BBC Great Lakes
A court in Rwanda has sentenced a Kenyan man to two years in jail for conning young Rwandans into paying a registration fee for a wealth and fitness conference that never happened.
Thousands of young people showed up in the capital, Kigali, for the conference, organised by Charles Kinuthia, at the Kigali Convention Centre on 25 June.
Some told the BBC they had paid a $5 (£4) online registration fee - and had been promised $197 if they attended.
Kinuthia's lawyer, Evode Kayitana, told the BBC that the sentence was unfair as the conference would have gone ahead had the police not intervened because of a security risk.
He said officers stopped the event because the venue became overwhelmed by delegates who had misunderstood that the $197 was not a cash bonus for them to take home but represented the value of the day's training.
Three of Kinuthia's employees - two Kenyan women and a Rwandan man - were acquitted by the court in Kigali.
Mr Kayitana said his client was going to approach the Kenyan government to see if it could intervene in the case.
Africa editor, BBC World Service
Church leaders in Zimbabwe have written to President Emmerson Mnangagwa to denounce what they call the deteriorating human rights situation in the country.
The letter refers to at least 20 recent abductions and says there has not been a single arrest.
The church leaders also express concern about what they refer to as divisions within the security sector following the overthrow of Robert Mugabe and the economic crisis.
This week doctors have been protesting about the apparent abduction of their union leader, Peter Magombeyi.
His colleagues fear he was abducted by state security agents because he had organised a doctors' strike.
Mohamud Ali, a driving instructor in the UK and Somalia's star player in their 2022 World Cup qualifying heroics, has told the BBC he is proud of the team's performance despite their dramatic elimination by Zimbabwe.
Somalia took a famous 1-0 lead in the first leg qualifier, but last week Zimbabwe won the second leg 3-1 to qualify for the second round of the World Cup qualifiers.
The 25-year-old Somalia centre-back was born in Netherlands and plays for Curzon Ashton FC, a semi-professional English club in Manchester.
In between matches he runs a driving school business.
He told BBC Newsday that “it was a great experience to represent my country on such a big stage".
"I think we did very well considering we played one of the bigger teams in Africa, it's something definitely to look back and to be very proud of," he said.
He reckons that returning to his driving school business will prove busy, if the number of phone calls he has been receiving is anything to go by.
He hopes the Ocean Stars - the lowest-ranked team in African football - will mount a stronger campaign in the next round of international matches.
Their big upset over the highest-ranked team in the preliminaries was down to Somali Football Federation officials luring Somali players living abroad to turn up for the national team.
"Previously they had not recruited from abroad, the majority of players were from back home. This year is the first time that they have managed to bring a lot of players from abroad. I think there were 12 players from different countries," said Ali, whose brother Ahmed was skipper of the team. .
"We didn't know each other, we just met over a few weeks ago. We have done very well and this only going to improve."
He said the first leg victory over Zimbabwe had seen previously reluctant Somali players based abroad expressing interest in playing for the national team.
"Professional Somali football prayers, who have been approached previously but who never wanted to represent the country because Somalia never wins... they are making themselves available.
"The next squad is only going to get stronger and I think we will be able to climb the Fifa ranking ladder."
Listen to the full interview below:
South Sudan risks being plunged back into full-scale conflict if hardliners are allowed to sabotage last year's peace agreement, a group of UN experts has warned.
"South Sudan’s political elites are strangely able to live oblivious to the intense suffering of millions of their own people," said Yasmin Sooka, chairperson of the UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan.
In a statement to a session of the UN Human Rights Council, she said that she and her colleagues had recently returned from a trip to South Sudan, where they found that most citizens went hungry every day.
"The starvation in South Sudan is neither random, nor accidental. It has been part of a deliberate strategy on the part of the warring parties to target civilians in acts that may amount to war crimes... There is no doubt that the responsibility for the enduring humanitarian catastrophe in South Sudan rests firmly with the country's warring politicians."
