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  1. Kenyan pilots come home after month-long ordeal
  2. 'My son is Malawi's future president', says Madonna
  3. Ethiopia foreign minister defends 'necessary' state of emergency
  4. Zambian-Welsh filmmaker 'in shock' over Bafta win
  5. Ivory Coast 'boy in the suitcase' father walks free
  6. Zimbabwe's Tsvangirai laid to rest in home town
  7. Two aid workers killed in eastern DR Congo
  8. Pro-Biafra separatist leader treason trial delayed
  9. Ramaphosa wants 'healing and atonement' for Marikana massacre

Live Reporting

By Natasha Booty and Flora Drury

All times stated are UK

Scroll down for stories from Monday and Tuesday

We'll be back tomorrow

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.

A reminder of Tuesday's wise words:

If snakes didn't bite, they would be used to tie firewood."

A Pinyin proverb sent by Khan Roger in Bamenda, Cameroon

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this photo posted by Kenyan actress Lupita Nyong'o of herself and her Black Panther co-star Chadwick Boseman. In its first few days of release, the superhero film has taken double the amount expected at the box office and won legions of fans - including former US first lady Michelle Obama.

View more on instagram

Mozambique moves residents after rubbish dump collapse

Rescue workers clear rubbish as they continue to search for survivors
Rescue workers clear rubbish as they continue to search for survivors

Mozambican authorities are, at last, moving all the families still living in the shadow of the gigantic rubbish tip in the outskirts of the country’s capital Maputo to safer areas.

Heavy rains caused huge mounds of waste, some 15m (49ft) high, to collapse onto seven homes yesterday morning, killing at least 17 people, including a two-year-old child.

Around 80 families who are still living front of the towering mountain of rubbish are being moved to temporary accommodation in another nieghbourhood of the city, says Minister of State Administration Carmelita Namashalua.

She told the BBC the move was necessary because they could be at risk if there is any further collapse

The government says search and rescue efforts will continue at the rubbish site until all survivors and missing people are accounted for.

'No foul play' in mysterious Uganda deaths

Patience Atuhaire

BBC Africa, Kampala

A view of Peral of Africa hotel where forty one-year-old Finnish business man was found dead in Kampala, Uganda, 16 February 2018
The hotel where the Finnish businessman was found dead in Kampala, Uganda

Uganda’s police chief has played down rumours of foul play after three Europeans and a US national all died in the country within the last two weeks.

The deaths began with a 41-year-old male Swedish national, who was discovered in his room at the Sheraton Hotel in the capital Kampala on 5 February.

The next day, a Finnish man was found dead in his room at the Pearl of Africa hotel, also in the centre of the city.

Neither had any immediately apparent cause of death.

Eleven days later, an American man who had visited Murchison Falls National Park, in the west of the country, was found dead in his hut at a safari camp. He is said to have died from heart failure.

Two days after that - on this Monday - a German woman died at a hospital where she had been taken after collapsing while on a nature walk in the same national park.

The deaths, coming so quickly after one another, have led to rampant speculation - especially after local media reports indicated that the Finnish national was in Uganda on the invitation of officials from the Internal Security Organization.

The speculation was further buoyed after journalist Charles Etukuri - who was investigating the first two deaths for Uganda's New Vision newspaper - was bundled into a van by security services as he left his office.

No-one knew his whereabouts until he was released on Saturday.

He told his colleagues at the New Vision he had been interrogated about the case.

"They believed I was deeply involved in the matter and that I had closely worked with the killers. That I knew much more than what I had written,” he said.

But Uganda's police, General Kale Kayihura, dismissed all speculation and insisted there was no foul play involved in the foreigners' deaths.

The police now say preliminary investigations indicate that the two men died from mixed drug intoxication, which included narcotics, while the letter in the dead man’s possession was later discovered to be a forgery.

However, the police chief did say arrests have been made, as investigations continue.

Thousands left homeless by Mozambique flood

Jose Tembe

BBC Africa, Maputo

A map showing Zambezia province

More than 3,000 people have been left without shelter on Mozambique's coast after their homes were flooded by torrential rain and a river which burst its banks.

Local authorities say 600 homes are under water in the central province of Zambezia, with parts of Maganja da Costa District inaccessible by road.

District administrator Angela Serrote told the BBC that six rescue boats had been deployed to assist residents and "carry medicines where they are needed".

