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  1. Favour Nunoo

    BBC News Pidgin, Ghana

    Kambon and family

    Favour Nunoo

    BBC News Pidgin, Ghana

    Ghana is encouraging African Americans to relocate to the country, which was at the heart of the slave trade.

    Read more
  2. Video content

    Video caption: Medieval martial arts brings sword duels to South Africa

    Meet South Africa's medieval martial arts enthusiasts, who duel with swords and armour.

  3. Scroll down for Friday's stories

    We'll be back next week

    That's all from BBC Africa Live for today, we will now leave you with an automated service until Monday morning.

    A reminder of today's wise words:

    Quote Message: To castrate a lion is not a problem but who will open its legs." from Sent by Sahr Amadu Komba, Kono, Sierra Leone, and Peter Goch Anyang-Majongdul, Bor, Jonglei State, South Sudan.
    Sent by Sahr Amadu Komba, Kono, Sierra Leone, and Peter Goch Anyang-Majongdul, Bor, Jonglei State, South Sudan.

    And we leave you with this photo of boys cooling off in The Gambia River - one of our favourite shots taken this past week.

  4. Cardboard cut-outs of cops used to deter speeding

    Videos and photos of cardboard cut outs of cops on the roads of Cape Town, South Africa, has got people talking on social media:

    View more on facebook
    View more on twitter

    The logic is simple.

    Motorists would usually slow down if they are speeding and see a traffic cop, spokesperson for Cape Town's Traffic Services Richard Coleman, is quoted as saying in News24.

    He didn't mention if the tactic has worked.

    But it appears it is not actually anything new - the method has been used since 2017, he added.

    "Thus far we have only received positive feedback", he said.

  5. Toddler confirmed to have polio in Ghana

    A two-year-old girl in Ghana has tested positive to having vaccine-derived polio.

    This strain of polio occurs when an unvaccinated person catches the virus from somebody else who has been given the vaccine, often through their faeces in unsanitary housing.

    The toddler was admitted to Cheperoni District hospital in north-east Ghana in July after she suddenly got weak legs. She later developed paralysis, said the head of Ghana's national health service Dr Anthony Nsiah Asare in a statement.

    Image caption: Ghanaian authorities said they will increase vaccinations in the affected area

    He called the confirmation of the case a national health emergency.

    "The global community is in the polio end game and a case of polio constitutes a public health emergency of national concern," he said.

    He added that vaccinations in the affected area will be increased.

    Outbreaks of this kind can be stopped with two to three rounds of immunisations, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative.

    BBC health correspondent James Gallagher reports that cases of vaccine-derived polio are an expected part of a vaccination programme, but can be prevented by immunising all children.

    He said there had also been vaccine-derived polio cases in nine countries - including Angola, Central African Republic and Somalia - this year, but the incidences did not affect when a country was declared wild polio-free.

    Africa is on track to become free of wild polio.

    The last recorded case of wild polio was more than three years ago in Nigeria and the country is expected to be officially declared polio-free by the World Health Organization early next year.

  6. War crimes investigators find 23 South Sudan suspects

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    UN experts say they have identified 23 people in South Sudan who they say are responsible for serious human rights abuses including killings, torture and rape during the recent civil war.

    Forty-three others were identified last year but all the names will be kept confidential until a special war crimes court is set up by the African Union.

    The UN Human Rights Commission in South Sudan says many of them are military commanders from both the government and the rebel sides.

    After five years of war, a peace deal and a ceasefire signed last year have stopped most of the fighting. But members of the UN commission say they are continuing to document human rights abuses and collect evidence.

    South Sudanese military personnel
    Image caption: Many of them are military commanders from both the government and the rebel sides
  7. Ethiopia’s school language reforms cause anger

    Berhanu Gemechu

    BBC Afaan Oromoo

    A teacher nusing Afaan Oromo as the language of instruction in Ethiopia
    Image caption: Pupils at junior schools in Ethiopia are taught in their mother tongues

    Plans in Ethiopia to revamp the junior school curriculum are causing ructions – especially over the introduction of Amharic, the country’s official language, for young pupils.

    At the moment for the first few years of school, pupils are taught in their mother tongue and learn English as a subject.

    If Amharic is not their mother tongue, it is introduced when pupils are around 10 years old.

    But proposals from the education ministry suggest pupils aged seven should take up the subject.

    The matter is contentious because Ethiopia is made up of nine different self-governing ethnic regions.

    There is already some resentment that Amharic is so dominant across the country – so this push from the federal authorities is meeting resistance.