She said that the commission welcomed a recent meeting between President Salva Kiir and opposition leader Riek Machar, who committed to comply with a November deadline to set up a unity government.
But Ms Sooka added that there were still hardliners who were unwilling to compromise on key issues such as "the number of states, their boundaries, and security arrangements".
These people "might sabotage progress towards implementation of the agreement", she said.
Ms Sooka urged members of the council to pressure the leaders of South Sudan, where nearly four million people have fled their homes since the civil war began in 2013, to ensure the unity government was established.
One of the next steps to be considered should be reparations for the many victims of the conflict, she said.
The UN expert suggested that 1% of Sudan's annual oil revenues be placed in a reparations and compensation fund "instead of being diverted for personal benefit by political elites as has been reported".
"Member States of the African Union and the United Nations have the power to make this happen."
At least four people have died off the coast of Senegal's capital, Dakar, after a boat capsized in a storm on Monday night, the emergency services told the BBC.
They said the boat had left for an excursion to Madeleine Island despite warnings of bad weather.
Lt Col Pape Ange Michel Diatta could not confirm the exact cause of the accident but said the boat was likely caught up in heavy rain and strong waves.
Some 35 people have been taken to hospital – including six French people, two Germans, two Swedes and and one person from Guinea Bissau.
The nationalities of the four who died have not been confirmed.Copyright: BBC
BBC Africa, Monrovia
Liberia's President George Weah has invited the president of the International Criminal Court (ICC) to the country to discuss the idea of setting up a war and economic crimes court.
The tribunal is intended to address crimes committed during two bouts of brutal fighting in 1989-1996 and 1999-2003 in which some 250,000 people were killed.
Thousands more were mutilated and raped, often by armies of drugged child soldiers led by ruthless warlords. Regional peacekeepers intervened twice to end the fighting.
Smith Toby, Liberia's deputy presidential press secretary, told the BBC that President Weah had recently met ICC President Chile Eboe-Osuji in Nigeria to briefly discuss the matter.
“We are awaiting a response [from the judge]," Mr Toby said.
There is growing pressure to set up a court from key players in the West African nation, including traditional chiefs and elders at a recent gathering.
President Weah has also written to the House of Representatives seeking their advice on the matter.
Senator Abraham Darius Dillon, from the opposition Liberty Party, has welcomed the move, saying recently on a radio programme that it was "time to end the culture of impunity in our country”.
But others have criticised Mr Weah for seeking advice instead of presenting a bill to set up a court. The president is suspected of using stalling tactics as some believe his administration is not keen on the court's establishment.
"This man is playing a game," prominent talk-show host Henry Costa said.
The popular footwear enables artisans in Ethiopia to recycle and earn a living at the same time.
Twenty-eight prisoners arrested 18 years ago in Eritrea, who have never been charged or heard of since, should be freed, Amnesty International says.
The 11 politicians and 17 journalists were arrested in 2001 after criticising President Isaias Afwerki, who has governed since Eritrea became an independent country in 1993.
The politicians were arrested for writing an open letter to the president asking him to respect the constitution, which was ratified in 1997 but never implemented - and hold elections.
The 17 journalists were arrested for reporting on the joint letter.
“It is a travesty that this appalling injustice persists almost two decades on, more so now that Eritrea is a member of the UN Human Rights Council,” said Amnesty International’s Seif Magango in a statement.
The London-based rights group said it was starting a 18-day social media campaign calling for their release on the anniversary of the arrest of Berhane Abrehe, the country’s former finance minister who published a book last year calling on Eritreans to peacefully campaign for democracy.
“The extent of injustice flagrantly displayed by President Isaias Afwerki and his government against these detainees and other prisoners of conscience remains deeply concerning," said Mr Magango.
"The world must stand with the victims and their families and not tire in calling on the Eritrean authorities to release them immediately and unconditionally."
Last year the BBC interviewed Ibrahim Sherifo, whose parents were among those arrested in September 2001 when he was 13 years old.