"We also have pre-positioned tents," she added. "So, we are managing the situation. We don’t expect anything serious to occur. But we are ready to face it.”

Father of Ivory Coast boy smuggled in a suitcase walks free

A file photo taken on May 08, 2015 shows an X-ray image showing 8-year-old Ivorian boy Adou Ouattara hidden in a suitcase
Eight-year-old Adou in the suitcase

The father of a boy who was hidden inside a suitcase in an attempt to smuggle him into Europe has been allowed to walk free from court.

Adou was just eight years old when a shocked border official spotted his figure - crushed into the fetal position - on an X-ray at the border of Morocco and the Spanish enclave of Ceuta in May 2015.

His father Ali Ouattara, 45, was waiting on the other side, having been promised by the smugglers that his son was being brought from his home in the Ivory Coast to Europe by car.

Attempts to have their son join them in Spain legally failed, Mr Ouattara explained, and after Adou's grandmother died, leaving him with just his 18-year-old brother, the family had resorted to paying a criminal gang 5,000 euros ($6,200; £4,400).

But after Adou was found inside the suitcase, the one-time French and philosophy teacher faced charges of facilitating his son's illegal entry into Europe and threatening the child's life.

Prosecutors were hoping for a three-year jail sentence, and the cruelty - and danger - of making the crossing this way was not lost on judge Fernando Teson.

"The child's life was endangered, he was inhumanly curled up in a tiny suitcase, without ventilation," he told the court in Ceuta, according to news agency AFP.

Ivorian Ali Ouattara, 45, sits in court during his trial in Ceuta, a Spanish overseas territory in northern Morocco, on February 20, 2018.

However, it was 10-year-old Adou's testimony which saved his father from a long sentence.

The little boy said a "Moroccan girl" forced him into the suitcase, which made it difficult for him to breathe.

But Adou said Mr Ouattara - who has spent a month in prison - had always told him the journey would be made "by car" - and the court could find no evidence the family had known any different.

Mr Ouattara was ordered to pay a 92 euro ($114) fine, but could walk free.

"It's all over and we can begin to resume out lives, together, my wife, my daughter my son and I," he said, revealing the family would start a new life in northern Spain.

  • Read our earlier post here.

Ethiopia foreign minister defends state of emergency

Emmanuel Igunza

BBC Africa, Addis Ababa

Ethiopia's Foreign Minister Workneh Gebeyehu speaks during a press conference at the Sudanese Foreign Ministry in Khartoum on January 14, 2018

Ethiopia’s foreign minister has defended the state of emergency declared last week, even as demonstrators staged boycotts in the north of the country.

Dr Workneh Gebeyehu met foreign diplomats in the capital Addis Ababa, telling them the move was necessary to restore calm in the country following months of violent protests which, he said, had threatened the country’s stability and economy.

But his meeting with the diplomats came even as people in Northern Ethiopia defied the state of emergency and boycotted work for a second day running.

Businesses and schools have remained closed since Monday and transport in the cities of Gondar and Bahir Dar have been paralysed by the strike action.

Local reports also say people in the Southern regions are also observing the strike.

The boycotts are similar to the one observed last week in Ethiopia’s largest region Oromia.

Meanwhile, the Amhara regional state has freed more than 300 people who were in prison, as part of releases promised by the government.

It all comes as Ethiopia is facing a tumultuous time. Last week’s abrupt resignation of Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn has thrown the country into its worst political crisis in years.

Parliament is expected to come out of recess to endorse the state of emergency and also choose the country’s new leader.

The 180-member council of the ruling EPRDF coalition is expected to meet soon to elect a new chairman - who will automatically become the next prime minister.

Hundreds of people have died and thousands arrested since anti government protests erupted in Ethiopia in 2015.

'Magic' blamed for Burundi post office robbery

Robert Misigaro

BBC Africa

Remember the Nigerian story of a “money-eating snake”?

Well, similar things have happened in Burundi - only this time it was blamed on “magic”.

It happened at a local post office in Cibitoke province, western Burundi.

A man walked in with a 10,000 Burundi franc note (£4; $5.60) and asked to get some change.

The cashier placed the note with the rest of the money in his counter, but when he checked the counter again later on, to his surprise, all the money - totalling 23 million Burundian Francs, or some $16,000, had disappeared.

And the ten-thousand-note-man was nowhere to be seen.

