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Live Reporting

Natasha Booty and Clare Spencer

All times stated are UK

  1. Scroll down for Friday's stories

    We'll be back on Monday

    That's all from BBC Africa Live for this week. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or check the BBC News website.

    A reminder of today's wise words:

    Quote Message: If beards signified intelligence, the goat would have been a genius." from Sent by Nandom Wuyep in Jos, Nigeria
    Sent by Nandom Wuyep in Jos, Nigeria

    Click here and scroll to the bottom to send us your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with one of our favourite photos taken in Africa this week, taken in Kenya's capital, Nairobi:

    Children draw a zebra with spray paint on a wall in a slum in Kenya's capital, Nairobi, as part of an initiative to promote human and animal rights.
  2. Why some Africans avoid immunisation

    Many Africans would rather avoid vaccinations because of myths such as the belief that vaccinations lead to female sterilisation.

    There is no evidence to support this and many other claims.

    Watch Emmanuelle Lhoni bust a few more vaccination myths:

    Video content

    Video caption: Busting Africa's immunisation myths
  3. Angolan ex-president stands down from party

    Jose Eduardo do Santos and Joao Lourenco
    Image caption: Dos Santos, left, is handing over power to President Lourenço

    Angola's ex-president José Eduardo dos Santos is standing down as the leader of the ruling party, Lusa news agency reports.

    The Portuguese press reports that a statement from the governing MPLA says the party has agreed that the current president João Lourenço will take over from Mr Dos Santos in September.

    Mr Dos Santos did not stand for election in August, after 38 years in power.

    But when he stood down he retained his position as the leader of the MPLA.

    Since Mr Lourenço took over as president, he sacked Mr Dos Santos's son as the head of the sovereign wealth fund, sacked his daughter as the head of the state oil firm and terminated multiple government contracts with Mr Dos Santos's other children.

  4. The Tunisian who bakes bread for France's president

    A woman smells a freshly baked baguette
    Image caption: A jury of around 15 people taste dozens of baguettes before choosing a winner

    A French-Tunisian baker, who has won the right to supply the French presidential palace with baguettes for a year, says kneading is the secret behind his prize-winning loaves.

    "A lot of people go too quickly with the kneading," Mahmoud M'seddi told the BBC.

    He is the latest winner of the annual best baguette in Paris competition.

    Mr M'seddi makes his first visit to the Elysée Palace on Friday and will now start hand-delivering his baguettes.

    He is the fourth North African in the last six years to win the award.

    But Mr M'seddi said this was either coincidence, or maybe because a lot of the traditional bakeries in the Paris region are owned by North Africans.

    He says he gets up early to ensure his loaves are properly fermented, which he believes is a vital part of the process of making baguettes. "A lot of people don't leave the time for the dough to ferment," he said.

    "You have to give it the time, so the fermentation happens naturally. I either get up really early, or sometimes I leave it overnight."

    The 27-year-old will also receive a cash prize of nearly £5,000 from Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo during a bread festival in May.

  5. Ethiopian PM wants reduced term limits

    BBC World Service

    Ethiopia's new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed delivers a speech

    The recently appointed Ethiopian prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, says he is taking steps to introduce a two-term limit for the post he occupies.

    The constitution currently allows for unlimited terms.

    This is the latest in a number of reforms promised by Mr Abiy, although a state of emergency remains in place.

    His predecessor, Hailemariam Desalegn, resigned unexpectedly in February following three years of opposition protests.

    Mr Abiy comes from the country's biggest ethnic group, the Oromo, which has long complained of marginalisation.

  6. 'Mo Salah is so important to Muslim children like mine'

    Rabiya Limbada

    BBC World Service

    Rabiya Limbada with her children Muhammad and Hanaa

    "Mohamed Salah! Go Mo, go!"

    The shouts echo around my house as Mohamed Salah scores a sublime opening goal against Roma in the UEFA Champions League semi-final on Tuesday night.

    My children, Hanaa, aged eight, and Muhammad, six, beam from ear to ear as we all watch Salah lay face down on the ground, in his trademark goal celebration.