His mother, Aster Fissehatsion, and his father, Mahmoud Ahmed Sherifo, were then prominent politicians.
"The memory still haunts me - that black Tuesday in September 2001 - that day changed my life forever," he told the BBC Tigrinya service.
"I woke up before the crack of dawn to the sound of pounding boots and shouted commands.
"Running out in the yard, I was just in time to see my mother being dragged from the house by soldiers."
Read his full story: Jailed without trace
Mohamed Fajah Barrie
A lawyer in Cameroon, Enow Benjamin Agbor, has told the BBC that he and his colleague are on strike for five days because they are routinely denied access to their clients.
“Lawyers who insist on seeing their clients sometimes end up in jail themselves," he told the BBC's Newsday programme.
Mr Agbor, a member of the Cameroon Bar Council, said the insistence by the judicial authorities to hold trials in languages defendants did not understand was also a problem.
He gave an example of French-speaking officials recording statements incorrectly as they did not understand English.
"It's written by the officer who doesn’t understand English and is purporting to be recording what the witnessing is saying, and when it comes to trial, the witness says, 'That’s not what I said,'’’ Mr Agbor said.
The lawyers are also protesting about exorbitant court charges and the use of torture and inducements to extract confessions.
Listen to Mr Agbor's full interview:
Football Writer, Liberia
Crowds of Zimbabweans lit candles at the main hospital in the capital, Harare, on Monday night at a vigil held to condemn the alleged abduction of Peter Magombeyi, the leader of a doctors' union.
Clips of the doctors and nurses singing hymns outside Parirenyatwa Hospital and calling for Dr Magombeyi's safe return were shared on social media:
The medics believe Dr Magombeyi was abducted by the security forces because of his role in organising recent strike action over poor pay and working conditions.
The Zimbabwe Hospital Doctors Association (ZHDA) says inflation has meant doctors' salaries have shrunk to about $100 (£80) a month, meaning they cannot even afford to get to work given that it costs $80 to fill up a car with petrol.
On Saturday, Dr Magombeyi sent a WhatsApp message alleging he had been kidnapped by three men. He has not been seen since.
The BBC's Shingai Nyoka in Harare says there have been a spate of abductions of government critics in recent months.
Earlier on Monday, hundreds of doctors marched through Harare, many of them wearing white lab coats.
They said they would not return to work until Dr Magombeyi, the acting president of ZHDA, was found.
A human rights group in Zimbabwe just tweeted that doctors will continue their strike for a third consecutive day:
The government says it is equally concerned about Dr Magombeyi - and the health minister said he had asked security agents to investigate.
BBC Africa, Maputo
Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi has opened up to the possibility of talks with Islamist insurgents in the northern province of Cabo Delgado - but not if they remain “faceless”.
The militants, locally known as al-Shabab - though not linked to the Somali militant group of the same name, have been carrying out sporadic attacks against security forces and civilians since 2017.
Little is known about the group, with its leadership preferring to remain anonymous, and become known for its decapitations of local villagers and fishermen.Copyright: BBC
The insurgents are estimated to have so far killed more than 200 people and burnt more than 600 houses in the gas-rich northern province.
President Nyusi expressed willingness to talk to them - if they show their faces - during an election rally in Cabo Delgado, the region hardest hit by the attacks.
The pledge is the first by his government as Mozambicans prepare to go to the polls on 15 October.
The group started its armed activities in October 2017 with attacks on police facilities in Cabo Delgado's Mocimboa da Praia district.
Since then, the attacks have spread to other areas in of the province such as Macomia, Palma and Nangade.
A short video clip of an skipping airport worker in Ethiopia's capital, Addis Ababa, tweeted by a correspondent for Germany's Die Welt newspaper, will put a smile on your face.
Christian Putch, who captured the moment, said that "the fittest and coolest airport cargo worker" was keeping warm on a rainy and cold morning.
Nigeria’s police chief has said that the Nigerian capital, Abuja, is one of the safest cities in the world.