    Oromia’s education authority has been quick to say Afaan Oromo will remain the language of instruction in its junior schools.

    Education State Minister Garamu Hulluka told the BBC that issues relating to identity and regional self-government with regard to the reforms were yet to be ironed out.

    A researcher at Addis Ababa University also says it is not good for young children to learn several languages at the same time.

    “Entry level students can acquire a maximum of two languages. Giving more than two languages at this stage weakens children's critical-thinking ability and confuses them,” Firdisa Jabessa said.

  8. Ex-England striker Heskey wants to light up Zimbabwe

    Stanley Kwenda

    BBC Africa

    Emile Heskey
    Image caption: Emile Heskey said he fell in love with Zimbabwe after making his first trip to the continent about three years ago

    Former England striker, Emile Heskey, is planning to invest in Zimbabwe’s energy sector.

    Heskey, who is a senior vice-president of Genoil, a Canadian company with interests in oil technology development, believes there are diverse areas of investment in Zimbabwe’s ailing economy.

    The 41-year-old, who played for England 62 times - scoring seven goals, took up his role with the Canadian firm last year.

    Quote Message: A friend of mine introduced me to Zimbabwe and I took a keen interest in business interests over there.
    Quote Message: We looked at the energy sector and that interested me. I have got business partners and people interested in the energy sector who fund things in the energy sector.”

    Zimbabwe is in the throes of a deep energy crisis with rolling powers cuts and an acute shortage of fuel.

    The former Premier League striker, who comes from a family of Antiguan descent, said he fell in love with Zimbabwe after making his first trip to the continent some three years ago.

    Quote Message: There are diverse things you can do over there. You have one of the Seven Wonders of the World with the Victoria Falls. We don’t have that in the Caribbean. We definitely don’t have that in England.
    Quote Message: Having things like that, where people can come and travel and be at one with nature is amazing.
    Quote Message: If you take notice of the media you won’t go anywhere near countries in Africa."

    Since his first visit, the former Liverpool striker says he would like to explore and learn more about the continent.

    Quote Message: Coming from the Caribbean, we are fundamentally African people in a different part of the world.
    Quote Message: I was in Uganda walking around a shopping mall and people were staring at me and shaking their heads saying, ‘No it’s not him’ - and walking on because they couldn’t believe I could be in that part of the world."

    Asked if a career in business was something he thought about when he was still playing football, he replied:

    Quote Message: With football, especially at the elite level, you are so immersed in football, you don’t really have too much time.
    Quote Message: It’s only when you are coming to the end of your career that you look at what you can dwell on.”
  9. Senator 'doesn't regret' throwing tea at colleague

    Jonathan Paye-Layleh

    BBC Africa, Monrovia

    Liberia's only female senator has admitted throwing a cup of hot tea at a member of another party in a moment of frustration during senate proceedings.

    "Yes, I did," Senator Nyonblee Karnga-Lawrence told reporters afterwards. "I continue to say I am in a lion’s den... I do not regret my action."

    She is a member of the opposition and the man she threw the tea at was the senate’s acting presiding officer, Senator Saah Joseph, of the ruling party.

    The incident happened after Senator Joseph had abruptly ended a session in which senators were cross-examining top security officials about a wave of violence in the capital in recent times.

    "As a leader, I needed to be patient. There was no reason to respond to her anger," Senator Joseph said later.

    He alleges that she had slapped him beforehand, and is now vowing take the matter up with the entire senate for redress.

    The front page of a Liberia newspaper splashes the story
    Image caption: The story is front page news in Liberia

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  10. Nightmares plague Eritrean shipwreck survivors

    Teklemariam Bekit

    BBC Tigrinya

    Bokuresion Tsegezeab (R) and Bekri Mohammed (third from L) and other Eritreans who survived the shipwreck in a hospital in Tripoli, Libya
    Image caption: Bokuresion Tsegezeab (right) and Bekri Mohammed (third from left) with others from Eritrea who survived the wreck

    Two Eritreans who survived one of the most deadly shipwrecks off Libya have told the BBC they still have nightmares about their horrific experience.

    At least 115 people died when the vessel with about 300 migrants on board sank in July.

    Bokuresion Tsegezeab and Bekri Mohammed, who are still in hospital in the capital Tripoli recovering from the ordeal, said they were desperate and disorientated when they decided to board the wooden ship.

    They had been held for the last two years in a detention centre in al Khoms, some 120km (75 miles) east Tripoli, where they were locked up with little daylight.

