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Summary

  1. Emmerson Mnangagwa sworn in as Zimbabwe's president
  2. He vows to serve all Zimbabweans
  3. Tells investors their money will be safe in Zimbabwe
  4. Promises to compensate farmers who lost land
  5. But says the land policy cannot be reversed
  6. Former President Robert Mugabe did not attend
  7. But his successor paid tribute to him

Live Reporting

By Clare Spencer, Lucy Fleming and David Molloy

All times stated are UK

  1. Zimbabwe's inauguration: 'Best Black Friday'

    We're ending our coverage of the inauguration of Zimbabwe's new President Emmerson Mnangagwa, who in his address to a packed stadium, vowed to serve all citizens.

    It is the culmination of a dramatic 10 days in Zimbabwe, with a military takeover, mass demonstrations and Robert Mugabe's resignation after 37 years of authoritarian rule.

    Mr Mnangagwa did pay tribute to Mr Mugabe, calling him "a father, mentor, comrade-in-arms and my leader".

    You can read the moments from his speech that excited the crowd in the post below.

    But we finish with some humour. This image is being shared on WhatsApp, making reference to Black Friday, a shopping day following the Thanksgiving holiday when shoppers can find amazing bargains.

    A meme on WhatsApp about Emmerson Mnangagwa's inauguration

    And our vote for the best cartoon goes to Kenyan cartoonist Gado, alluding to Mr Mnangagwa's nickname "the crocodile".

    View more on twitter
  2. Mnangagwa speech: What the crowd cheered

    Emmerson Mnangagwa

    Emmerson Mnangagwa, Zimbabwe’s new president whose nickname is “the crocodile”, has pledged to crack down on corruption, hold elections on schedule and restore relations with the West.

    Here are the key moments from his speech that were applauded by the 60,000-strong crowd.

    Quote Message: I am required to serve our country as the president of all citizens regardless of colour, creed, religion, tribe, totem or political affiliation."
    Quote Message: In acknowledging the honour you have bestowed upon me, I recognise that the urgent tasks that beckon will not be accomplished through speeches. I must hit the ground running."
    Quote Message: We should never remain hostages of our past. Let us humbly appeal to all of us that we let bygones be bygones readily embracing each other in defining a new destiny of our beloved Zimbabwe."
    Quote Message: The principle of re-possessing our land cannot be challenged or reversed. The dispossession of our ancestral lands was the fundamental reason for waging the liberation struggle."
    Quote Message: My government is committed to compensating those farmers from whom land was taken in terms of our laws of lands."
    Quote Message: Our economic policy will be predicated on our agriculture, our command agriculture, which is the mainstay and on creating conditions for investment-led economic recovery that puts a premium on job, job, job creation."
    Quote Message: The liquidity challenges, which have bedevilled the economy, must be tacked head on, with real solutions being generated as a matter of urgency. People must be able to access their earnings and savings as and when they need them."
    Quote Message: As we focus on recovering our economy, we mush shed misbehaviours and acts of indiscipline which have characterised the past. Acts of corruption must stop. Where these occur, swift, swift, swift justice must be served."
    Quote Message: Gone are the days of absenteeism…days of undue delays and forestalling decisions and services in the hope of extorting dirty rewards. Those days are over."
    Quote Message: I stand here today to say that our country is ready and willing for a steady re-engagement with all the nations of the world."
    Quote Message: As we build a new, democratic Zimbabwe, we ask those who have punished us in the past to reconsider their economic and political sanctions against us. Whatever misunderstandings may have subsisted in the past, let this make way for a new beginning."
    Quote Message: I wish to be clear, all foreign investments will be safe in Zimbabwe."
    Quote Message: Brothers and sisters, the people of Zimbabwe, the task before us is much bigger than competing for political office. Let us all play our part to build this great country, together, as Zimbabweans.May God bless Zimbabwe, I thank you."
  3. Reported $10m payment for Mugabe

    Former president Robert Mugabe is set to receive a $10m (£7.5m) payout following his resignation, according to the Zimbabwe Independent.