The police spokesperson has confirmed the story to us and two men are under arrest pending investigation…

Boko Haram raiders 'just looking for food'

Stephanie Hegarty

BBC Africa, Lagos

A map of Nigeria showing Yobe state

Further details are emerging about a raid on Monday by suspected Boko Haram militants on a school in Yobe state in north-east Nigeria.

A teacher who met the militants at the school gate in Dapchi told the BBC he believed they were not looking for students, but intended to loot the school for supplies,

They left with some food about three hours later, and no-one has been reported injured. The school has been closed since the incident and is now guarded by army troops.

Witnesses said the militants entered the town, firing guns and letting off explosives at around 6pm local time.

By the time they reached the gate, many of the students and teachers had run into the surrounding bush.

The teacher said some of the students still haven’t returned - but he doesn’t believe they were taken by Boko Haram.

Read our earlier story on how close Nigerian troops came to capturing Boko Haram's leader here.

Tsvangirai laid to rest in home town

Shingai Nyoka

BBC Africa, Harare

A pastor prays next to Morgan Tsvangirai's coffin
A pastor prays next to Morgan Tsvangirai's coffin

Zimbabwe’s late opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai has been buried in his home town of Buhera in a final farewell which was attended by supporters, diplomats and senior representatives of the ruling Zanu PF party.

There were some surprises too, music legend Oliver Mtukudzi seneraded the gathering.

And then Tsvangirai was lowered to his final resting place, beside his first wife Susan.

But even in grief, the underlying tensions within the party he created and led, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), were apparent.

Mourners attend the funeral of Movement For Democratic Change (MDC) leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, in Buhera, Zimbabwe February 20, 2018.

Supporters booed the two leaders challenging the appointment of the new acting president Nelson Chamisa.

In his address Mr Chamisa said special meetings will be organised to find consensus on the party’s direction.

Analysts are in two minds about the MDC’s future.

Some believe without Tsvangirai, the party could splinter.

While others say his departure could re-energise the party with its new younger leadership.

Nelson Chamisa, the new leader of Zimbabwe"s Movement For Democratic Change (MDC) talks to Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga at the funeral of Morgan Tsvangirai in Buhera, Zimbabwe February 20, 2018
Nelson Chamia talks to Kenya's opposition leader Raila Odinga

Ramaphosa wants to help with 'healing and atonement' over Marikana

Protesting miners approach the police before they were shot at outside a South African mine in Rustenburg, 100 km (62 miles) northwest of Johannesburg, August 16, 2012
Protesting miners in Marikana in 2012

South Africa's President Cyril Ramaphosa says he wants to help with "healing and atonement" following the Marikana massacre.

Mr Ramaphosa, who was a non-exective director of the Lonmin platinum mine when 34 striking miners were shot dead by police in 2012, has been accused of putting pressure on authorities to end the strike.

A judicial commission of inquiry cleared Mr Ramaphosa in 2015, but, as the BBC's Pumza Fihlani pointed out on 2014, the Marikana issue was a blemish in an otherwise spotless reputation enjoyed by the ANC politician.

Mr Ramaphosa tackled the issue in parliament in Cape Town today, saying:

I would like to use this opportunity to address what role I played in my capacity as a Lonmin director in the events of that tragic week.

I am determined to play whatever role I can in the process of healing and atonement for what happened at Marikana."

It is unclear exactly what he means.

Some have questioned why Mr Ramaphosa did not use his union experience to negotiate a settlement with those working at a platinum mine northwest of Johannesburg.

The striking miners were demanding higher wages when police opened fire on them. The officers involved said they were acting in self defence after being threatened by strikers carrying weapons such as knobkerries (clubs), machetes and spears, as well as firearms.

The miners eventually returned to work after accepting a pay rise of up to 22%.

Oxfam boss 'sorry' for sex abuse scandal

Chadian refugees wait 06 February 2008 in the Cameroonian border town of Kousseri after fleeing fighting between rebels and government forces in the Chadian capital of Ndjamena.
The charity has been hit by allegations of sexual misconduct by staff in Chad

Oxfam's chief executive Mark Goldring has said he is sorry for the damage the charity has done to the people of Haiti and the wider efforts of aid workers.

About 7,000 people have stopped making regular donations to the charity in the ten days since it emerged some of its staff used prostitutes in Haiti, MPs have heard.

Mr Goldring is facing questions from MPs on the International Development Committee about the sexual misconduct of some staff after the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

The scandal is wide-reaching, with a high-ranking former Oxfam staffer accused of paying for prostitutes while working in Chad, and other members of his staff are alleged to have used prostitutes in the charity's premises.

