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Live Reporting

Evelyne Musambi and Basillioh Rukanga

All times stated are UK

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  1. WHO urges delivery of vaccines pledged to Africa

    A health official prepares a syringe with the Moderna Covid-19 vaccine prior to administering it during a mass Covid-19 vaccination drive in Nairobi on September 17, 2021.
    Image caption: About 3% of Africa's population has been vaccinated against Covid-19

    The World Health Organization (WHO) says the global commitment to provide Covid vaccines to Africa needs to translate to “real delivery” of the vaccines to the continent.

    “We have seen the pledges they have done in the past… it t’s all good but what we really need in the vaccines in the arms of the people on the ground,” Dr Richard Mihigo, the WHO Africa regional director told the BBC Newsday programme.

    He said only 55 million had been fully immunised against the virus, “representing only 2.6% of the population in sub-Saharan Africa”.

    Dr Mihigo says Africa has done well to distribute the few vaccines it has so far received, despite some of them arriving with a short time to their expiry date.

    The WHO official says the global Covax vaccine scheme, which is intended to help poorer countries, had done well despite being unable to access enough vaccine supplies.

    The Covax scheme has supplied about 37% of the 177 million vaccine doses supplied to Africa, with the rest acquired through bilateral deals and donations from a variety of sources.

    Dr Mihigo urged countries to support the scheme by channelling their donations through Covax.

    Read more:

  2. Ethiopian rebels accused of destroying health facilities

    BBC Monitoring

    The world through its media

    Militia in Ethiopia
    Image caption: The conflict in northern Ethiopia begun 10 months ago

    The Ethiopian government says rebels have destroyed thousands of health facilities in the northern part of the country.

    Over 1.9 million people in Ethiopia’s Amhara and Afar regions have no access to healthcare after rebels loyal to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) reportedly vandalised health facilities.

    The rebels have not yet responded to the latest accusations.

    Health Minister Lia Tadesse told journalists on Tuesday that the rebels had destroyed 20 hospitals, 277 health centres and 1,162 health posts in Amhara Region.

    She added that one hospital, 10 health centres and 38 health posts had been destroyed in Afar Region.

    On 30 August, Education Minister Getahun Mekuria said rebels had destroyed over 7,000 schools in northern Ethiopia, including 445 in Afar Region and over 140 in Amhara Region.

    Fighting between Tigray rebel forces and Ethiopian federal troops broke out in Tigray region in November 2020, but has since spread to neighbouring Amhara and Afar.

  3. UN warns against return to Mozambique attack-hit areas

    Jose Tembe

    BBC News, Maputo

    authorities have been encouraging people who fled their homes to return
    Image caption: Authorities have been urged Mozambicans who fled their homes to return

    The United Nations is urging “caution” over people returning to the restive northern Mozambican province of Cabo Delgado.

    It says it is still unclear whether the ongoing military operation has reduced jihadist groups’ capacity to stage attacks there “as their presence and fighting continues in certain locations and civil authorities have not yet been re-established”.

    The caution by the UN's Department of Safety and Security comes at a time when authorities have been encouraging people displaced by the attacks to return home.

    Joint Mozambican, Rwandan and other forces operating in areas previously occupied by militants have been accompanying populations on their way back to Palma – an area next to gas projects that was hit by deadly Islamist attacks in March.

    But the UN wants some principles it considers fundamental to be established first so that those displaced by the conflict can return home.

    This includes civilians desiring to return being able to do it voluntarily and without being part of military convoys – which the UN says could make the population and humanitarian agencies a target.

    Besides the uncertainty about the insurgents, the UN also notes that areas destroyed by militants need to be fixed and services restored to allow people to return gradually.

  4. Court jails two Tunisian MPs amid rights concerns

    Two Tunisian MPs have been jailed by a military court amid concerns over human rights in the country.

    The two MPs are from the Islamist Karama party.

    Five lawmakers have now been imprisoned since July when President Kais Saied took over governing powers.

    Nidal Saudi was accused of insulting airport security staff months ago.

    The other MP, Saif Eddine Makhlouf, was accused of threatening judges and accusing them of being involved in a coup when he was denied permission to represent Mr Saudi as his lawyer.

    Mr Makhlouf has been a critic of the president.

    In July, President Saied swept aside the government, suspended parliament and took control of the country.

    His opponents accused him of staging a coup but his measures were broadly welcomed by Tunisians.

  5. Wednesday's wise words

    Our African proverb of the day:

    Quote Message: A fowl that defecates in a pot is only soiling its own casket." from A Yoruba proverb from Nigeria sent by Mike Obadaki in the UK.
    A Yoruba proverb from Nigeria sent by Mike Obadaki in the UK.

