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  1. Secessionist leader in Nigeria fails to appear at his treason trial
  2. Zimbabwe's fruit import ban would "save foreign currency"
  3. Somalia appeals for blood after bombing
  4. Zuma sacks leading critic from cabinet
  5. Imam's arrest leads to protests in Togo
  6. Kenyan court lifts ban on demonstrations

Live Reporting

By Farouk Chothia and Clare Spencer

All times stated are UK

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  1. Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

    We'll be back tomorrow

    That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

    A reminder of today's wise words:

    Quote Message: Half a loaf is better than nothing." from A Shona proverb sent by Israel Katongo in Mount Darwin, Zimbabwe
    A Shona proverb sent by Israel Katongo in Mount Darwin, Zimbabwe

    Click here to send us your African proverbs

    And we leave you with this photo of models posing in the South African city Cape Town:

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  2. Nigerians celebrate Fela Kuti

    Didi Akinyelure

    BBC Africa, Lagos

    Fela Kuti
    Image caption: Kuti died 20 years ago

    This year marks the 20th anniversary of the death of Nigerian music maverick and pioneer Fela Kuti.

    Hundreds of Nigerians took part in the annual "Felabration" - a series of events to commemorate Kuti's death.

    He was one of Africa’s most celebrated musicians; loved by millions for his authenticity and charisma.

    In the past few years, there has been a resurgence of interest in his music in popular culture, with plays about his life on New York's Broadway and in London’s West End.

    Today, he is being recognised at home.

    Kuti was very vocal on the issue of governance in Africa and this is something a lot of fans admired about him.

    Yeni Anikulapo-Kuti, Kuti's first child, told me her father has a message for African people.

    "It’s important that we hear that message and we live by that message. And that message was pan-Africanism. If Africa is united, the sky is the limit."

    For many here in Nigeria, the problems Kuti sang about are daily realities and his music remains the only symbol of hope.

    Femi Kuti
    Image caption: Kuti's son Femi performed at Felebration in Lagos
  3. St Helena's new airport boosts tourism hopes

    The small volcanic island of St Helena in the middle of the South Atlantic Ocean finally has its first functioning airport.

    A monthly boat trip was previously the only way on and off the island.

    Video content

    Video caption: St Helena's new airport boosts tourism hopes
  4. 'Site of human suffering' in Libya

    BBC World Service

    Migrants wait to receive food at a detention centre in the coastal city of Sabratha, Libya, October 9, 2017
    Image caption: Many migrants are kept in a detention centre in Sabratha

    The United Nations says thousands of migrants are living in shocking conditions in the Libyan town of Sabratha, which it called a site of human suffering and abuse.

    The UN refugee agency is providing urgent assistance to 14,000 people who've been freed from captivity, but it warned that another 6,000 are still held by human traffickers, who've made the town one of their main hubs after the end of the rule Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.

    The agency said most of the refugees have been subjected to abuse, including sexual violence.

  5. Zuma's reshuffle a 'formula for instability'

    Milton Nkosi

    BBC Africa, Johannesburg

    South African President Jacob Zuma's cabinet reshuffle has its roots deep in the infighting and factionalism currently engulfing the governing African National Congress (ANC).

    Take a look at the reaction of ANC secretary-general Gwede Mantashe to the dismissal of Higher Education Minister Blade Nzimande:

    “It’s a pity that Blade has been removed from that portfolio. He is a good cadre of the movement. We are hoping that he will stay as an MP.”

    With this being the second reshuffle within 12 months, Mr Mantashe added that he was worried by the quick turnover of leadership in the administration.

    “That’s a formula for instability,” he warned.

    The sacking of Mr Nzimande was a long time coming. He had been openly calling for President Zuma to step down over corruption allegations which have dogged him for about a decade now.

    South African President Jacob Zuma (C) holds hands with his fellow comrades Minister of higher education Blade Nzimande (L) and President of Cosatu Sdumo Dlamini (R) at opening of the 10th Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu) in Johannesburg on September 21, 2009
    Image caption: Mr Nzimande (L) helped Mr Zuma gain power in 2009, but they later fell out

    On the opposition side, Economic Freedom Front (EFF) leader Julius Malema said the reshuffle was linked to corruption.

    The president should have “reshuffled himself,” Mr Malema added.

    The outspoken Mr Malema also argued out that a loyalist of Mr Zuma, David Mahlobo, was moved from the intelligence to energy ministry to push through a controversial Russian nuclear deal that could cost tens of billions of dollars, deepening fears of corruption.

  6. Nigerian artist chosen to paint Obama

    Kehinde Wiley
    Image caption: Kehinde Wiley paintings use bold colours

    Nigerian media is reacting to the news that artist Kehinde Wiley has been chosen to paint the official portrait of former US President Barack Obama. called the move to choose the artist of Nigerian heritage "inspiring".

