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Summary

  1. S Sudan's Riek Machar to be relocated after peace talks
  2. No US visas for 'corrupt' DR Congo officials
  3. Ethiopia's outlawed Ginbot7 'halts armed resistance'
  4. Cameroon PM says internet used to 'spread hate and terror'
  5. EU is considering placing migrant centres in Africa
  6. Nigerian 'sex-for-marks' professor dismissed
  7. Three Gambians fatally shot during environmental protest
  8. Algeria restrict internet access to stop students cheating

Live Reporting

By Natasha Booty

All times stated are UK

Scroll down for Friday's stories

We'll be back on Monday

BBC Africa Live

Natasha Booty

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page this week. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.

Get real-time updates on the last few minutes of the Nigeria-Iceland World Cup Group D match over on BBC Sport.

A reminder of today's wise words:

An old rabbit suckles its young."

A Rwandan proverb sent by Delphine Umutoni in Toronto, Canada

Click here and scroll to the bottom to send in your African proverbs.

And we leave you with these images of artworks on display at Cameroon's Douala Art Fair:

View more on instagram

Goal!

Nigeria 2-0 Iceland

Nigeria's Ahmed Musa stuns Iceland with a second goal in the 75th minute.

Ahmed Musa scores Nigeria's second goal against Icelance
Getty Images

Kenyan officials arrested over fertiliser imports

Mohamud Ali

BBC News, Nairobi

Fertiliser pellets
VW Pics/Getty Images

Ten senior government officials have been arrested over fertiliser imports. Among them is the head of Kenya’s food safety regulator.

This comes after days of uncertainty over the safety of sugar being imported into the country.

On Thursday, two senior ministers contradicted each other on whether impounded sacks of sugar brought into the country from Brazil contained mercury.

The sugar was confiscated by the interior minister, which claiming that the sugar contained mercury and copper deposits.

This was contradicted by the trade minister who said the sugar is safe.

Over the last few days, the country has witnessed an unprecedented crackdown on sugar imports. Dozens of traders have been arrested.

The director of the national food safety regulator, the Kenyan Bureau of Standards, appeared before a parliamentary committee yesterday where he said some of the sugar was found to have contained lead and copper, and not mercury.

In some parts of the country, the price of sugar has risen following the crackdown on sugar imports.

*Correction: This entry has been updated to reflect court documents, circulated on Monday 25 June, which refer only to fertiliser imports.

'My CAR passport is real' - Boris Becker

Boris Becker
AFP

Boris Becker has assured the BBC that his passport for the Central African Republic (CAR) is genuine, despite the foreign ministry there claiming it is fake.

He has told the BBC's Andrew Marr programme:

I don't know what's internally happening within the politics of the Republic of Central Africa [sic], but I have received this passport from the ambassador. I have spoken to the president on many occasions."

The tennis star was declared bankrupt last year and is being pursued for "further assets".

To stave off that pursuit, he became a diplomat for the CAR - something which could give him diplomatic immunity. He says of the process:

It was an official inauguration. I believe the documents they're giving me must be right. I'm very happy - anytime soon - to visit Bangui, the capital, and to speak to the people personally about how we can move forward and how we can solve this mis-understanding and this confusion. I have a real passport at the embassy in Brussels, last time I checked."

Watch more of the interview:

Boris Becker tells Marr: My CAR passport is genuine

Goal!

Nigeria 1-0 Iceland

Ahmed Musa scores in the 48th minute to take the Super Eagles into the lead.

Ahmed Musa
AFP

Half time: Nigeria v Iceland

Nigeria 0-0 Iceland

This match is a meeting of Africa's most populous country and the smallest nation to qualify for the 2018 World Cup.

That's a staggering 180 million people cheering on Nigeria at home, versus just 300,000 people in Iceland.

Our colleagues have made this handy image:

A graphic showing the relative size of Nigeria and Iceland
BBC

Seychelles blocks Indian naval base deal

Will Ross

Africa editor, BBC World Service

The government of the Seychelles says a deal allowing India to build a naval base in the archipelago will not be sent to parliament for approval - because it knows it would be rejected.

The two countries agreed in January to build military facilities on the island of Assumption, but the project was criticised by the opposition and there were protests.

India is seen as keen to counter the growing Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean.

The deal has been blocked for now but the president of the Seychelles, Danny Faure, is about to start an official visit to India and the issue is likely to be brought up again.