He said today:

I am sorry, we are sorry, for the damage Oxfam has done both to the people of Haiti but also to wider efforts for aid and development by possibly undermining public support."

Mr Goldring also apologised for remarks made about murdering babies in cots which he made in defending Oxfam.

In an interview with British newspaper The Guardian last week, he said: "The intensity and ferocity of the attack makes you wonder, what did we do? We murdered babies in their cots?"

Mr Goldring, who joined the charity in 2013, said he was "deeply sorry" for the comments that he had made while "under stress".

Pro-Biafra separatist leader Nnamdi Kanu's treason trial delayed

Chris Ewokor

BBC Africa, Abuja

Nnamdi Kanu (L), wearing a Jewish prayer shawl, poses in the garden of his house in Umuahia, southeast Nigeria, on May 26, 2017,
Nnamdi Kanu, pictured last May, has not been seen for months

The case of the pro-Biafra separatist leader Nnamdi Kanu has been delayed once more due to his absence from court.

The leader of the Indigenous People of Biafraland (Ipob) and three others are facing treason charges for agitating for a breakaway state from Nigeria.

But Mr Kanu, a former estate agent, has not been seen since last year when the military invaded his home - and he was again missing from court today.

Of the other three, who are being held in jail, one looked sickly. He was assisted into the prison vehicle which brought them to court room in Abuja.

Yesterday, Mr Kanu's wife told the BBC she does not know where her husband is, while the presiding judge has asked his lawyer and sureties to produce him on the next hearing date or show cause why his bail should not be revoked.

The government, meanwhile, is asking the court to declare him wanted for failing to fulfill the conditions of his bail.

In the meantime, it looks like the other three will be tried separately when the court resumes their trial in March.

Hear what Uchechi Kanu told the BBC:

Nnamdi Kanu: Wife begs Nigerian government for information

Relief as kidnapped pilots reunite with family

Ibrahim Haithar

BBC Monitoring, Nairobi

Two Kenyan pilots who were held by a rebel group in South Sudan for over a month have now returned home. They landed in Nairobi a short while ago where they were met by family members.

Rebels seized the pair early last month when their plane crashed in the Upper Nile region, reportedly killing a woman and some livestock.

The two pilots were released yesterday following intense negotiations involving South Sudanese government officials and their Kenyan counterparts.

Captain Pius Frank Njoroge and family
Ferdinand Omondi / BBC
Captain Pius Frank Njoroge (R) smiles as he is reunited with family
Co-pilot Kennedy Shamalla is greeted on arrival in Nairobi
Ferdinand Omondi / BBC
Co-pilot Kennedy Shamalla (R) is greeted on arrival in Nairobi

Zimbabwe will still mark 'Robert Mugabe Day'

Robert Mugabe may no longer be Zimbabwe's leader, but the country will still mark his birthday with a public holiday.

Zimbabwe's new government has said tomorrow - 21 February - will continue to be known as Robert Gabriel Mugabe Youth Day.

Mr Mugabe, who was ousted from power in November last year after three decades as president, will turn 94 on Wednesday.

However, our reporter Shingai Nyoka says the day will be without the extravagant celebrations seen in previous years.

Meanwhile, a picture of Mr Mugabe, his wife Grace and the African Union Commission's Moussa Faki Mahamat has created quite the stir on social media.

As one social media user notes, Mrs Mugabe "looks particularly happy".

View more on twitter

How Malawi reduced infant mortality

Every year 2.6 million babies around the world don't survive beyond a month.

A report published by Unicef says many of these deaths are preventable.

Our reporter Lebo Diseko has travelled to Malawi, where the number of infant deaths is dropping.

Here's how they did it.

How Malawi reduced infant mortality

DR Congo faces 'disaster of extraordinary proportions'

Imogen Foulkes

BBC News, Geneva

A Congolese boy, who migrated from Democratic Republic of Congo by fleeing on a boat across Lake Albert, rests after arriving in Ntoroko, Uganda February 17, 2018

The UN refugee agency is warning of a "humanitarian disaster of extraordinary proportions" in the south-eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo).

The region, with a population of around three million, now has more than 630,000 people internally displaced, the refugee agency said.

Since January an upsurge in violent clashes between Congolese forces and militias has caused thousands to flee.