    Punch describes Wiley's art as having "rich, highly saturated colour palette" adding that "his use of decorative patterns complement his realistic, yet expressive, likenesses".

    The Smithsonian announced the decision last week.

    The museum explained that at the end of each presidency it partners with the White House to commission one official portrait of the President and one of his spouse.

    The two portraits will be unveiled at the museum in early 2018.

  7. Ghana and Ivory Coast in bid to resolve border dispute

    BBC World Service

    Nana Akufo-Addo
    Image caption: Ghana's president said the president of Ivory coast displayed statesemanship

    The neighbouring West African countries Ghana and Ivory Coast have set up a commission to implement an international ruling on a maritime border dispute.

    The border runs through disputed oilfields and has caused bilateral tensions for a decade.

    But two weeks ago Ivory Coast accepted a ruling by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, which favoured Ghana.

    The judgment was passed after Abidjan accused Accra of encroaching on its waters to drill for oil.

    Ghana's President Nana Akufo-Addo has praised his Ivorian counterpart Alessane Ouattara, who's currently on an official visit, for what he called his statesmanship, friendship and regard for the two countries' interests.

  8. Africa 'prepares to abolish call roaming charges'

    Mobile phone
    Image caption: At the moment people pay more to phone across national borders

    Phone calls across African borders could become cheaper, as ministers have discussed making an agreement to scrap roaming charges reports The East African.

    This emerged from a meeting of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (comesa), which has been taking place in Lusaka, Zambia, it adds.

    Ecowas, which is a group of 15 West African states, agreed to abolish phone roaming fees from the beginning of 2018, the newspaper reports.

    The wider agreement could be between 40 countries.

  9. Long queues to donate blood for Somali blast victims

    Bashkas Jugsodaay

    BBC News, Nairobi

    Image caption: People queued in red scarfs used to protest against the attack

    In Kenya's capital Nairobi, hundreds of Somalis have lined up to donate blood for the victims of Saturday's explosion in Mogadishu.

    Residents of Eastleigh, a suburb where lots of Somalis live, say they were moved by the aftermath of the blast that killed more than 270 people.

    One of the volunteers, 20-year-old Konsar Mohamed, told me she donated blood because it's "the biggest gift I can give my people".

    She knew someone who was killed in the attack:

    Quote Message: It hurts a lot, we used to talk a lot, we used to laugh a lot, and the only thing I want to tell him is that: Rest in peace, my brother. And whoever did that, as Somalis we are now united and we will stand for you."
    Giving blood

    Kenya is among the countries that have sent medical aid to Somalia. There are also plans to airlift the victims for further treatment.

  10. People are annoyed white Miss South Africa wore Zulu inspired outfit

    Mayeni Jones

    BBC Focus on Africa

    Miss South Africa’s choice of traditional costume has caused some consternation on Twitter, with some accusing the beauty pageant contestant of cultural appropriation.

    Adé van Heerden, the runner-up at the Miss South Africa 2017 pageant, will be representing her country at the Miss World pageant in Sanya, China on 18 November.

    On Monday the official Miss South Africa Twitter account released a picture of Ms van Heerden in her traditional costume:

    View more on twitter

    Twitter was quick to cry appropriation:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    Others criticised the design itself:

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    View more on twitter

    Some people pointed out that the designer of the dress, Matome Seshoka, is black and therefore this could not be appropriation.

    But others disagreed:

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    The designer, Ms Seshoka, explained to South African news site IOL that her designs were a fusion of the culture of the Ndebele and Zulu people:

    Quote Message: My team and I were inspired by Ndebele people who have an extraordinary culture and authenticity. They are the most colourful tribe and truly South African. We fused this with a bit of Zulu culture to give the national costume a modern and young feel. The colours of our national flag give it a proudly South African look. We included a cape because this represents power and strength and is usually worn by Zulu queens."

    If you want to hear about the topic of cultural appropriation in fashion, listen to this month’s episode of the Africa Debate:

    Video content

    This content is currently not available

    Read more: When does cultural borrowing turn into cultural appropriation?

  11. Why 'Pray for Mogadishu' isn't trending

    Rozina Sini

    BBC News


    What usually happens on social media after a terrorist attack us that a hashtag circulates beginning with "Pray for..." or "I am...".

    Users share images of the carnage, and people express an equal measure of sadness and defiance.

    But after deadly attacks on Saturday in Mogadishu, which claimed at least 281 lives, some social media users have been asking where the solidarity for Somalia is, and why there are no trending hashtags like those which have emerged after attacks in the US and Europe.