Ethiopia's outlawed Ginbot7 'halts armed resistance'

The Eritrea-based opposition Patriotic Ginbot7 movement has suspended armed resistance against the Ethiopian government, state-affiliated Fana Broadcasting Corporate TV website reports.

"As of today 22 June 2018, Patriotic Ginbot 7 has suspended all self-defence operations using firearms in all regions of Ethiopia," the group said in a press statement.

"Our forces have received strict orders to refrain from any form of armed resistance," the statement added.

The group said it was inspired by reforms introduced by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, which it said had "given us a ray of hope that peaceful transition to genuine democracy, our long-standing objective, is a real possibility".

Ginbot7 had been designated as a terrorist organisation by previous governments.

The government pardoned the group's secretary-general, Andargachew Tsege, on 29 May.

He was arrested in Yemen in 2014 after being sentenced to death in absentia in 2009 for allegedly plotting a coup.

Kick-off: Nigeria v Iceland

Nigeria 0-0 Iceland

Players from the two teams fight for the ball
Reuters

Nigeria must win this match to stay in the World Cup. Do they have what it takes?

Former Ivory Coast footballer Didier Drogba says they need to be more creative than they were in their last game against Croatia:

In their opening defeat, Nigeria were too conventional, the shape of the team, the passing was good but there was not much creativity.

They didn't play their game, Croatia were good but they didn't make the things that make African teams good - scaring other teams."

'Gun battle' leaves four dead in Cameroon

Randy Joe Sa'ah

BBC Africa, Bamenda

A map showing the location of Bamenda in Cameroon
BBC

Three civilians and a police officer have been killed following gunfire in the Cameroonian city of Bamenda.

The civilians were separatist fighters, a source at the state-run Bamenda Regional Hospital said.

Five other civilians and eight police officers were injured.

Eyewitnesses told the BBC they heard gunshots at 22:00 local time (21:00 GMT).

"My children were terrified," one resident told me, adding: "It was very serious. Maybe it was a confrontation between the soldiers and separatist fighters. Or, it could just have been the military shooting into the air to scare off the separatists."

Bamenda, the capital of Cameroon’s Anglophone North-West region, has been rocked by waves of violence.

Soldiers yesterday raided the Alabukam neighbourhood, where suspected separatists are believed to be operating from.

Cameroon's Prime Minister Philémon Yang says more than 84 soldiers and police officers have been killed by secessionist fighters over the past year.

No official figures are available for civilian and separatists' deaths at the hands of the security forces.

Nigeria fans look ahead to Iceland

Iceland v Nigeria (15:00GMT)

Nigeria fans from across Africa have sent us their predictions for the crucial World Cup game against Iceland.

Hear what they have to say ahead of today's match:

Somalia is exporting fish after 30-year lull

Will Ross

Africa editor, BBC World Service

Somali vendors prepare fish for sale at Bosaso beach in Puntland northeastern Somalia, on December 17, 2016.
AFP

For the first time in 30 years Somalia has begun exporting fish to neighbouring Kenya, thanks in part to a reduction in the level of piracy off the Somali coast.

The civil war in Somalia has prevented many businesses from developing. but fish traders in the port of Kismayo say they are now able to export thanks to better refrigeration at a new processing factory.

Kingfish and tuna are the most popular.

In recent years Kenya has increased its imports of fish from China as the country's supply, from the coast as well as Lake Victoria, has been unable to match demand.

Ethiopia unblocks censored TV and websites

Ashagre Hailu

Editor, BBC News Amharic

A still from ESAT
ESAT
Ethiopian Satellite Television (ESAT) is among the broadcasters allowed back on air

A senior Ethiopian official says the country has opened access to 264 blocked websites and TV broadcasters.

Fitsum Arega, who is the prime minister’s chief of staff, said in his tweet that "freedom of expression is a foundational right" and "essential for engaged and responsible" citizens. He added that "only a free market of ideas will lead to the truth".

View more on twitter

Among the broadcasters allowed back on air are the US-based Ethiopian Satellite Television (ESAT) and Oromo Media Network (OMN). Both TV stations were charged in absentia for inciting violence and promoting terror, but the charges were dropped a few weeks ago.

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed took office in April with a pledge to open up the airwaves, even calling on foreign-based opposition TV broadcasters to open offices in Ethiopia.