    The rise of Liverpool's Egyptian King hasn't gone unnoticed in homes like mine across the country, if not the world.

    At the top of his game, Mohamed Salah is uniting communities.

    He will pray on the pitch, he will sport his beard with pride and he will play some of the best football you have seen this year.

    Do you have any idea how powerful that is to children like mine? He's a role model of our time.

  7. Somalia floods are 'ticking time-bomb' for disease

    BBC World Service

    Aid agencies say nearly half a million people have been affected by heavy flooding in Somalia.

    The Norwegian Refugee Council described the situation as a "ticking time-bomb" for the outbreak of diseases like cholera and malaria.

    Many of those affected have been displaced by conflict and a four-year drought.

    They live in flimsy shelters that cannot withstand rain.

    Their latrines have been destroyed or filled with flood water.

    In Hiran region, more than 1,000 people were displaced when a river burst its banks earlier this month.

    A map showing the location of Hiran in relation to Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.
  8. Katongo: Zambia must do more for crash families


    Christopher Katongo, who captained Zambia to the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations, says his country should do more to recognise the players and officials who died in 1993 in a plane crash off the coast of Gabon.

    The exact cause of the fatal crash on the night of 27 into 28 April has never been fully established.

    All 25 members of the Chipolopolo squad, including coaches, as well as five crew members died as they were travelling for a World Cup qualifier against Senegal in Dakar.

    Katongo says:

    Quote Message: I know the government is doing something - there's a heroes stadium - but these people died in battle and we need to remember them in a way that the families will feel appreciated."
  9. Catholic bishops 'tell Buhari to resign'

    Image caption: Mr Buhari has been coming under

    The Catholic Bishops Conference of Nigeria has called on President Muhammadu Buhari to resign, according to the Punch newspaper.

    It is in response to 16 Catholics being killed earlier this week by people the bishops suspect are Fulani herdsmen.The victims included two Catholic priests.

    A reported reprisal attack killed 27 people and destroyed two mosques.

    The statement, part-published in Punch, suggests that authorities are deliberately ignoring attacks:

    Quote Message: How can the Federal Government stand back while its security agencies deliberately turn a blind eye to the cries and wailings of helpless and harmless citizens who remain sitting ducks in their homes, farms, highway and now, even in sacred places of worship?

    Clashes between herdsmen and farmers are increasingly common as the struggle over grazing rights and access to water becomes more acute.

    In an unusual step, earlier this week the president was summoned to parliament to explain what he intends to do to tackle these attacks.

  10. Guinea 'will co-operate' with billionaire corruption probe

    Vincent Bolloré

    Guinea will collaborate with the French authorities in the investigation into French billionaire Vincent Bolloré, the country's justice minister has told Reuters news agency.

    Investigators are looking into allegations that the Havas advertising agency - a subsidiary of the Bolloré group - undercharged Guinean President Alpha Condé and Togolese President Faure Gnassingbé for communications advice during elections in 2009 and 2010.

    In return, the Bolloré Africa Logistics company was allegedly given licences to operate container ports in Conakry and Lomé.

    In a statement, the company called the accusations "unfounded".

  11. 'Dozens drown fleeing DR Congo violence'

    Ubangi River
    Image caption: People were fleeing fighting by crossing the Ubangi river when their boats capsized

    Forty people drowned when their boats capsized in a storm as they fled fighting in north-western Democratic Republic of Congo, a local official has told AFP news agency.

    They were trying to escape fighting involving Congolese troops and people Jean Bakatoye, vice-governor of South Ubangi province, described to AFP as "outlaws".

    He said that an army position came under attack on Sunday, and on Monday, army reinforcements arrived, prompting villagers to panic, fearing a wider conflict.

    They tried to cross the Ubangi River, which acts as part of the border with the Republic of Congo, when their boats capsized.

