the court.

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Zimbabwe apologises to celebrity after underwear row

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The head of Zimbabwe's Tourism Board has apologised to South African celebrity Zodwa Wabantu, who is set to headline the Harare International Carnival, after he said that she would only be invited if she wore underwear, Times Live reports.

Zodwa has gained some notoriety in the region for her preference for not wearing underwear.

Karikoga Kaseke had said that Zodwa, who is a dancer, would offend traditional leaders if she performed without her "panties".

Times Live reports that Mr Kaseke told Zimbabwe state TV that the celebrity was free to bring her act to the Harare Festival, especially since she was "well received in Bulawayo" - a city largely viewed as conservative compared to the capital, Harare.

Zodwa told Times Live that she would would not compromise her brand and would not be told how to live her life.

Thanksgiving prayers for Zambia's opposition leader

A cathedral in Zambia's capital, Lusaka, is hosting a thanksgiving prayer service for opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema.

Mr Hichilema left prison nearly two weeks ago after being held in custody for five months while facing treason charges.

It is believed that he was released after a deal brokered by the Commonwealth.

The church has organised today's service in his honour and it is being streamed live on Mr Hichilema's Facebook page:

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The opposition leader''s incarceration led some to question the democratic direction that the country is moving in, and President Edghar Lungu faces accusations of growing authoritarianism.

Sierra Leone opposition leader says attack was politically motivated

We've been reporting on the fire in Sierra leone's capital, Freetown, at the headquarters of the opposition Alliance Democratic Party (ADP).

Its leader, Kamaraimba Mansaray, had alleged that the fire was the result of a petrol bomb, but the police have not commented.

Fore at a building in Freetown

Talking to the BBC he alleged that the attack was politically motivated and that he had received threats after criticising corruption in Sierra Leone.

He said this was not the first time that one of his party's buildings had been torched.

Mr Mansaray used to be a member of the governing All People's Congress but fell out with the leadership three years ago.

'Severe water shortages in Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan'

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The UN children's agency, Unicef, says that 30 million people, including 14.6 million children, in north-east Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen are in urgent need of safe water.

In Nigeria, it says that three million people are at risk because 75% of water and infrastructure has been damaged or destroyed in the region, which is on the front line of the fight against Islamist militant group Boko Haram.

Sanjay Wijesekera, Unicef's head of water and sanitation, says that in South Sudan, where there is a civil war, half of places where people got water have been destroyed leaving the vulnerable, mostly children, prone to diseases:

When children have no safe water to drink, and when health systems are left in ruins, malnutrition and potentially fatal diseases like cholera will inevitably follow.”

Unicef also says that 19,000 cases of cholera have been recorded in the country since June.

Somalia has also recorded "nearly 77,000 cases of suspected cholera/acute watery diarrhoea" in the past five years, it adds.

'It's a disgrace to us all'

Reaction to criticism of Africa's 'health tourist' leaders

We've been getting a lot of comments on our Facebook page in reaction to the story about criticism of African leaders who travel abroad for health treatment.

At least five African heads of state have gone overseas for medical reasons in the past year and judging by many of the comments there isn't much sympathy

Lunga Dlamini Bisca writes:

it's a big disgrace to us Africans. We don't trust our own health professionals. We are the one who trained these doctors and nurses in our hospitals. If we don't trust them, then why do we train them?"

Chux Enyia wonders why people still support these leaders:

It's very shameful indeed, and the worst part of the story is that some gullible citizens will still offer these leaders a warm welcome after spending public money abroad."

But one commenter, calling himself Mutatis Mutandis, is more sympathetic:

Do you want them to stick to the same poor facilities at home in the name of nationalism and die? Let them seek better attention wherever they can afford. Let's just focus on uplifting standards and not stopping them from accessing services where it's better than here."

Hospital in northern Nigeria
Activists argue that presidents travelling abroad for treatment affects services at home

Map showing rapid urbanisation in Sierra Leone

We have been drawn to this tweet shared by an account which says that it represents an alliance of conservationists and scientists who are "working to support environmental resilience in Sierra Leone".

It shows the disappearing forest in the capital, Freetown:

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At least 400 people were killed by a mudslide which struck the outskirts of the capital on 14 August, and the disaster has been blamed on unchecked construction and forest clearances.

Read: Freetown: A disaster waiting to happen?

Stellar African line-up for next month's Berlin marathon

Nick Cavell

BBC Africa Sport

Ethiopia’s former long distance Olympic and World Champion Kenenisa Bekele has been added to an outstanding field for the Berlin Marathon on 24 September.