    “We boarded the ship to escape the dreadful life we experienced for the past two years,” says Mr Bokuresion.

    The pair confirmed that they had paid the smugglers, but did not specify how much.

    The smugglers had told them that the ship, which they boarded at about 23:00 local time one night in July, was in a suitable condition to cross the Mediterranean.

    Bokuresion Tsegezeab
    Image caption: Bokuresion Tsegezeab says a passing merchant ship refused to help when their vessel got into trouble

    But three hours into their journey, water started seeping and then gushing into the ship.

    “We tried to remove the water using buckets but quickly the water engulfed the ship,” said Mr Bokuresion.

    A merchant ship was passing by at the time and everyone shouted for help, but it ignored their pleas, he said.

    Then their vessel started to sink and break up prompting all on board to jump off into the sea.

    No-one had life jackets so everyone was desperate to find something to hold on to in the water.

    Bekri Mohammed
    Image caption: Bekri Mohammed says he cannot remember much about the ordeal after the ship went down

    Mr Bokuresion said he first grabbed on to a small broken jerrycan but to stop himself being dragged down by others he moved to a piece of floating wood, which he managed to hold on to all night.

    “I only survived because God wanted me to survive, because I never learnt how to swim.”

    Mr Bekri admits he cannot remember much about the seven hours that passed before help arrived.

    They were eventually rescued by passing fishermen who took them to a police station in Tripoli.

    They needed immediate medical attention because they were all vomiting from all the water they had swallowed.

    It has been a month since the shipwreck but the two friends are still traumatised and uncertain about their futures.

    “I have not slept a good sleep since then. The faces of my friends and fellow travellers come to my dreams," says Mr Bokuresion.

    “I am also worried about my life. What will happen to me? We don’t know what to do.”

  11. Eggs harvested from last remaining white rhinos

    Emmanuel Igunza

    BBC Africa, Nairobi

    An archive photo of the last white male rhino - called Sudan - who died in 2018 in Kenya
    Image caption: The eggs will be artificially inseminated with frozen sperm from the last northern white male rhino pictured here before his death in 2018

    Scientists say they have successfully extracted eggs from the world’s last two surviving northern white females rhinos.

    The team of scientists and conservationists, which is trying to save the species from extinction, carried out the process in Kenya where the rhinos are kept in a sanctuary.

    The procedure involved harvesting five eggs each from the last two surviving northern white female rhinos named Najin and Fatu.

    The eggs will later be artificially inseminated with frozen sperm from the last male of the sub-species, called Sudan, who died last year.

    But genetic problems with the two females mean scientists have decided that the eggs will be carried to term by a surrogate southern white rhino.

    Scientists have been encouraged by the birth of a southern white calf in the US using the same method.

  12. We are 'far from a malaria-free world' - WHO report

    Anne Soy

    BBC Africa, Nairobi

    Malaria experts have warned that the world will not be able to bring the disease under control using currently available means.

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has a target of reducing the number of cases and deaths by 90% by the year 2030, but even with the most optimistic projections, a team of scientists and public health specialists say the goal cannot be achieved.

    Their report reveals that the mosquito nets, insecticides, diagnostic tests and treatments being used today were developed decades ago.

    The scientists say that new methods need to be developed - but this could cost billions.

    The projected benefits are huge – two billion cases of malaria and four million deaths would be prevented.

    A nurse administers a vaccine to a child at Ewin Polyclinic in Cape Coast on in April 2019.

    Malaria is one of the world’s biggest killers. Each year, about 400,000 people – mostly children in Africa – die from the disease.

    Progress towards ending malaria has stalled globally.

    The team of experts advising the WHO on malaria eradication say that between the years 2000 and 2015 the number of cases declined by more than a fifth, and deaths fell by half. But since then, nothing much has changed.

    More on this topic:

  13. Kenya giraffe with tumour treated after viral photos

    The Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS) has found a giraffe with a massive tumour on its eye after photos of the ailing animal went viral.

    The agency has tweeted pictures of its veterinary team treating the Rothschild's giraffe at Lake Nakuru National Park:

    View more on twitter

    The team found that the giraffe had a bone tumour for which antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs were administered.

    But it seems that palliative treatment is all that KWS can provide:

    Quote Message: While it is in able condition to move, feed and water, excising the tumour proved difficult due to the extent of the growth that would cause potentially serious complications."

    This has angered some Kenyans online, who feel KWS should have acted before and question why it took social media to get the agency to go to the giraffe's aid.