    Click here to send us your African proverbs.

  6. Scroll down for Tuesday's stories

    We'll be back on Wednesday

    That's all from the BBC Africa Live page for now. There'll be an automated feed until we're with you again on Wednesday morning.

    In the meantime you can check out our latest updates on the BBC News Africa page or listen to the Africa Today Podcast.

    A reminder of our wise words of the day:

    Quote Message: The expression on a man's face when borrowing money is different from the expression on his face when he is paying it back. from An Ewe proverb sent by Franklyn Amato in Kpando, Ghana.
    An Ewe proverb sent by Franklyn Amato in Kpando, Ghana.

    Click here to send us your African proverbs.

    And we leave you with a photo of a boy watching the sunset in Harare, Zimbabwe.

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  7. Rebels accused of shelling civilians in Ethiopia

    Kalkidan Yibeltal

    BBC News, Addis Ababa

    Militiamen in northern Ethiopia
    Image caption: All sides in the 10-month war in northern Ethiopia have been accused of committing atrocities

    Fighters from Ethiopia's northern Tigray region indiscriminately shelled several villagers in the neighbouring Amhara region earlier this month, eyewitnesses have told the BBC.

    Dozens of people are feared to have been killed or wounded during the two-day assault on the villages near the town of Kobo.

    The Tigayan fighters launched the attack on 9 and 10 September after farmers resisted their advance into Amhara, the eyewitnesses added.

    The fighters also opened fire, and carried out house-to-house searches, they said.

    Many people fled the villages following the attacks.

    The Tigray People's Liberation Front has not yet responded to allegations that its fighters were behind the violence.

    The state-funded Ethiopian Human Rights Commission has said it is alarmed by "disturbing reports" that it has received about attacks on civilians in the area.

    Obtaining information from conflict-hit areas is difficult as phone lines and the internet have been cut by the government, but the BBC managed to speak to people who fled and are now in safer areas.

  8. Aid reaches Palma for the first time since attack

    Jose Tembe

    BBC News, Maputo

    A woman carries goods out of restive Mozambique region
    Image caption: Insecurity has hindered access to Palma

    UN agencies have announced the arrival of humanitarian aid in the Palma in northern Mozambique for the first time since the massive attack launched on the coastal town in March by militant Islamists.

    More than 2,000 families received food packages in Palma in the gas-rich Cabo Delgado province.

    Aid workers have struggled to get access to Palma because of insecurity, and the lack of infrastructure.

    Meanwhile, three more bodies of beheaded people are reported to have been found in the provice's Quissanga area, bringing to eight the number of people killed by suspected jihadists since last week.

    The conflict - which started in 2017 - has already caused more than 3,100 deaths and displaced more than 800,000 people.

  9. The torso in the Thames: A 20-year mystery

    Image caption: The boy may have been in the water for up to 10 days

    It's the longest unsolved child murder case in the recent history of the London Metropolitan Police.

    Twenty years ago, a young African boy was murdered in a brutal ritual, his head and limbs removed, and his torso dumped in the River Thames.

    On Tuesday police made a renewed appeal for members of the public to "be bold" and come forward with any information that may help them solve this case.

    The boy's identity has remained a mystery - he was known simply as "Adam", a name given to him by detectives.

    Over the years, there have been arrests and forensic breakthroughs. But no-one has been charged with his killing.

    We have followed the case from the very beginning, even travelling to the place where it's thought the boy may have been born, in an effort to find out what really happened.

    Twenty years on, we've been talking to the people closest to the case. Some, speaking for the very first time.

    And we have visited Adam's unmarked grave in a sprawling cemetery in south London.

    You can read our full story here

  10. Namibia protest against Germany deal over genocide

    Two men with chains around their necks
    Image caption: German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas asked Namibia and victims' descendants for forgiveness

    A protest has taken place in the Namibian capital Windhoek against an agreement made with Germany after it apologised for a genocide in the southern African country in the early 20th Century.

    Various political parties and traditional chiefs have dismissed Germany's offer to pay $1bn in development aid, and say the deal was made without properly consulting the victims.

    Some of the demonstrators stormed the parliamentary building:

    View more on twitter

    Various political parties and traditional chiefs say the deal was made without properly consulting the victims.

    Between 1904 and 1908 German colonisers killed tens of thousands of Herero and Nama people as a punishment for taking part in an uprising.

    In May the German government acknowledged that the killings amounted to a genocide and pledged $1bn in development aid.