One broadcaster - the US-based OMN station - has sent a team to establish a office in Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa.

Ethiopia has been accused of blocking foreign-based TV and radio broadcasts, websites and blogposts from being accessed in the country for many years by different human rights and press freedom groups.

World Cup: Nigeria's battle to stay in the game

Iceland v Nigeria (15:00GMT)

Nigeria's World Cup team jog at a training session
AFP
Defender Elderson Uwa Echiejile (C) and teammates looked upbeat at yesterday's training session

Nigeria must win their match against Iceland this afternoon to stay in the World Cup beyond the group stage.

Our BBC colleague Aliyu Tanko is feeling hopeful about the Super Eagle's chances and tweeted this photo outside the match venue in Russia:

View more on twitter

Nigeria have the youngest squad on average at this World Cup, but the biggest concern heading into a crunch game with Iceland is that age-old problems remain.

While it would be convenient to blame Nigeria's defensive frailties in the defeat by Croatia on the relative inexperience of their squad, a weakness at set pieces has long been Nigeria's Achilles heel.

Ethiopia hails 'encouraging' Eritrea relations

Ethiopia's foreign ministry has hailed relations with Eritrea as "very encouraging" following this month's announcement it would implement the 2002 peace deal that ended their deadly border war.

A spokesman for Ethiopian Foreign Minister Workneh Gebeyehu would not reveal the topic of any future discussions between the two nations, but said "Ethiopia has the willingness and the readiness to welcome the Eritrean delegation".

The US government has praised Ethiopia's decision to fully accept and implement the 2002 border commission ruling, which awarded disputed territories, including the town of Badme, to Eritrea.

In a statement it said the measures will "yield greater prosperity and security not only for the citizens of Ethiopia and Eritrea, but also for their neighbours".

A map showing the location of the disputed town of Badme in relation to Eritrea and Ethiopia
BBC

CAR might charge Boris Becker over 'fake passport'

BBC World Service

The foreign minister of the Central African Republic (CAR) says the German former tennis star Boris Becker could face prosecution in the country if he is found to have gained a diplomatic passport illegally.

Mr Becker's lawyers told the High Court in London that he could not undergo bankruptcy proceedings because he had diplomatic immunity from the CAR.

They say say he acquired diplomatic status being awarded the position of special attaché for sport and culture at the country's embassy in Brussels.

But CAR's Foreign Minister Charles-Armel Doubane said the passport was fake and he had asked the justice minister to investigate.

This photo of Boris Becker appeared on the website of the CAR embassy in Brussels until a few days ago but has since been deleted:

Boris Becker sits at a desk with the CAR national flag
CAR EMBASSY BRUSSELS

'It's the last currency linked with colonialism'

A group of musicians from across Central and West Africa have launched a protest song and video called Sept Minutes De Chanson Contre Le Franc CFA, or Seven Minutes Against the CFA Franc.

Many former French colonies are still limited in their financial sovereignty because they are still tied to the CFA franc, a currency guaranteed by the French treasury.

Senegalese singer Daba Makourejah told BBC Newsday why she and other musicians are fed up and want change:

It's a reminiscence of a past that we are trying to emancipate ourselves from. Many countries took their independence in the 1960s but this currency stayed. We believe we won't have true independence if our economy is not ours."

Listen to the interview in full:

Senegalese singer Daba Makourejah on why she's using music to protest against the CFA franc

Read more: African protests over the CFA 'colonial currency'

US blocks visas for 'corrupt' DR Congo officials

BBC World Service

A close-up shot of a passport with US visa
Getty Images

The US State Department has imposed visa bans on a number of Congolese officials accused of corruption or electoral malpractice.

It declined to name those targeted, but said the move was intended to send a strong signal that Washington was committed to fighting corruption and to supporting credible elections.

The Democratic Republic of Congo is to hold a much-delayed presidential election in December to choose a successor to Joseph Kabila.

His second and final term in office ended in 2016 but many suspect he is trying to stay in power.

Read more:

South Sudan rejects rebel leader's return

Emmanuel Igunza

BBC News, Addis Ababa

Riek Machar
AFP
Regional leaders have instead endorsed a plan to move Riek Machar to a third, neutral country

South Sudan's rebel leader Riek Machar is to be relocated to a neutral country outside the region as part of a deal to end more than four years of civil war in the country.

The plan is endorsed by regional leaders.