  12. Nigerian senator's PhD exposed as fake

    Yetunde Olugbenga

    BBC Yoruba Service

    Senator Foster Ogola
    Image caption: Senator Foster Ogola insists that he earned his doctorate

    Nigeria's university commission has dismissed a senator's PhD certificate as invalid, saying the institution where he claims to have earned it is in fact an "illegal university".

    Senator Foster Ogola of Bayelsa West district in the Niger Delta region said he completed his doctoral studies at Gospel Missionary Foundation, a theological university, in 2012.

    He said his PhD was on the topic of Christian leadership.

    However no research paper or thesis by the senator exists online.

    But Senator Ogola insists his degree is not fake, telling the BBC:

    Quote Message: The university does not exist today. [But] it had been graduating students for several years every year... If the university is not accredited that does not make my degree fake."

    He says the dispute over his qualification is a politically motivated attempt to discredit him and stop him from running for office again.

    The Gospel Missionary Foundation is among a number of universities due to be closed down by the National Universities Commission of Nigeria.

  13. Five suicide bombers died in Maiduguri attack

    Ishaq Khalid

    BBC Africa, Abuja

    Five suicide bombers died in the attack by suspected Islamist militant group Boko Haram in Maiduguri, north-eastern Nigeria, according to Nigeria’s National Emergency Agency.

    At least five more people were killed, they added.

    We reported earlier that the attack began at the start of the call to prayer on Thursday night.

    During the attack, residents fled as the Nigerian military engaged Boko Haram insurgents in fierce gun battle.

    Some say they saw bullets flying. There were bomb explosions as well.

    The security forces were able to repell the Boko Haram fighters. Reports say military helicopters are now flying over the city of Maiduguri for surveillance.

    Map showing the location of Maiduguri in Nigeria
  14. Will Ethiopians take to Pizza Hut?

    The American food chain Pizza Hut has opened two outlets in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa, becoming the first major international fast food franchise to set up in the country.

    But will Ethiopians take to Western fast foods? The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza reports.

    Video content

    Video caption: Will Ethiopians take to Pizza Hut?
  15. Uganda's oldest captive chimp dies

    Uganda's oldest chimpanzee Zakayo eats its birthday present at the Uganda Wildlife Education Center (UWEC) at Entebbe Zoo which is celebrating its 53rd Birthday on October 27, 2016.
    Image caption: Zakayo, pictured in 2016, has died of a stomach bug aged 54

    Conservationists in Uganda will hold a vigil later for the country's oldest captive chimpanzee.

    The 54-year-old male, called Zakayo, succumbed to a stomach bug on Thursday.

    Born in the wild, he was found abandoned in western Uganda and kept as a pet until the age of 13.

    That's when he was handed in to Entebbe Zoo, now called the Uganda Wildlife Education Centre, becoming its dominant male.

    Staff said Zakayo had brought up the zoo's chimpanzee family, including nurturing two further dominant males.

    They've urged supporters to join them in celebrating the life of a "legend".

  16. Burundi activist 'sentenced in absentia'

    Reports say that a Burundian campaigner jailed for 32 years for taking part in protests against President Pierre Nkurunziza was sentenced in absentia.

    Neither Germain Rukuki nor his defence team are believed to have been present during the sentencing on Thursday.

    Rights groups have described the punishment given to Germain Rukuki as one of the heaviest pronounced against a human rights campaigner in Burundi.

    View more on twitter

    The court convicted him of involvement in an "insurrection movement" to depose the government, participating in the assassination of security forces, and defacing public and private property.

    Campaign groups say Mr Rukuki has not had regular access to his family or lawyer since he was arrested by intelligence agents in July last year and placed in detention.

    Human rights organisations warn that this case follows a pattern of government crackdowns against journalists and activists since 2015.

    That was when President Pierre Nkurunziza's controversial decision to run for a third term in office sparked a political crisis. The situation has left more than 1,000 people dead and displaced another 400,000.

  17. Son of Guinea's first president charged with forced labour

    View more on twitter

    The son of Guinea's first President Ahmed Sékou Touré has been accused of enslaving a young woman for 16 years at his home in the US, before she managed to escape with the help of neighbours.