The UN, speaking with those who have fled, has recorded 800 "protection incidents" in the first two weeks of February alone, including killings, abductions, and rape.

The UN refugee agency received less than $1 a day in 2017 for its programmes for the internally displaced in DRC.

In 2018 it is appealing for $368.7m (£264m) for its operations in DRC, $80m of that for internally displaced.

Zambian filmmaker 'in shock' over Bafta win

Rungano Nyoni attends the EE British Academy Film Awards (BAFTA) held at Royal Albert Hall on February 18, 2018
Getty Images

Film-maker Rungano Nyoni said she felt "genuine shock" when she was named a Bafta winner.

The Zambian director, who moved to Wales aged eight, won the outstanding debut prize for her film I Am Not A Witch - about a young Zambian girl at a witch camp.

"It was a real big shock - I know people say that, because I've watched these awards," she told the BBC's Good Morning Wales:

Genuinely, we were sat at the back in a bad position and we'd seen the others nominated in better positions, so we'd predicted who would win - it was a sure-fire bet - everyone had predicted it would go to another film.

So we were pretty relaxed - I was waiting for my category to go so I could go to the toilet.

And then they called it out - and it was a shock - and my mum was shocked - she started crying."

Nyoni, who spent a month in a so-called "witch camp" in Ghana researching the film, has been praised by equality campaigners for highlighting the issue.

"Films on under-reported or little known gender abuses are very important as they can bring these often hidden issues to the public's attention and force them into the light," Shelby Quast, director of the charity Equality Now, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

"Bringing these stories to light can help survivors, civil society and communities to hold their government and duty bearers to account."

Hear more from Nyoni below:

I Am Not A Witch director Rungano Nyoni on Wales and Zambia

Ivory Coast 'boy in the suitcase' trial begins today

A file photo taken on May 08, 2015 shows an X-ray image showing 8-year-old Ivorian boy Adou Ouattara hidden in a suitcase
The boy was spotted in the suitcase on an X-ray

The trial of an Ivorian man who tried to smuggle his eight-year-old son across the Spanish border in a suitcase is due to begin today.

Ali Ouattara is facing a possible three-year jail term if he is found guilty of attempting to get the little boy into Europe illegally, and endangering his life.

But Mr Ouattara told news agency AFP he was not worried.

"I'm going to this trial with a lot of confidence because I'm not a human trafficker," the 45-year-old said.

The boy was found inside the case after it was put through an X-ray machine at the border between Morocco and Ceuta, a Spanish enclave in North Africa.

It was being pulled by a 19-year-old woman in May 2015.

His father, a former philosophy and French teacher in Ivory Coast, had paid 5,000 euros ($6,200; £4,400) to smugglers to get his son into Spain, where the family had been living.

But he was not told he would be smuggled in a suitcase.

Mr Ouattara's attempts to be reunited with his son legally had failed, he said.

The trial begins in Ceuta today. Mr Ouattara's son, who has been living in France with his mother and sister, is expected to return.

Madonna: My son will be Malawi president

Pop star Madonna has called her son, David Banda, "the future president of Malawi" in a tweet praising the 12-year-old.

The US singer has six children, four of whom she adopted from Malawi.

View more on twitter

The singer has reportedly had a fractious relationship with Malawi's authorities.

In 2013, Malawi accused Madonna of "bullying state officials", exaggerating her contribution to the country and demanding VIP treatment.

Madonna's manager accused Malawi's government of having a "grudge" against the singer's charity, Raising Malawi, which she founded the same year she adopted David.

Last year, Malawi granted Madonna permission to adopt two more children, and she became mother to twin baby girls Esther and Stella Mwale.

Kidnapped Kenyan pilots to come home

Ferdinand Omondi

BBC Africa, Nairobi

A map showing the location of Akobo in South Sudan in relation to Kenya

South Sudanese rebels have released two Kenyan pilots who were captured more than a month ago after their aircraft crashed.

A rebel spokesman said the Kenyans were freed after an insurance company paid more than $100,000 (£71,620) in compensation for the death of a civilian killed when their plane hit the ground.

After more than a month in captivity, Captain Pius Frank Njoroge and co-pilot Kennedy Shamalla are reported to have arrived safely in the the South Sudanese capital Juba.

A spokesman for the Kenyan foreign ministry told the BBC the two men would return to Kenya later today.

Rebels seized the pair early last month when their plane crashed in the Upper Nile region, reportedly killing a woman and livestock on the ground.