Mr Machar has been under house arrest in South Africa since fleeing South Sudan's capital, Juba, in 2016.

Two days of peace talks held in Ethiopia have failed to break the deadlock between the warring sides.

President Salva Kiir rejected proposals to work together with his former vice-president in any transitional government.

It was the first time Mr Machar had met face-to-face with his rival, President Kiir, in almost two years.

The next phase of talks are to be held in Sudan and Kenya and will for the first time focus on the country’s economy, which has been shattered by the violence.

Oil production has almost ground to a halt in the mineral-rich country.

Mediators have however warned of sanctions if no deal is reached.

Tens of thousands of people have been killed and millions more displaced since fighting broke out in December 2013.

Wise words

Our proverb of the day:

An old rabbit suckles its young."

A Rwandan proverb sent by Delphine Umutoni in Toronto, Canada
A scrub hare
.

Click here to send in your African proverb.

Good morning

Welcome back to BBC Africa Live, where we will bring you the latest news and views from around the continent.

Scroll down for Thursday's stories

We'll be back tomorrow

BBC Africa Live

Flora Drury

That's all from the BBC Africa Live page today. Keep up-to-date with what's happening across the continent by listening to the Africa Today podcast or checking the BBC News website.

A reminder of today's wise words:

Where a woman rules, streams run uphill."

An Ethiopian proverb sent by Zainab-Binta Kamara, London, UK, and Kristiana St. Vincent, Charlottesville, Virginia, US

Click here to send in your African proverb

And we leave you with this picture from Malawi, where people were marking World Refugee Day on Wednesday:

View more on instagram

A revolution for female farmers?

Many African farming systems are controlled by men.

But there are moves afoot to revolutionise the sector in favour of small farms run by women.

Dr Agnes Kalibata, Rwanda's former agriculture minister and the president of the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa, has been speaking to the BBC's Hassan Arouni about the challenges they face in a male-dominated industry:

Dr. Agnes Kalibata on how to revolutionise women small-holder farmers

Three Mozambican children kidnapped in dawn raids

Jose Tembe

BBC Africa, Maputo

Three children have been kidnapped from separate locations in a Mozambican district.

The children, who range in age form three to 14, were taken in dawn raids on Wednesday from the Gorongosa district of the central Mozambican province of Sofala.

Their kidnappers were armed with blunt instruments like machetes.

Bruno Begos, a senior member of the Gorongosa district police command, said police were working hard to find the children.

He added:

We received information according to which three kids had disappeared. We are currently taking measures first to locate the children to bring them back to their respective families. It’s still premature to give details.”

'Rice smuggling will increase' if Nigeria close its border

Fiona Equere

BBC Pidgin

A vendor arranges bags of rice at the Wuse market in Abuja, Nigeria May 15, 2018
Reuters

If Nigeria shuts its border, rice smuggling will increase, local dealers have told the BBC.

Their warning comes after agriculture minister Audu Ogbeh threatened to close the border with an unnamed neighbouring state which he accused of illegally importing the staple to Nigeria.

Rice dealers say local produce is more expensive, less popular and less clean than the imported rice, with Oluwanishola Obisesan telling the BBC she feels the whole move will just help a few people make more money.

“I bought rice from Nassarawa. It was sandy, dirty and filled with shaft. People didn’t buy it,” she said.

"This move by government will give the smugglers more money because in Nigeria, people know how to cut corners and find a way around things."

President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration has made efforts to help rice farmers and local production has increased.

Even so, Obisesan says she doesn’t feel the local rice production will meet the demand in the market.

However, Joseph Attah, Nigeria Customs Service press officer, said "the behaviour of the authorities from neighbouring countries is affecting our national food security and it’s a serious threat to our country".

"And it can lead to a decision to close our border. What I mean is the smuggling of rice and cars inside the country," he said.

SA starts introducing national health system

Milton Nkosi

BBC Africa, Johannesburg

Under the NHI [National Health Insurance] the rich will subsidise the poor, the young will subsidise the old, the healthy will subsidise the sick, the urban will subsidise the rural.”

This is how South Africa’s health minister Aaron Motsoaledi explained what will happen once his bill becomes law.

“South Africa is an outlier," he said. "We have privatised healthcare even more than the US. And yet we fight if any other service is about to be privatised.”

The bill, which was gazetted on Thursday, proposes the establishment of a NHI Fund which will buy services from both public and private medical providers.