    The private weekly newspaper reports that a $5m lump sum will be paid to Mr Mugabe, with the remainder in installments - alongside medical cover, security arrangements, and more.

    "Mugabe’s negotiators managed to strike a deal with the generals to enable the 93-year-old former president not to go into exile but rather enjoy his retirement in Zimbabwe with all his benefits," it said.

    The news did not go down well with Wilf Mbanga, editor of The Zimbabwean:

    View more on twitter
  4. 'No justice' for notorious massacre

    Zimbabwe's new President Emmerson Mnangagwa denies any involvement in the notorious Matabeleland massacres of the early 1980s.

    But he was in charge of state security when North Korean-trained security forces killed thousands.

    Melwa Ngwenya, father to one of the victims, told the BBC justice has never been served.

    Video content

    Video caption: Families of those who died in the Matabeleland massacres say justice is yet to be served
  5. A speech making all the right noises

    Joseph Winter

    BBC News website Africa editor

    Emmerson Mnangagwa's speech of reconciliation will be widely welcomed in Zimbabwe, even if his powers of oratory fell well short of those of his predecessor.

    He reached out to people across the "ethnic, racial and political" divides, following years of deep polarisation under Robert Mugabe.

    However, those Zimbabweans who can recall the days before Mr Mugabe - the minority - will know that when he took power in 1980, he made similar pledges, and was widely praised for it, both at home and around the world.

    People react as Zimbabwean new President Emmerson Mnangagwa is officially sworn-in during a ceremony in Harare on November 24, 2017.

    What Zimbabweans really want is for Mr Mnangagwa to breath new life into their failed economy.

    Here, he also made all the right noises, recognising the severity of the problem.

    He even promised compensation to the white farmers whose eviction caused the economy to spiral into free-fall. However, it is not clear where he would get the money from, and he did insist that land reform itself was non-negotiable.

    He also accepted that he would not be judged on his speeches, but on his actions.

    All Zimbabweans will agree with that.

  6. Boos for the police, cheers for Botswana

    A journalist has posted video of the moment when the police chief Augustine Chihuri was booed by the crowds whilst making his pledge to the new president.

    View more on facebook

    The police chief is seen as having sided with former First Lady Grace Mugabe in the political battle that preceded the army takeover.

    The crowd were chanting "ngaende", which in the Shona language means "he must go".

    His officers are also very unpopular for soliciting bribes at the country's many road blocks - which to the joy of Zimbabweans have been absent since military intervention.

    Maynard Manyowa also posted a contrasting moment when Botswana's President Ian Khama - a critic of former President Robert Mugabe - entered the stadium to cheers.

    View more on facebook
  7. Mnangagwa shows he is his own man

    Stanley Kwenda

    BBC Focus on Africa, Harare

    In a sign that Emmerson Mnangagwa wants to do things differently from his predecessor, he and his wife entered Harare’s National Sports Stadium on foot for his swearing-in ceremony.

    This is in stark contrast to Robert Mugabe, who always drove in for events here.

    It was a colourful ceremony, with 60,000 people packed into the stadium from all parts of the country.

    And not everyone could get in – before the proceedings started, the army had to close the gates, so many watched and listened from outside.

    People watching the ceremony on a screen outside the stadium

    Mr Mnangagwa paid tribute to Mr Mugabe and his legacy, but promised to change the country’s “poisonous” political culture, saying its polarisation had led to the military intervention.

    He spoke about the need to fight corruption, which is a big scourge here.

    Much of the speech focused on how he hoped to revitalise the economy and create jobs.

    In the opinion of economist Terence Shumba the president’s speech got a thumbs-up.

    “He wants to take us back to where we were in the 1990s and I’m sure his all-inclusive economic policies are going to take us back there,” he said.

    Zimbabwe used to be the breadbasket of the region until the controversial and violent land redistribution programme of the early 2000s.

    Mr Mnangagwa said white farmers weren’t going to get their land back, but said they would be compensated and he wanted the sector to become profitable again.

    Mr Shumba said as one of Zimbabwe’s born frees – those born after independence in 1980 who make up nearly 70% of the population – the address also inspired confidence.