The rebels had initially demanded a payment of more than $200,000 but agreed a compromise after negotiations with Kenyan officials.

A rebel spokesman insists the payment was not a ransom, but compensation for the deaths.

Kenyan pilots flying cargo and commercial operations to South Sudan had threatened to strike in support of their colleagues as the negotiations dragged on.

Nigerian army 'ordered not to catch Boko Haram leader'

Stephanie Hegarty

BBC Africa, Lagos

The Nigerian army have issued a bounty of $8,000 (£5,724) for the leader of Boko Haram, Abubakar Shekau.

But the BBC has found that, in a recent operation, soldiers were very close to Boko Haram’s main camp in the Sambisa forest when they were ordered to stop and eventually forced to retreat.

Shekau escaped from his hideout leaving behind his cap, a laptop, his jacket, his chewing stick and a pistol, a witness from the vigilante forces, working alongside the Nigerian army, told the BBC.

“They ran away I saw them with my naked eyes,” the witness added.

A man holds a gun on his lap

Around 200 to 300 Boko Haram fighters are in operation, according to a commander who defected just after the attack.

He told the BBC the militants are “still armed, but most of what they say is propaganda”.

The army repeatedly claim they’ve caught, killed or injured their elusive enemy.

But President Muhammadu Buhari’s claim a year ago that Boko Haram was technically defeated is still regarded sceptically by many Nigerians.

Ramaphosa: 'My tummy must fall'

In the five days since Cyril Ramaphosa was sworn in as president of South Africa, we have learnt two things.

One, the man enjoys an early morning walk, and two, he knows how to get himself some good PR.

This morning, Mr Ramaphosa combined the two.

He set off from Gugulethu Sports Complex to the Athlone Stadium in Cape Town accompanied by a couple of hundred members of the public.

Mr Ramaphosa announced the walk on Tuesday, inviting members of the public to join him.

Cyril Ramaphosa flanked by other walkers
Cyril Ramaphosa flanked by other walkers
Cyril Ramaphosa flanked by other walkers

He revealed to reporters he hopes to make this a regular event - especially, he joked, his "tummy must fall", a reference to the various protest movements which have toppled university fees and statues in recent years.

However, the great publicity opportunity for the new president and his party, the ANC, did not go unnoticed - especially because Cape Town, and the Western Cape, are controlled by the opposition Democratic Alliance.

View more on twitter

Two aid workers killed in DR Congo

New Congolese refugees arrive at a refugee settlement in Kyangwali, Uganda, on February 16, 2018
Thousands of people have fled Kivu in recent weeks

Two aid workers have been killed and a third is missing in the Democratic of Congo (DR Congo).

The two were targeted by "unidentified gunmen" on Saturday, a statement by the United Nations humanitarian office in the capital Kinshasa said.

UN spokesman Farhan Haq said victims were both employees of French NGO Hydraulique Sans Frontieres (HYFRO), which provides water.

It is not known what nationality the employees were.

The attack in North Kivu, in the east of the country, comes less than a year after two UN experts were killed in DR Congo.

The bodies of US citizen Michael Sharp and Swedish national Zaida Catalan were discovered in the central Kasai region, two weeks after they were abducted having gone to Kasai to investigate reports of abuses after local rebels took up arms.

North Kivu province, meanwhile, has also been wracked by violence, with an increase in kidnappings and killings due to rivalries between ethnic groups. In December, 15 UN peacekeepers were killed.

Welcome back!

Good morning from the team at BBC Africa Live. We will be bringing you the latest news and views from around the continent today.

If you want to see what was making the headlines yesterday, keep scrolling down.

Scroll down for Monday's stories

We’ll be back tomorrow

That's all from BBC Africa Live today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

When a leopard is hard pressed for food, it chews grass. "

A Twi proverb sent by Kofi Bentum Wilson in Ghana

Click here to send us your African proverbs.

And we leave you with this picture taken by BBC Africa's Rachael Akidi in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania:

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Is this the world's toughest commute?

In the remote mountains of northern Ethiopia, a lone priest scales a 250m cliff each day to reach his church and study ancient books containing religious secrets.

Watch his awe inducing daily commute:

Ethiopian cliff church gives priest daily test of faith

Nigerian bishop 'quits after objections'

Pope Francis
Some are saying the Nigerian rejection tested the Pope's authority

A Catholic bishop in southern Nigeria has resigned after bishops in the Ahiara diocese rejected him, reports the AFP news agency.