Dr Motsoaledi said he consulted with former CEOs of the UK’s National Health Service (NHS), which was established in 1948, before he unveiled the bill.

But not everyone in the country is in favour of the scheme.

Katleho Mothudi, from the Board of Healthcare Funders, the body representing more than 70% of medical insurance companies, says “it is still not clear where the money will come from”.

He also raised concerns about levels of quality dropping.

Interested parties have three months to comment. The scheme will be fully implemented by 2026, the minister said.

Suspected militants kill five in Mozambique

Mozambican Army soldiers bring down a structure torched by attackers to be rebuilt as shelter for people fleeing the recent attacks, in Naunde, northern Mozambique, on June 13, 2018
AFP
A soldier helps bring down a home torched by suspected militants earlier this month

Suspected members of an Islamist militant group terrorising northern Mozambique have struck another village, killing five people - including a child.

The raiders also burned down 44 homes in Lipandacua, Macomia district, Cabo Delgado province, the publicly-owned broadcaster, Radio Mozambique, said.

The youngest victim was sleeping in one of the houses when it was set alight.

Cabo Delgado police commander Joaquim Sive told Radio Mozambique a unit from the security forces had gone to the village to assess the situation.

This follows lethal attacks on the villages of Naene, also in Macomia, earlier this month, and of Namaluco, in the neighbouring district of Quissanga, two days later, in which a total of 14 people were murdered and 400 houses were destroyed.

The attacks in Cabo Delgado have led to calls for greater vigilance in the neighbouring province of Niassa.

Thus Angelina Nguirezi, administrator of the Niassa district of Marrupa, has called on young people not to be deceived when people of doubtful origin and behaviour offer them jobs.

More than 40 villagers have been killed in Cabo Delgado since the attacks by Islamist militants, known locally as al-Shabab, began in October last year.

Kenya ministry withdraws Rugby Sevens funding

Celestine Karoney

BBC Sport Africa

The team of Kenya celebrates winning the Trophy Final celebrate during Day Two of the HSBC London Sevens at Twickenham Stadium on June 3, 2018
Getty Images

They’re a favourite with the fans, but Kenya’s participation in next month’s Rugby Sevens World Cup in San Francisco is under threat.

This comes after the country’s Ministry of Tourism cancelled its $200,000 (£150,000) sponsorship of the team, blaming the decision on the non-payment of players.

The ministry says the Kenya Rugby Union has breached their partnership by not paying players an agreed upon allowance.

Their decision led to an on-field protest which saw players cover up the sponsor’s "Make It Kenya" catch phrase on their game jerseys during a recent tournament in France.

In retaliation, the ministry says it will cut all its funding to the Kenya Rugby Union as the team had “embarrassed the country”.

The union, which had previously expressed dismay at a lack of funds needed to take the team to the World Cup, says the sponsorship money was received late and they communicated the delay to the players.

Why Uganda's parliament wants to regulate weddings

BBC World Service

Weddings are a big deal in Uganda - and for many people, it is a no-expense-spared event.

But obviously, that comes at a cost.

So, what do you get for your money - and what happens once the honeymoon is over?

Watch the video below to find out:

Wedding planner Rita gives her tips for a dream wedding but warns about the costs

Ivory Coast's Drogba praises Ronaldo

Cristiano Ronaldo may not be in Moroccans' good books right now, having ended the country's World Cup dreams yesterday, but he does have the respect of one of Africa's greatest-ever players.

Former Ivory Coast striker Didier Drogba has told BBC the Portuguese player's "evolution is very impressive".

Hear what he has to say below:

Former Ivory Coast striker Didier Drogba heaps praise on Portugal star Cristiano Ronaldo

Ghanaian denied UK visa to save sister's life

Shirley Kordie and her son Belssing
Anthony Nolan Trust/Shirley Kordie
Shirley Kordie and her son Belssing, four

A Ghanaian man has been denied a UK visa which he needed so he could save his sister's life.

Joseph is a "perfect" stem cell match for Shirley Kordie, who lives in Walsall, England.

She is in desperate need of a transplant due to a rare blood condition, hypoplastic MDS, and will leave her son, Blessing, four, without a mother if she is not treated.

But his visa application was denied due to his "financial circumstances".

The Home Office has been asked to comment.

Read the whole story on the BBC website by clicking here.