The second-fastest man over the distance will take on Kenya’s Wilson Kipsang and Eliud Kipchoge later this month.

Kipsang broke the world record in 2013 when he clocked 2 hours 3 minutes and 23 seconds on the Berlin course. But this was broken a year later by his compatriot Dennis Kimetto at the same event.

Kimetto’s mark of 2 hours 2 minutes and 57 seconds still stands, although both Bekele and Kipsang came close last year in Berlin

Olympic marathon champion Kipchoge missed the London marathon earlier this year as he attempted to be the first man to run under 2 hours at a special event in Italy - he was just over 25 seconds shy of the target.

Kenenisa Bekele
Kenenisa Bekele won the 2016 Berlin marathon

Solving Nigeria's blood shortage

In emergency situations getting blood where it's needed most can be critical. The lack of efficiency in this process has led to an unnecessary loss of life In Nigeria.

That's inspired Temie Giwa-Tobuson to develop an app that connects blood banks to hospitals, and has built a network of moped drivers to ferry blood around Lagos.

Her story is part of the BBC's World Hacks Series:

Macron plans to visit Burkina Faso 'soon'

France's President Emmanuel Macron has said that he will "soon" got to the capital of Burkina Faso, Ouagadougou, as part of his plan to stem the flow of migrants from Africa to Europe, the AFP news agency reports.

He made the announcement when talking to French diplomats a day after he announced a plan to curb migration across the Mediterranean following a meeting with African leaders.

That plan involves tackling people smugglers, improving stability in Libya and increasing aid to the transit countries.

Map showing migration routes to Europe

So far this year, more than 120,000 people have tried to cross the Mediterranean to reach Europe, the UN says. Many of the migrants are from Africa.

'Ongoing scrutiny of Kenya's election results system'

We reported earlier about an ongoing standoff between lawyers representing Kenya's opposition leader Raila Odinga and officials of the electoral commission (IEBC) over access to the results transmission system, which the opposition alleges was tampered with to skew the 8 August election to favour President Uhuru Kenyatta.

Mr Odinga, who is challenging the results in the Supreme Court, had successfully argued for access to the system that managed the election.

The commission has now tweeted that the scrutiny of the system is ongoing.

The opposition lawyers, who had said that the IEBC was not complying with the court order, have not confirmed that they now have access.

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Thousands leave homes in Niger over flooding risk

BBC World Service

The authorities in Niger have ordered thousands of people to leave their homes in the capital, Niamey, because of serious flooding.

Many are sheltering in schools while others have nowhere to go.

Buildings have been destroyed and key roads cut in several parts of the country and livestock has been lost.

More than 40 people have been killed in flooding in Niger in the past three months.

'Suspect who threatened murdered Kenya IT expert held'

Prosecutors in Kenya successfully applied to police to continue holding a man who is alleged to have sent threatening messages to Chris Msando, the IT manager for the electoral commission, who was killed a week before the 8 August election, Daily Nation reports.

Andrew Kipkoech Rono, 58, was arrested on 15 July according to the prosecutor's office.

The prosecution argued that investigators were still scrutinising Mr Rono's phone and did not want to him to interfere with investigations:

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Mr Rono was Mr Msando’s landlord at a residential estate in the capital, Nairobi, until four years ago, and is believed to have frequently communicated with him even after he had moved out, the Daily Nation reports.

Cameroon authorities try to force shop owners to end protest

Randy Joe Sa'ah

BBC Africa, Bamenda

There's tension in Bamenda, the capital of Cameroon's north-west region, where English speakers have been protesting against what they call unfair treatment by the government, which is dominated by French speakers.

Every Monday, shop owners in and around the city's two main markets have shut their businesses in sympathy with the protests.

Now, in a move to pressurise the business people into ending their action, the city council has permanently sealed off the affected areas, stopping shop owners being able to reach their businesses.

In order to enforce the move, armed gendarmes and elite soldiers have been deployed in the city centre.

Anger is building as the traders who came to the city to work are not returning home.

Protests in Bamenda
Bamenda has been hit by protests since last year

Sierra Leone opposition HQ on fire

Our reporter in Sierra Leone has posted dramatic pictures on his Facebook page of the headquarters of the opposition Alliance Democratic Party (ADP) on fire.

The party's leader Kamaraimba Mansaray says it was a result of a petrol bomb, but the police have not commented on the cause of the fire:

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Although the ADP is not the country's main opposition party, analysts say that it is seen as a thorn in the side of the governing All People's Congress.

Nigeria thanks US for sale of aircraft

The US $593m (£460m) sale of 12 Super Tucano aircraft to Nigeria has gone ahead, the Reuters news agency reports saying that the Pentagon has let Congress know.