Mohammed Adamu issued the statement in response to allegations about rising cases of kidnappings and robberies in the city.
He admitted that the country had its “security challenges”, but added:Quote Message: A comprehensive analysis of crime statistics on major cities across the world would reveal that Abuja has one of the lowest crime rates and remains indisputably one of the safest capital cities in the world."
According to Nigeria's Punch newspaper, about five people, including a lecturer, were reportedly kidnapped in the city on Saturday.
Kidnapping for ransom has become widespread nationwide and is one of the biggest challenges facing the country's security forces.
- Read: How Nigeria and its president are being held to ransom
Police in Burkina Faso fired tear gas to disperse protesters in the capital, Ouagadougou, on Monday.Copyright: AFPCopyright: AFPCopyright: AFP
The authorities had banned the rally. The protest organisers had a mix of concerns, including anger over poor governance, corruption and growing insecurity.Copyright: afCopyright: AFP
BBC West Africa correspondent Louise Dewast says there is growing discontent in Burkina Faso, where an Islamist insurgency in the north has forced millions of people to flee their homes.
Parts of the country where the militants operate have been under a state of emergency since last year.
Critics accuse the government of failing to contain the crisis.
Peter Tabichi from Kenya, who was named World's Best Teacher earlier this year, has met US President Donald Trump at the White House ahead of a speech he is giving at the UN General Assembly.
Brother Tabichi, a member of the Franciscan religious order, won the 2019 Global Teacher Prize in March.
He teaches science at Keriko Mixed Day Secondary School in Kenya's Nakuru county, located 188km (116 miles) north-west of the capital, Nairobi.
A picture of their meeting in the Oval Office was posted on Twitter by the White House press secretary, who said Brother Tabichi gave "away 80% of his monthly income to help the poor in his home country of Kenya":Quote Message: His dedication, hard work, and belief in his students' talent has led his poorly resourced school in Kenya to emerge victorious after taking on the country’s best schools in national science competitions. Peter, you inspire us all! Thank you for your commitment to your students." from Stephanie Grisham White House press secretary
Brother Tabichi is expected to recite a prayer before the General Assembly opens in New York later on Tuesday, Kenya's Daily Nation newspaper reports.
He is also due to give brief remarks on how he made it to the top in the teaching profession.
The teacher is quoted as saying:Quote Message: This is a big honour for St Franciscan brothers. It shows that the UN recognises our order as it plays a key role in the development of humanity."
BBC Africa, Abuja
South Africa has apologised to Nigeria over a spate of attacks in which Nigerians and other foreigners have been targeted.
A special envoy from South Africa presented an apology from President Cyril Ramaphosa to his Nigerian counterpart, Muhammadu Buhari in Nigeria's capital, Abuja.
The envoy, Jeff Radebe, told President Buhari that the South African government condemned the violence and was taking decisive action.
"The incident does not represent what we stand for,” he said, adding that those responsible for the violence would be brought to justice.
He said that 10 people had died during the attacks - two Zimbabweans and eight South Africans.
Mr Buhari thanked Mr Radebe for “coming to explain to us what happened in South Africa recently, leading to killing and displacement of foreigners”.
He recalled as a junior military officer in the 1970s, when Nigeria was under military rule, how the country made “great sacrifices for South Africa to become a free state”.
“Our leadership was quite committed to the cause. We made sacrifices, which younger people of today may not know,” he said.
According to a statement released by Mr Buhari’s office, the envoy said South Africa remained eternally grateful for the role Nigeria played in ending apartheid.
While the diplomatic mission is taking place, Nigeria has continued to evacuate its citizens from South Africa.
More than 300 Nigerians are expected to arrive in Lagos on Tuesday. Last week, 188 evacuees arrived back.
Our proverb of the day:Quote Message: Those who are born on top of an anthill take a short time to become taller." from Sent by Louis Osei-Bonsu in Kumasi, GhanaCopyright: BBC