Prodding South Sudan rivals to talk

South Sudan’s rivals may have met face-to-face - and even hugged – in the latest bid to end the country’s civil war, but ,as a Kenyan cartoonist shows, it only comes at the insistence of regional powers.

In his cartoon, Victor Ndula urges Ethiopia’s new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to keep prodding President Salva Kiir and exiled rebel leader Riek Machar to keep talking at their meeting in Addis Ababa:

View more on twitter

EU promises not to create 'African Guantanamo Bay'

Migrants, part of a group intercepted aboard three dinghies off the coast in the Mediterranean Sea, stand on a rescue boat upon arrival at the port of Malaga, Spain June 18
Reuters
Migrants stand on a rescue boat in the Mediterranean

The European Union (EU) has said it will not create a "Guantanamo Bay for migrants" as it pushes ahead with plans for centres in north Africa.

Dimitris Avramopoulos, the EU's commisioner for migrants, said the group was talking to various United Nations agencies about the proposals.

He said they were now looking at ways to "further engage northern African countries in discussions on possibilities for regional disembarkation schemes".

However, he stressed these centres would not end up like the notorious detention centre set up by the US in Cuba, which has been accused of numerous human rights' abuses.

He told reporters:

I want to be very clear on that. I'm against a Guantanamo Bay for migrants. This is something that is against our European values."

He added:

The way I see this is as an agreement of countries around the Mediterranean to ensure the people get the protection they need and are treated with the dignity they deserve. But it must also mean that getting on the boat does not mean a free ride to the European Union."

EU leaders will discuss the plans at a June 28-29 summit.

Cameroon violence 'caused by diaspora on social media'

Enoh N'Dri

BBC Africa, Dakar, Senegal

Soldiers of the 21st Motorized Infantry Brigade patrol in the streets of Buea, South-West Region of Cameroon on April 26, 2018
AFP
Violence between the government and Anglophone separatists escalated after protests in 2016

Cameroon's prime minister has blamed "the diaspora... crouched in the shadows" for the violence which has engulfed parts of the country.

Philémon Yang accused Cameroonians living overseas of using social media to "spread hate speech and terror" and to even "order murders".

He said:

Social media have become the favourite ground for the sponsors of terrorism orchestrated by Cameroonians in the diaspora. Crouched in the shadows and hidden behind the keyboards of their computer and smartphones, these Cameroonians of the diaspora spread hate speech and terror and do not hesitate to order murders."

Mr Yang also said more than 80 members of the security forces have been killed during months of fighting with Anglophone separatists in the country's South-West and North-West regions.

Another 100-or-so civilians and state representatives have also been killed or kidnapped, he added.

Mr Yang went on to announce a new $220m (£167m) emergency humanitarian assistance plan for hundreds of thousands of civilians that the government says have been displaced by the fighting.

The violence escalated in late 2016, following a series of protests from Anglophone Cameroonians, who say they are discriminated against by the country's Francophone authorities.

Amnesty International says the government has responded with "arbitrary arrests, torture, unlawful killings and destruction of property".

Why is South Sudan starving?

Almost two in three people living in the world's youngest country are in desperate need of food aid following five years of war.

But hopes of a peace deal have risen in recent days after the leaders of South Sudan's two warring sides met in Ethiopia.

The BBC has gained rare access to report from the country, the most dangerous place in the world to be an aid worker, which you can watch below:

Inside South Sudan's civil war

Female suicide bombers injure 15 in Nigeria

Two female suicide bombers left 15 people injured in north-eastern Nigeria, news agency AFP reports.

Borno state police spokesman Edet Okon told the agency the first woman exploded when she was shot by officers near a military base in Maiduguri on Wednesday evening.

The second woman died after detonating her device near a rickshaw, he added.

Exiled Ethiopian group 'ready to return home'

Mohammed Selman

BBC Amharic

Ethiopia"s newly elected prime minister Abiy Ahmed attends a rally during his visit to Ambo in the Oromiya region
Reuters
Abiy Ahmed

The exiled Ethiopian opposition group, Ginbot 7, has declared its support for the reconciliation call by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed.

The Eritrea-based rebel group’s statement came shortly after Eritrean President Isaias Afeworki announced his intention to seek peace with Ethiopia on Wednesday.

The two countries have been in a “no peace, no war” stand off for the past 17 years, following a bloody and inconclusive border war between them.