    “For young people like me… we all felt charged by his speech, we felt that this was the first time ever we have been included in the running of the economy.”

  8. SA's Zuma congratulates Mnangagwa

    Jacob Zuma smiles against a black background in this July 2017 file photo

    South African President Jacob Zuma has sent congratulations to Zimbabwe's new president.

    Mr Zuma did not attend the ceremony in Zimbabwe, instead taking part in pre-arranged talks with the leader of Angola.

    In his media briefing afterwards, he said:

    Quote Message: We congratulate President Mnangagwa on his inauguration and wish him well as he steers the country through this transition period.
    Quote Message: We wish to emphasise the need for the maintenance of peace and stability in the country, which I discussed with President Mnangagwa earlier this week before he headed back to Harare."
  9. Zimbabwe's flag back on sale

    BBC Outside Source

    Former President Robert Mugabe banned the sale of the national flag in 2016 after it became a symbol of protest against his governance.

    Today, flag vendors were back on the streets as Emmerson Mnangagwa was sworn into office - and vendor Oliver spoke to the BBC's Karnie Sharp.

    Video content

    Video caption: Flags are on sale once more after Mugabe's resignation
  10. Finance minister moved to police custody

    The Zimbabwe Mail reports:

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    Zimbabwe's finance minister - who has been held by the military since it moved against Robert Mugabe last week - has been handed over to police custody, the Zimbabwe Mail reports.

    Ignatius Chombo, a long-time ally of the former president, had also been hospitalised "as he was not well", his lawyer told the newspaper.

    He did not provide further details about Mr Chombo's health.

    He said the minister "would appear in court, likely on charges of abuse of office".

    View more on twitter
  11. The inauguration in pictures

    Here are some of the best pictures of the inauguration of Emmerson Mnangagwa as president of Zimbabwe.

    The 60,000 capacity stadium was packed with Zimbabweans eager to witness the start of a new era in their country's history.

    Ceremony for swearing-in of Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa

    Mr Mnangagwa has been at the heart of power for 37 years.

    Ceremony for swearing-in of Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa

    The military intervened and forced Mr Mugabe to resign because they wanted to prevented Grace Mugabe from taking power.

    Ceremony for swearing-in of Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa

    The crowds cheered a 21-gun salute and a fly-past.

    Ceremony for swearing-in of Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa

    See more on the BBC News website.

  12. Can Zimbabwe's economy recover?

    Taurai Maduna

    Africa Business Report, Harare

    After nearly four decades in power, the reins of power were pulled away from Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe.

    But what next for the country's battered economy?

    Video content

    Video caption: Zimbabwe still faces an economic struggle

    Read more: Five ways to revive the economy

  13. 'Let's give Mnangagwa a chance'

    A respected Zimbabwean newspaper publisher has tweeted his praise for Emmerson Mnangagwa's inaugural presidential address:

    View more on twitter

    His reference to Gukurahundi is about the military campaign conducted in the early 1980s and in the Shona language means "the early rain which washes away the chaff before the spring rains".

    An estimated 20,000 people, mainly ethnic Ndebele villagers, were killed by then-President Robert Mugabe's North Korea-trained soldiers as a way of putting down dissent in the south of the country.

    As national security minister at the time, Mr Mnangagwa was in charge of the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO), which worked hand in glove with the army.

    Mr Mnangagwa, whose fearsome reputation has earned him the nickname "the crocodile", has denied any role in the massacres.

    But Mr Ncube notes that this painful moment in the country's history was ignored in the speech, and no apology was forthcoming.

  14. Being Mugabe's shadow

    On the day of the inauguration of Zimbabwe's new president, journalist Cris Chinaka has shared in an article for Reuters his experience of spending a third of a century reporting on Robert Mugabe.

    He recalls that Mr Mugabe always had a sense of humour when it came to suggestions that he was dying.

    In 2010 he told Chinaka: “So, you are the man who has been reporting that I am dying?”

    They sat down for a 90-minute interview where Chinaka brought up the reports that Mr Mugabe was dying of cancer.