The protests were motivated by the fact that Peter Okpaleke was not from the area, the Catholic Herald newspaper said at the time.

Bishop Okpaleke comes from the neighbouring Anambra state.

He was appointed in 2012 but was never able to take up his post.

In June Pope Francis met a group from the Ahiara diocese where priests had been refusing to accept Bishop Okpaleke.

He gave the priests 30 days to accept Bishop Okpaleke or risk being suspended.

But the row was not resolved.

The Catholic Herald reports that the case was a test of the pope's authority.

Care to join Mr President for a walk?

President of South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa smiles as he addresses MPs after being elected president in parliament in Cape Town, South Africa, February 15, 2018.
Cyril Ramaphosa has inspired confidence among many South Africans

Residents of Cape Town have been invited to join South Africa's newly elected President Cyril Ramaphosa for his daily morning walk.

A poster entitled "President promotes a healthy lifestyle", and with a photo of him in a tracksuit, has been distributed by the governing African National Congress (ANC), urging people to join him on a 5.5 km walk tomorrow morning from the Gugulethu Sports Complex to the Athlone Stadium.

Last week, Mr Ramaphosa caused a buzz on social media when he was spotted jogging on the beachfront, hours before he was sworn in as the new president following the scandal-hit Jacob Zuma's forced resignation.

View more on twitter

Togo talks attempt to end political crisis

BBC World Service

The President of Togo Faure Gnassingbe
President Faure Gnassingbe's family has been in power for more than 50 years

Talks are taking place between the government and the opposition in Togo in an attempt to end a long-running political crisis.

The presidents of Ghana and Guinea are mediating the negotiations.

There have been months of opposition protests calling on President Faure Gnassingbe to step down.

The two sides will discuss the possibility of reviving the 1992 constitution which limited the number of presidential terms to two.

'Man executed in Botswana'

A example of hangman's noose
The death sentence has been legal in Botswana since independence

A 28-year-old man was hanged in Botswana at the weekend after he was handed the death penalty for murdering his son, a prison official told AFP news agency.

Joseph Tselayarona's execution took place on Saturday at Gaborone Maximum Security Prison, AFP adds.

Earlier this month President Ian Khama said he supported the death penalty, reports the Botswana Monitor.

The country's position has been criticised by human rights monitors and the European Union.

The country last hanged a convict, a 59-year-old man, in May 2016.

The death penalty has been legal in Botswana since independence in 1966.

Kabila's presidential motorcade in fatal crash

Accident scene
News Diggers
The truck driver died in the crash

The motorcade of the Democratic Republic of Congo's President Joseph Kabila was involved in an accident in Zambia's capital, Lusaka, on Sunday, leaving one person dead and another seriously injured.

The accident happened on Leopards Hill road following the alleged failure by police to clear the route for Mr Kabila’s motorcade, according to eye witnesses.

Despite police officers lining the road, a light truck collided with the motorcade, leaving the driver dead and a police officer who was manning the road seriously injured.

Police spokesperson Esther Katongo said the driver, Andrew Phiri, was rushed to hospital, where he succumbed to his wounds.

Last week five people were killed in an accident involving a cement truck and Mr Kabila's motorcade in DR Congo's capital, Kinshasa.

Mr Kabila was visiting Zambia to strengthen bilateral relations when the latest accident happened.

South Sudanese rebels 'free Kenyan pilots'

South Sudanese rebels have released two Kenyan pilots they were holding after their plane crashed last month, Reuters news agency quotes a rebel spokesman as saying.

Rebels had asked for financial compensation for the death of one person and 11 cows, as well as the destruction of several houses in the crash.

They had been held hostage for more than a month after their plane crashed in South Sudan's Upper Nile region.

Last week an insurance company agreed to pay the compensation demanded by the rebels.

In a Reuters interview, Lam Paul Gabriel, deputy spokesman of the rebel SPLA-IO, insisted that the money was not a ransom.

"It is just a compensation requested not by the SPLA-IO but by the families of the deceased and the owners of the properties. All we did as SPLM-IO is just to facilitate the exchange and provide security for the pilots," he said.

Tributes paid to Burkinabe film director Ouedraogo

Idrissa Ouedraogo poses 17 January 2008 at the Cinematheque in Paris, where the 'Africamania festival' dedicated to african cinema takes place from 17 January to 02 March 2008.