    The agreement was widely criticised in Namibia for failing to include reparations for the affected communities.

    Read more:

  11. University of Liberia suspends classes amid strike

    University of Liberia signpost

    Classes have been suspended at the University of Liberia as a result of a strike by teaching staff.

    They are locked in a dispute with management over salaries and other working conditions.

    The crisis worsened on Monday when police tear-gassed students protesting against the absence of their teachers and poor sanitation.

    The university's financial difficulties have worsened since President George Weah announced three years ago that tuition will be free.

    But the government insists it has increased financial support to the university since then.

  12. Nearly 500,000 South Sudanese affected by floods - UN

    Nichola Mandil


    Flooding in South Sudan
    Image caption: Many people have been affected by floods

    Nearly 500,000 people have been affected by flash flooding in six regional states in South Sudan, according to the UN.

    The six most affected states are Jonglei in the eastern part of the country, Western Equatoria, Warrap, Northern Bahr El- Ghazal, and the two oil-rich producing states of Unity and Upper Nile in the northern part of the country.

    “An estimated 426,000 people have been affected and displaced by floods in South Sudan since May. Insecurity in Warrap State has made it difficult to respond to people’s needs there,” OCHA says in a press release.

    It says the floods have made communities more vulnerable, with many displaced people seeking refuge in churches and schools.

    The UN says the affected people need emergency shelter, health and food supplies among other items.

    Early seasonal rains that have caused an overflow of the River Nile are being blamed for flooding vast areas of land and settlements.

    More heavy rains and flooding are forecast in the coming months.

  13. Eritrean detainees not seen for 20 years

    Teklemariam Bekit

    BBC News Tigrinya

    Rights group Amnesty International is waging a campaign to demand that the Eritrean government release 21 political prisoners who were arrested in a sweeping crackdown 20 years ago.

    In September 2001, the government shutdown the country’s independent media and arrested 11 politicians who publicly criticized President Isaias Afewerki, and 10 journalists who published their call for reforms.

    The government says those arrested were a threat to national security.

    The detainees have never been charged, and their whereabouts are unknown.

    Amnesty's campaign is taking place on Twitter under the hashtag #WhereAreEritreasDissidents?

    View more on twitter

    Eritrea has not held elections since independence in 1993, and President Isaias has been in power for nearly 28 years.

    Amnesty has documented extremely poor prison conditions in Eritrea, in some cases amounting to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment.

    Eritreans in the diaspora and family members of the detained political prisoners also plan to hold exhibitions around the world over the next 12 months to draw attention to the plight of the detainees.

    In 2022, it will be exhibited at the House of Commons in London and the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh and various Amnesty International branches.

  14. Sudan's PM speaks after failed coup attempt

    Will Ross

    Africa editor, BBC World Service

    Sudan's Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok has described a failed coup as an attempt to derail the country's transition to civilian rule.

    In a televised address, Mr Hamdok blamed loyalists of former President Omar al-Bashir, who was ousted two years ago by the military following countrywide protests.

    Mr Hamdok said several days of unrest in Port Sudan in the east of the country were also part of a plot to destabilise the country.

    Sudan has a power sharing arrangement with military and civilian representatives.

    There has been tension within this Sovereign Council.

    Some elements within the military are likely to be strongly opposed to a transition that will see them lose considerable power.

  15. Libya MPs pass no-confidence vote in government

    Alan Johnston

    Middle East editor, BBC World Service

    Libyan interim Prime Minister Abdulhamid Dbeibeh delivers a statement during a visit to Rome, Italy, May 31, 2021
    Image caption: Prime Minister Abdulhamid Dbeibah is supposed to steer Libya to elections

    Libya's parliament has passed a vote of no-confidence in the country's interim government.

    The administration - led by Prime Minister Abdulhamid Dbeibah - was installed earlier this year as part of UN-brokered peace efforts.

    The government is meant to be paving the way for elections in December.

    But tensions have developed between rival camps after the speaker of the parliament - which is based in eastern Libya - ratified a controversial electoral law.

    Some saw it as favouring the eastern-based commander, General Khalifa Haftar.

  16. Hotel Rwanda hero jailing sparks row with Belgium

    Didier Bikorimana

    BBC Great Lakes Service

    Paul Rusesabagina
    Image caption: Paul Rusesabagina was handed a 25-year prison sentence

    Rwanda has called off high-level talks with Belgium, in the latest twist to a diplomatic row over the conviction of the man who inspired a Hollywood film about the 1994 genocide.

    In a statement, Rwanda said Belgium had shown "contempt" for its justice system after it criticised the 25-year prison sentence handed down to Paul Rusesabagina - a Belgian citizen of Rwandan origin - for terrorism.