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    Khaled Beydoun a professor of Law in Detroit, criticised the depth of media coverage in a social media post which has been shared hundreds of times on Facebook and more than 6,000 times on Twitter.

    "I hate comparing human tragedies, but the mainstream media makes you do it," he posted on Facebook.

    "There are no slogans claiming 'we are Mogadishu' and no catchy images floating around social media demonstrating solidarity."

    He is not alone in having this view. Between Saturday, when the attack took place, and the early hours of Monday morning the hashtag #IAmMogadishu had generated little over 200 tweets, but by Tuesday there were more than 13,000 tweets as social media users expressed their frustration over the lack of media attention the attacks were being given.

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    However, there was one sign that western countries were paying interest - as the Eiffel Tower turned out its lights in tribute:

    View more on twitter

    Read more on BBC Trending.

  12. Zimbabwe relies heavily on fruit imports

    Russell Padmore

    Business correspondent, BBC News

    Zimbabwean women shop for vegetables in Jambanja market in Seke, 58km south of Harare, on August 2, 2013.
    Image caption: Not enough fruit and vegetables are grown in Zimbabwe

    In June, the Zimbabwean government banned maize imports, saying it produced enough to fulfill domestic demand.

    Now, it has announced a ban on fruit and vegetable imports.

    Last year, Zimbabwe imported about $80m (£60m) worth of produce, such as tomatoes, carrots, grapes, apples and oranges, largely from South Africa.

    It relies heavily on imports of fruit and vegetables, from its its biggest trading partner, because Zimbabwean farmers have struggled to grow enough to satisfy demand.

    The cost of importing produce has drained the country's foreign currency reserves, which have been in short supply for a long time.

    Zimbabwe has used the US dollar without official permission from the US since its own currency collapsed amid hyperinflation eight years ago, but it has struggled to maintain supplies of dollar bills, which it hoped to deal with by introducing the replacement bond notes.

    The government has said the ban on foreign fruit and vegetables will allow local farmers to increase their crop output.

    The ban will come into force immediately and the authorities are finalising a list of foreign produced fruit which will be prohibited from sale.

    See earlier post for more details

  13. Pro-Biafra leader's treason trial adjourned

    Nnamdi Kanu steps out of the courtroom after being granted bail by the Federal High Court in Abuja, on April 25, 2017
    Image caption: Nnamdi Kanu has not been seen since last month

    The treason trial of missing pro-Biafra leader Nnamdi Kanu has been adjourned, with the judge ordering that the people who stood as surety for him must produce him at the court's next sitting on 20 November.

    However, both the defence and the prosecution say they do not know the whereabouts of Mr Kanu, the leader of the banned Indigenous People of Biafra (Ipob), which is campaigning for an independent state in south-eastern Nigeria.

    Some of Mr Kano's supporters were in the court building to show their solidarity with him.

    Meanwhile, Nigeria's Premium Times newspaper reports that the senator, who stood as surety when Mr Kanu was freed on bail in April, has asked if he can be "relieved of that role".

    See earlier post for more details

  14. Togo protests over imam's arrest

    Image caption: Protests about presidential term limits in Togo started in August

    Protests broke out in Togo last night after an imam was arrested in the second-biggest city, Sokodé, reports BBC Afrique.

    The imam, Alpha Al Hassan, is close to opposition leader Tikpi Atchadam.

    It is not clear why he has been arrested.

    News of the imam's arrest spread on social media and protesters quickly started demanding his releas, putting up barricades and burning tyres on the main national road, reports BBC Afrique.

    The headquarters of Togo Telecom and the post office were believed to have been looted, and police used tear gas to disperse demonstrators, it adds.

    Opposition parties have held mass protests in Togo to demand an end to President Faure Gnassingbé rule, saying they have had enough of the "Gnassingbe dynasty" which has been in power for the last 50 years.

    Mr Gnassingbé became president in 2005 after the death of his father, Gnassingbé Eyadema, who had been at the helm for 38 years.

    Read more: Why are people marching against Faure Gnassingbé?

  15. Nigeria court asked to revoke secessionist's bail

    Ishaq Khalid

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    This file photo taken on May 27, 2017 shows political activist and leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) movement, Nnamdi Kanu (C) is joined by supporters and members of the Yahveh Yashua Synagogue (Yisraelities Biafra Region) during the celebration of Shabbat outside his residence in Umuahia
    Image caption: Namdi Kanu, centre, has been missing since last month

    A Nigerian government lawyer has called for an arrest warrant to be issued for secessionist leader Nnamdi Kanu - and for his bail to be revoked - after he failed to appear at his treason trial in the capital, Abuja.

    Mr Kanu's lawyer said he did not know whether he was dead or alive.

    He had not seen Mr Kanu - the leader of Indigenous People of Biafra group - since a security force raid last month on his home in the south-east.