    For the first time the then president said a line that he would repeat many times.

    “Jesus died once, and resurrected only once - and poor Mugabe several times.”

    Zimbabwe"s President Robert Mugabe closes his eyes
    Image caption: Robert Mugabe was nicknamed "Uncle Bob" by Zimbabwewans
  15. Mugabe 'offered to exile wife'

    Robert Mugabe offered to send his wife into exile in a foreign country in order to retain power, reports South Africa's Mail and Guardian.

    The newspaper spoke to insiders who witnessed his final days in power.

    One insider privy to the negotiations told the Mail and Guardian that Mr Mugabe offered to have Grace Mugabe flown abroad in a telephone conversation with Emmerson Mnangagwa.

    “[Mnangagwa] told him that he should look around him, that he always said he would leave when the people no longer loved him. Saturday showed him that the people no longer loved him [Mugabe],” said an insider.

    As this is an unnamed source, we are unable to verify this.

    Robert and Grace Mubage
    Image caption: Grace Mugabe's presidential ambitions precipitated her husband's downfall
  16. MDC caution amid euphoria

    Zimbabweans at the stadium in Harare

    MDC opposition politician Priscilla Misihairabwi-Mushongwa has some reservations about the events of the last week.

    She has told the BBC the euphoria that many Zimbabweans are feeling today is understandable, but she urges caution:

    Quote Message: People have associated the decay of the economy, they have associated the human rights violations with one man.
    Quote Message: And, of course, the going of Robert Gabriel Mugabe does give a lift to a lot of other people.
    Quote Message: But, like [they] say, the morning after is the realisation that in fact the institutions have not changed. And this is why some of us are concerned."
  17. Zimbabweans pose with empty pockets

    Tweeters have a message for the new president of Zimbabwe: Our pockets are empty.

    People are posing for pictures with their pockets pulled out to show they have no money. It's in protest at the state of the Zimbabwean economy.

    View more on twitter
    View more on twitter

    It's a regular Friday protest:

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    View more on twitter
  18. 'Less belligerent than Mugabe'

    Emmerson Mnangagwa lacks his predecessor's oratory skills, but the response to his first address as Zimbabwean president has been generally positive.

    A human rights activist hopes he keeps to his word about forgiveness and building a united country:

    View more on twitter

    Another twitter user hopes Mr Mnangagwa keeps to his word about jobs and reviving the economy, which suffered terribly under former President Robert Mugabe:

    View more on twitter

    A prominent opposition politician says: "Not a bad speech - none of the belligerency of Mugabe - but little to give hope that the constitution in all its fullness will be respected and embraced."

    See his full analysis here:

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  19. Troops to go back to barracks - army chief

    A poster of Gen Chiwenga at the inauguration in Harare, Zimbabwe

    BBC Africa editor says Gen Constantino Chiwenga has told him that the troops will leave their streets now - 10 days after they took control promising to deal with "criminal elements" within the ruling party.

    View more on twitter
  20. 'We are very happy - it is like a dream'

    Mai T's Diaries Facebook page
    Image caption: Felistas Maruta is known for her social media skits

    Zimbabwean comedian Felistas Maruta,popularly known as Mai Titi on Facebook where she uploads skits, told the BBC after the ceremony at the packed stadium in Harare why the inauguration brought joy to so many in Zimbabwe:

    Quote Message: At last freedom has come to our country.
    Quote Message: For myself I'm so overwhelmed to witness this event because I never ever thought for once that I would see this."

    She said the last 10 days, which had seen the army takeover headed by Gen Constantino Chiwenga and mass demonstrations leading to Robert Mugabe's resignation as president, were unbelievable:

    Quote Message: Our former president resigning, it was like a dream. And when it happened I couldn't believe my eyes; I couldn't believe my ears."

    She said it was great that her children were with her to "witness this special moment".

    Quote Message: So, I just want to say to our new president: We are very happy. And I also want to say to the general Mr Chiwenga: Thank you so much! Thank you so much! THANK YOU SO MUCH!"