    Rwanda's Foreign Minister Vincent Biruta was due to meet Ms Wilmès on the side-line of the UN General Assembly in New York this week, but the meeting has now been cancelled.

    Rusesabagina,67, was found guilty on Monday of backing a rebel group involved in deadly attacks in Rwanda in 2018 and 2019.

    Belgium's Foreign Affairs Minister Sophie Wilmès said he did not receive "a just and fair trial".

    In the Oscar-nominated movie Hotel Rwanda, Rusesabagina, played by Don Cheadle, was shown as a hotel manager who managed to protect more than 1,200 people who had sought shelter during the genocide.

    In a period of 100 days from April 1994, 800,000 people, mostly from the Tutsi ethnic group, were slaughtered by extremists from the Hutu community.

    Some survivors have gone on to question the version of events in the 2005 film.

    The US, where Mr Rusesabagina’s family lives, also questioned whether he had received a fair trial.

  17. Egyptian honours killed children using their toys

    Emmanuel Igunza

    BBC News, Nairobi

    A poster of "66 Toy Stories” an art exhibition in honour of 66 children victims of Gaza conflict
    Image caption: A poster of the 66 Toy Stories exhibition honouring children killed in Gaza

    Egyptian artist Shosha Kamal has set up a special art exhibition honouring 66 children who died during 11 days of the Israel-Gaza conflict last May.

    The one-day exhibition in Cairo, dubbed 66 Toy Stories, features toys and belongings of the killed children.

    Kamal, a 35-year-old designer, says the exhibition will “pay homage to humanity”.

    “It is a sincere call to all conflicting parts to respect human lives, especially those of the children we cannot bring back to life, but it may help us restore our humanity,” the designer adds.

  18. Bouteflika funeral: Altered image sparks criticism

    Ahmed Rouaba

    BBC News

    A national newspaper has been criticised in Algeria for publishing a doctored picture of a mosque during the funeral procession of former President Abdelaziz Bouteflika on Sunday.

    The front page of El Watan, a daily newspaper, featured a picture showing the body of the former president being carried in a military vehicle at El Mohamadia district where the Grand Mosque of Algiers is located.

    The minaret of the mosque, which is known to be the tallest in the world, does not appear in the picture and it seems to have been removed by the newspaper.

    It reportedly said that there had been a "technical error". .

    The ministry of information has condemned the action as a violation of the law and vowed to take legal action against the newspaper. .

    Social media users described the picture as an "attack on the identity and values of the Algerian people".

    They posted the real image of the mosque with the minaret alongside the one published by the newspaper:

    View more on twitter

    The mosque was built under Bouteflika's government.

    It is regarded by many as a national monument but critics of the former president describe it as a vanity project.

  19. Log lifting champ gets big ovation in Burkina Faso

    Iron Biby working out outside his home
    Image caption: Iron Biby (pictured) cartwheeled after his historic lift

    A Burkina Faso sportsman who broke the world record for log lifting on Saturday received a raucous welcome at Ouagadougou airport on Monday, according to French radio station RFI.

    Cheick Ahmed al-Hassan Sanou - known as Iron Biby - lifted a 229kg (36st 1lb) log over his head at the Giants Live World Tour Finals in Scotland smashing the previous world record of 228kg.

    A smiling Iron Biby dedicated his trophy to Burkina Faso, and is quoted by RFI as saying his win sends a message of hope.

    “It’s a big deal for me, because since 2018 I’ve been trying to break the world record.”

    RFI reports similar words from the country’s Sports Minister Dominique Nana.

    “The Burkina Faso flag has triumphed.”

  20. Court to rule on Kenya-Somalia border row 'in October'

    The International Court of Justice (ICJ) has set 12 October as the date for its ruling in the long-running maritime dispute between Somalia and Kenya, Somali Deputy Prime Minister Mahdi Mohammed Gulaid has said.

    The ruling will come despite the fact that Kenya has withdrawn from the case , alleging ICJ bias and calling for a Somali judge on the panel to recuse himself.

    The case concerns a 62,000 square miles (160,000 sq km) triangle in the Indian Ocean.

    The area is thought to be rich in oil and gas.

    The dispute is at the heart of a diplomatic row between the neighbours.

    It has been going on for the last six years, keeping investors away because of a lack of legal clarity over who owns potential off-shore oil and gas reserves.

    Somalia wants the maritime border to continue along the line of the land border to the south-east, while Kenya wants the sea border to go in a straight line to the east.

    A map showing the disputed area