Burkina Faso's president has paid tribute to Burkinabe film director Idrissa Ouedraogo who died from a stroke at the age of 64.

Roch Marc Christian Kabore is quoted in the cinema magazine Variety as saying his country “has lost a filmmaker of immense talent,” noting that the director “truly contributed to turning the spotlight on Burkinabe and African cinema beyond our borders”.

Mr Ouedraogo was one of a group of film-makers who helped put the country at the centre of African cinema.

He is best known for the 1989 film Yaaba, which means Grandmother, and Tilai which was released the following year.

They both won awards at the Cannes film festival.

Mr Ouedraogo spent much of the 1980s learning the art of film-making in Kiev and Paris and then returned home to make what are now considered classic pieces of cinema, often set in remote villages, examining the struggle between tradition and change.

Ethiopia hit by new wave of protests

Mary Harper

Africa editor, BBC World Service

In this file photo taken on February 24, 2017 Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Hailemariam Desalegn looks on during a joint press conference at the national palace of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa.
Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn announced his resignation last week

Ethiopian media are reporting that stay-at-home protests are underway in a number of towns in the Amhara region.

Businesses are reported to be shut and streets quiet.

The protests are in response to a six-month state of emergency imposed on Friday.

Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn resigned last week following nearly three years of opposition protests in the Amhara and Oromia regions.

Israel in historic gas deal with Egypt

BBC World Service

Israel's government says a historic, multi-billion-dollar gas deal has been signed with Egypt.

An Israeli company, Delek Drilling, announced what it said was a 10-year deal, worth $15bn (£10.7bn), to provide natural gas to Egypt.

Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu says the deal will not only boost Israel's economy and security, but enhance its regional ties.

Analysts say the deal appears to undercut the recent promise by Egypt's President Abdul Fatah al-Sisi that his country would soon be self-sufficient in natural gas.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu gives a speech during the Munich Security Conference on February 18, 2018 in Munich, southern Germany.
Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is currently battling corruption allegations

Nigerian footballer dies in crash

Chinedu Udoji
Kano Pillars
Nigerian footballer Chinedu Udoji died a few hours after a match

Top Nigerian club Kano Pillars have announced the death of 28-year-old defender Chinedu Udoji in a car crash on Sunday.

The accident happened a few hours after a league game against his former club Enyimba.

Udoji, who played for Pillars in Sunday's 1-1 draw against Enyimba, was involved in an accident on his way back after visiting his former employers.

Read the full BBC story here

Missing separatist's wife begs Nigeria for news

Nnamdi Kanu: Wife begs Nigerian government for information

The wife of a Nigerian separatist leader who has been missing since last September has begged the Nigerian government for answers.

Uchechi Kanu told the BBC's Nkem Ifejika she believed the government knows where her husband Nnamdi - the leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) movement - was being held after his home was raided by soldiers.

He failed to appear in court on treason charges in October.

Big crowd for Tsvangirai memorial

Huge crowds have turned out in the Zimbabwean capital, Harare, for a memorial service in honour of the late opposition leader, Morgan Tsvangirai.

Many people are wearing red - the colour of his party, the Movement for Democratic Change.

The service is being held at Civic Square, where opposition supporters in the Mugabe era often gathered to protest in defiance of a police ban.

A journalist has posted a video of some of the mourners:

View more on twitter

Mr Tsvangirai, who died of cancer last week, is to be buried in his home village on Tuesday.

France condemns Equatorial Guinea for protecting Obiang

BBC World Service

Teodorin Obiang Mangue
Getty Images
France fined Teodorin Obiang Mangue $37m for embezzlement

France has accused Equatorial Guinea of abusing the legal process by trying to get the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague to intervene in a case against the son of the African country's long-standing leader.

Teodorin Obiang Mangue - who's also Equatorial Guinea's vice president - was found guilty of embezzlement in Paris last year.

He was sentenced to a suspended three-year jail term and fined $37m (£26m).

Last year, the ICJ ordered France to suspend seizures of assets at the property.

The BBC's Hague correspondent Anna Holligan reports that in the first search of the property in question, a six-storey villa on the exclusive Avenue Foch, police needed trucks to remove 18 luxury cars, artworks and jewellery.

But Equatorial Guinea wants the ICJ to grant the vice president diplomatic immunity from criminal prosecution - and apply the same diplomatic immunity to a mansion near the Champs Elysees so it and the contents cannot be seized by the French authorities.

The French argue that this is an abuse of the court process.