  14. Nigerians charged in million-dollar scam

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    A court in Los Angeles has charged 80 people - most of them Nigerian nationals - with participating in a conspiracy to steal millions of dollars through fraud, money laundering and identity theft.

    They are accused of using business email fraud schemes and romance scams to con victims - many of whom were elderly - out of hundreds of thousands of dollars.

    US Attorney Nick Hanna described the FBI investigation as a "major step" to disrupt criminal networks.

    Fourteen people were arrested on Thursday but correspondents say it is unlikely that many of the other accused will face justice as they are believed to be abroad - most of them in Nigeria.

  15. Zimbabwe opposition MP arrested over thwarted protests

    A Zimbabwe opposition MP is due in court to face charges that he flouted a police order banning planned anti-government protests last Friday, local reports say.

    Amos Chibaya is the national organising secretary for the country's Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party. The MDC failed in its attempts to challenge the police ban in the High Court.

    Last week, police violently dispersed protesters who had gathered to take part in the demonstration in the capital, Harare, before the MDC called them off at the last minute. Similar opposition protests were banned in Buluwayo on Monday, and blocked in Gweru on Tuesday.

    About five million Zimbabweans are in need of food aid, according to the UN. The demonstrations were called in protest at the government's handling of the economy.

    A protester holds up a poster of Nelson Chamisa
    Image caption: MDC supporters are fed up with the government's handling of the economy
  16. Rural home of Malawi protest leader 'petrol bombed'

    People in Malawi demonstrating against May's election - July 2019
    Image caption: There have been mass protests in Malawi over the last few months over May's contentious election result

    Timothy Mtambo, a leading human rights activist and protest organiser in Malawi, says his rural home has been petrol bombed.

    It comes barely days after a similar incident happened at his house in the capital, Lilongwe.

    The attacks are thought to be part of intimidation tactics to deter him from organising demonstrations over the alleged rigging of elections held in May, BBC Monitoring reports.

    Mr Mtambo confirmed the attack on his home in Ishalikila village in a private Facebook post, saying it had occurred at around 02.00 local time on Thursday.

    "Is this the democracy we fought for?" he wrote.

    Earlier this week he told BBC Newsday: "We are scared. Are we going to continue with a government which is supposed to protect us as civilians and is now targeting us?"

    The Human Rights Defenders Coalition, which Mr Mtambo leads, plans to stage mass protests at airports and other border crossings from next week.

    President Peter Mutharika, who won re-election in May, has vowed to deploy the military to all borders and airports to prevent any disruptions by the demonstrators.

  17. East Africa's Got Talent backs Burundian drummers

    Burundian drummers appearing on East Africa's Got Talent
    Image caption: The show's makers say contestants are not entered as representatives of countries

    The producers of East Africa's Got Talent have backed some contestants who were accused of illegally playing Burundi’s traditional drums.

    The law in Burundi prohibits people from playing the national drums without the government's authorisation – something the country's minister of culture pointed out after the performance last Sunday.

    Those who make up the drumming troupe are Burundian refugees who had sought refuge in neighbouring Rwanda, which seems to be at the crux of the matter.

    The two countries do not have friendly relations, and exchange accusations that they are harbouring the other’s enemies.

    Culture Minister Pelate Niyonkuru accused Rwanda of trying to steal its heritage.

    But the makers of the TV talent show, which is broadcast in Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, said that contestants apply to take part as individuals.

    "No act was entered by a government as an official representative of a nation," it added.

    "East Africa’s Got Talent celebrates a wide diversity of talents and takes special pride in showcasing the cultural heritage of the region."

  18. Algeria rap concert stampede: 'Stadium too full'

    A journalist who was at a rap concert in Algeria, where five people have died in a stampede, says there were huge crowds trying to get into the stadium.

    Linda Chebbah told BBC Newsday there seemed to be an issue with security at the entrance to the venue, as there was security hired for the event and the police.

    “There were way too many people for this stadium. On the pitch, people were jostling for space. There were so many people at the concert that I’m not surprised an accident happened,” she said.

    Thousands of mainly young people had come to see rap star Abderraouf Derradji, who is known as “Soolking”.

    Chebbah said that even though the musician no longer lived in Algeria he sang about what people were going through.

    She said he had wanted to tell his fans that his heart was still in Algeria at a time when the country was going through political upheaval. Earlier this year long-time leader Abdelaziz Bouteflika, resigned as president after mass street protests.

    Listen to the full interview:

    Video content

    Video caption: Thousands were attending the Soolking event in Algiers