Nigeria wants the aircraft, which can be used for surveillance and attack, to help in the fight against Islamist militant group Boko Haram.

Nigeria's vice-president has tweeted about the deal:

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The sale was delayed by the Obama administration after a catastrophic incident involving the Nigerian military.

About 90 people, mainly women and children, were killed in January when the Nigerian Air Force mistakenly bombed a camp in the country's north-east, which was hosting thousands of those who had fled Boko Haram.

Super Tucano plane
US Air Force
Super Tucano A-29 aircraft can be used for both surveillance and attack

Standoff in Kenya's election petition

Lawyers for Kenya's opposition leader Raila Odinga, who is challenging the re-election of President Uhuru Kenyatta in the Supreme Court, have said their efforts to seek information from the electoral commission to support their case are being frustrated.

The court yesterday granted Mr Odinga's team limited to the electoral commission (IEBC) server, which was used in managing the 8 August election, but they say that the order had not been complied with. One lawyer tweeted that they had been "stonewalled".

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The IEBC refuted the allegation saying that the team had been given access:

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Another lawyer responded with a picture alleging that they did not have access to IEBC's office because it had its door was "firmly locked":

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The opposition alleges that the presidential results were tampered with to give Mr Kenyatta an advantage and that an audit of the voting system will prove their case.

Daily Nation reports that IEBC provided the opposition team and the court officers copies of the logs on the server but Mr Odinga’s team made an additional request to download the logs themselves.

A report of the scrutiny was ordered to be delivered today at 17:00 local time (16:00 GMT)

The court has until Friday to rule on the case which will either confirm President Kenyatta's victory or order a new election.

Zimbabwe's first lady mocked over alleged assault

The cartoonist for South Africa eNCA channel has suggested that Conor McGregor, who lost to Floyd Mayweather in what was described as a the richest boxing match ever, should have a new trainer in the form of Zimbabwe's First Lady Grace Mugabe:

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Mrs Mugabe has been accused of assaulting a South African woman with an electrical cord in a hotel in Johannesburg.

She has not commented on the charges and left South Africa after being granted diplomatic immunity.

Speaking last week in Harare, Mrs Mugabe, in her first comments since returning home, urged her audience to respect women, the state-owned Herald newspaper reports.

It says she was referring to incidents of rape.

Africa's 'health tourist' leaders criticised

Shingai Nyoka

BBC Africa, Victoria Falls

President Buhari
Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari, now back home, has spent more than four months of this year getting treatment in the UK

South Africa’s Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi has criticised African leaders for seeking medical treatment abroad.

Speaking in Zimbabwe at a World Health Organization (WHO) meeting of African health ministers, Mr Motsoaledi said Africa must be the only continent where the leaders travel abroad for health reasons.

He was addressing the conference hours after President Robert Mugabe, who himself makes regular trips to Singapore for eye treatment, opened the meeting.

Mr Mugabe had left the event by the time Mr Motsoaledi spoke.

In the past year five African heads of state have gone overseas for medical reasons:

  • Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari
  • Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe
  • Benin's President Patrice Talon
  • Angola's President Jose Eduardo dos Santos
  • Algeria's President Abdelaziz Bouteflika

Newsday newspaper quoted South Africa's health minister as saying:

I have said this before and I will say it again: we are the only continent that has its leaders seeking medical services outside the continent, outside our territory. We must be ashamed of that. This is called health tourism. We must promote our own."

Health campaigners have regularly criticised these foreign trips arguing that they undermine the health service at home.

President Mugabe
Zimbabwe's President Mugabe has made several trips to Singapore for treatment over the past 12 months

Read more: Why do Buhari, Dos Santos and Mugabe go to hospital abroad?

Uganda launches anti-porn team

A committee set up by the Uganda government to prevent the distribution of pornographic material in the country has begun work after nine members were appointed to lead it, Daily Monitor reports.

According to Ethics Minister Simon Lokodo, who was speaking at the team's inauguration event in the capital, Kampala, the committee will have a dedicated technical staff of between 30 and 40.

The team will acquire top-end gadgets to monitor and or intercept, downloading, watching, sharing and the transmission of electronic pornographic material, the Monitor reports.

The report also says that the committee will spend 2bn Uganda shilling ( $555,000; £428,000) a year.

Mr Lokodo, who has been on a public campaign against pornography, blamed it for being behind "drug abuse among youths, incest, teenage pregnancy and abortion, homosexuality and lesbianism and defilement".

He called pornography “one of the deadliest moral diseases in this country” that needed to be stopped if the country is to develop.

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