Talking to BBC Amharic, a spokesman for the group Tadesse Biru said: ‘‘Armed struggle wasn’t in our best interest from the beginning; rather the un-enabling political environment in Ethiopia forced us to pursue insurgence.

‘‘Ginbot 7 never fired a bullet and any that were fired were intended to defend ourselves, not to overthrow the government and take power.’’

The new Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy, who took office in April, has promised to scrap the strategy the government has previously pursued against opposition forces.

As a result, Mr Tadesse says Ginbot 7 will "return home if Abiy’s government continues its path of eliminating repressive laws and building democratic institutions".

Kinshasa's yellow taxis to curb abductions

Louise Dewast

Kinshasa, DR Congo

Getting around Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo, can be headache.

Many of the city's 10 million residents use minibuses, which are often very old and too packed.

Now, for those who can pay a little extra, hundreds of yellow taxis are available in most parts of the capital.

Following a number of cases of people getting robbed and kidnapped for ransom while using informal taxis, known by locals as "ketch", provincial authorities made it a requirement for taxis to paint their cars in yellow with a visible identification number.

"It's a very good decision, and clients appreciate it," taxi-driver Junior told the BBC.

"Yes, it's a good thing, the number of crimes has gone down," said client, Davina, aboard a yellow taxi.

Taxi in Kinshasa
BBC

Drivers say they had to pay between $80 (£60) and $180 to repaint their cars, and around $15 to get an identification number, which can take up to several weeks.

Not everyone agrees the new measures will prevent kidnappings.

"They've imposed this on us to reduce crime, but the problem is that those criminals just painted their cars yellow.

"It's good for us, because now if your car isn't yellow you'll have difficulty getting clients, but it doesn't improve security," said taxi driver, Djerba.

Clients also have mixed feelings about the new measures.

"Yellow, red, green, a colour doesn't mean security. I think it hasn't really changed anything, they should focus on security instead," said Bijou, who frequently takes taxis.

After announcing the new rules, dozens of checkpoints were set up to conduct controls and give out fines, causing traffic along the main roads.

"They are penalising us clients, they should change their ways of doing things," added Bijou, as another client interjected: "We need to break eggs in order to make an omelette!"

Nigerian 'sex-for-marks' professor dismissed

A campaign poster for the university
OAU

A Nigerian professor who allegedly offered to change a student's marks in return for sexual favours has been dismissed from his position.

Richard Akindele was fired from his job as an accounting lecturer at Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU) in south-western Nigeria after Monica Osagie decided to publish a conversation in which he said he would increase her grades if she slept with him.

The recording went viral, prompting comments in parliament and across social media.

The "scandalous" behaviour had, OAU Vice-Chancellor Eyitope Ogunbodede said in a statement, "brought ridicule to the name of the university" and "tarnished" its reputation.

According to Professor Ogunbodede, Professor Akindele said Miss Osagie knew she had passed but "was seeking to score an A" and was actually sexually harassing him.

However, the vice-chancellor said this version of events "cannot be supported by any evidence".

Professor Akindele has not yet commented on the findings.

Biola Akiyode, who is representing Miss Osagie, told CNN she was "very happy" with the outcome of the hearing.

"This is a huge victory, not just for Monica but for other students," Ms Akiyode said.

"This victory should encourage any student, no matter if they are university or secondary school students to speak out.

"What Monica did was very brave and I hope lecturers will now see that there are consequences to their actions."

The university has since launched a campaign against sexual harassment.

Warring South Sudanese leaders in 'group hug'

Emmanuel Igunza

BBC Africa, Ethiopia

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President Salva Kiir and his bitter rival Riek Machar met face to face for the first time in nearly two years during a dinner hosted by Ethiopia’s new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed.

Pictures released from the premier's office showed the three leaders locked in a group hug smiling.

But delegates from the two warring sides have told the BBC that a peace deal to end the conflict that erupted in 2013 is still far off.

Regional leaders have proposed another power sharing agreement that will see President Kiir retain his position while Mr Machar would resume his vice presidency duties.

The last deal, signed in August 2015, collapsed less than a year later, with both sides accused of violating the terms of a ceasefire and carrying out human rights abuses like massacres and rapes.

The United Nations, US and the African Union have all threatened punitive measures if the fighting does not stop by the end of this month.

Tens of thousands of people have died and more than four million others displaced since the fighting begun in December 2013 .

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