    Mr Kanu was released on bail in April after being detained without trial for more than a year-and-a-half.

    I will bring you updates from the High Court here in the capital, Abuja, as arguments continue so stay with BBC Africa Live.

  16. Move to prosecute Zuma's son

    Nomsa Maseko

    BBC Africa, Johannesburg

    South African lobby group Afriforum has announced plans to privately prosecute President Jacob Zuma’s son.

    The group says it wants to prosecute Duduzane Zuma on manslaughter, or culpable homicide, charges emanating from a car crash in which a 27-year-old woman died in 2014.

    The man who intends to spearhead Afriforum's private prosecution is former state prosecutor Gerrie Nel who is most well-known for securing the murder conviction of former Olympic and Paralympian star Oscar Pistorius.

    South African Prosecutor Gerrie Nel attends on February 19, 2013 the bail hearing of South African Olympic sprinter Oscar Pistorius at the Magistrate Court in Pretoria.
    Image caption: Mr Nel is nicknamed "the Pitbull"

    Phumzile Dube died when Duduzane Zuma’s car collided with the taxi in which she was travelling. Her two-year-old daughter survived.

    An inquest found that Duduzane Zuma's negligent conduct led to the crash but the National Prosecuting Authority declined to pursue charges against him, citing insufficient evidence.

    Afriforum says it believes the deceased woman’s family deserves justice, no matter who the perpetrator is.

    Duduzane Zuma has not yet commented.

  17. Ipob's Nnamdi Kanu in 'court no-show'

    Nnamdi Kanu (L), wearing a Jewish prayer shawl, poses in the garden of his house in Umuahia, southeast Nigeria, on May 26, 2017
    Image caption: Nnamdi Kanu wants to create the breakaway state of Biafra

    The leader of a banned secessionist group in south-eastern Nigeria has failed to appear in court for his treason trial, AFP news agency reports.

    Nnamdi Kanu - who heads the Indigenous People of Biafra (Ipob) group - was in the custody of the (federal government)", his lawyer, Ifeanyi Ejiofor, told the High Court in the capital, Abuja, AFP reports.

    The government has previously denied the allegation, with some officials saying Mr Kanu had fled the country.

    Mr Kanu was released on bail in May after being detained without trial for more than a year-and-a-half.

    He went missing a few weeks ago after the military intensified operations in the south-east, where Ipob is campaigning for the creation of the independent state of Biafra.

    Nigeria's Vanguard newspaper quoted an unnamed member of the prosecuting team as saying that Mr Kanu may be tried in absentia.

    Read: The man behind Nigeria's separatists

  18. University 'expels' Nollywood actor

    Nollywood actor Debo Adedayo has been expelled from a prominent church-owned university after writing his final exams, reports Nigeria’s Pulse newspaper.

    The Redeemer's University told the Pulse that Mr Adedayo was “trying to tarnish the image of the university and that of the senior officers”.

    He responded in a letter published by entertainment blogger Linda Ikejis, where he argued that he had been expelled for "fighting passionately for students rights".

    He added “that I wasn't given the joy to graduate on that day I waited patiently for broke my heart”.

    “My parents have decided to take legal action against the management of the University.”

    View more on instagram
  19. Bullet removed from Kenyan toddler shot during protest

    Doctors have removed a bullet from the shoulder of a two-and-a-half-year-old girl who was shot during a protest to demand electoral reforms in Kenya's western city of Kisumu, the local Star newspaper reports.

    Lydia Khageya, the child's mother, was quoted by the newspaper as saying she was shot in their compound while playing with other children.

    "We ran towards her because we thought she was hit by a stone but on looking closely, we saw something in her shoulder and rushed her to Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Teaching and Referral Hospital," she added.

    View more on twitter

    Opposition supporters have been holding a series of protests to demand reforms - including the sacking of top election officials - before new presidential elections are held.

    The main opposition opposition candidate, Raila Odinga, is boycotting next week's re-run, and security forces have been accused of using excessive force against his supporters.

  20. UN consider peace talks in Western Sahara

    BBC World Service

    Western Sahara refugee
    Image caption: Tens of thousands of refugees from Western Sahara live in Algeria

    The new UN envoy for the disputed territory of Western Sahara is visiting the region to assess the possibility of restarting peace talks between Morocco and the pro-independence Polisario Front.

    Reports say Horst Koehler - a former German president - met the Moroccan foreign minister Nasser Bourita in Rabat on Monday.

    Later in the week he's expected to travel to the Tindouf region of Algeria where he'll meet Polisario officials and some of the refugees living there.

    Morocco annexed Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony, in 1975, prompting an insurgency which lasted until a UN-brokered ceasefire in 1991.