    Mohamed Touré and his wife Denise Cros-Touré, who are both 57, reportedly brought the girl from Guinea to Texas when she was five years old.

    Once in the US, they allegedly forced her to do housework, look after their children and subjected her to emotional and physical abuse, the US Department of Justice said in a press release.

    The couple have been charged with forced labour. If convicted, they face up to 20 years in prison.

    An investigator for the prosecution says the alleged victim was forced to sleep on the floor for years, and was taken to see a medical professional only once.

    The investigator adds that the alleged victim was often shouted at or kicked out of the house without money, identification, or the ability to communicate in English.

    One one occasion, the Washington Post reports that she was discovered sleeping on a bench by a police officer, who described her as “wearing dirty unkempt clothing and was very visibly scared and nervous,” in a police report.

    He then returned her to the Touré residence, the newpaper says, suspecting she was just a runaway.

    She is said to have finally escaped from the house in Southlake, Texas in August 2016 "with the help of several former neighbors," the Department of Justice statement adds.

    The couple's lawyer denied all of the allegations, reports the Washington Post.

    Scott Palmer, told newspaper it was "salacious allegations, fabrications, and lies”. He added that the woman was treated like a daughter.

  18. 'Seven killed in Cape Town train crash'

    Seven people have been killed in a train crash in South Africa, reports AFP news agency.

    It says the train ploughed into a Toyota Hilux pickup at a crossing.

    The seven victims, all men in their 30s, were reportedly travelling to work shortly before dawn on the outskirts of Cape Town.

    The vehicle was a "mangled wreck" on the rail tracks after the accident, AFP reports.

    AFP adds that 10 children were killed in a similar accident at the same crossing in 2010. After that accident, the driver of a minibus carrying children was convicted of 10 counts of culpable homicide.

  19. 'Lesbian film Rafiki goes against the law'

    Kenya's film regulator has revealed its reason for banning a film depicting a love story between two women, saying it is against Kenya's law and moral values.

    “Rafiki has homosexual scenes counter to the law, the culture and the moral values of the Kenyan people," the Kenya Film Classification Board (KFCB) said in a statement, adding:

    Quote Message: It seeks to legitimize lesbian romance.”

    LGBTQ rights campaigners in the country have been angered by the decision to ban the film domestically, which will premiere at France's Cannes film festival next month.

    In a tweet, Kenya's National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission suggested the regulator initially praised the film not because it respected LGBTQ rights but because it was flattered by its association with the prestigious Cannes film festival.

    View more on twitter

    Homosexual acts are illegal in Kenya, as in most African countries. Gay sex is punishable by up to 14 years in prison.

    Last month, a Kenyan court ruled that the forced anal examination of men suspected of being gay was unlawful, after rights groups argued the tests were a form of torture.

    Campaigners hope last month's ruling will influence another court case under way to decriminalise gay sex.

  20. Indian runner 'offers Caster Semenya her laywers'

    Dutee Chand

    The Indian runner Dutee Chand has offered South African athlete Caster Semenya her legal team after the athletics governing body announced new rules on testosterone levels in female athletes, reports Indian Express.

    The changes mean some female runners with naturally high testosterone levels will have to race against men or take medication if they wish to compete.

    Olympic 800m champion Caster Semenya could be affected.

    The 100m and 200m runner Chand went through her own legal battle and won.

    Just before the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow in 2015 she discovered that her natural levels of the hormone testosterone were normally only found in men.

    In late July 2015 she won a case, overthrowing her own ban on competing. The landmark ruling questioned the validity of so-called gender tests around naturally high testosterone levels in female athletes.

    Indian Express writes that Chand is now so concerned about what will happen to Semenya that she wrote to her offering legal help from her own team.

    She told the Indian Express:

    Quote Message: The first time I met Semenya, during the Rio Games, she made me feel like a close friend. She told me not worry about the case and focus on the sport. She gave me tips on handling the barbs thrown at me. I am glad that my battle is over. But hers is not."